26th district of Frankfurt am Main
|Coordinates||50 ° 8 '25 " N , 8 ° 38' 50" E|
|Residents||16,664 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||6183 inhabitants / km²|
|District||9 - center-north|
|Tram and subway||U1 U9 16|
|bus||34 39 64 n2|
|Source: Statistics currently 03/2020. Residents with main residence in Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .|
Ginnheim ( district of Frankfurt am Main since April 1, 1910 .) has been a
The population is16,664.
Ginnheim is about three kilometers northwest of the Hauptwache , on a threshold south of the Nidda . On the one hand, the western half of the district is shaped by the Rosa-Luxemburg-Strasse, which runs from southeast to northwest. The city motorway, designed as an elevated road, creates a connection between “AS Ffm-Miquelallee” near the Europaturm and the Deutsche Bundesbank and the city limits in Niederursel. And on the other hand from the rail route of the S-Bahn (S 6) to Friedberg that crosses this street from southwest to northeast in an x-shape. The area west of the railroad tracks consists mainly of green and forest areas. Of the residential areas, the Höhenblick settlement , which was built in the 1920s, and the Friedrich-Wilhelm-von-Steuben-Siedlung, a former housing area of the American armed forces, south of Hügelstrasse, are worth mentioning . The church is centrally located in the old village center. The modern development has developed to the south and southeast in the direction of downtown Frankfurt. Ginnheim is integrated with the districts of Eschersheim in the north and Dornbusch in the east. Half of the latter belonged to Ginnheim until 1946 and is still part of the district today . To the west - separated by the Ginnheimer Wäldchen and the Volkspark Niddatal - are the districts of Hausen and Praunheim . Heddernheim is delimited by the Nidda to the north-west of Ginnheim.
In the south, Wilhelm-Epstein-Strasse , under whose road surface the former Marbach runs piped, forms the border to today's district of Bockenheim . The part of Bockenheim, which lies between Wilhelm-Epstein-Straße and Bundesautobahn 66 , is often mistakenly counted as Ginnheim. There are also the popularly Ginnheimer asparagus called Europe Tower , which at the Ginnheimer height stands and the headquarters of the German Bundesbank , which was completed on the former course of thief basic route 1,973th
The Diebsgrundweg , which was already used in the Bronze Age, runs along the southern border of the Ginnheim district . A house from the Middle Bronze Age was discovered on Ginnheimer Stadtweg in 1939, and shards from the Hallstatt Age were discovered in two pits in 1926 during the construction of the Höhenblick settlement.
The Roman road from Nida to the Frankfurt Main crossing at today's Domhügel was already cut in 1900, during the construction work for the Federal Garden Show, east of the Ginnheimer Wäldchen , a section of this route was also discovered by the Frankfurt Monument Office in 1989. The course of this dead straight connection is still marked today by Ginnheimer Füllerstraße, at number 60, in the garden of the haulier Hinkel, the foundation walls of a Roman estate were discovered in 1911. The traces of the Roman gravel path at the crossing over the Marbachtälchen (today Wilhelm-Epstein-Straße) were still recognizable around 1890.
The oldest surviving mention of Ginnheim comes from the year 772, when Gennenheim was mentioned on the occasion of a donation to Lorsch Abbey . Later it came to the Seligenstadt monastery . The village belonged to the court court of the Fulda monastery with its headquarters in Eschersheim , the so-called Cremser court . The Seligenstadt monastery enfeoffed the lords and counts of Hanau with Ginnheim, who bought it from the monastery in 1479. It finally came to the County of Hanau-Münzenberg . The red and yellow rafters , originally the coat of arms of the County of Hanau, are a reminder of this in the coat of arms of Ginnheim . In the county, Ginnheim was part of the Bornheimerberg office .
In the Middle Ages, Ginnheim belonged to the Praunheim parish .
Historical forms of names
The name Ginnheim probably comes from a certain Genno , Gennenheim means home of Genno .
- Gennenheim (772)
- Gennenheim (around 850)
- Ginnenheim (1159)
- Ginninheim (1222)
- Ginneheim (1253)
- Ginnenheim (1261)
- De Gynnenheim (1289)
- Ginheym (1309)
In the first half of the 16th century, the county of Hanau-Münzenberg and with it the village of Ginnheim carried out the Reformation, initially based on the Lutheran model. In 1597 Count Philip Ludwig II implemented a second Reformation in favor of the Reformed Confession . Forty-eight families in Ginnheim refused to take this step and remained Lutheran. Since all church buildings and the pastors belonged exclusively to the reformed state church of the county, the Lutheran majority of the village now had to go to church in Eschersheim and was looked after by the pastor in Bonames . Only after the Lutheran Counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg ruled in the county of Hanau-Münzenberg from 1642 , the situation relaxed for the Lutherans in Ginnheim: from 1678 they again had their own pastor and from 1700 again their own church, today's old one Bethlehem Church .
