43rd district of Frankfurt am Main
|Residents||21,795 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||3312 inhabitants / km²|
|Post Code||60437, 60438, 60439|
|District||12 - Kalbach-Riedberg|
|Head of town||Carolin Friedrich (CDU)|
|Source: Statistics currently 03/2020. Residents with main residence in Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .|
Kalbach-Riedberg has been a northern district of Frankfurt am Main since August 1, 1972 . It consists of the historically grown district of Kalbach and the new district of Riedberg . The two city districts together form the local district Kalbach / Riedberg .
According to tradition, the funeral procession of St. Boniface stopped on its way from Mainz to Fulda in 754 near the present-day town of Kalbach. Kalbach was first mentioned in a document in 772, when a Mr. Walprath gave away the field from Caltebach where the funeral procession was resting to the Fulda monastery . Over the centuries, the serfs and the goods of Kalbach were given away, pledged, bought back and bequeathed several times. Among other things, the community belonged to the Lorsch Monastery , the Lords of Königstein and Falkenstein , the Johanniterhaus in Frankfurt. When the Falkensteiner line died out in 1418, Kalbach came into the possession of the Eppstein family and became part of the County of Königstein .
On May 25, 1535, the last Count of Eppstein, Eberhard IV, died. His nephew Ludwig zu Stolberg inherited the county by will. Under his rule, the Reformation was introduced according to the church regulations of Count Wolfgang von Pfalz-Zweibrücken . After the death of Ludwig's successor Christoph Stolberg saw Mainz elector Daniel Brendel von Homburg , the county as a completed fiefdom and converted it into the now for the electorate of Mainz belonging Oberamt Koenigstein order.
In 1802, after the dissolution of the Electorate of Mainz, Kalbach fell to Nassau-Usingen and was finally allocated to Prussian and the Wiesbaden administrative district after the German War of 1866 .
In the course of the Hessian territorial reform , Kalbach was incorporated into Frankfurt am Main on August 1, 1972 by state law from the Obertaunuskreis as district 650 and district 12, after a previously failed merger with five neighboring communities to form the community of Eschbachtal . In 2001, the development plan for the large Riedberg housing estate in the south of Kalbach was approved. By the end of construction around 2020, 16,000 people will live there and 3,000 jobs will be created, mostly on the natural science campus of the University of Frankfurt am Main . For the local elections in 2006, the district 650 (Kalbach) was reduced to the Riedberg, the district 12 was enlarged by the newly formed district 651 (Riedberg) from parts of Kalbach and Niederursel and renamed "Kalbach / Riedberg". In the last construction section, Riedberg-Westflügel, which is currently under construction, some streets are named after protagonists of the New Frankfurt . In other quarters of the Riedberg, street names were named after famous women, scientists, painters and Nazi resistance fighters.
The dominant agricultural use of the Kalbächer district, which lasted until the 1990s, has declined sharply due to extensive assignments for the “Am Martinszehnten” industrial estate and the Riedberg settlement. In 2012, there were only two farms and three cattle left of around 20 full-time farms (including milk production) available.
The formerly independent municipality of Kalbach was incorporated into Frankfurt in 1972 together with Harheim , Nieder-Eschbach and Nieder-Erlenbach . The area of the district has an area of 6.9 square kilometers (km²) and had 8,482 inhabitants at the end of 2009, of which 5,036 were in the Kalbach district and 3,446 in the Riedberg district. The name Kalbach comes from "Kalter Bach"; the Riedberg is an elevation in the south of Kalbach. The population is 21,795. This will continue to increase in the next few years due to the ongoing development of the Riedberg.
Local advisory board
The 19 seats of the local council are distributed as follows after the 2016 local elections :
- CDU : 7 seats
- SPD : 4 seats
- Greens : 4 seats
- FDP : 2 seats
- Left : 1 seat
- Citizens for Frankfurt (BFF): 1 seat
coat of arms
On November 24, 1966, the municipality of Kalbach in the Obertaunuskreis , Wiesbaden district , was awarded a coat of arms with the following blazon : In silver, three red rafters, covered with a black shield, inside a silver K.
