Rhein-Main transport association

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Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund GmbH
Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund logo.svg
Basic information
Company headquarters Hofheim am Taunus
Web presence www.rmv.de
Reference year 2018
owner 27
(15 rural districts, 4 independent cities, 7 cities with special status and the state of Hesse)
legal form Company with limited liability
Supervisory board Peter Feldmann (Chairman of the Supervisory Board)
Managing directors
sales 911 million euros (fare income)dep1
Passengers 788 million
Mileage 7.6 billion
Stops in the entire network area:
  • 390 regional and long-distance train stations (including 111 S-Bahn stations)
  • > 12,000 bus stops
  • further stops for trams and subway
Catchment area 20,000 km²dep1
Residents in the
catchment area
~ 6.7 million
Logo of the RMV until 2014
Railcar of the Odenwaldbahn with the RMV logo

The Rhein-Main Transport Association (RMV) is a transport association of public transport ( PT ) in the Rhine-Main area . It is based in Hofheim am Taunus in the Main-Taunus district . The managing directors are Knut Ringat (spokesman) and André Kavai.

Structure, history and tasks

Development of passenger numbers in RMV since 1998

The Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund is an amalgamation of 15 districts and 11 cities. It is a limited liability company (GmbH). In addition to the state of Hesse, shareholders are all districts and cities within the network area with the exception of the city of Mainz, in which the RMV tariff applies, but which is not a partner (see also the section Special features of Mainz / Wiesbaden ).

The RMV was initially founded as a feasibility study and succeeded the Frankfurter Verkehrsverbund (FVV) in the Frankfurt area on May 28, 1995 . Unlike the FVV, the RMV no association of transport companies, but by local authorities, the Hessian after the public transport law, the transport authorities are in public transport. According to this law, RMV GmbH is responsible for the planning, organization and financing of regional traffic and local transport organizations for local traffic. The Hessian Public Transport Act thus follows the legal requirements at European level and clearly distinguishes between the transport company as the producer of the traffic and the responsible party as the buyer of the transport services ("buyer-producer principle"). A total of around 160 transport companies (as of 2018) are active in the network area.

Actually, only the formation of two large associations for the northern ( NVV ) and the southern (RMV) part of the country was planned, but the existing Rhein-Neckar transport association , which covers large parts of southern Hesse south of Darmstadt, was to be retained. Through the subsidiary Fahrzeugmanagement Region Frankfurt RheinMain GmbH (fahma), RMV also finances and procures traction vehicles and makes them available to the railway companies in their area of ​​responsibility for a fee. In May 2019, for example B. on the fahma 27 fuel cell trains of the type Coradia iLINT the French train manufacturer Alstom ordered for the integrated transport system with a total contract volume of about 500 million euros, which are to be delivered from about 2023 and begin operation in the sequence.

RMV area

Expansion of the RMV tariff area
  • Central tariff area
  • Transitional tariff areas
  • In addition to the Rhine-Main area, the RMV area includes most of the administrative districts of Darmstadt and Gießen, the Rhineland-Palatinate state capital Mainz and the municipality of Wackernheim, the Diez Ost stop located between the Hessian train stations Limburg and Staffel, which is in Rhineland- Palatinate is located and can only be reached via Hessen, and Niederlaasphe in North Rhine-Westphalia. The RMV borders in the north-west on the Westphalian tariff , in the west on the VRM , in the north on the NVV , in the south on the VRN , in the south-west on the RNN and in the south-east on the VAB . As part of tariff cooperation and transitional transport, in addition to the Bergstrasse district and the cities of Weinheim (as well as Hemsbach and Laudenbach ), Eberbach and Worms , larger parts of the RNN and the NVV as well as the Bavarian districts of Aschaffenburg and Miltenberg ( VAB ), the city of Aschaffenburg and the city of Bad Laasphe in the area of ​​the VGWS can be reached with restrictions to the RMV tariff. Not all RMV tariff tickets are valid in these transition tariff areas to other associations and transport associations, for example 65-plus cards and all tickets only available on eTicket (e.g. personal annual tickets) and the RMV-HandyTicket are not valid.

