Bauhaus University Weimar
|Bauhaus University Weimar|
|Students||4072 WiSe 2016/17|
The Bauhaus-Universität Weimar is a university in Weimar specializing in design and technical fields , whose origins go back to the Grand Ducal Saxon Art School founded in 1860 and the State Bauhaus founded in 1919 . This institution achieved the rank of university on June 3, 1910 and was given its current name in 1996. Around 4,000 students are enrolled. In 2010 the Bauhaus University Weimar celebrated its 150th anniversary as an art school and university in Weimar.
Today the university is one of four universities in the Free State of Thuringia . In 2019, the university, together with partners all over the world, celebrated the "100 Years of Bauhaus" anniversary.
Weimar as an educational location
In addition to this drawing school, Clemens Wenzeslaus Coudray set up the free trade school (later the Grand Ducal Saxon Building Trade School or State Building School ) as an evening and Sunday school in 1829, and merged with the Gotha Building School in 1926.
Today's Franz Liszt Weimar University of Music emerged from the orchestral school that opened in 1872 .
History of the college
Art school and applied arts school
The university goes back on the one hand to the Grand Ducal Saxon Art School founded in Weimar by Grand Duke Carl Alexander (Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) in 1860 , which was converted into a state institution in 1902, but remained closely linked to the Grand Ducal House. Subject areas were u. a. in landscape, history, figure and animal painting and also plastic production. The art school finally united the Weimar School of Painting and the Weimar School of Sculpture, founded in 1905, which was integrated into the school structure in a “cooperative relationship between high and applied art”, but managed separately. The institution was eventually increased to the Grand Ducal Saxon University of Fine Arts in 1910 . On the other hand, the university found its beginnings in the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Applied Arts, which existed from 1907 to 1915. Both schools awarded a certificate of attendance or leaving certificate.
Well-known artists and teachers and students of this time can be found under the entries of the respective schools.
Directors of the painting school
- 1860 Count Stanislaus von Kalckreuth , painter
- 1876 Theodor Hagen , painter
- 1882 Albert Brendel , painter
- 1885 Emil Graf von Schlitz called von Görtz , sculptor
- 1902 Hans Olde , painter
- 1910 Fritz Mackensen , painter
- 1916 provisional management
- 1919 incorporated into the Bauhaus
Head of the sculpture school
- 1905 Adolf Brütt , sculptor
- 1910 Gottlieb Elster , sculptor
- 1913 Richard Engelmann , sculptor
- 1919 incorporated into the Bauhaus
Director of the School of Applied Arts
The schools were united in 1919 by Walter Gropius to form the State Bauhaus Weimar . A new type of art school, a pioneer of modernity, whose title today denotes the university, was created. In 1923 Gropius summarized his idea in the radical formula "Art and technology - a new unit" . His “collaboration with industry-oriented concept” met with rejection, not least because he “was determined from the start to pave the way for a new, architecture-oriented art against all odds”.
The impending equality of professors and workshop managers and irreconcilable differences meant that “an art that was detached from architecture, autonomous and purposeless could not develop at the Bauhaus”. Therefore, the State University of Fine Arts was established in 1921 , at which academically traditional masters such as Richard Engelmann , Max Thedy , Walther Klemm , Alexander Olbricht and Hugo Gugg (teacher of Hedwig Holtz-Sommer ) found themselves. The Bauhaus only existed in Weimar until spring 1925 and moved to Dessau for political reasons . It was there that a new, important stage in development began for the Bauhaus as a design college .
- 1919–1925 Walter Gropius , architect
State Building College Weimar
In 1926, the State College of Crafts and Architecture , or Bauhochschule for short , was the successor institution of the Bauhaus.For the first time, since the State Building School had moved to Gotha, the realization of its own regular architectural training in the form of a postgraduate course, in the spirit of van de Velde and Gropius succeeded. The Bauhochschule thus followed up on the idea of the Bauhaus, but in contrast to this, offered a strong practical orientation. This corresponded to the “idea of a construction-related productive work community”, which formed one of the foundations of this successor institution. The experimental and innovative of the Bauhaus faded somewhat into the background. In 1929 the college had 88 students. As a conclusion, a diploma in the construction department and the title journeyman or master in the craft sector was awarded.
