University of Erfurt
|University of Erfurt|
|founding||1379 (1389) as Hierana until 1818; Founded in 1994|
|Students||5.928 WS 2019/20|
|Annual budget||€ 55.82 million|
The old University of Erfurt ( Alma mater Erfordensis or Hierana ) was founded on the basis of a deed of foundation by Pope Clemens VII in 1379 and in subsequent confirmation by Pope Urban VI. erected on May 4, 1389. It was officially opened in the second week after Easter 1392. If you take the founding deed issued at the request of the citizens of Erfurt as a reference, the University of Erfurt is the oldest university in Germany, but it was later closed for almost two centuries. In addition, the University of Heidelberg had already started regular teaching in 1386. With its general studies going back to the 13th century, Hierana also had the longest university tradition in Germany until its closure in 1816. After German reunification, the university was re-established in 1994. The Erfurt University of Education , which was founded during the GDR era, and other institutions merged into the rebuilt university. The Medical University of Erfurt , which existed until 1993, was excluded from this . Today the University of Erfurt is one of four universities in the Free State of Thuringia .
Since the 13th century, a university-like general course had been established in Erfurt, which was supported by colleges. However, the flourishing school business got into crisis in the middle of the 14th century because, unlike the emerging central European universities, it lacked the right to award doctorates. Therefore, the city had Erfurt in 1378 with Pope Clement VII. , The anti-pope in Avignon , applied for the foundation of a university in Erfurt and in 1379 a foundation bull get. The initiative for the application was due in particular to the high level of commitment shown by the citizens of Erfurt. Since the sovereign, Archbishop Adolf von Mainz , changed the fronts and Pope Urban VI. in Rome, the opening became impossible.
However, after the Cologne council had established the Universitas Studii Coloniensis in its city in 1388 , the Erfurt city fathers also became active again and tried a second time to obtain approval to found a university. The Roman Pope Urban VI gave them this permission. with a document dated May 4, 1389.
In the second week after Easter 1392, the University of Erfurt was opened as the third university after the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (1386) and Cologne (1388) within the borders of today's Germany (the oldest university in the Holy Roman Empire north of the Alps is the Charles University in Prague founded in 1348 ). The first rector election took place in the same year, and teaching began in the summer semester. The Universitas Studii Erfordiensis was soon known under the name Hierana (the one on the Gera / Hiera).
The teaching buildings were located in the Latin Quarter , opposite the Michaeliskirche , which served as the university church. The representative main building was the Collegium Maius, built between 1511 and 1550 .
Recent research on the founding history of the university advocates viewing the founding privilege of 1379 as a “birth certificate”, which would make Erfurt the oldest university in present-day Germany before Heidelberg (1385) and Cologne (1388). Also in Vienna , where there are almost 20 years between the founding privilege in 1365 and the start of regular studies, and other old universities, the first date is invoked.
The first rector was Ludwig Mollner from Arnstadt . Under him and his successors, the University of Erfurt rose rapidly. The young university quickly developed into a full university with all four faculties ( philosophy , medicine , secular and ecclesiastical law , theology ). The arts faculty , where the seven liberal arts ( liberal arts were taught), enjoyed high reputation widely. Due to the city's central location at the intersection of European traffic routes, the university soon developed into one of the most well-known educational institutions in Central Europe.
The same applies in particular to the theological faculty, whose graduates were active throughout Germany and beyond, and to the legal faculty, where civil law was established alongside church law at the beginning of the 15th century. The orders of the Franciscans , Augustinian hermits and Dominicans brought their existing study houses in Erfurt to the theological faculty in 1392; for the order, Erfurt received the status of a general course , to which the executives were sent to study. The University of Erfurt was for a time the most famous place for legal studies north of the Alps and was known as the " Bologna of the North". The high reputation of these two faculties was mainly due to their representatives, who took part in the councils of Constance (1414–1418) and Basel (1431–1449) and acted as important experts in many ecclesiastical issues. They also made a name for themselves as advisors to the princes.
This is how the University of Erfurt became the most visited university in Germany in the 15th century and had the largest student body. Their scholars flocked there from all parts of Europe. In addition, the university served as a model for many university foundations in the 15th century, e.g. B. for Rostock (1419), Basel (1460), Trier (1473) and Mainz (1477).