    When it was founded in 1994, the RMV was the largest local transport association in Germany in terms of area, since the establishment of the Berlin-Brandenburg transport association it was the second largest and since the expansion of the VGN on January 1, 2010 it has been the third largest transport association in Germany. In terms of the number of inhabitants in the catchment area, it is the second largest in Germany after the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr .

    Tariff structure

    Combined ticket machines of Deutsche Bahn and RMV, no longer in use since 2018

    The RMV area is divided into 60 main tariff areas (so-called A tariff areas). Apart from the cities of Frankfurt (TG 5000) and with restrictions Mainz and Wiesbaden (together TG 6500), the A tariff areas are divided into smaller sub-tariff areas (so-called A0 tariff areas). The A0 tariff zones are used to set prices in the local area. As a rule, price level 1 applies within an A0 tariff area. In the seven special status cities (cities with over 50,000 inhabitants), city price level 1 applies to special status cities, in Darmstadt (TG 4001) city price level 1 applies to Darmstadt. Offenbach (TG 3601) also has its own city price level 2 (previously price level 2). In tariff area 6500 (Mainz / Wiesbaden) - with the exception of the few A0 tariff areas in the peripheral area - price level 13 applies, which is cheaper than price level 3 for many ticket types.

    Within an A tariff area, a maximum of price level 3 applies. For each A tariff area connection, it is specified which price level applies, for example from Wiesbaden to the Rheingau, price level 4 always applies, regardless of whether two or three of the tariff areas in question are crossed . The price level can be found in the so-called regional matrix, whereby the exact route is important in individual cases, as there are a large number of exceptions. Price level 7 is the highest price level. Tickets with price level 7 have a network effect with the exception of the transitional tariff areas. In addition, there is price level 17, if transitional tariffs are used and price levels 4 to 6 are not sufficient, whereby price level 17 has no network effect.

    Political guidelines also had to be taken into account when setting tariffs. It is noticeable that the highest price level is price level 7, which is already valid for a trip from Wiesbaden to Hanau, for example, while this price level also applies for a distance more than twice as long as Wiesbaden-Fulda. This requirement is intended to make switching from the car to public transport more attractive for commuters and to promote rural areas, since the fares are not strictly distance-related. How strong this requirement is can be seen in the example of the neighboring Rhein-Nahe local transport network , which has ten price levels and price level 2 at the latest is comparable to level 3 of the RMV tariff.

    Many tariff limits are also the municipal limits, which leads to very different prices. For example, journeys from downtown Frankfurt to Offenbach are significantly more expensive than to the more distant outer parts of the city in the north or west. For 2019, the RMV is planning a different tariff structure for trips beyond Frankfurt's city limits. The RMV has been testing a digital smartphone tariff based on the connection actually used and which works without fixed tariff limits since 2016.

    In addition to single tickets and short-distance tickets , the range of tickets also includes the following season tickets : day ticket , group day ticket (up to five people), weekly ticket , monthly ticket , 9 a.m. monthly ticket (valid from 9 a.m. to the end of operations), trainee monthly ticket (for schoolchildren and trainees), annual ticket , 9 a.m. annual ticket , CleverCard (school year ticket ) and long-distance travel supplementary cards for holders of long-distance travel time cards of Deutsche Bahn with start or finish in the RMV area. For the season tickets (except day tickets) of all price levels, connecting tickets can be purchased for trips beyond their geographical area of ​​validity . A corresponding surcharge can be purchased for the use of the first carriage class on the railway, which is also available for weekly, monthly and annual tickets.

    The RMV does not offer multiple tickets, which means that it is not necessary to validate the tickets before starting the journey . An exception is the tariff area 6500 (Wiesbaden / Mainz) ( see below ), in which multi-trip tickets are offered for the special price level 13, which must be validated on the trams or buses. There are also local ticket offers, such as the MobiTick for the Darmstadt-Dieburg district.

    Job tickets , combination tickets and semester tickets are also offered. There are contracts with the student bodies ( ASten ) of most universities in the RMV area, so that students automatically receive an RMV-AStA semester ticket when they enroll.

    The Hessenticket is valid in the entire RMV (and beyond that in the whole of Hesse and some destinations outside Hesse, e.g. Mainz). As an offer from the three Hessian transport associations, it can only be purchased in their (extended) network area , in contrast to other regional tickets .

