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Coat of arms of Bergen-Enkheim
Coat of arms of Frankfurt am Main
46th district of Frankfurt am Main
Altstadt Bahnhofsviertel Bergen-Enkheim Berkersheim Bockenheim Bockenheim Bonames Bornheim Dornbusch Eckenheim Eschersheim Fechenheim Flughafen Frankfurter Berg Gallus Ginnheim Griesheim Gutleutviertel Harheim Hausen Heddernheim Höchst Innenstadt Kalbach-Riedberg Nied Nieder-Erlenbach Nieder-Eschbach Niederrad Niederursel Nordend-Ost Nordend-West Oberrad Ostend Praunheim Praunheim Preungesheim Riederwald Rödelheim Sachsenhausen-Nord Sachsenhausen-Süd Schwanheim Schwanheim Seckbach Sindlingen Sossenheim Unterliederbach Westend-Nord Westend-Süd Zeilsheimmap
About this picture
Coordinates 50 ° 9 '18 "  N , 8 ° 45' 11"  E Coordinates: 50 ° 9 '18 "  N , 8 ° 45' 11"  E
surface 12.601 km²
Residents 17,941 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 1424 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 60388
prefix 06109
District 16 - Bergen-Enkheim
  • 68 0 - Bergen-Enkheim
Head of town Renate Müller-Friese (CDU)
Transport links
Highway A66
Federal road B521
Subway U4 U7
bus 42 43 551 MKK-23 MKK-25 X-57 n5
Source: Statistics currently 03/2020. Residents with main residence in Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .
Official name change from 1936

Bergen-Enkheim has been the easternmost district of Frankfurt am Main since January 1st, 1977 . Bergen-Enkheim today has 000000000017941.000000000017,941 inhabitants.

Due to its village character and excellent infrastructure, Bergen-Enkheim is a popular residential area with families and sports enthusiasts. The district is known for its lively club life and has the highest number of clubs among the Frankfurt districts. Once covered with vineyards, the south side of the Berger ridge ( Berger slope ) is now a sought-after residential area.

The district of Bergen-Enkheim emerged from the former municipality - from 1968 city - Bergen-Enkheim , consisting of the towns of Bergen and Enkheim . The history of both places has been closely linked since the Middle Ages . They were administered together under the name of Bergen in the Bornheimerberg office , during the time that it belonged to the Electorate of Hesse and in the German Empire . On November 7, 1936, the community was finally renamed Bergen-Enkheim .



In the west, Bergen-Enkheim borders on Seckbach , in the south on Fechenheim , in the east on Bischofsheim in the Main-Kinzig district and in the north on the city of Bad Vilbel , Wetteraukreis and the municipality of Niederdorfelden , also Main-Kinzig district.

The topography of the district is shaped by the transition from the Main Valley to the rising Wetterau , the so-called Berger Hang as part of the Berger Ridge . With Berger back and the northern High street begins the natural area , the Wetterau. On this edge of the terrain, which runs in a west-east direction and thus mainly offers south-facing slopes, there are gardens and orchards . Because of its panoramic view over the eastern Rhine-Main area to the Odenwald and Spessart, Bergen is a popular place to live.


Below the Berger slope is the so-called Enkheimer Ried , a former moor landscape. The city of Frankfurt designated this eight and a half hectare area as a nature reserve and the municipality of Bischofsheim expanded it in 1976. The Enkheimer Ried lies in an oxbow lake of the Main .

On the southern edge of the Enkheimer Ried nature reserve, Frankfurt a. Exceptional stocks of old oaks (Enkheim old oaks) with a trunk circumference of 3 to 4.30 meters, an age between 250 and 350 years and heights between 25 and 35 meters. There are currently 30 individual specimens, which are mainly concentrated in four locations in the approximately 23.3 hectare Enkheim forest.

The “ Quellenwanderweg ”, which begins in Seckbach and leads over the Lohrberg to Bergen-Enkheim, is part of the Frankfurt green belt . He refers to the numerous springs emerging on the Berger slope. With the Mühlbachtal , Bergen-Enkheim also has the smallest nature reserve in Frankfurt.


Bergen was an important place within the county of Hanau-Munzenberg . After the acquisition of Bornheim by Frankfurt in 1481, Bergen had a central function within the Hanau Office of Bornheimerberg , as the county court was then moved to Bergen in 1484.

Enkheim was part of the common village of Bergen.

The municipality of Bergen-Enkheim, which was called Bergen until 1936 , belonged to the Hanau district and received town charter in 1968. As part of the regional reform in Hesse , Bergen-Enkheim was added to the city of Frankfurt as a new district on January 1, 1977 by virtue of state law.

