|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||to water|
|Height :||140 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||57.5 km 2|
|Residents:||12,973 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||226 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||35781|
06442 ( Bermbach )
|License plate :||LM, WEL|
|Community key :||06 5 33 017|
|LOCODE :||DE AWAY|
|City structure:||11 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Johannes Hanisch ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Weilburg in the Limburg-Weilburg district|
Weilburg is a state-approved climatic health resort and a former residential town in the Limburg-Weilburg district in Central Hesse . The city, located between the Westerwald and Taunus , is the third largest city in the district with 12,973 inhabitants (December 31, 2019) after Limburg an der Lahn and Bad Camberg .
For centuries, the city of Weilburg was the residence of an aristocratic family descended from the Nassau family, from which today's grand ducal house of Luxembourg emerged. The regents of Nassau-Weilburg built the castle with an attached park, which today defines the cityscape . In the prince's crypt of the castle church is the burial place of some members of the ruling house.
Weilburg is located in the Lahn valley both in the Westerwald and in the Taunus above the confluence of the Weil in the Lahn. The Lahn flows serpentine through the city. The next larger cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants are - each with the distance as the crow flies - Wetzlar (20 km), Gießen (30 km), Bad Homburg (40 km), Wiesbaden (45 km) and Frankfurt (50 km) in Hesse, Siegen (45 km) in North Rhine-Westphalia and Koblenz (50 km) in Rhineland-Palatinate .
Core city area
- Lahn (measuring point between Ahausen and ship tunnel):
- Ship tunnel :
- Upper palace garden :
- City exit Frankfurter Strasse / Johann-Ernst-Str .:
- Exit Limburger Strasse / Waldhausen junction:
Urban area (total)
- Lahn near Kirschhofen:
- Hohenstein near Hasselbach:
The city of Weilburg borders in the north on the municipalities of Merenberg and Löhnberg (both in the Limburg-Weilburg district), in the east on the city of Braunfels ( Lahn-Dill district ), in the south on the municipalities of Weilmünster , Weinbach and the city of Runkel and in the west to the municipality of Beselich (all four located in the Limburg-Weilburg district).
In addition to the core town of Weilburg, in which almost 40 percent of the population live, the urban districts of Ahausen , Bermbach , Drommershausen , Gaudernbach , Hasselbach , Hirschhausen , Kirschhofen , Kubach , Odersbach and Waldhausen belong to the urban area.
The oldest traces of settlement in the immediate Weilburg area are finds from the La Tène period on the Scheuertberger Kopf near Odersbach.
Weilburg was first mentioned in 906 in a chronicle of the abbot Regino von Prüm as a fortress with the name Wilineburch . Six years later, King Konrad I , whose father, who died in the fight against the Babenbergs near Fritzlar in 906, was buried in the fortress, founded the Canons' Monastery of St. Walpurgis . The facility, located high on the mountain next to the royal court, enabled the Lahn and the " Hohen Straße " from Frankfurt to Cologne and the Via Publica from Flanders to Bohemia to be controlled , which passed nearby.
In 918 the Wilineburg acquired a special historical significance when King Konrad I recommended on his deathbed to his brother Eberhard that the imperial insignia be presented to his toughest opponent, the Saxon Duke Heinrich ("Weilburger Testament").
From 993 to 1062 the monastery and the city were gradually given away to the diocese of Worms . Around 1225, the Bishop of Worms pledged the rulership to the House of Nassau , which they finally bought in 1294 and a year later gave the town the same rights as the city of Frankfurt. Count Johann I von Nassau built his residence here in 1355, renovated the castle and built city fortifications. In 1359 he had a stone bridge built over the Lahn.
The house of Nassau-Weilburg shaped the history of the city for several centuries. Count Philip III. let the old Conradines demolish castle and began in 1535 to build the four-bladed high castle in the style of northern Renaissance . Count Johann Ernst (1664–1719) renewed and beautified his royal seat by expanding the high castle , creating a park and changing the city front. This made Weilburg one of the most completely preserved examples of a small German residence of absolutism . From 1806 the city was the seat of government of the newly created Duchy of Nassau. It was not until 1816 that Duke Wilhelm moved the residence to Biebrich .
In 1827 the city was the scene of a crime that went down in criminal history as the Weilburg Cadet Murder, and which was filmed 150 years later under the title The Weilburg Cadet Murder.
In terms of architectural history, Weilburg is known for its clay buildings from the period after 1800. The so-called Pisee building in the city and the surrounding area was promoted through the special commitment of government attorney Wilhelm Jacob Wimpf , as the tallest ( rammed ) clay building in Germany, a six-storey residential building, still bears witness to today .
In August 1884, the Weilburg volunteer fire department was founded . As a result, she and the two volunteer fire brigades Braunfels and Obertiefenbach formed the Oberlahn extinguishing district in the fire brigade association for the Wiesbaden district , within which they celebrated their association festival for the first time on August 3, 1890 in Obertiefenbach .