    In 2016, a smartphone-based model was tested with 20,000 test customers (RMVsmart), in which a basic price per trip and, in addition, a distance-dependent fee has to be paid.

    When driving exclusively by train (but not underground and tram) is an existing rail card of Deutsche Bahn recognized and leads to a reduced rate if at least the price level 5 is reached. There are further regulations for the BahnCard 100.

    Since April 2006 the RMV has also been offering the electronic RMV HandyTicket, whereby the fare is debited by direct debit at the end of the month.

    Since January 1, 2012, the RMV has been offering time tickets on an electronic chip card, the eTicket RheinMain. The holders of annual, monthly and weekly tickets as well as schoolchildren are on the move with it. In addition, the eTicket RheinMain is valid as access authorization for car sharing vehicles, pedelecs, electric cars etc.

    The bicycles is basically free in the RMV, but can at overcrowding, be in favor of wheelchair users and prams, and at peak times locally limited.

    Since June 2017, RMV has been compensating travelers for delays of more than 10 minutes at the destination station.

    Transitional arrangements

    When the RMV tariff came into force, season tickets from the superseded Frankfurter Verkehrsverbund as well as the previous other associations or individually active transport companies were still in circulation. These could continue to be used in the previous area of ​​validity until the end of their respective validity, i.e. a maximum of almost exactly one year; there was no obligation to exchange for a new RMV ticket.

    Special features Mainz / Wiesbaden

    The cities of Mainz and Wiesbaden have a special status in the RMV. The city of Wiesbaden is - like the other districts and independent cities of Hesse - a partner in the RMV, but the Rhineland-Palatinate capital Mainz is not. But because local public transport in the two cities of Mainz and Wiesbaden has long been closely linked via a number of shared lines and, since May 15, 1975, via the Mainz-Wiesbaden transport association (VMW), the city of Mainz is via the VMW nevertheless associated with the RMV. The Mainz city area is the only area outside of Hesse that belongs to the regular RMV tariff area, while all other areas outside Hesse can only be reached with transitional tariffs. At the same time, the cities of Mainz and Wiesbaden are also integrated into the tariff area of ​​the Rhein-Nahe-Nahverkehrsverbund (RNN); through this cooperation, Wiesbaden is in turn associated with the RNN via the VMW.

    In addition to the cities of Mainz and Wiesbaden, the city of Ginsheim-Gustavsburg and the communities of Bischofsheim and Walluf also belong to RMV tariff area 65 and RNN tariff cluster 300. However, the RNN tariff is subsidiary to the RMV tariff and is only used for journeys that take place between the cities and municipalities of the RNN tariff network 300 and the rest of the RNN network area (or vice versa), in purely internal traffic in the RMV tariff area 65 and for trips to the rest of the RMV area, the RMV tariff applies exclusively. The tickets of both associations are therefore available at the machines, sales points and in the vehicles with ticket sales.

    In addition, trading cards were traditionally offered in the VMW. For various reasons, this system is to be retained until further notice. Five tickets (previously four) can be purchased en bloc in advance and must then be validated on the bus or on the platform using a validator. These tickets are valid on all RMV means of transport in tariff zone 65.

    At the machines of the Mainzer Verkehrsgesellschaft (MVG) and the ESWE Verkehrsgesellschaft the multi-trip tickets offered in the RNN are available (from the RMV machine), but not from the (RMV) machines of the Deutsche Bahn; Deutsche Bahn has set up RNN machines at selected locations for this purpose.

    While RMV holders of weekly, monthly or annual tickets can only take any number of children with them on weekends or only after 7 p.m. during the week, there are extended rules for taking along on buses and trams operated by the Mainzer Verkehrsgesellschaft and ESWE Verkehrsgesellschaft , according to which the child-carrier regulation is permitted around the clock every day. By definition, these regulations take precedence over the RMV tariff, but there are different statements as to whether this applies only to the two transport companies or to all modes of transport in tariff zone 65. With the timetable change on December 15, 2013, the transport regulations were standardized across the RMV, so that there was no longer any need to take children with you during the day. After some violent protests from citizens, the extended transport policy was reinstated at the beginning of March 2014 - initially for a limited period until the next tariff adjustment in December 2014.

    Timetable areas

    There is also a complete edition of all timetables.

