46th district of Frankfurt am Main
|Residents||17,941 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||1424 inhabitants / km²|
|District||16 - Bergen-Enkheim|
|Head of town||Renate Müller-Friese (CDU)|
|Source: Statistics currently 03/2020. Residents with main residence in Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .|
Due to its village character and excellent infrastructure, Bergen-Enkheim is a popular residential area with families and sports enthusiasts. The district is known for its lively club life and has the highest number of clubs among the Frankfurt districts. Once covered with vineyards, the south side of the Berger ridge ( Berger slope ) is now a sought-after residential area.
The district of Bergen-Enkheim emerged from the former municipality - from 1968 city - Bergen-Enkheim , consisting of the towns of Bergen and Enkheim . The history of both places has been closely linked since the Middle Ages . They were administered together under the name of Bergen in the Bornheimerberg office , during the time that it belonged to the Electorate of Hesse and in the German Empire . On November 7, 1936, the community was finally renamed Bergen-Enkheim .
In the west, Bergen-Enkheim borders on Seckbach , in the south on Fechenheim , in the east on Bischofsheim in the Main-Kinzig district and in the north on the city of Bad Vilbel , Wetteraukreis and the municipality of Niederdorfelden , also Main-Kinzig district.
The topography of the district is shaped by the transition from the Main Valley to the rising Wetterau , the so-called Berger Hang as part of the Berger Ridge . With Berger back and the northern High street begins the natural area , the Wetterau. On this edge of the terrain, which runs in a west-east direction and thus mainly offers south-facing slopes, there are gardens and orchards . Because of its panoramic view over the eastern Rhine-Main area to the Odenwald and Spessart, Bergen is a popular place to live.
Below the Berger slope is the so-called Enkheimer Ried , a former moor landscape. The city of Frankfurt designated this eight and a half hectare area as a nature reserve and the municipality of Bischofsheim expanded it in 1976. The Enkheimer Ried lies in an oxbow lake of the Main .
On the southern edge of the Enkheimer Ried nature reserve, Frankfurt a. Exceptional stocks of old oaks (Enkheim old oaks) with a trunk circumference of 3 to 4.30 meters, an age between 250 and 350 years and heights between 25 and 35 meters. There are currently 30 individual specimens, which are mainly concentrated in four locations in the approximately 23.3 hectare Enkheim forest.
The “ Quellenwanderweg ”, which begins in Seckbach and leads over the Lohrberg to Bergen-Enkheim, is part of the Frankfurt green belt . He refers to the numerous springs emerging on the Berger slope. With the Mühlbachtal , Bergen-Enkheim also has the smallest nature reserve in Frankfurt.
Bergen was an important place within the county of Hanau-Munzenberg . After the acquisition of Bornheim by Frankfurt in 1481, Bergen had a central function within the Hanau Office of Bornheimerberg , as the county court was then moved to Bergen in 1484.
Enkheim was part of the common village of Bergen.
The municipality of Bergen-Enkheim, which was called Bergen until 1936 , belonged to the Hanau district and received town charter in 1968. As part of the regional reform in Hesse , Bergen-Enkheim was added to the city of Frankfurt as a new district on January 1, 1977 by virtue of state law.
After 1830 to 1975:
After the incorporation:
Local advisory board
The 19 seats of the local council are distributed as follows after the 2016 local elections :
- CDU : 5 seats
- Alliance 90 / The Greens : 2 seats
- We Bergen-Enkheimer: 5 seats
- SPD : 4 seats
- Citizens for Frankfurt (BFF): 1 seat
- The left : 1 seat
- FDP : 1 seat
Mayors known by name until 1976:
- 1835– (1840) Mr. Ewald
- (1841–1845) Mr. Buchenhorst
- (1845–1854) Mr. Becker
- (1857–1886) Mr. Völp
- 1886–1917 Ludwig Klemann
- 1917–1923 Paul Huebner
- 1923–1931 Philipp Heinrich Zinß
- 1931–1933 Philipp Puth
- 1933-1945 Carl Fey
- 1945 Oskar Schubert (acting)
- 1946–1966 Fritz Schubert
- 1966–1976 Rudolf Fey (until December 31, 1976)
- 1977 incorporated into Frankfurt am Main.
The years in brackets are not secured.
coat of arms
In September 1950, the municipality of Bergen-Enkheim was granted the right to use a coat of arms by the Hessian State Ministry.
The coat of arms of the municipality of Bergen-Enkheim and today's Frankfurt district takes up the coat of arms of the rascals from Bergen and shows two red arcs on a silver background. They are interpreted as ribs or wheel rims, more rarely as bones.
Since 1977, the Kulturgesellschaft Bergen-Enkheim mbH has been awarding the annual literary prize " Stadtschreiber von Bergen " , which has been awarded since 1974 . It will be awarded on the Friday evening before the opening of the Berger Markt by the Bergen-Enkheim cultural association . The first town clerk 1974–1975 was the German writer Wolfgang Koeppen (1906–1996).
Conrad Weil (1893 to 1960), a local poet , wrote the folk play Der Schelm von Bergen .
There are various legends and literary works about the Schelm von Bergen and the knight family of the same name, the Schelme von Bergen . The oldest poem is by Isaac von Sinclair (1811), there is also a poem by Heinrich Heine and a piece by Carl Zuckmayer . Even Mark Twain received the legend in 1880 in his experience report A Tramp Abroad .
Bergen has a city center characterized by historical buildings. Particularly noteworthy is the Gothic town hall of Bergen , which has housed the Bergen-Enkheim local history museum since 1959 . It has been built in various phases since 1300.