Period of National Socialism and World War II
From 1933, like in other German cities, the National Socialists took power in Weilburg. Even before that, the NSDAP had achieved strong gains in elections in the region. The last mayor, Diffenhardt, elected by a democratically shaped city council, was deposed in the summer of 1933 by a vote of no confidence by the NSDAP. In January 1934, the college for teacher training was relocated from Frankfurt am Main to Weilburg in order to better shield students from the harmful influences of the big city. It was closed at the beginning of the war in 1939, but reopened in 1946 as a pedagogical institute by the American occupation authorities. The university used the Windhof as a teaching building (memorial plaque).
On December 15, 1933, the “Prussian Fire Protection Act” was passed, through which the position of the fire brigade in public life was re-regulated. Professional fire brigade and volunteer fire brigade were referred to in the law as a “special police executive” and they were subordinated to the local police administrators. The volunteer fire brigades should also be entered in the register of associations as legally competent associations . Due to the newly introduced age limit of 60 years and the review of political attitudes, many executives were forcibly withdrawn from active service. On April 25, 1934, an extraordinary association day of the Nassau Fire Brigade Association took place in Weilburg , preceded by an exercise by the Weilburg volunteer fire brigade on the market square. The association's delegates met for the last time to transfer their organization to the "Provincial Fire Brigade Association Hessen-Nassau".
In 1935, Jews were prohibited from displaying flags on their houses at the Weilburg fair , and from 1937 they were prohibited from entering the palace gardens. In Weil Tageblatt aggressiv- published anti-Semitic articles. At the beginning of 1938 there were only two Jewish-run businesses in Weilburg. During the November pogrom in 1938 , the last remaining shop and apartments were badly damaged. The building that housed the synagogue of the Jewish community, which was dissolved in 1937, was not destroyed because it had passed into the possession of a Weilburg merchant before 1938. A memorial plaque for the Jewish residents of Weilburg who fell victim to National Socialist persecution is in the Jewish cemetery . In particular, the murdered and expelled Jewish Weilburgers are commemorated on clay tablets on the south side of the castle church .
The city suffered only minor damage during World War II . The central front of the Upper Orangery of the castle collapsed after an aerial bomb destined for the Weilburg train station hit and exploded right in front of the portal. The station building and the nearby Helbig brewery's house were also affected. During the occupation of the city by US troops on March 27, 1945, the fighting again caused slight damage, but all Weilburg bridges were blown up by the Wehrmacht.
Weilburg had been the district town of the Oberlahnkreis since it was founded in 1867. Weilburg lost this function when the Oberlahnkreis and the Limburg district were dissolved as part of the Hessian regional reform and the new Limburg-Weilburg district was established on July 1, 1974, and Limburg became the district town. Since then, there has been a branch of the district administration in the former district office on Limburger Strasse.
The 45th Hessentag took place in Weilburg from June 17th to 26th, 2005 .
On December 31, 1970 , as part of the regional reform in Hesse, the previously independent communities of Ahausen, Bermbach, Drommershausen, Gaudernbach, Hasselbach, Hirschhausen, Kirschhofen, Odersbach and Waldhausen and the city of Weilburg merged on a voluntary basis to form the expanded city of Weilburg. Kubach was added on July 1, 1974 by virtue of state law.
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Weilburg was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1806: Holy Roman Empire , County / Principality of Nassau-Weilburg , Weilburg office
- from 1806: Duchy of Nassau , Weilburg office
- from 1816: German Confederation , Duchy of Nassau, Weilburg office
- from 1849: German Confederation, Duchy of Nassau, Hadamar District Office
- from 1854: German Confederation, Duchy of Nassau, Weilburg office
- from 1867: North German Confederation , Kingdom of Prussia , Province of Hessen-Nassau , Administrative Region of Wiesbaden , Oberlahnkreis
- from 1871: German Empire , Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hessen-Nassau, administrative district of Wiesbaden, Oberlahnkreis
- from 1918: German Empire, Free State of Prussia , Province of Hessen-Nassau, Administrative Region of Wiesbaden, Oberlahnkreis
- from 1944: German Empire, Free State of Prussia, Nassau Province , Oberlahnkreis
- from 1945: American zone of occupation , Greater Hesse , Wiesbaden district, Oberlahn district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Wiesbaden district, Oberlahnkreis
- from 1968: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, administrative district Darmstadt , Oberlahnkreis
- from 1974: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, administrative district Darmstadt, district Limburg-Weilburg
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district, Limburg-Weilburg district
|Weilburg: Population from 1834 to 2015|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 1972; 1976 :; 1984 :; 1992 :; 2000 :; 2010:
From 1970 including the towns incorporated into Hesse as part of the regional reform .
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1885:||2,873 Protestant (= 77.71%), 603 Catholic (= 16.31%), one other Christian and 220 Jews (= 5.95%).|
|• 1961:||4419 Protestant (= 65.97%) and 2079 (= 31.03%) Catholic residents|
The Catholics from Weilburg have been making pilgrimages to the pilgrimage chapel Maria Hilf Beselich for many decades and there they announce their faith.
