Hochtaunuskreis


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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Hochtaunuskreis Map of Germany, position of the Hochtaunuskreis highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 13 '  N , 8 ° 37'  E

Basic data
Existing period: 1972–
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
Administrative headquarters : Bad Homburg vor der Höhe
Area : 482.02 km 2
Residents: 236,914 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 492 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : HG, USI
Circle key : 06 4 34
Circle structure: 13 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Ludwig-Erhard-Anlage 1–5
61352 Bad Homburg v. d. height
Website : www.hochtaunuskreis.de
District Administrator : Ulrich Krebs ( CDU )
Location of the Hochtaunus district in Hesse
Kassel Landkreis Kassel Werra-Meißner-Kreis Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Landkreis Waldeck-Frankenberg Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Landkreis Fulda Vogelsbergkreis Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Lahn-Dill-Kreis Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Landkreis Gießen Main-Kinzig-Kreis Wetteraukreis Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Hochtaunuskreis Wiesbaden Main-Taunus-Kreis Kreis Groß-Gerau Frankfurt am Main Offenbach am Main Landkreis Offenbach Darmstadt Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg Kreis Bergstraße Kreis Bergstraße Odenwaldkreis Baden-Württemberg Rheinland-Pfalz Bayern Nordrhein-Westfalen Niedersachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture

The Hochtaunuskreis is a regional authority in the Darmstadt administrative district in Hesse . The district is located in the Frankfurt / Rhine-Main metropolitan region and is part of the Frankfurt metropolitan area . The district town and at the same time the most populous city is Bad Homburg vor der Höhe .

The Hochtaunuskreis is known for its properties with high rent levels as well as for the second-highest purchasing power index of all German rural and urban districts . In 2018, the purchasing power index was 143.0 percent of the national average. The cities of Königstein im Taunus (204.4 percent) and Kronberg im Taunus (183.1 percent) have the highest per capita incomes in the Hochtaunus district and take top positions nationwide. The neighboring Main-Taunus-Kreis has the fifth-highest per capita income of all rural and urban districts in Germany with a purchasing power index of 132.1 percent .

geography

location

The Hochtaunuskreis lies almost entirely in the Taunus , while its foreland with the "Taunus outskirts" Bad Homburg, Oberursel , Friedrichsdorf , Kronberg and Königstein in the south, which already belong to the Frankfurt metropolitan area, merges into the Upper Rhine Plain and in the east into the Wetterau . The highest point is the Große Feldberg ( 879  m above sea  level ), the lowest point in the district is near Ober-Erlenbach , a district of Bad Homburg ( 128  m ). The Hochtaunuskreis is often divided into the Vorder Taunus and the eastern Hintertaunus , with the Vordertaunus corresponding to the side facing Frankfurt (in front of the height) and the eastern Hintertaunus, which is often used as Frankfurt's local recreation area, is on the other side of the Taunushauptkamm .

Neighboring areas

The district borders in a clockwise direction in the northwest on the districts of Limburg-Weilburg , Lahn-Dill-Kreis and Wetteraukreis , the independent city of Frankfurt am Main and the Main-Taunus-Kreis and the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis .

history

Headquarters of the Taunus Sparkasse and district office of the Hochtaunus district in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe

In the Middle Ages, today's district area belonged to various rulers, to Kurmainz , the Lords of Kronberg and Eppstein . At the beginning of the 19th century the southern part belonged to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg , the northern part to the principality , later the Duchy of Nassau .

After the German War and the Prussian annexation in 1866, the Obertaunuskreis with its seat in Bad Homburg emerged from Hessen-Homburg and the Nassau authorities of Königstein and Usingen . According to the district order of April 1, 1886, a part with 46 communities north of the ridge was organized in a new district of Usingen . 34 communities with an area of ​​22,454 hectares remained in the Obertaunus district.

In 1919 the French occupied part of the Obertaunuskreis - the former Nassau "Amt Königstein" - was separated and set up as the Königstein district . Only on October 1, 1928 - after the withdrawal of the French occupation troops  - did he return to the Obertaunus district.

Due to the Prussian savings regulations, the Usingen district was dissolved on August 1, 1932. Parts of the district fell to the neighboring districts of Wetzlar , Oberlahn and Untertaunus , the lion's share, however, to the Obertaunus district. Just one year later, on October 1, 1933, the Usingen district was restored at the instigation of the local National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP).

In the course of the regional reform in Hesse , the Hochtaunuskreis was formed on August 1, 1972 . Stepped to the new circle

At the same time, on August 1, 1972, a series of amalgamations created the structure that still exists today in 13 municipalities. The city ​​of Bad Homburg was named as the seat of the district administration and thus as the district town .

