10th district of Frankfurt am Main
|Residents||6964 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||3886 inhabitants / km²|
|Post Code||60327, 60329|
|District||1 - downtown I.|
|Source: Statistics currently 03/2020. Residents with main residence in Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .|
The Gutleutviertel is located on the north bank of the Main . In the east it extends over the Friedensbrücke to Wiesenhüttenstraße, where the station district begins. In the west, it borders on the Griesheim district immediately before the Europabrücke , on which the A 5 runs over the Main . In the north it is bounded by the Gallus and the tracks leading from the main train station to the west.
The Gutleutviertel had Westhafen area (project "Living and Working on the River"), the district is changing. There are new shopping opportunities and a number of new restaurants have settled.6,964 inhabitants (approx. 43% foreigners) in 2016. The former working-class district used to be one of the socially disadvantaged areas of the city. With the development of the residential and commercial area on the former Frankfurt
The new landmark and architectural highlight is the 109-meter-high Westhafen Tower , which was completed in 2004 - popularly known as "the ribbed" because of its facade reminiscent of a traditional apple wine glass - which towers over the roofs of the district near the Friedensbrücke on Westhafenplatz.
Until the end of the 19th century, the Gutleutviertel was not a structured urban district, but an agricultural area at the gates of the city. According to a contemporary report (1532), the Gutleuthof , which shaped the history of this area, was located in front of the Galgentor for about a quarter of an hour “down the river on the Mayn” .
The creation of the Gutleutviertel
The urban planners used the basically free area of the Bahnhofsviertel and Gutleutviertel at the end of the 19th century to build a number of infrastructure objects.
In 1849 the Friedensbrücke (at that time: Main-Neckar-Eisenbahnbrücke, later Wilhelmsbrücke) was opened near the eastern border of the district .
In 1877 the Gutleutkaserne was built in this area . Until the end of the Empire, it was the accommodation of the 1st Kurhessian Infantry Regiment No. 81 . After being used by the Wehrmacht , the barracks were seized by the US Army in 1945 , which remained until 1977. In 1985 the brick facade of the building complex was renovated. In 1994, after five years of renovation, the former military building became an administrative center . On the adjacent site are u. a. several tax offices, the Office for Roads and Transport Frankfurt of the Hessian Road and Transport Administration as well as the Social and Labor Court Frankfurt and the Hessian State Labor Court have been established.
The Westhafen on the banks of the Main in Gutleutviertel was inaugurated in 1886 under Mayor Miquel . The old “ Grindbrunnen ”, which was mentioned as early as the 13th century, was located on this site . The fountain had been redrawn in 1839, but was then relocated to Nice, the main waterfront in the station district, on the occasion of the inauguration of the West Harbor.
On the northern border of the area, the main train station was opened in 1888 on the former "Galgenfeld" ; the old western train stations on the Taunusanlage are being demolished. Today's station district is being built on the former tracks.
In 1894 the "Centrale" was built, the first public power station in Frankfurt on Gutleutstrasse. Today the West thermal power station is located there .
At the end of the 19th century the resident population began to move in, although the area was never considered to be an upscale residential area. In 1984 6100 people lived in the Gutleutviertel, 20 percent of them children and 73 percent foreigners. At that time, the redevelopment of the quarter with the help of promised federal funds was started.
Living and working by the river
In 2008, the development of the Main embankment with around 212,000 square meters of gross floor area (spread over 121,000 square meters of commercial use and 91,000 square meters of residential use) was largely completed.
The landmark at the eastern end of the new residential and commercial area is the Westhafen Tower . At the western end, the area is closed off by the Westhafen Pier : five splayed fingers of the building with a flaky sheet metal facade on a two-storey car park.
A whole series of apartment houses was built , some with a jetty , a marina with berths and a sailing school, a new supermarket and a number of restaurants. Another daycare center - there were already two municipal and two church-based ones in Gutleutviertel - was built in 2007.
In the west of the quarter near the new Main-Neckar bridge , the Sommerhoffpark with its old trees is hidden right on the banks of the Main . The park is named after the Sommerhoff family, who sold the mansion built by Frankfurt banker Johann Noe Gogel in 1803 to the city of Frankfurt in 1928.
Memorial stone for the Juerges family
At the northeast entrance of the administrative center in the Gutleutkaserne with a view of the Stuttgarter Platz and the south exit of the main train station is the family-Jürges-Platz. An inconspicuous, simple memorial stone commemorates Martin Jürges, the former evangelical city youth pastor and pastor of the Gutleut community , and his family. Pastor Martin Jürges stood up for disadvantaged people in his district and was a committed peace fighter.