Around 1770 a new boundary stone was set after a border inspection, which had been preceded by disputes about the border line. It was mainly about the moat in the Woog. The people of Ginnheim claimed for themselves that the boundary stones were on the other side of the trench and that they regularly leased the trench in the Woog for fish woad. Hanau demanded a new measurement, the imperial city of Frankfurt demanded to set new boundary stones. The three authorities came to an agreement and had new boundary stones made and placed. The object in dispute, this ditch, was unfortunately backfilled in the course of the work for the Federal Horticultural Show in 1989, so that today one can no longer see which side of the ditch the boundary stone was placed on. Before 1989 he was on this side of the trench, on the Ginnheim side. But at least the Ginnheim church lords received the hunting rights in their area in 1770 and were allowed to shoot hares there.
After the death of the last Hanau count, Johann Reinhard III. , the landgraves of Hessen-Kassel inherited the county of Hanau-Munzenberg. The Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel became the Electorate of Hesse in 1803 . Ginnheim was temporarily part of the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt (1810 to 1813) during the Napoleonic period . After the administrative reform of the Electorate of Hesse in 1821, under which the Electorate of Hesse was divided into four provinces and 22 districts, Ginnheim belonged to the Hanau district . The Electorate was subject to the Prussian-Austrian War in 1866 , as was the Free City of Frankfurt , allied with Austria, to the Kingdom of Prussia . This then annexed both, Kurhessen and Frankfurt, and thus also Ginnheim. From 1867 it belonged to the Prussian province of Hessen-Nassau and the administrative district of Kassel . In 1886 it was added to the newly formed district of Frankfurt . On April 1, 1910, Ginnheim was incorporated into the city with all other municipalities of the previous district of Frankfurt and thus became a Frankfurt district. Just one year later, the first tram from Bockenheim went to Ginnheim, and from 1911 there was a second line that ran from Dornbusch via Raimundstraße to the Ginnheimer Schule.
As part of the Neues Frankfurt construction project , the Höhenblick housing estate and some private houses were built. The head of the Ernst May project moved to Ludwig-Tieck-Str. 11 built his own house in the Höhenblick settlement , the architect Martin Elsaesser had his private villa according to his own design from 1925 in Höhenblick 37. The Villa May has been substantially rebuilt and can no longer be recognized as such.
The Friede housing estate, built by the Bank deutscher Länder after the Second World War, was built in Hügelstrasse . The Friedrich-Wilhelm-von-Steuben-Siedlung, 17 buildings with 268 apartments , was built in 1954/1955 for members of the American armed forces on 65 hectares between Raimundstrasse and Hügelstrasse . After the withdrawal of the American armed forces, these apartments were re-let and the number of inhabitants rose sharply again.
In 1989 the politically controversial Federal Garden Show took place on today's Niddapark site on 169 hectares .
- 1597: approx. 90 stoves
- 1634: 50 households
- 1753: 80 families with 1713 inhabitants
- 1834: 579 inhabitants
- 1840: 599 inhabitants
- 1846: 657 inhabitants
- 1852: 681 inhabitants
- 1858: 700 inhabitants
- 1864: 752 inhabitants
- 1871: 797 inhabitants
- 1875: 1170 inhabitants
- 1885: 1324 inhabitants
- 1895: 1713 inhabitants
- 1905: 2293 inhabitants - of which: Protestant 1819, Catholic 468, other Christians 4, Jews 2 - a total of 497 households
- 1910: 2695 inhabitants - incorporated into Frankfurt
- 1939: 8741 inhabitants
- 1950: 7673 inhabitants - now without Dornbusch, separate district since 1946
- 1970: 12139 inhabitants
- 2011: 16,725 inhabitants
Sights and cultural monuments
The Old Bethlehem Church in Ginnheim is a baroque hall church, the former Lutheran church. It was first built in 1699/1700. In 1910 it was converted into a parish church. The church square surrounding it was redesigned and renewed in 2003. Also noteworthy is the property Woogstraße 43 from the 17th century, which has been preserved as a structurally well-comprehensible Franconian Hofreite and
→ Main article: List of cultural monuments in Frankfurt-Ginnheim
There are also a number of stumbling blocks that are supposed to remind of the lives of Jews and other victims of Nazi persecution in Ginnheim.
Ginnheim has access to the subway - U1 and U9 , who have their terminus. Ginnheim is also the terminus of tram 16 from Offenbach city limits via Sachsenhausen and the main train station . The bus lines 34, 39 and 64 connect Ginnheim with the Rebstock area , Bornheim , Berkersheim and Nordend .
It is discussed with the four-track expansion of the Main-Weser Railway near the present Metro Station Niddapark an additional breakpoint Frankfurt-Ginnheim to establish that a transition to underground line U1 and S-Bahn - S6 made possible.
A cycle route leads from the north-west of the city to the city center via Woogstraße, Raimundstraße and Platenstraße .