History of the districts
The borough of Bermbach was first mentioned in 1253 under the name Berinbach . In addition to agriculture, it was mining in which the inhabitants of Bermbach were active. The ore mining in the pits on Bermbach's district was stopped around 1914.
The confirmation of a manor in 1196 by Pope Celestine III. is the first documentary mention of Drommershausen . An oil mill is documented for 1666 , and a blast furnace for smelting the iron stone extracted in the area is mentioned in 1679.
Today's Weilburg district of Gaudernbach was first mentioned as Gauderinbach in 1325. The place once belonged to the office of Runkel and the parish of Schupbach . The chapel dedicated to St. Peter was built in 1769. A local school is mentioned as early as 1618; how long it lasted is unknown. In a major fire in 1863, 68 buildings in Gaudernbach were destroyed. In addition to agriculture and mining, the inhabitants found their livelihood as workers in Gaudernbach's Lahn marble quarry .
In a document from 1235, the place name Hasilibach is mentioned for the first time, which later changed to Hasselbach. At the time it was first mentioned, the settlement belonged to the trier castle man Johann von Schupbach, who resided in Montabaur .
Hirschhausen is first mentioned in a document in 1327 and can be found in documents as Herbishusen in 1466 . In the district of Hirschhausen there were several red and brown iron stone pits, among which the Anna mine was one of the richest in the Lahn area. Worth mentioning is the octagonal Protestant church built by 27 Hirschhauser families in 1763. The pilgrimage site Pfannstiel existed between Hirschhausen and Drommershausen in the 15th and until the middle of the 16th century .
The first documentary mention of the Kirschhofen district dates from 1363 with the spelling Kyrchschyrben . The spelling Kirschhofen has been known since 1684. Since 1978, Kirschhofen has been connected to the Odersbach district on the other side of the Lahn via a pedestrian bridge.
The district of Kubach is found as parvulam cubach for the first time in Otto III's document . of December 27, 1000 mention. A separate church is assumed for Kubach from 1516. The church that exists today in the village was completed in 1784.
Odersbach and Waldhausen are the two districts of Weilburg, which were first mentioned before the Weilburgs in 906.
Waldhausen is mentioned for the first time in 881 in the Golden Book of the Prüm Abbey. His name is Mark Ualthusa and refers to the settlement there and the Carolingian forest property . Agriculture and mining were the main sources of income for the residents until 1960.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||%
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||33.5||12||37.6||14th||40.2||15th||40.9||15th|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||31.8||12||34.0||13||35.4||13||32.8||12|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||9.0||3||13.3||5||6.5||2||5.3||2|
|FWG||Free community of voters||15.4||6th||9.0||3||11.3||4th||14.6||6th|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||10.4||4th||6.0||2||6.6||3||6.4||2|
|Voter turnout in%||47.8||46.4||43.4||53.2|
Johannes Hanisch has been mayor since July 1, 2017.
Mayor of the core city
The head of the Weilburg district is Margit Eisträger.
- since 1958: Privas , France
- since 1966: Zevenaar , Netherlands
- since 1990: Kežmarok , Slovakia
- since 2004: Colmar-Berg , Luxembourg
- since 2006: Kızılcahamam , Turkey
- since 2010: Quattro Castella , Italy
- since 2013: Rheingau-Hessen-Nassau district group of the Association of Reservists of the German Armed Forces e. V.
Weilburg and Quattro Castella had already made a joint declaration of friendship in 2002.
We have been working with Girne ( Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus ) since 2007. A town partnership with Tortona ( Italy ) existed from 1964 to August 2008. The sponsorship with the headquarters company Logistikregiment 46 ( Diez , Rhineland-Palatinate ) was terminated in September 2012, because the headquarters company was dissolved. A new partnership with the Rheingau-Hessen-Nassau district group of the Association of Reservists of the German Federal Armed Forces e. V. was closed on September 27, 2013.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the city of Weilburg was only donated on the occasion of the millennium of the city in 1906.
|Blazon : "Azure, a growing , schwarzgefugte, castle silver with large-engined quad battlements, gezinntem, rotbehelmten and golden beknauftem central tower between two lower crenellated towers, all with a black gothic twin windows ; theclosed round portal coveredwith black lily ribbons is covered with a leaning shield, in it a red-armored golden lion in blue, sprinkled with golden shingles. "|
|Reasons for the coat of arms: The coat of arms shows a castle (silver) in a blue field. The middle of the three tin towers wears a red spire with a golden ball on top. The black-studded, closed gate is covered with a blue shield on which the lion of Nassau is depicted in gold . The model was the Weilburg city seal from 1329.|
The city flag of Weilburg shows the colors yellow, blue and white striped lengthways. The colors result from those of the city arms (yellow-gold, blue - color of the earlier counts, white-silver).