A large library, the famous Bibliotheca Amploniana , donated by Amplonius Rating de Berka , who completed his medical studies in Erfurt and received his doctorate there in 1393, also dates from this period . From May 5, 1394 to January 31, 1395 he was the second rector of the University of Erfurt. Around 1410 he wrote a catalog for his library, which is sorted according to areas of knowledge (theology, medicine, etc.) and is still preserved today. On May 1, 1412, Amplonius donated his library to the Collegium Porta Coeli (Collegium Amplonianum) in Erfurt, which he founded. The Amplonius library encompasses the universe of late medieval knowledge. Around two thirds of the original book collection has been preserved to this day. The Bibliotheca Amploniana has been kept in the Erfurt University Library since 2001. It is considered to be one of the most important manuscript collections in Germany and is the world's largest still closed manuscript collection by a late medieval scholar.
The University of Erfurt experienced a further intellectual boom at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries. It took place in two directions at the same time: on the one hand there was a late bloom of scholasticism , on the other hand Erfurt remained loyal to via moderna . Due to the central location of Erfurt at the intersection of European traffic routes, the university soon developed into one of the most renowned educational institutions in Central Europe. At times with more than 1,100 teachers and students and with 35,707 enrolled students between 1392 and 1521, it was the most heavily attended university in German-speaking countries after Vienna.
One of the best-known Erfurt students from this time is the later reformer Martin Luther , who was enrolled at the artistic faculty of the University of Erfurt in 1501 as "Martinus Ludher ex Mansfeldt", where he passed his bachelor's degree in 1502 and in 1505 became a Magister Artium . Thereby he received important foundations and numerous suggestions for his later development.
If you want to study well, go to Erfurt , Luther recommended and described other universities to the University of Erfurt as “small shooting schools”. All his life he had a close relationship with Erfurt and its university, where he went several times later. It sounds like a confession when he formulated in 1513: “The University of Erfurt is my mother to whom I owe everything.” After his thunderstorm experience , Luther entered the Augustinian monastery in Erfurt on July 17, 1505 . In 1507 he was ordained a priest in the Kiliani chapel of the Erfurt Marienstift (cathedral) (today a lecture room of the Catholic Theological Faculty) and then began to study theology at the general course of the Augustinian hermits in Erfurt, which was incorporated into the university, which became in 1509 he then did his doctorate in the Coelicum (today's auditorium of the Catholic Theological Faculty).
The humanist Eobanus Hessus (1488–1540), who studied in Erfurt from 1504, proclaimed: Erfurt shines in the glory of science, and won the competition from all cities in Germany.
The university also played a very important role in the secular renewal movements of humanism and the Reformation. This is how the so-called “Erfurt Humanist Circle” around Helius Eobanus Hessus created the “ Dunkelmännerbriefe ” (1515/17), which are considered to be the most important and apt satires on the late scholasticism and pseudo-scholarly monasticism of that time.
In the years 1520/1521 the respected humanist Crotus Rubeanus held the office of rector. He prepared an honorary reception for Martin Luther during his stay in Erfurt (April 6 to 8, 1521) on the way to the Reichstag in Worms in 1521, which testifies to the enthusiastic reception of the Reformation idea.
After the University of Erfurt had reached its peak in the age of the Reformation and humanism, there was an inexorable decline of the Erfurt University beginning with the Pfaffenstürme in 1521, but especially after the Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic era . Their share within the German student body (excluding the Habsburg areas) fell from over 20% to 1.5% to 3% in the 17th and 18th centuries. She was "long ago only a shadow of her former size". Erfurt shared the fate of such small universities as Altdorf , Duisburg , Fulda and Herborn and did not survive the era of the Napoleonic Wars in Germany. Around 1800 a total of 22 German universities had to close.
During the period when Erfurt was Napoleon's “imperial domain” , the Collegium Maius (main building of the university and seat of three faculties), the neighboring Bursa of the Philosophical Faculty and the Coelicum of the theologians on the cloister of the cathedral were owned by the French from 1806 to 1814 misused as magazines and hospitals.
From 1814 it belonged to the Prussian state again, and in 1816 the Erfurt University with just 20 students was dissolved by King Friedrich Wilhelm III. closed on September 24, 1816.