Culture and sights
- The Catholic St. Laurentius Church was built from 1733 to 1765 in peasant baroque style. The baroque furnishings of its interior come from the 17th and 18th centuries.
- The in Boniface redesigned year 2004 Boniface fountain, located on the slope of Kalbacher height located, is a stopover at the newly built Bonifatiusweg for pilgrims and hikers. It was redrafted and expanded. According to legend, the spring is said to have sprung up on that night in 754 when the pilgrimage that brought the bones of the future saint from Mainz to Fulda stayed here. The fountain was rediscovered in the early 1970s, while in the 1990s the remains of the Crutzenkirche were discovered during excavations in the vicinity of the fountain , which suggests that this place used to have far greater religious significance and was only later increasingly forgotten.
- The old town hall in Kalbach is used as a citizens' office and is the seat of the arbitrator. On the back is the firehouse of volunteer firefighters Kalbach located.
- Since 1979 a stele in the park of Kalbach , the “narrative stone” by the Frankfurt sculptor Reiner Uhl , has been a reminder of the first mention of Kalbach 779.
Bonifatiusbrunnen on the slope of Kalbacher Höhe on Bonifatiusweg
Pavement-marked floor plan of the Crutzenkirche (2012) with information board
Kalbach Children's Association
The Kalbach Children's Association is known nationwide because it organizes the Kalbach Rattlesnake Literature Prize every year . The Kalbacher Rattlesnake is an undoped literary prize that has been awarded annually since 1988 by a children's jury made up of children and adolescents aged 8 to 13 from the Kalbach-Riedberg district.
Eintracht Fan Club (EFC) Kalbach-Riedberg
The EFC Kalbach-Riedberg has existed since 2019. The Eintracht fan club was founded by season ticket holders and is growing steadily; the EFC Riedberg has over 30 members (as of December 2019).
Economy and Infrastructure
"Am Martinszehnten" industrial park
The district of Kalbach / Riedberg has several larger streets and the 86.9 hectare (ha) industrial area "Am Martinszehnten", which has been developed since 2002, is located on former agricultural land in the north of Kalbach. Here opened the first major occupant in June 2004 by the former Frankfurt wholesale market in Ostend moved here Frischezentrum Frankfurt , where fruit and vegetables, served with meat, fish and baked goods for Frankfurt and some surrounding communities are delivered and passed on in the retail sector. A budget hotel, a petrol station, a fast-food restaurant, a TÜV branch , a tire and fire technology trade, truck and motorcycle workshops, craft firms and other service providers ensure a certain degree of independence for the industrial area . If all commercial areas are fully occupied (around 2018), around 2500 people will be employed here.
The main occupants of the central area are large logistics centers and leased storage capacities, a ready-mixed concrete plant, a timber wholesaler, commercial vehicle branches ( Iveco , DAF Automobile , Mercedes-Benz Commercial Vehicles and a branch of the Liebherr Group ), as well as shielded data technology facilities, such as Citibank's largest non-American data center since 2008 or since summer 2012 the technical building of the Deutsche Bundesbank . The industrial area is developed with tree-lined streets; A rain retention ditch 30 to 60 meters (m) wide stretches along the south-east sloping terrain for 1.1 kilometers (km) ; A 3 hectare terrace park follows in the direction of the federal motorway 5 . Since 2013, another pedestrian bridge has been leading from the east-west green lane over state road 3019 (Am Weißkirchener Berg) to the center of Kalbach.