The town seal of Weilburg is documented for the first time on a document from 1327. Presumably, however, this seal was already acquired on the occasion of the city charter in 1295. The seal bears the inscription: SIGILLUM CIVITATIS IN WILBURC (seal of the citizenship in Weilburg). The seal picture shows a city wall with two equally high corner towers, between a higher tower with a pointed roof and in the middle of the city wall a city gate with a coat of arms.
In addition to the first seal, a smaller seal was purchased, probably in the late 14th century. A replacement for this seal was commissioned before 1650.
In addition to these three remaining city seals, another seal, also based on the model of the first seal, was created in 1905.
As part of the partnership between the city of Weilburg ad Lahn and the Rheingau-Hessen-Nassau district group of the Association of Reservists of the German Armed Forces e. V. the city of Weilburg received a new city seal on September 27, 2013. The seal picture shows a city wall with two equally high corner towers, between a higher tower with a pointed roof and in the middle of the city wall a city gate with a coat of arms, in the upper semicircle the lettering Stadt Weilburg ad Lahn and in the lower semicircle the lettering The Mayor .
Culture and sights
The Weilburg Castle is a museum that can be visited only on guided tours since 1935th
The mining and city museum of the city of Weilburg is housed in the former chancellery building of the castle , which has over 1200 square meters of exhibition space. Exhibits from the city's history and an extensive exhibition on the mining tradition in Weilburg and the surrounding area are presented. For the mining museum, which has existed since 1972 - and is therefore Hesse's oldest - a 200-meter-long exhibition tunnel was set up in the Schlossberg, in which original mining machines are set up.
Since May 2008, around 100 works of Chinese paper cut art have been shown in a section of the museum . The presentation of this art outside of China is unique worldwide.
The German Construction Machine Model Museum is located in the Gaudernbach district . The museum was founded in 1989 by the construction company Walter Feickert. Around 1,200 construction machine and construction site models are presented here.
In June 2017, the Rosenhang Museum opened as a museum for contemporary art . The seat of the museum, which among other things houses the collection of its founder Joachim Legner, is the historic brewery building in Ahäuser Weg.
The Weilburg Palace Concerts have been a concert series with mostly classical music in the palace, in the palace church or in the palace's Renaissance courtyard since 1973 . They take place annually in summer.
The Weilburger fair is committed demonstrably since 1569th Some customs have been preserved for a long time, such as the "shooting" of the fair, the donation of shooting prizes, which was first handed down by the city for 1746 and was later extended to prize donations by the citizens, shooting at the honor disc and that performed by girls Fair dance. The fair is sponsored by the Weilburger Bürgergarde , founded in 1813, and since then the continuation of the traditional Weilburger Kirchweih has been in the hands of them .
For many years Weilburg was the royal seat and seat of government of the House of Nassau-Weilburg . The buildings still shape the cityscape of the city center today. The most important building is the castle from the 14th century. It was rebuilt in the 16th and 18th centuries. The Renaissance parts known as the “core lock” are counted among the best preserved Renaissance castles in Hesse . After the baroque expansion under Johann-Ernst von Nassau-Weilburg, it takes up almost half of the old town. The Protestant castle church from the beginning of the 18th century also belongs to the castle .
The buildings on the market square, with the " Neptune Fountain " (from 1709), and in the old town were built at the same time as the castle. There are also other half-timbered houses from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
In the immediate vicinity of the “Old Cemetery” in 1958 the Catholic community built the now listed church “Heilig Kreuz” with a campanile , a free-standing bell tower. The architect was the Wiesbaden architect Paul Johannbroer. The glass windows by glass artist Johannes Beeck are well worth seeing . On the right side there are scenes from the Old and on the left scenes from the New Testament .
For the grammar school Philippinum Weilburg a representative building was built in the 18th century in the Mauerstraße. Today the building houses the Weilburg nursing school, district and city library , offices and club rooms. The opposite "Komödienbau" was built in 1810 as a court theater. Its limited use was allowed to the grammar school from 1817, the building was converted for school purposes in 1879. Today the building houses a restaurant, and the former theater hall serves among other things. a. as a meeting room for the city council.
In the 19th century, the urban area grew well beyond the medieval city limits. In the Limburg street, the Bahnhofstrasse and Frankfurterstraße many were Stampflehmgebäude (Piseebauten) built. In particular, there is still a closed facade on Bahnhofstrasse. In Weilburg, Hainallee 1 is also the tallest German building of this type.
The "Weilburg Tunnel Ensemble" is considered unique in the world. Here are tunnels for cars , ships and trains next to each other . In particular, the shipping tunnel , which opened in 1847, is a unique structure in Germany. The youngest tunnel in the ensemble is the Mühlberg tunnel of the Weilburg suburb , which was released in 2004 .