Only the academy of non-profit science in Erfurt , founded by Erfurt university professors in 1754 , remained. The academy, like the society for the history and antiquity of Erfurt , tried to keep the university's memory alive.
Some buildings in the historic university quarter , the so-called Latin Quarter, remind of the tradition of the old Erfurt University . There is also the main building of the historic university, the Collegium Maius (built 1512-1515) , which was completely destroyed by a US air raid in February 1945 and has been rebuilt since 1998 .
A second-hand bookshop and academic bookstore in this area (Futterstraße) still bears the name of the old Hierana.
With the Bibliotheca Amploniana , private library of the second rector Amplonius Ratingk the Elder. Ä. (approx. 1365–1435), which he transferred to the university in 1412, Erfurt owns a world-famous collection of late medieval manuscripts. This largest library by a pre-humanist scholar also provides a comprehensive overview of all of contemporary medicine as taught across Europe up to the second half of the 15th century.
Other academies and universities in Erfurt
From 1954 to 1993, the Erfurt Medical Academy was an academic training center for doctors and, from 1975, also for dentists , which saw itself in the tradition of the old University of Erfurt. The Department for the History of Medicine , which was established in 1960, made a contribution to researching the history of science and universities in Erfurt. The Medical Academy (from 1992 Medical University) was not accepted as a faculty in the university , despite a positive evaluation by the Science Council . Instead, the state of Thuringia concentrated the costly medical training at the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena .
The Erfurt Education Academy existed from 1929 to 1931. And in 1953 the Erfurt Pedagogical Institute was founded. This institute was merged with the Mühlhausen Pedagogical Institute in 1969 - and this new institution continued to exist as the Erfurt / Mühlhausen University of Education .
From 1987 onwards, members of today's Erfurt University Society were committed to re-establishing the university, which quickly took shape at the turn of the year 1989 on their initiative. On June 25, 1993, the state government issued a statutory ordinance "on the tasks and composition of the founding commission to prepare for the establishment of the University of Erfurt". In December 1993 the Landtag of the Free State of Thuringia decided to rebuild the university. This makes it the youngest state university in Germany to be re-established without an existing predecessor institution, and at the same time one of the oldest with a tradition that goes back to the Middle Ages.
At the Nordhäuser Straße location, the university uses the buildings of the Pedagogical Institute (later the Pedagogical University), which were mostly built in the 1950s and 1960s. To a large extent, they show the neoclassical style that was characteristic of such buildings in the GDR at the time, but they also illustrate the changes in architecture during this time. The maximum auditorium dates from 1956 to 1961.
The university in Erfurt was legally re-established on January 1, 1994. Teaching began in the 1999/2000 winter semester, shortly after the founding president Peter Glotz left the university. His successor was Wolfgang Bergsdorf . In 2001 the Erfurt University of Education was incorporated into the university. Two years later, with the Catholic-Theological Faculty, the Erfurt Theological Faculty, which had previously been supported by the Catholic Church , including the seminary (successor to the Erfurt Philosophical-Theological Course established in 1952 ) was integrated into the university as the fourth faculty.
Due to chronic underfunding, there were extensive layoffs and vacancies not being filled in 2003, which, as in the whole of Thuringia, triggered student protests. By adapting some of the original reform goals, the situation was stabilized by administrative measures by the university management and committees.
In 2005 and 2008, the communication science course and some courses in the political science faculty of the university were in the top group of the university ranking from the Center for Higher Education Development (CHE) and the magazine stern . Numerous study programs have been accredited by the ACQUIN accreditation agency . In the same year, the University of Erfurt was recognized as a particularly family-friendly university by the “Family- Friendly University Audit” of the non-profit Hertie Foundation .
The Communication and Information Center (KIZ) was opened on campus in 2016. In addition to the university computer center, it houses lecture halls and a library magazine.
The university has been a member of the DFG since July 2019 . The research strength of the university was highlighted at the time of inclusion. The University of Erfurt is the 97th member of the DFG. In October 2019 the groundbreaking ceremony took place for the new construction of the research building "World Relations" with 160 workplaces. It was the first purely humanities research project that was awarded a contract for its own research building by the federal government. It is to be used primarily by the University's Max Weber College . 25 years after the re-establishment, the University of Erfurt introduced a new corporate design in 2019.