- 1925–1930 Otto Bartning , architect and architectural theorist
Universities for architecture, fine arts and crafts
Another obstacle in the development of the university was the appointment of Paul Schultze-Naumburg as the new director in 1930 by the National Socialists who had come to power in the Thuringian state government . Under the Minister of State for the Interior and Public Education Wilhelm Frick , most of the teaching staff at the Bauhochschule was dismissed and a tripartite university was created. These state universities for architecture, fine arts and handicraft counteracted the previous orientation towards modernity in the sense of the National Socialist cultural policy to establish a “ German art ” .
Paul Schultze-Naumburg rejected any phenomena of an industrial metropolitan society. The new architecture should spread cosiness. The German regional styles, the building forms associated with the homeland should be retained in order to give the population awareness and guidance that was deemed necessary in view of the accelerated social and cultural upheavals. As a conclusion, the title of diploma architect, a simple certificate for artists and the title of journeyman or master in the craft sector was awarded.
Well-known artists and teachers of this time are Hermann Giesler , Hans Seytter (including Stiftskirche (Stuttgart) ), Walther Klemm , Alexander Olbricht , Hugo Gugg , Jürgen Wegener and Willem Bäumer .
- 1930–1939 Paul Schultze-Naumburg , architect and art theorist
College of Architecture and Fine Arts
In 1942 the institution achieved the status of a university. The craft school had already been separated. It was now called the College of Architecture and Fine Arts . After the Second World War, the university was restructured through the influence of the SMA-Thuringia in the sense of an anti-fascist-democratic reorganization and reopened on August 24, 1946. From 1946 it was headed as director by the architect Hermann Henselmann , who tried to orient the university towards reconstruction and also to tie in with the Bauhaus. Name changes were proposed: "The Bauhaus - University of Architecture and the Design Crafts and Machinery".
Well-known students of this time are: Carl Ihrke
- 1940 acting director Rudolf Rogler
- 1942 Gerhard Offenberg (1897–1987), architect (including the reconstruction planning for Nordhausen )
- 1946 Hermann Henselmann , architect
- 1950 provisional director Friedrich August Finger (1885–1961), construction and building materials engineer (inter alia construction manager at the Baghdad Railway )
College of Architecture and Construction
With the founding of the GDR and the restructuring of the higher education system, structural changes occurred in 1951: The “Fine Arts” department, which had been headed by the sculptor Siegfried Tschierschky up until then , was dissolved, the new university of architecture subordinated to the “Ministry of Construction” and the expansion as one technical college of building advanced.
In 1954, the university, which was expanded to include the “civil engineering” and “building materials and technology” faculties, was given a rector's constitution. The architect Otto Englberger was appointed as the first rector of the new university for architecture and construction in Weimar (HAB) , who as a professor for "residential and social building" had been provisional head of the university since 1951. In the following decades, the Weimar University developed into an important educational institution for building in the GDR with an effect in East and West Germany.
Integrated into the state system of the GDR, research and teaching were strongly oriented towards current building technology tasks and in many ways regulated. The third university reform in 1968/1969 meant a modernization and restructuring of the university structure according to the principles of economic management. Sections took the place of faculties. So was u. a. the university framework has been expanded to include the “Computer Technology and Data Processing Section”. The Bauhaus research and reception started at the HAB Weimar since 1976 provided an important impetus. A positive reassessment of the heritage began. Through research, contacts also broadened to the Federal Republic.
There was an institute for Marxism-Leninism at the HAB until 1990 for the long-term Marxist-Leninist basic studies that had been mandatory for students of all disciplines in the GDR since 1951 , and later also for the ongoing training of academic staff, lecturers and professors .