In December 1991 the Hochtaunus became known nationwide through a corruption affair.

In February 2004, the then District Administrator Jürgen Banzer (CDU) discussed a possible merger of the Hochtaunus district with the neighboring and similarly structured Main-Taunus district . Merging the two districts could result in annual savings of 18 to 20 million euros.

Population development

year Residents source
1972 187,600
1980 203,800
1990 212,900
2000 225,638
2010 227,324
2013 229.167
2014 230,798
2015 231,788
2018 236,564

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 32.0% of the population were Protestant , 26.0% Roman Catholic and 42.0% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then.

politics

District administrators of the Hochtaunus district

District Administrator Ulrich Krebs, 2014
District Administrator Term of office
Werner Herr (SPD) 1972-1979
Henning von Storch (CDU) 1979-1985
Klaus-Peter Juergens (CDU) 1985-1991
Jürgen Banzer (CDU) 1991-2005
Ulrich Krebs (CDU) since 2006

District council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Diagram showing the election results and the distribution of seats
Election of the district council in the Hochtaunus district in 2016
(Voter turnout 2016: 52.8%; 2011: 51.2%)
 %
40
30th
20th
10
0
34.1
18.0
13.8
11.3
11.2
7.7
3.2
0.7
n. k.
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
 12
 10
   8th
   6th
   4th
   2
   0
  -2
  -4
  -6
  -8th
-5.6
-1.8
-7.5
+4.3
+11.2
+1.4
+0.9
-1.0
-1.9
Distribution of seats in the district council of the Hochtaunuskreis 2016
2
13
10
8th
24
5
8th
1
13 10 8th 24 8th 
A total of 71 seats
Nominations %
2016
Seats
2016
%
2011
Seats
2011
%
2006
Seats
2006
%
2001
Seats
2001
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 34.1 24 39.8 28 45.8 32 42.2 30th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 18.0 13 19.8 14th 23.3 17th 27.6 20th
Green Alliance 90 / The Greens 13.8 10 21.3 15th 11.0 8th 11.8 8th
FDP Free Democratic Party 11.3 8th 7.0 5 9.5 7th 9.4 7th
AfD Alternative for Germany 11.2 8th - - - - - -
FWG Hochtaunus Free voter community Hochtaunuskreis 7.7 5 6.3 5 5.7 4th 6.1 4th
left Die Linke.WASG-Hochtaunus 3.2 2 2.2 2 2.7 2 - -
REP The Republicans 0.7 1 1.7 1 2.0 1 2.9 2
Pirates Pirate Party Germany - - 1.9 1 - - - -
total 100.0 71 100.0 71 100.0 71 100.0 71
Turnout in percent 52.8 51.2 47.2 54.3

Partnerships

In 1986 the Hochtaunuskreis entered into a partnership with the Israeli district of Gilboa .

Coat of arms, flag and banner

Coat of arms of the Hochtaunuskreis
Blazon : "In blue a split, soaring lion, in front accompanied by four silver iron hats, gold-armored and divided nine times by silver and red, in the back accompanied by four golden clover leaves, red-armored and gold."
Reasons for the coat of arms: The coat of arms is a combination of the coat of arms of the Obertaunuskreis and the Usingen district. The front half corresponds to the Hessian lion and stands for the former Landgraviate of Hessen-Homburg , the rear half of the lion indicates the Duchy of Nassau with the golden tinge . The four iron hats in front are reminiscent of the Lords of Kronberg , the four clovers in the back are taken from the coat of arms of the city of Usingen . This symbolizes the former rulers of the district area. The coat of arms was approved on July 12, 1974.

The design comes from the heraldist Heinz Ritt .

Economy and Infrastructure

The district town of Bad Homburg is an internationally known health resort . With Fresenius Medical Care and Fresenius SE & Co. KGaA, two DAX companies have settled in Bad Homburg . Other well-known companies based in the Hochtaunus district include Milupa , Alte Leipziger Versicherung , Avis Autovermietung and the Thomas Cook Group . The Gillette Group (with Braun and Oral-B), Jaguar Germany , Fidelity Investments Germany, Accenture Germany (all in Kronberg) and Canton Elektronik (in Weilrod ) also have their headquarters in the Hochtaunuskreis .

In 2017, the Hochtaunuskreis recorded the second highest purchasing power of all rural and urban districts in the Federal Republic of Germany, with 143.2 percent of the national average (the average per capita income available per year is EUR 31,561). It is noteworthy that all the municipalities in the Hochtaunuskreis - with the exception of the municipality of Grävenwiesbach  - have a purchasing power index that is well above average. Many wealthy people (such as bankers from neighboring Frankfurt) live in and around Bad Homburg. The entire district has very high land prices and is characterized by a generally very high rental level. The Bavarian district of Starnberg (EUR 32,194 per inhabitant) is in first place nationwide, the district of Munich is in third place (EUR 30,907), the city of Munich in fourth place (EUR 30,136) and the neighboring Main-Taunus district ( 29,931 euros), in which Bad Soden am Taunus in particular is considered an expensive location.