At the moment there is a supervisory ratio of around 55 students to one professor at the university.
Max Weber College
One of the special facilities of the university is the Max Weber College for Cultural and Social Studies , an Institute for Advanced Study with an attached Graduate College , at which scientists from various disciplines (e.g. sociology, history, philosophy, theology, religion, law and economics) on time to Fellows are appointed that appeal to a Weberian research program are to participate and PhD students - both graduate students and post-docs - manage. A new research building is currently being built on campus for the Max Weber College.
Willy Brandt School
Another institution is the Erfurt School of Public Policy (ESPP), which is largely funded by third parties and renamed the Willy Brandt School of Public Policy in 2009 , a professional school based on the Anglo-American model , which since 2002 has been the first German course to acquire a Master of Public Policy (MPP) and is located at the Faculty of Political Science.
The Erfurt University Society acts as the sponsoring company for the university . In 2002 the Michaeliskirche in Erfurt was named a university church for the second time after 1392 .
The University Library of Erfurt was merged with the Research and State Library Gotha in 1999 . As the university and research library in Erfurt / Gotha , it had a stock of around 750,000 volumes in Erfurt and around 550,000 volumes, mainly from the 16th to 19th centuries in Gotha . The library holdings also included around 10,000 manuscripts as well as the famous library of scholars, Bibliotheca Amploniana, with almost 1,000 medieval and early modern manuscripts, which was never part of the university library of the old University of Erfurt, but always belonged to the Collegium Porta Coeli founded by Amplonius Rating de Berka .
In March 2018, the Erfurt University Library and the Gotha Research Library became independent university institutions again, with the Gotha Research Library being a scientific institution of the university since then.
Faculties and departments
The University of Erfurt is divided into four faculties with a humanities profile. In 1999, the political science disciplines and communication science were added to the teacher training / pedagogy that had already existed since the 1950s. The training in the humanities core subjects such as philosophy, history or literary studies has been extended from the framework usual for teaching to a full course. Since 2003, the Erfurt Theological Faculty, which was previously supported by the Catholic Church, has also been a legal part of the university as the fourth faculty. Since December 2004, the Catholic Theological Faculty has had the Villa Martin named after the former owner on the campus of the University of Erfurt as an office building. The Catholic Theological Faculty is significantly smaller than the other three faculties.
The University of Erfurt sees itself as a humanities reform university with a cultural and social science profile. The interdisciplinary approach is expressed in the central campus, which also spatially connects all disciplines.
Political science faculty located in the teaching building 1
- economic direction
- social science direction (politics & sociology and international relations)
- Legal direction (public and civil law)
- Willy Brandt School of Public Policy (formerly: Erfurt School of Public Policy (ESPP))
Philosophical faculty located in the teaching building 4
- Department of History
- Department of Communication Studies
- Department of Literary Studies
- Department of Philosophy
- Department of Religious Studies
- Department of Linguistics
- Department of Knowledge Cultures of the European Modern Era
Faculty of Education located in the teaching building 2
- Department of General Education and Empirical Educational Research
- Specialized in vocational education and in-company training / adult education
- Elementary school education and childhood research
- Department of Art (in teaching building 3 in the old town)
- Department of Mathematics and Mathematics Didactics
- Music department (in teaching building 3 in the old town)
- Department of Psychology
- School pedagogy department
- Specialized and social pedagogy
- Sports and movement sciences
- Department of Technical Sciences and Business Development (in cooperation with the FH Erfurt )
- Department of Protestant Theology
The Catholic Theological Faculty located at Domstrasse 10
- Department of Ancient Church History, Patrology and Eastern Church Studies
- Christian Social Science
- Christian worldview, religious and cultural theory
- Department of Dogmatics
- Specializing in exegesis and theology of the Old Testament
- Specializing in exegesis and theology of the New Testament
- Department of Fundamental Theology and Religious Studies
- Department of Church History in the Middle Ages and Modern Times
- Department of Canon Law
- Department of liturgical science
- Department of moral theology and ethics
- Department of Pastoral Theology and Religious Education
- Department of Philosophy
- Studies Fundamentale and professional field: In the Studium Fundamentale, which is mandatory for everyone, the students should get an insight into the content of other fields of study and thus learn to deal with content outside the subject. Internships must be completed in the professional field. Language skills and other things can also be brought in here.