- 1954 Otto Englberger (1905–1977), architect (including apartment buildings on today's Buchenwaldplatz Weimar and today's Franzbergschule Sondershausen )
- 1957 Gustav Batereau (1908–1974), steel construction engineer and structural engineer (including a large coking plant in Lauchhammer )
- 1963 Horst Matzke , physicist and mathematician
- 1968 Armin Petzold , civil engineer
- 1970 Karl-Albert Fuchs , civil engineer (Vice President of the German Building Academy Berlin )
- 1983 Hans Glißmeyer (1936–2008), civil engineer
- 1989 Hans Ulrich Mönnig (* 1943), civil engineer
- 1992 Gerd Zimmermann (* 1946), architect and architectural theorist
- 1990 Heiko Schultz (* 1949), civil engineer
Bauhaus University Weimar
With the political change in 1989, a serious process of restructuring the university began with the aim of adapting it to the free democratic basic order and incorporating it into the international university landscape. There have been several changes to the overall structure that eliminated facilities that were no longer needed. The new was particularly evident in 1993 when the "Faculty of Design" was founded, with which the artistic disciplines returned to the association of the university. The “Faculty of Media” founded in 1996 underlined the progressiveness of the university. Since 1996 the university has had the obligatory name “Bauhaus University Weimar”. The university successfully participated in both rounds of the female professor program; In the first round, two female professors were funded.
- 2017 Winfried Speitkamp (* 1958), historian
- 1996 Gerd Zimmermann (* 1946), architect and architectural theorist
- 2001 Walter Bauer-Wabnegg (* 1954), theologian, linguist and literary scholar
- 2004 Gerd Zimmermann (* 1946), architect and architectural theorist
- 2011 Karl Beucke (* 1951), civil engineer
- 1990 Heiko Schultz (* 1949), civil engineer
- 2015 Horst Henrici (* 1969), lawyer
In December 1996 the “Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar and Dessau” were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List . The Weimar Bauhaus sites include u. a. the ensemble of buildings of the main building (former Grand Ducal Saxon Art School Weimar ) and the Van-de-Velde building (former Grand Ducal Saxon School of Applied Arts ) of today's Bauhaus University Weimar.
Building on the engineering and architecture-oriented disciplines, it has developed a broad teaching and research profile. The spectrum of the university today comprises 40 courses. The term “Bauhaus” in the name of the university should stand for experimentation, openness, creativity, proximity to industrial practice and internationality.
Architecture and urbanism
The Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism sees itself as a universal space for thinking and experimenting. The close connection between architecture and urban planning creates the special and contemporary profile.
The faculty stands for university research and experimental teaching that conveys interface skills for artistic and scientific methods in designing and planning. It seeks international partnerships and currently has 80 partner universities.
The faculty currently has 19 professorships, 3 junior and 2 bridging professorships, 6 honorary professorships, 1076 students from 70 nations in 7 courses and 120 doctoral students. It is one of the most influential architecture faculties in Germany. Students of the Faculty of Architecture and Urban Studies: 1168 (status: winter semester 2016/2017)
- Architecture (Bachelor and Master)
- Urban Studies (Bachelor and Master)
- MediaArchitecture (Master) with the two international study programs "International Media Architecture Master Studies" (IMAMS) in cooperation with SUNY, University at Buffalo and "Interactions and Interfaces for Digital Environments" (IDE) in cooperation with Tongji University, Shanghai
- Integrated Urban Development and Design (Master) with the two international study programs "Advanced Urbanism" in cooperation with Tongji University Shanghai and "Reflective Urban Practice" (IDE)
- European Urban Studies (Master)
- IPP-EU - International Doctoral Program »European Urban Studies«
- German-Argentinian doctoral program "Urban and Regional Research"
- European doctoral program »Urban Hist | 20th Century European Urbanism "
- DFG Research Training Group "Identity and Heritage"
- Junior research group »Social housing supply in growing metropolises«
The Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism has its headquarters in the main building, which was designed by Van de Velde and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here there are seminar and studio rooms for students of the faculty.
The reflection of the heritage characterizes the teaching and research of the three institutes at the faculty - also beyond the upcoming 100th Bauhaus anniversary in 2019: the Institute for European Urban Studies, the Bauhaus Institute for the History and Theory of Architecture and Planning as well as the Bauhaus institute for experimental architecture.