Martin Jürges was killed with his family on May 22, 1983 in the Frankfurt air conference accident. A Canadian Air Force starfighter crashed onto Highway 44 and debris hit the family car. The aircraft had participated in an air show on the Rhein-Main Air Base .
Industry and commerce
The east of the district is increasingly characterized by administrative, office and service businesses.
- In the administrative center built in 1994 in the former Gutleut barracks, the five Frankfurt tax offices are primarily located today. The building of the tax offices is adorned with colored hats, which can be seen as a train traveler when entering and exiting Frankfurt.
- The administrative center also houses the Hessian State Labor Court and the Frankfurt am Main Labor Court .
- Deutsche Post AG has been operating a mail distribution center in Gutleutstrasse since December 1996 , the third largest of 83 mail centers in Germany. About 1,300 people are employed there.
- The Westhafen Tower offers over 23,000 square meters of office rental space on 30 floors; Brokers, lawyers and financial service providers have settled there.
- In 2019, after a four-year construction period, the long-distance bus station Frankfurt am Main and the new InterCityHotel were opened south of the main train station.
The west of the district - from the thermal power station to the A5 motorway - is still mainly used industrially.
- The Gutleuthof river port was put into operation in 1968 and has a connection to the port railway . The loading facilities and the port buildings of the river port are used extensively due to its good transport links to road, rail, airport and river. Primarily bulk and general cargo is handled. Besides the Osthafen, it is the only port facility in Frankfurt that is still in operation.
- There is a concrete plant of Sehring Beton GmbH & Co KG on the site of the Gutleuthof river port.
- The thermal power station West , built in 1894 as the municipal electricity center, was one of the first steam power stations in Germany. With Units 2 and 3, completed in 1989, and Unit 4 with natural gas combustion, built in 1994, it still forms the basis of Frankfurt's power supply and the inner-city district heating network . The thermal power station has its own dock and is still supplied with coal by ship via the Main. The technical equipment of the dock with a crane is remarkable, which uses an Archimedean screw in its trunk to transport the finely ground coal out of the ships. The coal reaches the power plant via a conveyor belt through the office building on the Westhafen Pier .
It was a long discussion to erect one of the tallest buildings in Europe on the south side of the main train station on the so-called Khasana site with the campanile . Among other things, because of the lack of consent and complaint by a neighbor, Hannelore Kraus , the construction of the planned 300 m structure was not carried out in the 1980s.
Deutsche Bahn's plans to build a 210-meter-high so-called railway tower there, which was mainly intended to be used for the offices of railway employees, fell apart. After a lengthy renovation, the railway moved into the vacated silver tower of the former Dresdner Bank .
- Ursula Neeb: The Infirmary . 1st edition. Societäts-Verlag, 2006, ISBN 978-3-7973-0991-4 . (Roman-like description of life on the Gutleuthof and in Frankfurt in 1506)
- Claudia Herdt: End station south side , Societäts-Verlag, 2007 (detective novel from the Gutleutviertel)
- Frankfurt-Gutleutviertel at par.frankfurt.de , the former website of the city of Frankfurt am Main
- My district - my home on YouTube
- ZDF report "One district, two worlds"
- Westhafenprojekt - overview (page requires Adobe Flash )
- Statistical Yearbook 2019 page 5 of the City of Frankfurt. accessed on 03. Mar. 2020
- Materials on city observation, Issue 24 - City district data 2016 (PDF file; approx. 8 MB from. 2.4), City of Frankfurt am Main, accessed on February 20, 2020.
- Institute for City History ( Memento of the original from October 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Mainova information brochure
- Parliament . Direct selection of the document is not possible. Via search function:
- Data from the project company ( Memento from February 13, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) westhafen.de
- Frankfurter Westhafen - A new home for the new center ( Memento from June 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) FAZ, April 1, 2007
- Access to the park is on Gutleutstrasse opposite the junction with Camberger Strasse
- Official homepage of the city of Frankfurt accessed on Feb. 20, 2020
- Hessischer Rundfunk calendar sheet ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- http://www.westhafentower.de/deutsch/ffekten/technische-daten/ no longer available since 2011
- Homepage of the Port of Frankfurt ( Memento from December 22, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Route of industrial culture Frankfurt am Main - Mitte
- main station quarter receives urban polish through development rmt-magazin.de, on January 23, 2018, accessed on December 16, 2019