- Max Weber College , “Center for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies” and Graduate College for Sociology, History, Religious Studies, Economics, Law, Theology and Philosophy
- Research Training Group "Medial Historiographies"
Undergraduate master’s degree
- Catholic theology
- English / American Studies (BA)
- Educational Science (BA)
- Protestant Religious Education (BA)
- Special Education (BA)
- German Studies (BA)
- History (BA)
- International Relations (BA)
- Catholic Religion (BA)
- Communication Science (BA)
- Art (BA)
- Teaching / learning and training psychology (BA)
- Literary Studies (BA)
- Management (BA)
- Mathematics (BA)
- Music Education (BA)
- Music Education (BA)
- Primary and Elementary Education (BA)
- Philosophy (BA)
- Religious Studies (BA)
- Romance Studies (BA)
- Slavic Studies (BA)
- Sports and Movement Education (BA)
- Political Science - Law (BA)
- Political Science - Social Sciences (BA)
- Political Sciences - Economics (BA)
- Technology (BA)
- Applied Linguistics - Acquisition, Processing and Use of Language (MA)
- Educational Science - Innovation and Management in Education (MA)
- History (MA)
- History and sociology / anthropology of the Middle East in a global perspective (MA) - in cooperation with Université Saint-Joseph , Beirut
- Health Communication (MA)
- Global Communication: Politics and Society (MA)
- Children and Youth Media (MA)
- Teaching qualification for vocational school (MEd)
- Teacher Training for Special Education (MEd)
- Primary School Teacher (MEd)
- Teaching qualification for grammar schools (state examination): Catholic religious studies - in cooperation with the University of Jena
- Teaching degree for regular school (MEd)
- Teaching degree at regular school (state examination): Catholic religious studies - in cooperation with the University of Jena
- Literary Studies : Texts, Signs, Media (MA)
- Philosophy (Language - Knowledge - Action) (MA)
- Psychology with a focus on teaching, learning and skills development (M.Sc.)
- Religious Studies / Religious Studies (MA)
- Collection-related knowledge and cultural history (MA)
- Special and Integration Education (MA)
- Political Science (MA)
- Theology and Economics (MA)
Further education master’s courses
- Public Policy (MPP)
Campus & student life
Composed student body of the University of Erfurt
The constituted student body is based on the Thuringian Higher Education Act and, according to its statutes, is divided into student councils , which represent the faculties and professors at the level of the disciplines, and the student council , which represents an overall representation. All students enrolled at the university are also members of the student body as a corporation under public law . The aim is to represent the university management and promote student culture. The constituted student body levies a fee on the basis of the fee regulations, with which events by student councils, university groups and individual students can be funded upon request.
In Erfurt there is the Evangelical Student Community and the Catholic Student Community as well as Students for Christ (SfC).
The Engelsburg Student Center is the place for student and cultural encounters in Erfurt's old town. In 1968, students of the Medical Academy Erfurt laid the foundation for today's professional culture and gastronomy work with a large number of volunteer hours. The Student Center Engelsburg e. V. regularly organizes concerts, readings, film nights, theater performances, lectures and much more.
There are numerous student groups at the University of Erfurt, such as political and denominational university groups, an Amnesty International university group , the Young European Federalists , AEGEE Erfurt e. V. and MARKET TEAM - Association for the Promotion of Vocational Training e. V. The Sustainability Working Group , which has been active at the university since 2004 , has already achieved the complete conversion of printers and copiers to eco-friendly paper. The various projects such as the ICE (Internationaler Campus Erfurt), Café International, Springboard to Learning, Strangers Become Friends - an initiative for tolerance and hospitality in Erfurt or the international regulars' table ensure international exchange.
At the university in Erfurt, the student corporations Erfurt Wingolf Georgia and the WKSt.V. Unitas Ostfalia zu Erfurt are an active company and are recognized as university groups.