Population numbers

Population development from 1830 to 2016 - blue before, red after the incorporation

After 1830 to 1975:

year Residents year Residents
1830 1,606 1945 ~ 6,093
1834 1,783 1946 7.210
1840 1,954 1950 8,130
1846 2,051 1953 8,937 1
1852 2.168 1956 9,145
1855 2.140 1960 9,790
1858 2,193 1961 10.158
1862 2,296 1962 10,861
1871 2,546 1963 11,014
1875 2,825 1964 11,641
1880 3.163 1965 12,788
1885 3,387 1966 13,617
1890 3,704 1967 14,109
1895 3,915 1968 14,536
1900 4,393 1969 15,310
1910 5,323 1970 14,722
1919 5,552 1971 15,881
1925 6,038 1972 15,880
1930 6,150 1973 15,885
1933 6.311 1974 15,767
1935 6,429 1975 15,563
1939 6.326


1 1,315 of them displaced

After the incorporation:

year Residents
1977 14,721
1980 14,136
1985 14,482
1990 15,746
year Residents
1994 16.096
2015 17,913
2016 18,129
2016 18,080


Local advisory board

Local council election on March 6, 2016
(Votes in%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
c We Bergen-Enkheimer
e existing FW

The 19 seats of the local council are distributed as follows after the 2016 local elections :


Mayor's gallery from the local history museum

Mayors known by name until 1976:

  • 1835– (1840) Mr. Ewald
  • (1841–1845) Mr. Buchenhorst
  • (1845–1854) Mr. Becker
  • (1857–1886) Mr. Völp
  • 1886–1917 Ludwig Klemann
  • 1917–1923 Paul Huebner
  • 1923–1931 Philipp Heinrich Zinß
  • 1931–1933 Philipp Puth
  • 1933-1945 Carl Fey
  • 1945 Oskar Schubert (acting)
  • 1946–1966 Fritz Schubert
  • 1966–1976 Rudolf Fey (until December 31, 1976)
  • 1977 incorporated into Frankfurt am Main.

The years in brackets are not secured.

coat of arms

In September 1950, the municipality of Bergen-Enkheim was granted the right to use a coat of arms by the Hessian State Ministry.

The coat of arms of the municipality of Bergen-Enkheim and today's Frankfurt district takes up the coat of arms of the rascals from Bergen and shows two red arcs on a silver background. They are interpreted as ribs or wheel rims, more rarely as bones.



City clerk's house with name tags of the city clerks

Since 1977, the Kulturgesellschaft Bergen-Enkheim mbH has been awarding the annual literary prize " Stadtschreiber von Bergen " , which has been awarded since 1974 . It will be awarded on the Friday evening before the opening of the Berger Markt by the Bergen-Enkheim cultural association . The first town clerk 1974–1975 was the German writer Wolfgang Koeppen (1906–1996).

A popular dialect poet - born in Bergen-Enkheim - was Martin Dietz (September 19, 1901 to November 23, 1955): “Wann ich muol sterwe…” u. a.

Conrad Weil (1893 to 1960), a local poet , wrote the folk play Der Schelm von Bergen .

There are various legends and literary works about the Schelm von Bergen and the knight family of the same name, the Schelme von Bergen . The oldest poem is by Isaac von Sinclair (1811), there is also a poem by Heinrich Heine and a piece by Carl Zuckmayer . Even Mark Twain received the legend in 1880 in his experience report A Tramp Abroad .


Bergen has a city center characterized by historical buildings. Particularly noteworthy is the Gothic town hall of Bergen , which has housed the Bergen-Enkheim local history museum since 1959 . It has been built in various phases since 1300.

The White Tower , a late Gothic defense tower that was built in 1472 together with the Berger city ​​wall , is a testament to the old city wall of Bergen . The Schelmenburg (also called Wasserburg Gruckau ) on the eastern edge of the Berger town center also dates from the Middle Ages . The youth music school and various clubs are located in the ancestral home of the rascals of Bergen , known for their poetry and legends , today a baroque water castle.

For the cultural monuments of the district see the list of cultural monuments in Frankfurt-Bergen-Enkheim .

Economy and Infrastructure

Hessen-Center and industrial area in Enkheim
Riedbad, from the outdoor pool side
Kneipp facility at the Riedbad

140 entrepreneurs are organized in the Bergen-Enkheim trade association. Every year the association organizes a trade show and the Christmas market.

The only cattle market in the city of Frankfurt takes place in Bergen-Enkheim. It is part of the Berger Markt, which starts on the weekend before the first Tuesday in September. The marquee is also used to crown the cider queen.

The Hessen-Center is a supraregional shopping center in Bergen-Enkheim. It lies between the here above ground extending underground - tracks and the A-66 connector. It is one of the largest shopping centers in the city.

There is an indoor and outdoor pool, the Riedbad .