By researching space, city and architecture under changing social conditions, the faculty contributes to the sustainable design of architecture, city and landscape. She enters into an exchange with the public in exhibitions and symposia.
Founded in 1953, the Faculty of Civil Engineering has been providing training in the fields of structural engineering, building materials engineering, environmental engineering and management for construction, real estate and infrastructure for several decades. Graduates shape the development of cities and rural areas, for example through innovative wastewater concepts for developing countries, high-tech building materials for resource-saving construction, through the development of energy-efficient renovation methods or new types of bridge construction.
In the research area, the faculty mainly focuses on future-oriented new technologies such as B. BIM. Project studies are at the center of teaching.
Students of the Faculty of Civil Engineering: 1064 (as of winter semester 2016/2017)
- Civil engineering (construction, building materials) (Bachelor)
- Environmental Engineering (Master)
- Civil engineering (Master with specialization in structural engineering or archineering)
- Building Materials Engineering (Master)
- Management [Construction Real Estate Infrastructure] (Bachelor and Master)
- Natural Hazards and Risks in Structural Engineering (Master)
- Building physics and energetic building optimization (part-time master's degree or certificate)
- Environmental Engineering and Management (part-time master)
- Water and Environment (part-time Master)
Art and design
The Faculty of Art and Design was founded in 1993. It is the university training center for designers and artists in the Free State of Thuringia. With her teaching concept, the “Weimar Model”, she puts the project at the center of her studies and thus differs from the classical art academies and studies in fixed class systems. The content of teaching and research at the faculty is the planning and design of human living spaces. The focus is on the recognition and promotion of creative forces and the search for possibilities for their practical implementation.
Students of the Faculty of Art and Design: 1012 (as of winter semester 2016/2017)
- Free Art (Diploma)
- Art in public space and new artistic strategies / Public Art and New Artistic Strategies (Master)
- Teacher training at grammar schools - dual subject art education (1st state examination)
- Teaching qualification at grammar schools - double art education (1st state examination)
- Product Design (Bachelor)
- Product Design / Sustainable Product Cultures (Master)
- Visual Communication (Bachelor of Fine Arts)
- Visual Cultures (Master of Fine Arts)
- Media art / media design (Bachelor of Fine Arts and Master of Fine Arts)
- Doctoral program in Art and Design / Fine Art / Media Art (Doctor of Philosophy / Ph.D. / Dr. phil. )
The Faculty of Art and Design has been using the premises of the former arts and crafts school building (Van-de-Velde-Bau) as a studio and classroom since 1996. After a two-year break during which the Van de Velde building was extensively renovated, the building has again served as the headquarters of the faculty since April 2010. In November 2013 the faculty celebrated its 20th anniversary with the festival week »2G13«.
The media faculty, unique in the German university landscape, was founded in 1996. In doing so, the Bauhaus University Weimar took account of the great and growing importance of the media for science, society and the economy. Today's media aesthetic, media culture, media economics and media technology issues are addressed by the faculty with an interdisciplinary approach based on the Bauhaus tradition - through networked thinking that goes beyond the disciplines. In project studies, students are trained to become independent experts in the media industry who can work on complex issues in an unconventional and well-founded manner. Graduates work in the media, culture and telecommunications industries as well as in research and teaching.
Students in the Faculty of Media: 652 (as of: winter semester 2016/2017)
- Computer Science (Bachelor of Science)
- Computer Science for Digital Media (Master of Science, English speaking)
- Human-Computer Interaction (Master of Science, English speaking)
- Digital Engineering (Master of Science)
- Media studies
- Media Culture (Bachelor of Arts)
- Media Studies (Master of Arts)
- Media management
- Media Management (Master of Arts)
- Creative Management and Marketing (Master of Arts, part-time)
International study programs:
- European media culture (with Université Lyon Lumière 2: Bachelor of Arts, License en Information-Communication)
- European Film and Media Studies (with Université Lyon Lumière 2 and Universiteit Utrecht: Master of Arts)
On the property of a former industrial area in the immediate vicinity of the historical center of Weimar near Frauenplan and Goethehaus , the possibility of building a new library and lecture hall building for the Bauhaus opened up after German reunification with the conversion of the site and the associated demolition of the building fabric that was not worth preserving -University of Weimar.