The literary magazine Wortwuchs, edited by students, has been published since 2009 . The also student newspaper Campus Echo has been published quarterly since 2005. The student newspaper Zett-eL was founded in the winter semester 2011/12 and reports in particular on the policy of the student council of the University of Erfurt and other university-related topics. In addition, the newspaper Lemma appears twice a semester, which is published jointly by students from the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the Bauhaus University Weimar, the University of Erfurt and the Technical University of Ilmenau.
The UNIversal student editorial team has been broadcasting a one-hour magazine program once a month on Radio FREI since 2014 and reports on student topics on its website.
National Model United Nations
In the summer semester of 2003, a Model United Nations project group was formed for the first time at the university. Since then, the goal of the student initiative has been to participate in the renowned National Model United Nations NMUN in New York , one of the largest UN simulations in the world with over 3000 students .
At the National Model United Nations Conferences in 2006 and 2009, the group from the University of Erfurt received several awards and in 2006 also came out as the best German group. In both 2007 and 2008, the participating delegations received awards. In 2012 the delegation from Erfurt received an award and was one of the best participants.
The group is also regularly involved in organizing smaller preparatory MUNs such as B. Erfurt Model United Nations (EfMUN) involved.
The university has been participating in the year-round “Erfurt Children's University” since 2005. Children between the ages of 8 and 14 can take part in events specially designed for them. There, university lecturers bring the children closer to medical, social and scientific topics in workshops and lectures and answer questions. The university works together with the Erfurt University of Applied Sciences and the Erfurt Clinic .
Erfurt autumn harvest
The Erfurter Herbstlese is a literary project that was significantly shaped by the founding rector Peter Glotz and is organized by the University of Erfurt together with partners such as the Thüringer Allgemeine.The reading series has been held annually since 1997 from the end of October to the beginning of December. Well-known authors in Germany (for example Martin Walser or the actor and author Armin Mueller-Stahl ), but also up-and-coming authors, present their works.
- See: List of well-known personalities of the University of Erfurt , List of Rectors of the University of Erfurt and Category: University Lecturers (University of Erfurt)
- Erich Kleineidam : Universitas studii Erfordensis: Overview of the history of the University of Erfurt in the Middle Ages 1392-1521. Part 1: 1392-1460. 1964, 2nd exp. Leipzig 1985 edition. Part 2: Late Scholasticism, Humanism and Reformation: 1461–1521. 1969, 2nd exp. Edition Leipzig 1992. ISBN 3-7462-0603-0 . Part 3: The time of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, 1521–1632. Leipzig 1980. Part 4: The University of Erfurt and its theological faculty from 1633 until the fall in 1816. Leipzig 1981.
- Almuth Märker : History of the University of Erfurt 1392-1816. ( Writings of the association for the history and antiquity of Erfurt . Volume 1) Weimar 1993, ISBN 3-7400-0814-8 .
- Robert Gramsch : Erfurt - The oldest university in Germany. From general studies to university. (Writings of the association for the history and antiquity of Erfurt. Volume 9) Erfurt 2012, ISBN 978-3-95400-062-3 .
- Steffen Raßloff : Erfurt. The oldest and youngest university in Germany. Erfurt 2014 ( PDF ).
- Walter Künzel : 600 years of the University of Erfurt - four decades of the Erfurt Medical Academy. Festschrift of the Medical Academy Erfurt on the occasion of the foundation of the Erfurt University in 1392. Erfurt 1992.
- Fritz Wiegand: Scepter, seal and regalia of the former University of Erfurt. In: Harry Güthert (Hrsg.): Festschrift for the opening of the Medical Academy Erfurt. Erfurt 1954, pp. 27-42.
- Official website
- University Society Erfurt
- Who is Who of the University (no longer updated since 2020)
- University of Erfurt with a historical overview at www.erfurt-web.de
- Link catalog on the topic of the University of Erfurt at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Children's university website
- Overview of all digitized archives of the historical University of Erfurt (inventory A 45) in the Saxony-Anhalt state archive
- ↑ University history on uni-erfurt.de (last accessed on May 11, 2020).
- ↑ The President on uni-erfurt.de (last accessed on 31 July 2019).