In the new urban district of Riedberg, in the northern part (Altkönigblick) west of Altenhöferallee, construction began on a new district sports facility. On February 27, 2012 the keys were handed over to the newly founded Riedberg Sports Club by Councilor Markus Frank. In addition to a natural turf field with 105 m × 72 m, the Riedberg sports complex consists of an artificial turf field 100 m × 66 m and a soccer arena, as well as other areas for trendy sports such as basketball, beach volleyball, cricket and a continuous fin track. The finals of the Hessian Cricket Championships (T20) took place here on September 14, 2013 , which the host SC Riedberg won in a heartbeat final against Walldorf KXI. In 2014, several universities played the quarter-finals and semi-finals of the German university championships in football on the sports facility. In 2014, SC Riedberg was honored as the 2nd winner of the best sports facilities in Frankfurt for its achievements. In 2015, the Heinz Lindner Prize was added as the best sports club in Hesse.
The large sports and leisure center has been located in the eastern, old part of Kalbach since 1992. It consists of several halls and outdoor facilities:
- On the right-hand side is the largest hall with a floor area of 56 by 135 m, designed for competition purposes, with a 200 m running track. It has two telescopic grandstands with a total of 1,000 seats. The administration rooms are also located in the hall.
- On the left is a multi-purpose hall with a floor area of 27 by 45 m. Your three playing fields have an area of 15 by 27 m each. There are up to 450 seats on the four telescopic stands.
- In the middle of the complex there is a sports shop, which is adjoined by a tennis hall with three fields on an area of 1,996 m² and four outdoor tennis courts. On the back there is a jumping facility.
The sports halls stand out for their architecture. In order to be able to dispense with supporting columns inside, the weight of the roof is transferred to floor anchors via brackets on the sides of the hall and wire ropes. The visual effect of these booms is enhanced by the ventilation pipes that are mounted between the booms. The fronts were made of mirrored glass. The architect was the architectural office BLFP Frielinghaus.
The sports and leisure center has hosted various German indoor championships several times. To the north is a private 9-hole golf course with a covered driving range .
Local public transport
The Kalbach-Riedberg district is connected to the Frankfurt bus routes and the underground network. In the Kalbach area there are bus lines 24, 28, 29 and night bus line N4; in the Riedberg area the lines 29, 251 and night bus line N3. The operation of bus line 26 was discontinued and replaced by the route of line 29. The underground line U2 connects Kalbach on the one hand with the city center to the south station and on the other hand with Bad Homburg-Gonzenheim. The newly built connections of the U8 and U9 lines were opened to traffic on December 12, 2010 by a ceremonial opening by Mayor Petra Roth and connect the Riedberg area with the city center via Heddernheim to the Südbahnhof ( line U8 ) and with the Nieder-Eschbach districts (via the Kalbach stop) and Ginnheim ( line U9 ).
- Dagmar Wendler: Kalbach: from the story of a village on the northern outskirts of Frankfurt, 1979
- Dagmar Wendler: From the Kalbach story; in: Festschrift: 1200 Years of Kalbach 779–1979
- Michael Mott : Bonifatiuskirche in the north of Frankfurt (Kalbach); in: "Buchenblätter" Fuldaer Zeitung , 60th year, No. 33, 29 Dec. 1987, p. 132
- Literature on Frankfurt-Kalbach-Riedberg in the Hessian Bibliography
- My district - my home on YouTube
- Kalbach, City of Frankfurt am Main. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- 360-degree all-round view of the Boniface fountain
- Law on the reorganization of the Obertaunus district and the district of Usingen (GVBl. II 330-18) of July 11, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1972 No. 17 , p. 227 , § 11 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
- - Local council election on March 6, 2016 in Frankfurt am Main , accessed on Feb. 21, 2020
- Frankfurt am Main: Wahlanalysen 54 , accessed on Feb. 21, 2020
- Approval of a coat of arms for the municipality of Kalbach, Obertaunuskreis, Wiesbaden administrative district from November 24, 1966 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1966 No. 50 , p. 1570 , item 1173 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.4 MB ]).
- Art in public space, Frankfurt
- Public transport online: With the Stadtbahn to the Riedberg ( Memento of the original from July 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.