In the future atlas 2016 , the Hochtaunuskreis ranked 15th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with “very high future prospects”.

traffic

rail

The area of ​​today's Hochtaunuskreis lies away from the major axes of the long-distance railway network that emanate from Frankfurt. The southern slope of the Taunus Mountains, whose towns and villages were as popular as baths and health resorts as well as preferred residential areas a hundred years ago as they are today, was therefore developed from Frankfurt by several railway companies with often only short branch lines.

The Homburg Railway Company opened its line on September 10, 1860, starting in Frankfurt from the Main-Weser train station . Although it circumnavigated the Hessian town of Bockenheim, it needed a concession from four sovereign states for its route via Rödelheim –Oberursel to Homburg, the then residence of a small county and today's district town of the Hochtaunus district.

In Rödelheim, from November 1, 1874, a branch line of the Cronberger Railway Company branched off to the picturesque Taunus town of Kronberg. The neighboring town of Königstein was opened up on February 24, 1902 by the Höchst – Königstein railway, which is now part of the Hessian State Railway (HLB) . In the meantime, the trains of all three railways start at the main station in the center of Frankfurt.

In addition, from May 1910, the Frankfurt local train connected Bad Homburg and Oberursel-Hohemark to the city with two electric suburban trains, which are now part of the Frankfurt subway network . There was an electric tram in Homburg since 1899, which also operated a line to the Saalburg Roman fort until 1935 .

The radial rail network in the Vordertaunus from Frankfurt was extended beyond the Taunushauptkamm in 1895 by the Homburg – Friedrichsdorf – Usingen line, which was connected in 1909 via Grävenwiesbach with the line to Weilburg an der Lahn. Since 1912 there was also a branch line from Grävenwiesbach through the Solmstal to Wetzlar. This is the basis of today's municipal Taunusbahn, which ends today in Brandoberndorf ( Waldsolms municipality ) in the Lahn-Dill district.

Friedrichsdorf there since 15 July 1901 connection to the Main-Weser Railway to Friedberg (Hessen) ( railway Friedberg-Friedrichsdorf ), which in the course of Bäderbahn Berlin Bad Nauheim -Bad Homburg- Wiesbaden was for years also used by high-speed trains .

The local public transport (ÖPNV) on the rail today serves the S-Bahn - lines S4 (Frankfurt – Kronberg) and S5 (Frankfurt – Bad Homburg – Friedrichsdorf), as well as the lines operated by the Hessische Landesbahn GmbH Frankfurt – Königstein ( Königsteiner Bahn , RMV - line 12 ) and Bad Homburg – Usingen – Grävenwiesbach – Brandoberndorf ( Taunusbahn , RMV line 15). The route from Friedrichsdorf to Friedberg is operated as RMV line 16 .

The cities of Bad Homburg ( line U2 , terminus Bad Homburg- Gonzenheim ) and Oberursel (line U3, Oberursel-Hohemark) are connected to the Frankfurt underground network .

As Verkehrsverband Hochtaunus (VHT), a special purpose association was founded in 1988 by the Hochtaunus district and all of its towns and communities. The association acquired the 28.8-kilometer-long Friedrichsdorf – Usingen – Grävenwiesbach federal railway for a purchase price of DM 2.8 million in order to save it from being closed. All public transport lines have been incorporated into the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV) since 1995 .

Streets

The federal highways 5 (Frankfurt– Hattenbacher Dreieck ) and 661 ( Darmstadt –Oberursel) run through the district . Furthermore, several federal roads and district roads open up the district area, including federal roads 275 , 455 and 456 . The Hochtaunusstraße holiday route connects - between Bad Homburg and Bad Camberg  - the sights of the district for tourists. The Taunushauptkamm, which runs right through the district, is overcome by various passes, see passes in the Taunus .

District-owned companies

The Hochtaunuskreis operates hospitals in Bad Homburg and Usingen with the Hochtaunus clinics . In addition, he is the owner of Taunus Menu Service GmbH based in Neu-Anspach, which supplies the clinics, the Oberursel workshops and some of the schools in the Hochtaunus district with dishes that are cooked and shock-frozen using the boiling -and-cooling process. Together with the Main-Taunus-Kreis , the Hochtaunuskreis supports the Taunus Sparkasse . Also together with the Main-Taunus-Kreis, the Hochtaunuskreis is a shareholder in Rhein-Main Deponie GmbH (RMD) (50 percent each). The district holds significant shares in the Zweckverband Naturpark Taunus and the Zweckverband Verkehrsverband Hochtaunus (VHT). As Eigenbetrieb the Oberurseler workshops are run for disabled people. The district holds shares in other companies such as Nassauische Sparkasse , Süwag and Nassauische Heimstätte .

