Academy of non-profit science in Erfurt

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The Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt has been a scientific institution in Erfurt since 1754 .


Foundation and first heyday

An academy of sciences based on the Paris model was to be established in Erfurt under Leibniz's student and Electorate Mainz's governor of Erfurt (1702 to 1717), Imperial Count Philipp Wilhelm von Boineburg . However, this could no longer be realized during Boineburg's lifetime.

Erfurt University Professor Andreas Elias Büchner succeeded from 1736 to 1745, the seat of 1652 in Schweinfurt founded today in Halle -based German Academy of Sciences to pick up, to Erfurt. Her library and her collections remained in Erfurt until 1805.

It was not until July 19, 1754, when the electoral sovereign, Archbishop of Mainz Johann Friedrich von Ostein (1743–1763), handed over the foundation letter for the Electoral Mayntzische Gesellschaft or Academy of Useful Sciences in Erfurt , that the present-day academy was born Sciences to Erfurt. Its first special protector was the Mainz cathedral dean Johann Franz Jakob Anton von Hoheneck (1686–1758), who took care of the construction on behalf of the sovereign.

The Academy of Non-Profit Science in Erfurt is the third oldest of its kind in Germany after the Electoral Brandenburg Society of Sciences in Berlin, founded in 1700, and the Göttingen Academy, founded in 1751 .

The first secretary of the newly founded academy was the Erfurt university professor Johann Wilhelm Baumer . After Baumer left Erfurt in 1765, the scientific activity ebbed. It was only on the initiative of the enlightened governor of Erfurt, Baron Karl Theodor von Dalberg , that the academy experienced a second heyday with his appointment as a special protector in 1775.

After 1918

With the Weimar Republic in 1919, a fundamental reorientation was due. The previous regional focus was intensified by the establishment of a department for researching the Erfurt homeland (1926) as well as a further department for economics and administration in Central Germany with an associated Economic Society (1929). In addition, a special department for educational science and youth studies (1926) succeeded in regaining its own profile for the first time. At the same time, it intensified and differentiated its publication activities and its public relations work, which is aimed at broad impact. In addition, there were their local political activities, which led to the establishment of the Erfurt Adult Education Center in 1919 and to the establishment of a pedagogical academy in Erfurt in 1929 .

But the takeover of National Socialism in 1933 put an end to that. With the socialist reorganization in Central Germany, the Academy of Sciences in Erfurt finally had to stop its work in 1947/49 and enter a longer period of rest, during which only the Senate members now living in West Germany / FRG could occasionally record activities. Soon, however, a small group was also working on the history of the academy in Erfurt itself.

At the request of the still living academy members and with the initiative of some members of the Medical Academy Erfurt, established in 1954, as well as the research institutes Jena- Beutenberg and the University of Jena , scientists from Erfurt and Jena came together on February 9, 1990 to resume the »Academy of Charitable Sciences zu Erfurt «. With the reopening of the academy, the math and science class (MNK) and the humanities class (GK) were able to continue their work. They form the entire academy on an equal footing, each with a vice-president. On September 26, 1990, the members of the MNK and on October 31, 1990 those of the GK met for their first meetings in the »Dacherödenschen Haus« in Erfurt, which is so closely connected to the history of the Academy, and thus established the regular public meetings since 1991 Academy class meetings. Unlike in the past and in contrast to the adjunct circles that have been customary since 1819 (Prussian Erfurt and the two Wettin royal cities of Gotha and Weimar), the Erfurt partnership now selects its full members from all over Thuringia and its external members from the other German federal states and abroad. In addition, the society has the scholars and old members Günther Franz , Stuttgart; Paul Hartig , Berlin; Albert Reble , Würzburg, and Honorary Senator Hans Tümmler , Essen, named one of the first honorary members for their special services to the Erfurt Academy of Charitable Sciences.