At the place Drommershausen there are ruins of the former convent and the pilgrimage church of Our Lady and St. Johann in the Pfannstiel der Johanniter . The church was first mentioned in 1461. The convent was subordinate to the Kommende Nieder-Weisel near Butzbach from 1471 , then from 1482 the Kommende Wiesenfeld near Frankenberg (Eder) or the Kommende Wildungen . In the course of the Reformation , the small monastery was closed in 1539.
The castle in Weilburg has a castle park that extends over several terraces along the Lahn.
The crystal cave is located in the Kubach district . Large parts of the walls of this cleft cave are covered with countless calcite crystals and sintered pearl . The crystal decorations on the walls are unique in Germany. With a length of approx. 200 m, a width of up to 23 m and a height of up to 30 m, the cave is the largest natural underground single cavity that can be visited in Germany.
Economy and Infrastructure
The city is located on the Lahntalbahn Koblenz - Limburg - Weilburg - Wetzlar - Gießen and belongs to the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund . Until 1969, Weilburg was the end point of the Weiltalbahn coming from Grävenwiesbach . For this purpose, a locomotive shed with a turntable was built at Weilburg station. After the closure of the Weiltal route, the buildings were demolished in the 1980s. The former freight and marshalling yard has also been dismantled with the exception of three storage and one passing track.
Weilburg is the starting point for many bus routes to the neighboring communities. These start at the central bus station directly at the train station. In the city itself, two city bus routes connect the most important points of the city every hour. Line 61 connects the Kubach industrial area with the city center and the Odersbach district; it runs Monday through Sunday and is also extended on Sundays to the Kubacher Kristallhöhle excursion destination and the Weilburg zoo. Line 62, which runs from Monday to Saturday, connects the city center with the Waldhausen district. Line 63 runs in inner-city school traffic only during school hours.
Weilburg is connected to the surrounding area by the following bus routes
|Oberbruch → Weinbach → Weilburg||
|Weinbach → Gräveneck → Weilburg||
|Walddernbach → Merenberg → Weilburg|
|Heckholzhausen → Obertiefenbach → Schupbach → Weilburg||
|Circular traffic : Weilburg → Ahausen → Hirschhausen → Kubach → Weilburg and opposite direction||
|Mengerskirchen → Löhnberg → Weilburg|
|Heckholzhausen → Allendorf → Weilburg||
|Wetzlar → Leun → Beilstein / Weilburg||
|Braunfels core city / districts → Weilburg||
|Weiltalbus : Oberursel / Bad Homburg → Weiltal → Weilburg||
|Limburg → Niederbruch → Villmar → Weilburg||
|Weilburg → Weilmünster → Grävenwiesbach||
Weilburg can be reached via the federal highways B 49 and 456 from the A 3 (from the direction of Limburg) and A 45 (from the direction of Wetzlar) as well as from the Rhine-Main area . The B 456 crosses the Lahn in Weilburg on the Oberlahnbrücke. This was built in the course of bypassing Weilburg . In addition to the Oberlahnbrücke, there are three Lahn bridges for motor vehicles, the Steinerne Brücke and the Ahäuser Brücke, and a pedestrian bridge, the Ernst-Dienstbach-Steg.
Weilburg is the headquarters of Vistec Semiconductor Systems . The largest private employers are also the Grebe Group and the Arnold Group.
In the north and south of Weilburg, some retail stores have set up in the commercial areas, including discounters, a furniture store, electronics stores and grocery stores. However, the development of the “green meadow” on the outskirts has meant that in Weilburg's old town - as in many other comparable cities - there is now a large number of vacancies for rentable retail stores. Therefore, an "old town manager" commissioned by the city is to develop concepts to prevent this vacancy rate (as of 2013) over 50 percent. In addition, the historic city center is to become more attractive for shoppers.
The city is a state-recognized health resort . Canoeing on the Lahn is very popular. Various boat rental companies provide canoes, canoes and kayaks by the hour or for day trips.
Weilburg has a centuries-old tradition as a school town. Already in 1231 a will Scholaster mentioned, and in 1360 the Collegiate School. The successor to the collegiate school was on October 15, 1540 by Count Philipp III. Protestant free school founded by Nassau-Weilburg. The oldest school in Weilburg, the grammar school Philippinum , emerged from this free school.
Today, on school days, the Weilburg educational institutions are attended by over 8,000 students.
The following schools exist in Weilburg today:
- Christian Spielmann School (primary school); for students of the city area on the Taunus side and the districts of Bermbach, Hirschhausen, Kirschhofen and Kubach. Named after the historian Christian Spielmann .
- Pestalozzi School (primary school); for students of the city area on the Westerwald side and the districts of Gaudernbach, Hasselbach, Odersbach and Waldhausen.
- Heinrich von Gagern School (secondary and secondary school); for students from the Limburg-Weilburg district and the Lahn-Dill district.
- Jakob-Mankel-Schule (integrated comprehensive school since 1994, until 2008 the only integrated comprehensive school in the Limburg-Weilburg district) offers the secondary school, secondary school and grammar school in an integrated form up to the tenth grade.
