27th district of Frankfurt am Main
|Residents||18,770 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||7873 inhabitants / km²|
|Post Code||60320, 60431, 60433|
|District||9 - center-north|
|Source: Statistics currently 03/2020. Residents with main residence in Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .|
Dornbusch is a district of Frankfurt am Main . It was formed in 1946 from parts of the Ginnheim and Eckenheim districts. The area on both sides of Eschersheimer Landstrasse was used for agriculture until the 20th century and then built on. Dornbusch today has 18,770 inhabitants.
Dornbusch owes its name to the fact that the area on Eschersheimer Landstrasse between the two districts of Ginnheim and Eckenheim, which were incorporated into Frankfurt in 1910, still consisted almost entirely of thorn bushes at the turn of the century, which were probably part of the Frankfurter Landwehr in the late Middle Ages . The southern border of the Dornbusch district corresponds roughly to the border of the old Frankfurt territory from the Middle Ages to the annexation by Prussia in 1866. This is where part of the medieval Via Regia ran along the Diebsgrundweg , today's Marbachweg .
Between Dornbusch and Eschersheim, which in 1938 had already expanded to Hügelstrasse, there were still large areas east of Eschersheimer Landstrasse until after the Second World War , which were occupied by large nurseries such as the Sinai nursery , including Germany's largest lilac cultivation. The Dornbusch district did not emerge until 1946 from parts of Ginnheim and Eckenheim and, after the nurseries withdrew to the Taunus foreland, it also grew together with Frankfurt-Eschersheim . The buildings, some of which already existed before the First World War, go back to the Wilhelminian era, when not only the neighboring districts Westend and Nordend expanded strongly and were built mainly along the arteries and outside the avenue ring . The Dichterviertel west of Eschersheimer Landstrasse and the Bertramsviertel south of Marbachweg were already among the preferred new residential areas in Frankfurt.
Bertramswiese and Bertramshof
In the south of the district lie the approximately four hectare large Bertramswiese , now a sports area, and the Bertramshof . It was built in 1888 as a dairy by Baroness Louise von Rothschild . Until after the Second World War, large parts of the urban area of the district today were cultivated from here. The Bertramshof is an ensemble of stables, barns, manor and water tower built from red hard-fire bricks . It is a listed building and was restored a few years ago. Today the Bertramshof houses radio studios of the Hessischer Rundfunk , hr Werbung GmbH , the radio pension fund and the production company Degeto .
The Bertramshof, the Bertramswiese and the neighboring Bertramstrasse got their name from Heinrich von Bertram , a Frankfurt patrician who acquired the medieval Kühhornshof in 1660 , a medieval manor fortified with a moat and defense tower and an important part of the Frankfurter Landwehr . For some time it was also called Knoblauchshof , after the Frankfurt patrician Jakob Knoblauch , who had bought this farm in 1323. The first Frankfurt water supply in the form of coupled gallery fountains was installed on the nearby Knoblauchsfeld. The courtyard was demolished in 1868, only the tower remained. It is on the premises of the Hessischer Rundfunk, which, however, already belongs to the Nordend district.
The artistically designed huge stained glass window with almost 20 square meters on the northern outer wall of the Evangelical Dornbusch Church, built in 1960 and completely rebuilt in 2004, is worth seeing . The Frankfurt architects Meixner Schlüter Wendt suggested to the congregation, which was affected by a decline in visitors, that a large part of the church should be demolished and that only the chancel should be left as a church space. The space gained by the standing bell tower is used today (2011) for community events such as the Christmas market. The bell tower is still a landmark, at least for the Christian residents of the district.
- To the west of Eschersheimer Landstrasse, on the historic Grünhof site, which is already part of Westend , is the former Henry and Emma Budge home . The two-story Bauhaus-style building was built between 1928 and 1930 by architects Mart Stam , Ferdinand Kramer , Werner Moser and Erika Habermann on behalf of the American donors. After the war, the home was on a site used by the American military until 1995. A dental clinic was housed in its rooms. Since 2001 there has been a nursing home again ("Grünhof im Park").
- When Anne Frank (1929–1945) was born, her family lived in the house at Marbachweg 307 . From 1931 until they emigrated in 1934, the Frank family lived at Ganghoferstraße 24 in the Dichterviertel.
- The Roman Catholic St. Albert Church was built in 1937/38 according to plans by Martin Weber and expanded in 1957. The 45 m high bell tower was built in 1962.
- In the villa on the corner Inckusstraße / Wanebachstraße the European Headquarters of the American Soldiers Station was from August 1945 to mid-1946 American Forces Network .
- The House of Choirs was built on Kaiser-Sigmund-Straße in 2004 , a rehearsal room for the four Frankfurt oratorio choirs.
- In the north of the district on the border with Eschersheim, the Albert Schweitzer settlement was built in the 1950s . The listed Protestant St. Andrew's Church is located here .
The district is recognizable by the Eschersheimer Landstrasse divided into an east and a west part. Other important roads are Marbachweg in the south, Eckenheimer Landstraße or Jean-Monnet-Straße in the east and Hügelstraße in the north. Dornbusch is also characterized by the Frankfurt U-Bahn , which only runs above ground here. The Linienast A (U1, U2, U3 and U8) has its own route amidst the Eschersheimer Landstrasse . Many residents see the mostly insurmountable tracks as a disruptive division. At the eastern edge of the district, the U5 runs like a tram on Eckenheimer Landstrasse .
(→ main article Sinaipark )
The Sinaipark , which was designed on the site of a former nursery, is used as a leisure facility with several playgrounds . In the southeastern part of this park is the so-called Sinai Wilderness , which is under nature protection , a wildly overgrown area of approximately one hectare that is only traversed by narrow paths. With the Klimsch Park on the opposite side of the Eschersheimer Landstrasse, the Sinaipark forms a green belt that runs through to Ginnheim and that only lacks a passage for pedestrians and cyclists over the Eschersheimer Landstrasse.
- Anne Frank School ( Realschule )
- Franz Böhm School ( vocational school )
- Free Waldorf School ( privately owned elementary school and grammar school )
- Heinrich Seliger School (primary school)
- Hermann Herzog School (School for the Visually Impaired )
- Viktor Frankl School ( special needs school )
- Wilhelm Merton School (vocational school)
- Wöhlerschule (grammar school)
- How to get there ( memento of the original from February 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 269 kB)
- Photos of the window on the parish homepage
- Rudolf Schmitz: Vitalizing partial demolition. The successful renovation of a church in Frankfurt , in: FAZ , July 11, 2005, p. 34.
- Christian Holl: Dismantling a church - physical absenteeism , in: tec 21, Heft 10, 2006, p. 12.
- Church buildings in the present. Architecture between sacredness and social reality , Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2011 ISBN 978-3-7917-2209-2 , pages 120–121