    RMV shareholders and their responsible authorities

    RMV members and their authorities
    Local authority Local public transport company
    Hesse -
    One district cities
    Darmstadt Darmstadt-Dieburger local transport organization (DADINA)
    Frankfurt am Main traffiQ
    Offenbach am Main NiO - local transport in Offenbach
    Wiesbaden ESWE Verkehrsgesellschaft
    Cities with special status
    Bad Homburg vor der Höhe Local public transport organization in Bad Homburg
    District of Fulda Local public transport company in the Fulda district (LNG Fulda)
    Fulda Magistrate of the City of Fulda - Local Transport Office
    to water Stadtwerke Giessen AG
    Hanau Hanau Local public transport organization
    Marburg Stadtwerke Marburg GmbH
    Rüsselsheim am Main Local public transport organization in the city of Rüsselsheim
    Wetzlar Local public transport organization in the city of Wetzlar
    Darmstadt-Dieburg district Darmstadt-Dieburger local transport organization (DADINA)
    District of Fulda Local public transport company in the district of Fulda (LNG Fulda)
    District of Giessen Transport Company Upper Hesse (VGO)
    Groß-Gerau district Local public transport company in the district of Groß-Gerau (LNVG)
    Hochtaunuskreis Verkehrsverband Hochtaunus (VHT)
    Lahn-Dill district Lahn-Dill-Weil transport company (VLDW)
    Limburg-Weilburg district Lahn-Dill-Weil transport company (VLDW)
    Main-Kinzig district Main-Kinzig roundabout company (KVG MKK)
    Main-Taunus-Kreis Main-Taunus-Verkehrsgesellschaft (MTV)
    Marburg-Biedenkopf district Regional Local Transport Association Marburg-Biedenkopf (RNV)
    Odenwaldkreis Odenwald Regional Society (OREG)
    Offenbach district Offenbach roundabout company (kvgOF)
    Rheingau-Taunus district Rheingau-Taunus-Verkehrsgesellschaft (RTV)
    Vogelsbergkreis Transport Company Upper Hesse (VGO)
    Wetteraukreis Transport Company Upper Hesse (VGO)

    The city of Bad Vilbel in the Wetteraukreis is responsible for awarding the Vilbus city bus independently through its municipal utility, most recently when the timetable changed in December 2017.

    Transport company in the RMV (selection) [Group]


    Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund GmbH has a 10.13% stake in VDV eTicket Service GmbH & Co. KG in Cologne and 100% in rms GmbH (Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund Servicegesellschaft mbH) in Frankfurt. Rms GmbH is active in the areas of digitalization of public transport, new mobility offers, passenger information, ticketing and market research. Another subsidiary is the vehicle management region Frankfurt RheinMain GmbH (fahma), which provides diesel multiple units for the Taunsbahn and Odenwaldbahn.


    Buba, the mascot of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV)

    "BuBa" has been the official mascot of the RMV since 2015 . The name is an acronym from bus and train. The green art creature wears a training jacket, knee-length trousers, sports shoes and large transparent glasses.

    Tenders for transport services


    According to the Hessian Public Transport Act, the RMV is responsible for awarding and ordering regional transport services. As part of the so-called “Hessian Way to Competition”, all bus and rail passenger transport routes have been awarded to transport companies through Europe-wide tendering procedures since 2003.

    In the tender documents, the RMV defines, among other things, the operating program, the vehicle requirements, the planned duration of the contract as well as tariff and sales requirements. In the procedures formally regulated by the procurement law, the transport companies are then requested to submit an offer for the defined transport service. Due to the volume of the order, the request is regularly made through an EU-wide invitation to tender. After reviewing and evaluating the offers, the bid will be awarded to the best quality and most economical offer. On its website, the RMV publishes the current award calendar, from which the contract periods and upcoming award procedures in regional bus and rail passenger transport can be found.