- Grammar School Philippinum (grammar school); is the oldest of the Weilburg schools and is attended by students from places in the former Oberlahn district and from the Lahn-Dill district.
- Walderbachschule (school for the practically imaginable); is a special school with the aim of helping students, depending on their individual degree of disability, to achieve the highest possible level of conscious life satisfaction.
- Windhofschule (school for learning assistance and for the physically handicapped); is a special needs school and a special needs advisory and support center. The Windhof School offers physically handicapped pupils the opportunity to take part in a school life together with non-physically handicapped pupils.
- Wilhelm Knapp School (vocational school center); unites ten school types in the field of vocational school education. These include the branches of the vocational high school, the technical college and the higher commercial school. The focus at the technical college for business administration is a. the areas of tourism, marketing, franchising, human resources and financial management. Since the 2006/07 school year, the Wilhelm-Knapp-Schule has offered training and further education in the area of franchising as the first training and further education facility in Germany.
- Staatliche Technikakademie Weilburg (State Technical School); has around 500 places for students in the fields of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, information technology, mechatronics and for information technology assistants in initial vocational training. In addition, the Frankfurt Johann Wolfgang Goethe University maintains a branch of the Institute for Didactics of Chemistry there. The Windhof student dormitory is connected to the State Technical Academy , with 150 single rooms available.
- Nursing school Weilburg, state-recognized technical school for training in generalist nursing with 50 training places. The school body is the District Hospital Weilburg gGmbH. The school is located in the former grammar school on Mauerstraße.
- Office for Teacher Education; In Weilburg there is a conference center of the office for the implementation of educational measures within the framework of training and further education.
- Hessian Forest Education Center (FBZ); is an inter-company training center of Hessen-Forst at the Weilburg forestry office. The FBZ serves as a training center for forest managers, forest officials, employees, entrepreneurs and private individuals. The vocational school lessons are carried out in cooperation with the Wilhelm Knapp School.
- Roofing Center Hessen; is an educational institution of the state guild association of the roofing trade of Hessen and serves the further education of employees in the roofing trade.
- Regional adult education center Limburg-Weilburg e. V .; has a main office in Weilburg.
- Weilburg Music School; emerged from a support group in 1982 and is now supported by the Weilburger Musikschule association . The offers of the music school are used by over 1000 children, young people and adults.
With the district court of Weilburg , the place has a court of ordinary jurisdiction . The district court is the regional court Limburg a. d. Lahn , which in turn is subordinate to the Frankfurt am Main Higher Regional Court .
With the district hospital, Weilburg has a general hospital with participation in emergency care. The hospital is a member of the Hessen Clinic Association . There is a medical specialist center right next to the clinic. The affiliated nursing school is located in the old grammar school in Mauerstraße.
There is also a medical center in Weilburg's old town.
- Childcare center run by Lebenshilfe Weilburg
- Evangelical kindergarten Weilburg
- Catholic day care center Hl. Kreuz , Weilburg
- Company-supported kindergarten Unter'm Sternenhimmel , Weilburg
- Municipal kindergarten Wichtelhaus , Drommershausen
- Municipal kindergarten Schwalbennest , Gaudernbach
- City kindergarten Sonnenschein , Hirschhausen
- Municipal day care center König Konrad , Weilburg
- Municipal day care center Kuckucksnest , Kirschhofen
- Municipal day care center Kubelix , Kubach
- Municipal day care center Fizzli Puzzlis , Odersbach
- Protestant day care center Nestwärme , Waldhausen
- Weilburg volunteer fire brigade , founded in 1884 (since 1956 with a marching band and since April 1, 1974 with youth fire brigade )
- Ahausen volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1933 (since January 18, 1985 with youth fire brigade and since June 1, 2010 with children's fire brigade )
- Bermbach Volunteer Fire Brigade, founded in 1933 (since May 15, 1976 with youth fire department and since September 1, 2003 with children's fire department)
- Voluntary fire brigade Drommershausen, founded in 1934 (since March 18, 1978 with youth fire brigade)
- Voluntary fire brigade Gaudernbach, founded in 1906 (since April 1, 1984 with youth fire brigade and since January 8, 2014 with children's fire brigade)
- Hasselbach volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1932 (since March 27, 1997 with youth fire brigade and since April 30, 2011 with children's fire brigade)
- Hirschhausen volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1933 (since May 1, 1975 with youth fire brigade)
- Voluntary fire brigade Kirschhofen, founded in 1925 (since April 14, 1974 with youth fire brigade)
- Voluntary fire brigade Kubach, founded in 1934 (since June 12, 1980 with youth fire brigade)
- Volunteer fire brigade Odersbach, founded in 1934 (since December 17, 1984 with youth fire brigade)
- Waldhausen volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1908 (since July 1, 1970 with youth fire brigade and since March 19, 2011 with children's fire brigade)
- Technisches Hilfswerk (THW), local branch Weilburg with THW youth group
Born in Weilburg
- Konrad I , the younger (* unknown; † December 23, 918; buried in Fulda ), was Duke of Franconia from 906 and King of Eastern Franconia from 911 to 918 .