After an urban development competition was announced in 1991, meck architects (Munich) took over the planning for the new building. In 2005, the new university library with integrated Audimax was inaugurated after a four-year construction period and a construction cost of 18 million euros. In 2006 the building received the Thuringian State Prize for Architecture and Urban Development .
Right next to the new building - and connected to it underground since 2011 - is the Limona building (former brewery) built in 1875, which has been largely used by the library since 1995. In addition to the two locations in Steubenstrasse, there is also a third library location in Coudraystrasse, where the building materials / natural sciences branch library is housed.
The library has a usable area of 5000 m² and houses a stock of approx. 496,892 units (books and other media) (as of 2015).
Marienstrasse 18 (M18)
The M18 is the hub of the student body and student self-administration. In addition to the office of the Student Convention (StuKo), there are offices and work rooms for student initiatives such as Café s140, Stift / kontor, Maschinenraum, Horizonte, Marke.6 and a few more.
On the initiative of the Student Convention, the brand.6 was founded as an exhibition space for the university together with the Rectorate and the Weimar Classic Foundation .
- Kasseturm , Germany's oldest student club
- Max Liebermann (1847–1935), painter
- Ludwig Hirschfeld-Mack (1893–1965), painter and "colored light musician"
- Ernst Neufert (1900–1986), architect
- Karl Neupert (1910–1991), architect, spatial and settlement planner
- Rudolf Ortner (1912–1997), architect, painter and photographer
- Irmgard Schwanitz (1930–1992) architect, university professor for settlement planning
- Rudolf Skoda (1931–2015), architect ( Neues Gewandhaus zu Leipzig ), professor
- Klaus Uhlig (* 1932), architect and visual artist
- Günther Krause (* 1953), IT engineer and politician
- Heike Hanada (* 1964), architect
- Erik Buchholz (* 1969), painter
- Bas Böttcher (* 1974), poet, media artist
- Marcus Urban (* 1971), former soccer player
- Matthias Tanzmann (* 1977), DJ and music producer
- Andreas Jancke (* 1978), actor
- Nazan Gökdemir (* 1980), journalist
- Nora Binder (* 1984), actress
- Alin Coen (* 1982), musician
- Klaus-Jürgen Winkler: The architecture at the Bauhaus in Weimar. Verlag für Bauwesen, Berlin 1993 (Edition Bauhaus Dessau), ISBN 3-345-00510-7 .
- Achim Preiss , Klaus-Jürgen Winkler: Weimar Concepts: the Art and Building College 1860–1995. VDG Weimar, Weimar 1996, ISBN 3-929742-84-5 , doi: 10.1466 / 20061106.78 .
- Michael Siebenbrodt (Ed.): Bauhaus Weimar. Drafts for the future. Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern 2000, ISBN 3-7757-9030-6 .
- Renate Müller-Krumbach, Karl Schawelka, Norbert Korrek, Gerwin Zohlen: The animation of matter through form. Van de Velde's university building in Weimar. Verlag der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Weimar 2002, ISBN 3-86068-166-4 .
- Klaus-Jürgen Winkler: Building apprenticeship and design at the Bauhaus 1919–1933. Verlag der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Weimar 2003, ISBN 3-86068-184-2 .
- Silke Opitz (Ed.): Van de Velde's art school buildings in Weimar. Architecture and equipment. Verlag der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Weimar 2004, ISBN 3-86068-201-6 .
- Klaus-Jürgen Winkler (Ed.): New beginning. The Weimar Bauhochschule after the Second World War and Hermann Henselmann. Verlag der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Weimar 2005, ISBN 3-86068-263-6 .
- Klaus-Jürgen Winkler, Gerhard Oschmann: The Gropius room. History and reconstruction of the director's office at the State Bauhaus in Weimar 1923/24. Publishing house of the Bauhaus University Weimar, Weimar 2008, ISBN 978-3-86068-347-7 .