- ↑ University student statistics (accessed on December 11, 2019)
- ↑ a b c Campus Annual Booklet 2017 (accessed on April 11, 2018)
- ↑ Erich Kleineidam: The founding document of Pope Urban VI. for the University of Erfurt from May 4, 1389 . In: Ulman Weiß (Ed.): Erfurt 742–1990. City history, university history . Böhlau Verlag, Weimar 1992, ISBN 3-7400-0806-7 , p. 135-153 .
- ^ A b Sönke Lorenz : The Erfurt “Studium generale artium” . In: Ulman Weiß (Ed.): Erfurt 742–1990. City history, university history . Böhlau Verlag , Weimar 1992, ISBN 3-7400-0806-7 , p. 123, 133 .
- ↑ History and Buildings. Retrieved May 11, 2020 .
- ↑ Where is the oldest university in Germany located?
- ^ Robert Gramsch: Erfurt - The oldest university in Germany. From general studies to university ( publications of the society for the history and antiquity of Erfurt . Vol. 9). Erfurt 2012. ISBN 978-3-95400-062-3
↑ Dieter Berg (Ed.): Traces of Franciscan History. Chronological outline of the history of the Saxon Franciscan provinces from their beginnings to the present. Werl 1999, p. 133, 139.
Jana Bretschneider: Sermon, professorship and provincial leadership. Function and structure of the Franciscan education system in medieval Thuringia. In: Volker Honemann (Ed.): From the beginnings to the Reformation (= history of the Saxon Franciscan Province from its foundation to the beginning of the 21st century , vol. 1). Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn 2015, ISBN 978-3-506-76989-3 , pp. 325–339, here pp. 325–334.
- ↑ George Oergel: University and Academy Erfurt under foreign rule from 1806 to 1814. Yearbooks of the Royal Academy of Non-Profit Science in Erfurt. New episode, issue XXXI. Erfurt, 1905. p. 234
- ↑ Law on the establishment of the University of Erfurt and the repeal of the Medical University of Erfurt of December 23, 1993, GVBl. P. 889 (digitized here ).
- ↑ GVBl. 1993 p. 396 (digitized here ).
- ↑ Law on the establishment of the University of Erfurt and the repeal of the Medical University of Erfurt of December 23, 1993, GVBl. P. 889 (digitized here ).
- ↑ The HafenCity University Hamburg was spun off in 2006 from the facilities of the Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, the Hamburg University of Fine Arts and the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, and the PH Vechta was promoted to the University of Vechta in 2010 .
- ↑ For the history of the re-establishment up to this time s. Wolfgang Drechsler : “The political sciences at the University of Erfurt. On its founding 1991–1992 and on Jürgen G. Backhaus' contribution to it. “ Academia.edu In Taking up the Challenge. Festschrift for Jürgen G. Backhaus . Helge Peukert , ed. Marburg: Metropolis 2015, pp. 363–376.
- ↑ Communication and Information Center (KIZ) on uni-erfurt.de (as of April 29, 2020).
- ↑ DFG accepts Erfurt University as a new member. The university of the Thuringian capital is 97th member institution. Evidence of special research strength, press release from July 3, 2019 on dfg.de (accessed on July 4, 2019).
- ^ Groundbreaking ceremony for the University of Erfurt's new research building on sueddeutsche.de, article from October 10, 2019.
- ↑ Clear, courageous, unconventional: University of Erfurt presents its new corporate design in the information service Wortmelder on uni-erfurt.de from October 16, 2019.
- ↑ Student statistics on uni-erfurt.de (accessed on May 14, 2019).
- ↑ Make two out of one: Erfurt University Library and Gotha Research Library will in future go separate ways on uni-erfurt.de; accessed on March 20, 2018
- ↑ For good reason: University of Erfurt , on uni-erfurt.de, accessed on November 26, 2019
- ↑ University of Erfurt, Max-Weber-Kolleg: Research priorities , accessed on November 19, 2018
- ↑ Thuringian Higher Education Act , §§72ff
- ^ Statutes of the constituted student body
- ↑ Student communities on uni-erfurt.de (last accessed on October 21, 2019).
- ↑ UNIversal website - your student magazine for Erfurt. Retrieved March 8, 2018 .
- ^ Website Model United Nations University of Erfurt
- ↑ About us at herbstlese.de (last accessed on July 31, 2019).
Coordinates: 50 ° 59 ′ 29 ″ N , 11 ° 0 ′ 39 ″ E