40th district of Frankfurt am Main
|Residents||17,237 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||2863 inhabitants / km²|
|District||6 - West|
|Source: Statistics currently 03/2020. Residents with main residence in Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved April 8, 2020 .|
The population is17,237.
Unterliederbach is located in the northwest of the local district 6 ( Frankfurt-West ), about 9.6 km west of the main guard . It borders on the Zeilsheim district and the Sindlingen district in the west , Höchst in the southeast and Sossenheim in the northeast . In the neighboring Main-Taunus district , Unterliederbach borders the communities of Liederbach am Taunus and Sulzbach .
The district was named after the Liederbach , which flows past the old town center and is mentioned for the first time around 800 in a donation to the Counts of Nürings as Liderbach or Leoderbach . The village itself was founded around 550. The neighboring villages of Niederhofheim and Oberliederbach (both now part of Liederbach am Taunus ) were established around the same time . Findings of settlements in the area go as far as around 3000 BC. BC, during the Roman period there were some farms in the area.
The name Unterliederbach or inferior Liderbach appears for the first time around 1200. After the counts of Nürings died out in 1175, Unterliederbach came under the rule of Eppstein . In 1492 it was sold to the Landgraves of Hesse, and since 1567 it has belonged to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt . In 1803 it came to the Duchy of Nassau-Usingen and later assigned to the Duchy of Nassau in 1814 . After the German War of 1866 it became Prussian together with Hessen-Nassau .
In 1917 Unterliederbach was incorporated into Höchst am Main and in 1928 it became part of Frankfurt am Main together with Höchst.
The development of the place was strongly influenced from the end of the 19th century by the Hoechst paintworks (later Hoechst AG ). From 1891 the workers' settlements in Engelsruhe and Heimchen emerged. In 1956, the Silobad built by Hoechst AG was opened, Frankfurt's oldest heated outdoor pool . The silo bath was leased to the city of Frankfurt in 1994 for the symbolic price of one mark .
Unterliederbach is located south of the A 66 and is connected with two junctions. The junction “Frankfurt-Höchst” (16) is on the city limits across Königsteiner Straße , while “Kelkheim” (15) is on Schmalkaldener Straße and is only accessible from or in the direction of the city center.
An important main street in north-south direction is, next to Königsteiner Straße, Liederbacher Straße.
The coherent development of Unterliederbach is roughly delimited by the Rhein-Main-Schnellweg ( A 66 ) in the north and by the tracks of the Königsteiner Bahn in the west, while it merges seamlessly with the development of Höchst in the southeast.
The Liederbach divides Unterliederbach into an east and a west part. The eastern part has a significantly higher population density.
The most famous building of the district, the Centennial Hall , was built by Hoechst AG and opened in 1963 (also in 1994 donated to the city). That is why it is still popularly known today, not quite correctly, Jahrhunderthalle Höchst .
The baroque village church, the oldest building in the old town center, whose origins go back to the 12th century, is well preserved. The church has been Protestant since 1527. Nevertheless, the confessional from Catholic times is still in the church. However, there is no longer any confession in it. Rather, the small chamber on the right in front of the altar is used as a storage room. In the 17th century the church was redesigned in the baroque country style. The Nassau reformer Carl von Ibell (1780–1834) is buried in their cemetery.
The Stephanuskirche was consecrated in 1964.
At the beginning of the 1970s, the almost one kilometer long development between the A 66 and Cheruskerweg was completed. The high-rise buildings located directly on the motorway also became an essential part of the local noise protection concept. The original, extremely significant color scheme of the building series, in very strong red, yellow and green tones, has since faded strongly and appears almost pastel.
The Unterliederbach cemetery is on the other side of the motorway and is closed. A large number of graves are listed as historical monuments. The so-called "Old Cemetery" was opened in 1873 by the independent rural community of Unterliederbach. After being incorporated into Höchst in 1917, it was closed again in 1925. Only the owners of shopping graves (old farming families) still have access to grave maintenance. When the motorway was expanded in the 1960s, the cemetery lost 35% of its area and many graves were leveled. The main entrance, which led to the motorway, was bricked up and a side entrance opened.
- Paul Graubner (1892–1932), District Administrator of the Altena district
- Heinz Willmann (1906–1991), politician (KPD / SED), functionary, diplomat, ambassador of the GDR, among others in the ČSSR (1966–1967)
- Karl Leo Schneeweis (* 1940), city elder , former chairman of the association.
- Heinz Alexander (* 1948), chairman of the Unterliederbach regional council, former head of the social district, author of booklets on Unterliederbach.
- Harald Krämer (* 1964), soccer player
- Marko Marin (* 1989), football player