- Gustav Adolf von Nassau-Idstein (born February 14, 1632, † August 1, 1664 in Szentgotthárd ), Count of Nassau-Idstein , imperial officer and convert to the Catholic Church
- Johann Ernst von Nassau-Weilburg (born June 13, 1664 - † February 27, 1719), Count of Nassau-Weilburg and imperial field marshal.
- Karl August von Nassau-Weilburg (born September 17, 1685 - † November 9, 1753), Count Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
- Karl Christian von Nassau-Weilburg (born January 16, 1735 - † November 28, 1788), Count of Nassau-Weilburg
- Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell (born September 13, 1750; † February 24, 1823 in Munich) one of the most important German garden designers, founder of the "classic phase" of English landscape gardens in Germany.
- Wilhelm Jacob Wimpf (born November 15, 1767 - † April 11, 1839), entrepreneur and pioneer of earth building
- Ludwig Löw von und zu Steinfurth (* December 12, 1803; † May 17, 1868 in Wiesbaden), university lecturer, Nassau judge and member of parliament
- Heinrich Heinlein (December 3, 1803 - December 8, 1885 in Munich), painter
- Carl Boos (born September 8, 1806; † July 18, 1883 in Wiesbaden), architect
- Moritz von Gagern (born August 18, 1808, † January 2, 1877), Nassau official and politician
- Carl Wirth (born March 20, 1810 - † November 14, 1880 in Hadamar), President of the Nassau state parliament
- Hermann Usener (born October 23, 1834; † October 21, 1905 in Bonn), Protestant classical philologist and religious scholar
- Adolf Haeuser (born November 26, 1857 - † March 13, 1938), industrialist, from 1916 to 1932 general director of Farbwerke Hoechst AG in Frankfurt-Höchst
- Moritz Büsgen (born July 24, 1858 - † June 12, 1921), botanist, university professor and explorer
- Richard Hoin (born July 23, 1879 in Weilburg- Odersbach ; † October 14, 1944 there) politician and resistance fighter
- Franziska Braun (* 1885; † 1955), first regular student at the Technical University of Darmstadt
- Erwin Schmidt (* July 20, 1886 - August 31, 1956), local history researcher
- Carl Fenner von Fenneberg (born September 13, 1886 - † April 26, 1944), district administrator
- Karl-Hermann May (born November 28, 1903, † September 25, 1990 in Wiesbaden), Protestant theologian and historian
- Ekkehard Lommel (born December 14, 1913 - October 1, 2006), district administrator
- Thomas Valentin (born January 13, 1922 - December 22, 1980 in Lippstadt), writer
- Willi Bernhardt (born June 27, 1928 in Weilburg- Drommershausen ; † January 31, 2020 in Aßlar), entrepreneur and official in the Central Association of the German Motor Vehicle Industry
- Olaf Mörke (born March 14, 1952), historian
- Antje Schrupp (born September 22, 1964), journalist, political scientist, philosopher, non-fiction author and translator
- Ben Streubel (born May 16, 1970), radio presenter (SWR3)
- Henning Pauly (born July 25, 1975), musician, guitarist, music producer and YouTuber
- Hosam el Miniawy (born June 14, 1976), politician (FDP)
- Manuel Possible (born January 26, 1979), journalist and documentary filmmaker
- Vinzenz Kiefer (born January 29, 1979), actor
- Florian Hill (born April 9, 1984), extreme mountaineer
- David Helm (* 1990), jazz musician
- Laura Störzel (born May 25, 1992), soccer player
Associated with Weilburg
- Franz Christoph Neubauer (* around 1760 possibly in Hořín near Mělníkin Bohemia ; † October 11, 1795 in Bückeburg ), composer and violin virtuoso, from 1790 to 1794 conductor of Prince Friedrich Wilhelm von Nassau-Weilburg
- Johann Philipp Krebs (born July 7, 1771 in Glauchau, † September 28, 1850 in Weilburg), classical philologist
- Joseph Muth (born January 9, 1788 in Hadamar; † March 7, 1866 in Weilburg), teacher and historian
- Heinrich von Gagern (* 1799 in Bayreuth , † May 22, 1880 in Darmstadt ), grew up in Weilburg and graduated from the Philippinum grammar school there, 1848 President of the Frankfurt National Assembly .
- Wilhelm Heinrich Riehl (* 1823 in Biebrich , † 1897 in Munich ), cultural historian, narrator, journalist; attended grammar school in Weilburg; The setting for his novella "Der Stadtpfeifer" is Weilburg.