The White Tower , a late Gothic defense tower that was built in 1472 together with the Berger city wall , is a testament to the old city wall of Bergen . The Schelmenburg (also called Wasserburg Gruckau ) on the eastern edge of the Berger town center also dates from the Middle Ages . The youth music school and various clubs are located in the ancestral home of the rascals of Bergen , known for their poetry and legends , today a baroque water castle.
For the cultural monuments of the district see the list of cultural monuments in Frankfurt-Bergen-Enkheim .
View of the Schelmenburg
Economy and Infrastructure
140 entrepreneurs are organized in the Bergen-Enkheim trade association. Every year the association organizes a trade show and the Christmas market.
The only cattle market in the city of Frankfurt takes place in Bergen-Enkheim. It is part of the Berger Markt, which starts on the weekend before the first Tuesday in September. The marquee is also used to crown the cider queen.
The Hessen-Center is a supraregional shopping center in Bergen-Enkheim. It lies between the here above ground extending underground - tracks and the A-66 connector. It is one of the largest shopping centers in the city.
There is an indoor and outdoor pool, the Riedbad .
Bergen-Enkheim has two primary schools (Schule am Hang and Schule am Landgraben), as well as a cooperative comprehensive school ( grammar school , secondary school and secondary school from grade 5) with an upper secondary school (Schule am Ried).
The closest train station is Frankfurt-Mainkur train station . It is located on the Frankfurt – Hanau railway line between Frankfurt Ostbahnhof and the “Maintal West” stop, already on the outskirts of the Frankfurt district of Fechenheim . It is to be abandoned when the Nordmainische S-Bahn goes into operation and replaced by a new stop about one kilometer further west.
The connection with the underground is important for local public transport in Bergen-Enkheim . It has been connecting Bergen-Enkheim directly with downtown Frankfurt since 1992 . The U7 runs and, since December 2008, every second train on the U4 line .
This subway terminus (Enkheim) also serves as a transfer point for bus lines 42 (district ring line), 551 (train bus line between Bad Vilbel , Offenbach and Gravenbruch ), MKK23, MKK25 ( Main-Kinzig district and Hanau ) and the express bus line X57 to Hanau, as well as the night bus line n5 on weekends.
Bergen had a connection to the Frankfurt tram from 1913 to 1992 with the terminus in Seckbacher area on the former city limits before the incorporation. Enkheim since 1957 by extending the route (originally to Kruppstrasse, at that time the border between Frankfurt and the Hanau district) to Volkshaus Enkheim. The Enkheim route became part of the U-Bahn line in 1992. The Berger connection was replaced by buses .
In Bergen-Enkheim (currently) coming from Hanau , the A 66 ends , which only continues at the end of Miquelallee in the direction of Wiesbaden. This will be continued as a federal road within the urban area . The Riederwald tunnel has been under construction since 2014 , which will connect the A 66 with the A 661 at the Erlenbruch triangle after its completion (around 2030) .
Bergentreffen has been held with eight German locations with this name since 1995 .
- Werner Henschke: Living Past - Historical Explanations . Published by the city council of Bergen-Enkheim, Bergen-Enkheim 1971 (2nd edition 1976).
- Ludwig Fr. Emmel: Chronicle of a landscape on the Lower Main Bergen-Enkheim , Heimatstiftung Bergen-Enkheim, 1985.
- Helmut Ulshöfer: Bergen-Enkheim Jewish Community 1933–1942 , self-published, 1988.
- Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: circular route through Bergen-Enkheim. A historical reflection , 1991.
- Heinz Schomann, Volker Rödel, Heike Kaiser: Cultural monuments in Hesse. Town Frankfurt am Main. Published by the State Office for Monument Preservation Hessen and the City of Frankfurt am Main, 2nd edition 1994, ISBN 3-7973-0576-1 , pp. 392–413 (Bergen), pp. 488–495 (Enkheim) ( monument topography Federal Republic of Germany ; Materials on monument protection in Frankfurt am Main 1 ).
- Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: History - Landscape - Personalities as reflected in the street names in Bergen-Enkheim , 1997.
- Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: Bergen-Enkheim - A young district with an old history , 2001, published by the Frankfurter Sparkasse.
- Bergen-Enkheim, City of Frankfurt am Main. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of September 25, 2015). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- My district - my home on YouTube
- Decree to rename the municipality of Bergen
- Law on the reorganization of the districts of Gelnhausen, Hanau and Schlüchtern and the city of Hanau as well as the recirculation of the cities of Fulda, Hanau and Marburg (Lahn) concerning questions (GVBl. 330-26) of March 12, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 9 , p. 149 , § 17 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.0 MB ]).
- Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: History - Landscape - Personalities as reflected in the street names in Bergen-Enkheim. P. 226 f.
- Bergen-Enkheim (population statistics until 1970), City of Frankfurt am Main. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of September 25, 2015). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Local council election on March 6, 2016 in Bergen-Enkheim , accessed on Feb. 21, 2020
- Frankfurt am Main: Wahlanalysen 54 , accessed on Feb. 21, 2020
- Karl-Heinz Heinemeyer: History - Landscape - Personalities as reflected in the street names in Bergen-Enkheim. P. 225.
- Granting of the right to use a coat of arms to the municipality of Bergen-Enkheim, district of Hanau, administrative district of Wiesbaden on September 21, 1950 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1950 No. 40 , p. 406 , point 759 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.2 MB ]).
- Danijel Majic: Reminiscence of bloody craft . In: Frankfurter Rundschau online. October 23, 2009.