Communities

Frankfurt am Main Lahn-Dill-Kreis Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Main-Taunus-Kreis Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Wetteraukreis Wiesbaden Bad Homburg vor der Höhe Friedrichsdorf Glashütten (Taunus) Grävenwiesbach Königstein im Taunus Kronberg im Taunus Neu-Anspach Oberursel (Taunus) Schmitten (Hochtaunus) Steinbach (Taunus) Usingen Weilrod WehrheimMunicipalities in HG.svg
About this picture

(Residents on December 31, 2019)

The Hochtaunuskreis comprises eight cities and five other municipalities. The county seat and largest city is Bad Homburg v. d. Altitude , which is also a special status city . Some cities have official name suffixes such as "(Taunus)", "im Taunus" or "v. d. Height". These are official components of the respective city name. The community of Neu-Anspach was elevated to a city on October 31, 2007 due to the population of 15,000 being reached .

Municipalities in the Hochtaunuskreis
Commune Type of commune Residents Purchasing power index
in percent
Bad Homburg v. d. height District town, city ​​with special status 54,227 154.0
Oberursel (Taunus) city 46,545 139.6
Friedrichsdorf city 25,234 129.3
Kronberg im Taunus city 18,255 182.1
Königstein im Taunus city 16,722 205.2
Neu-Anspach city 14,501 116.2
Usingen city 14,743 112.9
Steinbach (Taunus) city 10,665 107.2
Wehrheim local community 9,400 131.5
Schmitten local community 9,487 127.9
Weilrod local community 6,493 107.1
Glassworks local community 5,325 168.9
Graevenwiesbach local community 5,317 98.0

License Plate

On August 1, 1972, the district was assigned the HG distinctive sign , which had been valid for the Obertaunus district since July 1, 1956 . It is derived from the district town of Bad Homburg vor der Höhe and is still issued today. As part of the license plate liberalization , the USI (Usingen) distinguishing mark has also been available since January 2, 2013 .

Others

Important regional newspapers are the Taunus-Zeitung (a head page of the Frankfurter Neue Presse ) and the Usinger Anzeiger , which is primarily represented in the Hintertaunus . The Frankfurter Rundschau appears in a Taunus edition, which is devoted to events in a circle.

See also

Web links

Commons : Hochtaunuskreis  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b c Frankfurt Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Figures 2018 | 2019. (PDF) In: frankfurt-main.ihk.de. Chamber of Commerce and Industry Frankfurt am Main , p. 9 , accessed on May 4, 2019 .
  3. a b Law on the reorganization of the Obertaunus district and the district of Usingen (GVBl. II No. 330-18) of July 11, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1972 No. 17 , p. 227 , § 13 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 382 .
  5. Der Spiegel Online: Corruption Expensive Earth
  6. ^ ZEIT ONLINE: Under the public purse
  7. Taunuskkreis - Fusion should save up to 20 million euros annually. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ), February 17, 2004, accessed on August 25, 2015 .
  8. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1974
  9. ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Hochtaunuskreis. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  10. a b c Hessian State Statistical Office
  11. Population in the administrative districts on September 30, 2010 and population processes in the 3rd quarter of 2010. Hessian State Statistical Office, archived from the original on May 10, 2011 ; accessed on May 31, 2019 .
  12. Population in the administrative districts on June 30, 2015 and change in population in the 2nd quarter of 2015. Hessian State Statistical Office, archived from the original on March 24, 2016 ; accessed on May 31, 2019 .
  13. The population of the Hessian municipalities on December 31, 2018. Hessian State Statistical Office, 2019, accessed on April 30, 2020 .
  14. ^ Hochtaunus Kreis Religion , 2011 census
  15. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2016 and 2011
  16. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2011 and 2006
  17. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2006 and 2001
  18. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2001 and 1997
  19. Purchasing power in Germany increased by 1.7 percent in 2017. In: gfk.com. Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung (GfK), December 6, 2016, accessed on April 25, 2017 .
  20. Zukunftsatlas 2016. Archived from the original ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
  21. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  22. Chronology of the project. The wind measuring mast on the long neck is being dismantled. (No longer available online.) City of Neu-Anspach, archived from the original on July 13, 2015 ; accessed on May 1, 2015 .
  23. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).