Bergen-Enkheim has two primary schools (Schule am Hang and Schule am Landgraben), as well as a cooperative comprehensive school ( grammar school , secondary school and secondary school from grade 5) with an upper secondary school (Schule am Ried).



The closest train station is Frankfurt-Mainkur train station . It is located on the Frankfurt – Hanau railway line between Frankfurt Ostbahnhof and the “Maintal West” stop, already on the outskirts of the Frankfurt district of Fechenheim . It is to be abandoned when the Nordmainische S-Bahn goes into operation and replaced by a new stop about one kilometer further west.


Terminus of the U7 / U4 with bus station, at the "Volkshaus" next to the Hessen-Center

The connection with the underground is important for local public transport in Bergen-Enkheim . It has been connecting Bergen-Enkheim directly with downtown Frankfurt since 1992 . The U7 runs and, since December 2008, every second train on the U4 line .


This subway terminus (Enkheim) also serves as a transfer point for bus lines 42 (district ring line), 551 (train bus line between Bad Vilbel , Offenbach and Gravenbruch ), MKK23, MKK25 ( Main-Kinzig district and Hanau ) and the express bus line X57 to Hanau, as well as the night bus line n5 on weekends.


Bergen had a connection to the Frankfurt tram from 1913 to 1992 with the terminus in Seckbacher area on the former city limits before the incorporation. Enkheim since 1957 by extending the route (originally to Kruppstrasse, at that time the border between Frankfurt and the Hanau district) to Volkshaus Enkheim. The Enkheim route became part of the U-Bahn line in 1992. The Berger connection was replaced by buses .


In Bergen-Enkheim (currently) coming from Hanau , the A 66 ends , which only continues at the end of Miquelallee in the direction of Wiesbaden. This will be continued as a federal road within the urban area . The Riederwald tunnel has been under construction since 2014 , which will connect the A 66 with the A 661 at the Erlenbruch triangle after its completion (around 2030) .


Bergentreffen has been held with eight German locations with this name since 1995 .

The asteroid (221516) Bergen-Enkheim , which was discovered in 2006 at the Bergen-Enkheim observatory, is named after the district of Bergen-Enkheim .


Stumbling blocks in mountains for Emil and Sophie Levi
  • Werner Henschke: Living Past - Historical Explanations . Published by the city council of Bergen-Enkheim, Bergen-Enkheim 1971 (2nd edition 1976).
  • Ludwig Fr. Emmel: Chronicle of a landscape on the Lower Main Bergen-Enkheim , Heimatstiftung Bergen-Enkheim, 1985.
  • Helmut Ulshöfer: Bergen-Enkheim Jewish Community 1933–1942 , self-published, 1988.
  • Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: circular route through Bergen-Enkheim. A historical reflection , 1991.
  • Heinz Schomann, Volker Rödel, Heike Kaiser: Cultural monuments in Hesse. Town Frankfurt am Main. Published by the State Office for Monument Preservation Hessen and the City of Frankfurt am Main, 2nd edition 1994, ISBN 3-7973-0576-1 , pp. 392–413 (Bergen), pp. 488–495 (Enkheim) ( monument topography Federal Republic of Germany ; Materials on monument protection in Frankfurt am Main 1 ).
  • Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: History - Landscape - Personalities as reflected in the street names in Bergen-Enkheim , 1997.
  • Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: Bergen-Enkheim - A young district with an old history , 2001, published by the Frankfurter Sparkasse.

Web links

Commons : Frankfurt-Bergen-Enkheim  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  3. Decree to rename the municipality of Bergen
  4. Law on the reorganization of the districts of Gelnhausen, Hanau and Schlüchtern and the city of Hanau as well as the recirculation of the cities of Fulda, Hanau and Marburg (Lahn) concerning questions (GVBl. 330-26) of March 12, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 9 , p. 149 , § 17 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.0 MB ]).
  5. ^ Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: History - Landscape - Personalities as reflected in the street names in Bergen-Enkheim. P. 226 f.
  6. ^ Bergen-Enkheim (population statistics until 1970), City of Frankfurt am Main. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of September 25, 2015). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  7. a b Local council election on March 6, 2016 in Bergen-Enkheim , accessed on Feb. 21, 2020
  8. Frankfurt am Main: Wahlanalysen 54 , accessed on Feb. 21, 2020
  9. ^ Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: History - Landscape - Personalities as reflected in the street names in Bergen-Enkheim. P. 225.
  10. Granting of the right to use a coat of arms to the municipality of Bergen-Enkheim, district of Hanau, administrative district of Wiesbaden on September 21, 1950 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1950 No. 40 , p. 406 , point 759 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.2 MB ]).
  11. ^ Danijel Majic: Reminiscence of bloody craft . In: Frankfurter Rundschau online. October 23, 2009.
  12. Bergentreffen