The Rosa-Luxemburg-Straße , a motorway-like elevated road , runs through Ginnheim .
economy and trade
There are no large companies in the Ginnheim district, but there are many small and medium-sized businesses. Many of them have come together in the Gewerbering Ginnheim with currently around 55 members, which regularly reports on Ginnheim internals, club life, events and history with its own newspaper Ginnemer Blättche .
Ginnheim, together with the districts of Eschersheim and Dornbusch, forms the local district 9. The local advisory council 9 is composed of 19 members, the mayor has always been provided by the CDU so far .
coat of arms
Blazon : "Divided five times by gold and red in the shape of a rafter, covered with a silver shield with a blue horseshoe inside."
After the village, which had belonged to the County of Hanau since 1478, came into the hands of the Electorate of Hesse in 1736, a GINHEIMER GERICHTINSIGEL was created in 1755. It shows, under the princely crown of crowned lions, the quartered Hanau shield and in it a heart shield, which in the case of Ginnheim contains a horseshoe. The horseshoe is to be addressed as the place symbol. The proposed coat of arms connects it with the shield of the Hanau family coat of arms. Ginnheim became part of the Frankfurt district in 1886 and was incorporated into Frankfurt on April 1, 1910.
Ginnheim was also the name of an overseas freighter operated by URAG (Unterweser Reederei), a subsidiary of the Metallgesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main, which was launched in 1937. Richard Merton, son of the company's founder, had the URAG steamers named after the Frankfurt suburbs. The first Ginnheim was sunk by air raids in 1945, and in 1955 the second was put into operation as an ore freighter on lines between northwestern Europe, Canada and the USA. In 1971 she was sold to Greece and then sailed with a new home port in Piraeus under the new name Eternity .
- Maturum private school ( Abitur preparation )
- Astrid-Lindgren School ( primary school )
- Diesterwegschule (primary school)
In 2009 the main school branch was closed due to a lack of registrations.
- Otto Appel: The political activity of Ulrich III. Lord of Hanau 1346–1370. A contribution to the history of the Lords and Counts of Hanau. (= Hanau history sheets. 5). 1922, p. 39.
- Arnold Erler: The "Cremser Court" at (Frankfurt) -Eschersheim. A contribution to the name interpretation. In: Archive for Frankfurt's History and Art. Vol. 59, 1985, pp. 103-134.
- Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (Hrsg.): Historical municipality directory for Hessen. Issue 2: Territorial changes in the Hessian communities and districts from 1834 to 1967 . Wiesbaden undated, pp. 16, 52, 57, 58, 103.
- Gerhard Kleinfeldt, Hans Weirich: The medieval church organization in the Upper Hesse-Nassau area. (= Writings of the institute for historical regional studies of Hesse and Nassau. 16). 1937, reprint 1984, pp. 68, 74.
- Hermann Lenz: Ginnheim through the ages. (PDF file; 182 kB). (evangelische-bethlehemgemeinde.de)
- Franz Lerner: Ginnheim: from prehistory to the present . Frankfurter Sparkasse von 1822 (Ed.), Printed by Waldemar Kramer 1983. (Heavily abridged digital version under GINNHEIM From prehistory to the present ( Memento from February 25, 2014 in the Internet Archive ))
- Anette Löffler: The Lords and Counts of Falkenstein (Taunus): Studies on territorial and property history, on imperial political position and on the genealogy of a leading ministerial family; 1255-1418. (= Sources and research on Hessian history. 99 ). Volume 1, Darmstadt 1994, ISBN 3-88443-188-9 , pp. 285, 268f.
- Heinrich Reimer: Historical local dictionary for Kurhessen . Marburg 1926, p. 172.
- Regina Schäfer: The Lords of Eppstein. (= Publications of the Historical Commission for Nassau. 68). Wiesbaden 2000, ISBN 3-930221-08-X , p. 424.
- Heinz Schomann among others: Monument topography city of Frankfurt am Main . Braunschweig 1986, pp. 524-529.
- Manfred Schopp: The secular rule of the Abbey Seligenstadt 1478-1803. In: Archive for Hessian History and Archeology. NF 29, 1965/66, p. 300f.
- Incorporation agreement from 1910 ( memo of November 20, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- "Ginnheim, City of Frankfurt am Main". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature on Frankfurt-Ginnheim in the Hessian Bibliography
- My district - my home on YouTube
- ^ Franz Lerner: Ginnheim - From prehistory to the present. P. 9.
- ↑ Jürgen W. Fritz in Brücke is reminiscent of Römer
- ↑ Document 3404
- ^ Sara Wagner: Faith dispute in Ginnheim. In: Evangelical Frankfurt. 1/2011, p. 10.
- ^ Franz Lerner, Frankfurter Sparkasse from 1822 (Polytechnische Gesellschaft) (ed.): Ginnheim. From the past to the present. Frankfurt 1983, pp. 75ff.
- ^ Karl Ernst Demandt , Otto Renkhoff : Hessisches Ortswappenbuch C. A. Starke Verlag, Glücksburg / Ostsee 1956, p. 193.