Name of the academy

President of the Academy

(with their term of office)

  1. 1754–1763 Johann Daniel Christoph von Lincker and Lützenwick (1708–1771), chamber director
  2. 1763–1783 Hieronymus Friedrich Schorch (1692–1783), lawyer
  3. 1785 / 1792–1809 Karl Friedrich von Dacheröden (1732–1809), President of the Chamber
  4. 1816–1817 Dorotheus Ludwig von Keller (1757–1827), District President, Prussian Minister of State
  5. 1829–1848 Karl Albert von Kamptz (1769–1849), Prussian Minister of State
  6. 1850–1873 Adalbert von Prussia (1811–1873), Prussian naval officer
  7. 1874–1902 Georg Prince of Prussia (1826–1902), Prussian general and writer
  8. 1903–1906 Albrecht Prince of Prussia (1837–1906), regent of the Duchy of Braunschweig
  9. 1907–1908 Friedrich Heinrich Prince of Prussia (1874–1940), Prussian officer
  10. 1909–1925 Friedrich Wilhelm Prince of Prussia (1880–1925), Prussian prince
  11. 1930–1949 Johannes Biereye (1860–1949), high school professor
  12. 1991–2010 Werner Köhler (* 1929), university professor, physician, then honorary president
  13. since 2010 Klaus Manger (* 1944), university professor for German literature

Activity of the academy

Humanities class

Commission for the history of universities and science

The commission oversees the following projects:

  • Project commission history of the academy of non-profit science in Erfurt
  • Project Commission Thuringian University and Science History
  • Project Commission Thuringia Biography (dormant)
  • Project Commission European Scientific Relations
Hospital Culture Commission

She oversees the project History of the Thuringian Hospitals from the Beginning to the End of the Old Empire.

Mediaevistics Commission

She conducts medieval research, in particular on Meister Eckhart and the Erfurt Amploniana .

Commission for Classical Studies

The commission oversees the following projects:

  • Project Committee on the History of Archeology in the 18th Century
  • Project Commission German-Greek Cooperation in Monument Preservation, Topography and Building Research
  • Project Committee Man and Space in Antiquity. Texts and findings
  • Project Commission History of Classical Studies in the GDR
Humanism Studies Commission
Commission Dalberg Edition

Commission for the edition of the entire printed and unprinted estate of Karl Theodor von Dalberg (1744–1817)

Mathematics and science class

Commission on Specific Environmental Issues

The commission oversees the following projects:

  • Project commission "Symposium Man-Environment"
  • Project commission "Poisoning problems in the Thuringia region from the 17th century to the present"
  • Project commission "humic substances"
  • Project commission "Assessment of environmental chemicals, biomaterials and materials in terms of their potential skin and mucous membrane compatibility"
Molecular Evolution Commission

Honorary members (current)

Significant members

See also category: Member of the academy of non-profit science in Erfurt .


  • Jürgen DK Kiefer: Bio-bibliographical manual of the Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt. 1754-2004. Bio-bibliographical manual of the protectors and special protectors, the holders of honorary titles and holders of honorary posts, the award winners as well as the honorary, full and foreign members, including a chronological overview of all recordings, the members of the educational society at the academy (opened in 1927) and a selection of lecturers who were not members of the academy. Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt, Erfurt 2005, 708 pp.
  • Jürgen Kiefer: The Erfurt Academy and its learned newspaper as a public forum for scientific studies and expedition reports by missionaries, the military, diplomats and princes. In: Ingrid Kästner et al. (Ed.): Exploring, collecting, noting and communicating - science in the luggage of traders, diplomats and missionaries. Shaker Verlag, Aachen 2014, ISBN 978-3-8440-2725-9 , pp. 127-146.
  • Klaus Manger: Greetings from the President of the Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt. European science relations. [Presented on May 16, 2016]. In: European Science Relations. Volume 13, Aachen 2016; also in: Medical historical messages. Journal for the history of science and specialist prose research. Volume 34, 2015 (2016), pp. 295-297.
  • Steffen Raßloff : 250 years of the Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt. In: City and History. Journal for Erfurt , No. 22 (2004), p. 3.
  • August Sundermann : On the history of the academy of useful sciences in Erfurt. In: Harry Güthert (Hrsg.): Festschrift for the opening of the Medical Academy Erfurt. Erfurt 1954, pp. 61-71.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Yearbooks of the royal academy of non-profit science in Erfurt, Volume 30, 1904, p. 146; (Detail scan)
  2. Wolfram H. Eberbach: Greetings from the Thuringian state government for the festive meeting of the Academy of Non-Profit Science in Erfurt. In: Specialized prose research - Crossing borders. Volume 8/9, 2012/2013 (2014), pp. 559-562, here: p. 559.