- Walter Lohmann (born May 28, 1861 in Milspe; † February 15, 1947 in Weilburg), lawyer and national liberal politician
- Otto Linnemann (born April 26, 1876 in Frankfurt am Main; † December 9, 1961 there), German glass painter, created the stained glass in the castle church
- Willy Heigl (born March 25, 1904 in Dillenburg; † March 15, 1973) First Mayor of Weilburg after the end of the Third Reich; Member of the Advisory State Committee (forerunner of the Hessian State Parliament)
- Kurt Kohl (born November 15, 1918 in Frankfurt am Main; † October 4, 2002 ibid), pioneer of Gestalt psychology, studied at the Pedagogical Institute in Weilburg
- Gert Fritz Unger (born March 23, 1921 in Breslau, † August 3, 2005 in Weilburg), writer and western author
- Benno von Heynitz (born December 22, 1924 in Dresden; † October 29, 2010 in Weilburg), opponent of the SED dictatorship and founding chairman of the Bautzen Committee
- Ulrike Meinhof (born October 7, 1934 in Oldenburg; † May 9, 1976 in Stuttgart-Stammheim), journalist and founding member of the terrorist organization Red Army Fraktion , graduated from high school in 1955 at Weilburg's Philippinum grammar school
- Falko Lehmann: District Limburg-Weilburg , Vol. 2: Mengerskirchen to Weinbach = monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Braunschweig 1994, pp. 699-847.
- Bernd Modrow, Claudia Gröschel: Princely pleasure. 400 years of garden culture in Hessen. Schnell + Steiner publishing house, Regensburg 2002, ISBN 3-7954-1487-3
- Magistrate of the city of Weilburg an der Lahn (Ed.): Weilburg an der Lahn. 700 years of city rights 1295–1995, Weilburg 1995, ISBN 3-926617-14-4
- Carl Wehrum: 150 years of the Weilburg Citizens Guard. Self-published by the Weilburger Bürgergarde, Weilburg 1963.
- Mathias Döring: Weilburg and its water . Deutsche Wasserhistorische Gesellschaft , special volume 1/2005, 230 pp., 250 ills.
- Armin Kuhnigk: History of the City of Weilburg 881–1971 , publisher of the City of Weilburg, Weilburg 1972.
- Literature about Weilburg in the Hessian Bibliography
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- Weilburg, District of Limburg-Weilburg. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- City of Weilburg an der Lahn. Buildings, sights and more. In: www.weilburg-lahn.info. Private website
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- 77th meeting of the specialist committee for health resorts, recreational areas and healing wells in Hesse on November 17, 2011 . In: State pointer for the state of Hesse . No. 7 , 2012, ISSN 0724-7885 , p. 221 .
- Franz-Josef Sehr : Fire Department District Days around the turn of the century . In: Yearbook for the Limburg-Weilburg district 2000 . The district committee of the district of Limburg-Weilburg, Limburg-Weilburg 1999, ISBN 3-927006-29-7 , p. 187-189 .
- Memorial plaque at the Windhof
- Nassau Fire Brigade Association (Ed.): Chronicle of the Nassau Fire Brigade Association, 1872–1997 . Wiesbaden 1997.
- in the Oberlahnkreis to form the town of "Weilburg" and the communities of Ahausen, Bermbach, Drommershausen, Gaudernbach, Hasselbach, Hirschhausen, Kirschhofen, Odersbach and Waldhausen to form the community of "Löhnberg" on January 5, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (Ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 3 , p. 111 , 119 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
- Law on the reorganization of the Limburg district and the Oberlahn district. (GVBl. II 330-25) of March 12, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 5 , p. 101 , § 10 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 809 kB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 372-373 .
- Weilburg, Limburg-Weilburg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of March 23, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
- Local elections 1977; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of December 15, 1976 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1976 No. 52 , p. 2283 , point 1668 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 10.3 MB ]).
- Local elections 1985; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 30, 1984 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1984 No. 46 , p. 2175 , point 1104 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
- local elections 1993; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 21, 1992 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1992 No. 44 , p. 2766 , point 935 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.1 MB ]).
- Community: Weilburg. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH
- The population of the Hessian communities on June 30, 2010. (PDF; 552 kB) Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, p. 11 , archived from the original on February 7, 2018 ; accessed on March 20, 2018 .
- Franz-Josef Sehr : 250 years pilgrimage chapel Maria Hilf Beselich . In: Yearbook for the Limburg-Weilburg district 2017 . The district committee of the district of Limburg-Weilburg, Limburg-Weilburg 2016, ISBN 3-927006-54-8 , p. 137-141 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- LocalCouncils / Mayors. In: website. City of Weilburg, accessed on August 12, 2020 .
- Klemens Stadler: The municipal coat of arms of the state of Hesse (= German coat of arms - Federal Republic of Germany . Volume 3 ). Bremen 1967, p. 91 .
- Weilburg Castle and Castle Garden
- Mining and City Museum Weilburg
- The Weilburg Passion places grave chapel and Holy Cross in www.weilburg-lahn.info
- Pastoral area Weilburg - Mengerskirchen
- Website of the Weilburg Medical Center