- Michael Eckardt (Ed.): Bauhaus Walk. On the trail of the early Bauhaus in Weimar. Verlag der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Weimar 2009, ISBN 978-3-86068-378-1 .
- Frank Simon-Ritz , Klaus-Jürgen Winkler, Gerd Zimmerman: But we are! We want! And we can do it! From the Grand Ducal Art School to the Bauhaus University Weimar. 1860-2010. Volume 1. Verlag der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Weimar 2010, ISBN 978-3-86068-419-1 .
- Frank Simon-Ritz, Klaus-Jürgen Winkler, Gerd Zimmerman: But we are! We want! And we can do it! From the Grand Ducal Art School to the Bauhaus University Weimar, 1860–2010. Volume 2 (1945 / 46-2010). Publishing house of the Bauhaus University Weimar, Weimar 2012, ISBN 978-3-86068-427-6 .
- Bauhaus University Weimar
- University of Weimar near Mapolis. (No longer available online.) In: mapolis.com. mapolis AG, 2012, archived from the original on January 28, 2013 .
- Archive holdings of the Bauhaus University in Weimar in the archive portal-D
- Bauhaus University Weimar: University management. In: uni-weimar.de. Retrieved August 2, 2019 .
- Figures for the year from the Bauhaus University Weimar. In: uni-weimar.de, accessed on July 16, 2017.
- Network. List of universities in the DFH network. In: dfh-ufa.org. Franco-German University, accessed on October 3, 2019 .
- Weimar, City of Culture - 100 years of the Bauhaus. In: weimar.de. weimar GmbH Society for Economic Development, Congress and Tourism Service, accessed on January 27, 2020 .
- Time for a new start: Weimar University before the Bauhaus anniversary. In: berlin.de. October 9, 2018, accessed January 27, 2020 .
- Silke Opitz: A gentleman artist. Life and work of the sculptor Richard Engelmann (1868–1966). VDG Weimar, Weimar 2000, ISBN 3-89739-141-4 , doi: 10.1466 / 20061109.67 (Zugl .: Weimar, Bauhaus-Univ., Diss., 2000).
- Dörte Nicolaisen: Otto Bartning and the Staatliche Bauhochschule in Weimar 1926–1930. In: The other Bauhaus. Otto Bartning and the State University of Weimar 1926–1930. Edited for the Bauhaus archive by Dörte Nicolaisen. Kupfergraben Verlagsgesellschaft, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-89181-406-2 , pp. 11-44.
- Achim Preiss, Klaus-Jürgen Winkler: Weimar Concepts. The art and building college 1860-1995. VDG Weimar, Weimar 1996, ISBN 3-929742-84-5 , doi: 10.1466 / 20061106.78 .
- Gerd Offenberg: Mosaic of my life. Selbstverlag, o. O. [Mainz] 1974 (Volume 1, OCLC 833868510 ; Volume 2, OCLC 833868518 ).
- Dietrich Fürst (ed.): From building artist to complex designer. Architects in the GDR. Documentation of an IRS collection of biographical data (= Regio doc. No. 3). IRS, Erkner 2000, ISBN 3-934669-00-X , p. 71.
- See program of professors. In: uni-weimar.de, accessed on July 15, 2015.
- Architecture and Urbanism. Profile. In: uni-weimar.de, accessed on July 16, 2017.
- The profile of architectural education at our faculty. Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, accessed on March 24, 2017 .
- Bauhaus University Weimar: Civil engineering. In: uni-weimar.de. Retrieved March 24, 2017 .
- Projects 2G13. In: uni-weimar.de, accessed on July 16, 2017.
- 2G13. (No longer available online.) In: uni-weimar.de. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013 ; accessed on March 24, 2017 .
- Bauhaus University Weimar: Studies. In: uni-weimar.de. Retrieved May 19, 2020 .
- brand. 6. (No longer available online.) In: markpunktsechs.de. Bauhaus University Weimar, archived from the original on March 8, 2019 ; accessed on July 16, 2017 (last memento).