    Local rail transport

    Name of the tender stretch Contract term Services winner
    Würzburg electrical network
    • RB53
    12/2010 - 12/2021 0.18 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Wetterau west-east
    • RB16, RB46, RB47, RB48
    - 12/2022 1.2 million train kilometers Hessische Landesbahn GmbH
    • RB11 Bad Soden - Frankfurt-Höchst
    • RB12 Koenigstein - Frankfurt
    • RB15 Brandoberndorf - Bad Homburg - Frankfurt
    • RB21 Wiesbaden - Niedernhausen - Idstein - Limburg
    - 12/2022 1.96 million train kilometers Hessische Landesbahn GmbH
    • RB10 Frankfurt - Wiesbaden - Koblenz - Neuwied
    12/2010 - 12/2023 1.31 million train kilometers VIAS GmbH
    Central Hesse
    • RB40 / 41 Frankfurt - Giessen - Treysa / Dillenburg
    • RB49 Hanau - Friedberg - Giessen
    12/2011 - 12/2023 3.06 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Lahntal / Vogelsberg / Rhön
    • RB45 Limburg - Giessen - Fulda
    • RB52 Fulda - Gersfeld
    12/2011 - 12/2023 2.38 million train kilometers Hessische Landesbahn GmbH
    • RE30 Frankfurt - Gießen - Marburg - Kassel
    12/2012 - 12/2024 1.18 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    • RE50 / RB51 Frankfurt - Hanau - Gelnhausen - Wächtersbach - Fulda (- Bebra)
    12/2012 - 12/2024 2.57 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Main-Lahn victory
    • RE98 Frankfurt - Gießen - Marburg (from 12/2015 on to Kassel)
    • RE99 Frankfurt - Giessen - Siegen
    12/2010 - 12/2025 1.15 million train kilometers Hessische Landesbahn GmbH
    • RB48 Frankfurt - Bad Vilbel - Friedberg - Nidda
    • RB34 Frankfurt - Bad Vilbel - Glauburg-Stockheim
    12/2012 - 12/2027 0.68 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    • RE54 / 55 Frankfurt Hbf / Frankfurt Airport Regiobhf - Hanau - Aschaffenburg - Würzburg (- Schweinfurt - Bamberg)
    12/2015 - 12/2027 0.45 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Bald ground
    • RB56 Hanau - Kahl am Main - Schöllkrippen
    12/2015 - 12/2027 0.07 million train kilometers DB RegioNetz Verkehrs GmbH
    • RB66 Darmstadt Hbf - Pfungstadt
    • RE80 Darmstadt Hbf - Groß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach - Erbach
    • RB81 Darmstadt Hbf - Groß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach - Erbach - Eberbach
    • RB82 Frankfurt Hbf - Darmstadt North - Groß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach - Erbach
    • RE85 Frankfurt Hbf - Hanau Hbf - Groß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach (- Erbach)
    • RB86 Hanau Hbf - Groß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach
    12/2015 - 12/2027 2.08 million train kilometers VIAS RAIL GmbH
    • RB61 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf - Dreieich-Buchschlag - Dieburg
    06/2016 - 12/2027 0.51 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    RE network southwest
    • RE2
    12/2014 - 12/2029 0.26 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    S-Bahn S2
    • S2 Niedernhausen - Frankfurt - Offenbach - Dietzenbach
    12/2014 - 12/2029 2.0 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Gallus S-Bahn
    • S3 Bad Soden - Niederhöchstadt - Rödelheim - Frankfurt Süd
    • S4 Kronberg - Niederhöchstadt - Rödelheim - Frankfurt Süd
    • S5 Friedrichsdorf - Bad Homburg - Rödelheim - Frankfurt Süd
    • S6 Friedberg - Bad Vilbel - Frankfurt - Langen - Darmstadt
    12/2014 - 12/2029 5.5 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Eifel-Westerwald victory

    Lot 1:

    • RB23 Mayen - Koblenz - Bad Ems - Limburg
    • RE25 Giessen - Limburg - Koblenz
    12/2014 - 12/2030 0.33 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Lot 2:
    • RB29 Siershahn - Montabaur - Limburg
    • RB90 Limburg - Altenkirchen - Au - Siegen
    • RB95 Dillenburg - Siegen
    • RB96 Betzdorf - Haiger - Dillenburg (from 12/2015)
    12/2014 - 12/2030 0.54 million train kilometers Hessische Landesbahn GmbH
    Northeast Hesse network
    • RB5 Kassel - Bebra - Fulda
    • RB7 Göttingen - Eschwege - Bebra
    12/2016 - 12/2031 0.36 million train kilometers cantus Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH
    • RE60 Frankfurt - Darmstadt - Mannheim
    • RB67 Frankfurt - Darmstadt - Mannheim
    • RB68 Frankfurt - Darmstadt - Heidelberg
    • RE70 Mannheim - Biblis - Frankfurt
    12/2017 - 12/2032 1.73 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Northwest Hesse network
    • RB42, RB94
    12/2017 - 12/2032 0.55 million train kilometers DB RegioNetz Verkehrs GmbH
    South Hesse-Lower Main
    • RB58 / 59 Laufach - Aschaffenburg - Hanau - Frankfurt
    • RB75 Wiesbaden - Mainz - Darmstadt - Aschaffenburg
    12/2018 - 12/2033 1.92 million train kilometers Hessische Landesbahn GmbH
    Kleyer S-Bahn
    • S1 Wiesbaden - Mainz-Kastel - Frankfurt - Offenbach - Rödermark-Ober-Roden
    • S7 Frankfurt - Groß-Gerau - Riedstadt-Goddelau
    • S8 Wiesbaden - Mainz - Rüsselsheim - Frankfurt Airport - Frankfurt - Offenbach - Hanau
    • S9 Wiesbaden - Mainz-Kastel - Rüsselsheim - Frankfurt Airport - Frankfurt - Offenbach - Hanau
    12/2014 - 12/2036 7.64 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Taunus route
    • RE20 / RB22: Frankfurt - Niedernhausen - Idstein - Limburg
    12/2021 - 12/2036 1.49 million train kilometers DB Regio AG
    Diesel network southwest lot 2
    • RE3, (RE2, RE13, RB31, RB33)
    12/2014 - 06/2037 0.39 million train kilometers vlexx GmbH

    The RMV bonus program

    After signing up for the loyalty program Smiles customers acquire tickets on the RMV ticket shop on the site or the RMV app have the option Avatars to collect. You get a smile for every euro cent spent . These Smiles can then be redeemed via the Smiles customer portal to purchase vouchers for discounts, free gifts or special experiences from voucher providers in the network area. To this end, the RMV works with partners from various industries (gastronomy, fitness, wellness and tourism), who can individually determine their conditions and discounts. Registration for the partner program takes place via the Smiles partner portal and is free of charge for companies except for the voucher value provided.

    See also

    Web links

    Commons : Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. RMV records record increase in passenger numbers. In: rmvonline. Edited by Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund, accessed on May 27, 2019 .
    2. see: Metropolitan Region Rhine-Main
    3. ^ Structure of the RMV In: rmv.de
    4. Public Transport Act. ( Memento from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) In : wirtschaft.hessen.de
    5. Contact person on site In: rmv.de
    6. ^ The vehicle management region Frankfurt RheinMain GmbH. In: fahma-rheinmain.de
    7. Breakthrough for hydrogen trains - Alstom focuses on growth in Germany In: Handelsblatt.com
    8. regional matrix . In: rmv.de (PDF; 29 kB)
    9. Short trips, lower price. In: rmv.de. May 30, 2018, accessed October 1, 2018 .
    10. Information on all RMV semester tickets. In: rmv.de
    11. RMVsmart: Become a test customer for Germany's innovative public transport tariff now. April 18, 2016, accessed March 5, 2018 .
    12. Conditions for taking bicycles with you. In: rmv.de
    13. RMV 10-minute guarantee. In: rmv.de. Retrieved October 1, 2018 .
    14. Timetables order form. ( Memento from January 20, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) In: rmv.de
    15. ^ List of shareholders in Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund GmbH. In: rmv.de. Retrieved May 1, 2020 .
    16. ^ Frankfurter Rundschau: Bad Vilbel: A new concept for the Vilbus. Retrieved December 5, 2018 .
    17. ↑ Change of timetable: That will change on December 10th in Bad Vilbel. December 2, 2017, accessed December 5, 2018 .
    18. The company rms. Retrieved May 12, 2020 .
    19. ^ The vehicle management region Frankfurt RheinMain GmbH. Accessed August 21, 2020 .
    20. Interview BuBa. In: rmv.de , accessed on June 8, 2016.

    Coordinates: 50 ° 5 ′ 8 "  N , 8 ° 26 ′ 41"  E