Greil's school reform

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The Greil school reform took place in Thuringia from 1921 to 1923 .

Under the SPD / USPD government in the state of Thuringia , the social democratic elementary school teacher Max Greil became Minister for Popular Education in Thuringia. As a supporter of the Association of Resolute School Reformers , he ensured that the school system was reorganized and was the initiator of the draft law relating to the implementation of the unified school in Thuringia , with which he linked the unified school movement since 1848 and its basic features of a future school system. The uniform school law was passed on February 24, 1922 by the Thuringian state parliament. Among other things, it regulated the gradual structure of the Thuringian School in the form of lower, middle and high schools. The School Maintenance Act and the Teacher Education Act followed on July 8, 1922, and the School Administration Act on May 9, 1923. A new Youth Welfare Act, Vocational School Act and School Supervision Act had been prepared. The law was intended to centralize and unify educational institutions.

Greil appointed Peter Petersen , Otto Scheibner , Mathilde Vaerting and Anna Siemsen as professors for pedagogy at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena .

After the Reichswehr marched into Thuringia in November 1923, the coalition government made up of the SPD and KPD was overthrown and Max Greil was dismissed as minister of education in February 1924. Under the bourgeois government installed by the Reich government, the legal basis of Greil's school reform in 1924 was repealed in accordance with the Weimar School Compromise .


  • Joachim Bergmann MA: The domestic political development of Thuringia from 1918 to 1932 . Europaforum-Verlag, ISBN 3-931070-27-1
  • Paul Mitzenheim: The Greil school reform 1921 to 1923 - essential results and conclusions. in: Red-Red Ghosts in Thuringia. Democratic-socialist reform policy then and now. quer - publishing & sales. 2004. ISBN 3-935787-04-9