Bad Vilbel

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bad Vilbel
Bad Vilbel
Map of Germany, location of the city of Bad Vilbel highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 11 ′  N , 8 ° 44 ′  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
County : Wetteraukreis
Height : 111 m above sea level NHN
Area : 25.68 km 2
Residents: 34,216 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1332 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 61118
Area code : 06101
License plate : FB, BÜD
Community key : 06 4 40 003
City structure: 5 districts

City administration address :
Am Sonnenplatz 1
61118 Bad Vilbel
Website :
Mayor : Thomas Stöhr ( CDU )
Location of the city of Bad Vilbel in the Wetterau district
Butzbach Münzenberg Rockenberg Ober-Mörlen Bad Nauheim Friedberg (Hessen) Rosbach vor der Höhe Wöllstadt Karben Bad Vilbel Wölfersheim Reichelsheim (Wetterau) Niddatal Florstadt Echzell Reichelsheim (Wetterau) Nidda Hirzenhain Gedern Ranstadt Glauburg Altenstadt (Hessen) Limeshain Ortenberg (Hessen) Kefenrod Büdingen Lahn-Dill-Kreis Landkreis Gießen Vogelsbergkreis Hochtaunuskreis Frankfurt am Main Main-Kinzig-Kreismap
About this picture

Bad Vilbel [ ˈfilbəl ] with 34,216 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2017) is the largest city in terms of population in the Hessian Wetteraukreis and borders the northern outskirts of Frankfurt am Main . It is known nationwide for its mineral springs .


Location Bad Vilbels in the northeast of Frankfurt am Main

Geographical location

Bad Vilbel lies at an altitude of 109 m above sea ​​level on the southern tip of the Wetterau , a stretch of land between Taunus and Vogelsberg that has been populated since the Neolithic because of its very fertile soils . Its end is the collection located in the south of Bad Vilbels Schoell mountain with the settlement Heilsberg and the city limits to Frankfurt.

Coming from Vogelsberg, the Nidda flows through the city to flow into the Main near Frankfurt-Höchst . In the southeast is the Vilbel forest . Fall winds and cold air currents from the Taunus ensure a complete exchange of air almost every day.

Neighboring communities

The neighboring districts are those of the city of Karben in the north, the municipality of Niederdorfelden ( Main-Kinzig district ) in the east, and the independent city of Frankfurt am Main in the south, west and southeast, which borders Bad Vilbel on almost three sides. It is so much closer to downtown Frankfurt than some parts of Frankfurt itself. That is why the political incorporation of Bad Vilbel into Frankfurt is always an issue.

City structure

Main street with a view of the town hall

Bad Vilbel today consists of the city center and four other districts:

district Incorporation
coat of arms Core city Bad Vilbel
Heilsberg District since 1948
coat of arms Gronau Incorporated in 1971
coat of arms Dortelweil Incorporated in 1972
coat of arms Massenheim Incorporated in 1972


For the history of the individual districts, see:

Prehistory and early history

Ruin of the moated castle
Ruin of the moated castle

In Vilbel there are traces of settlement from all times since the Neolithic ( band ceramic culture ) such as later the Celts , Teutons , Romans or Burgundians .

In the course of the construction of the Main-Weser Railway in 1848/1849, remains of Roman thermal baths were discovered near today's Bad Vilbel Süd stop .

The Roman bath had a magnificent mosaic. The original is now in the Landesmuseum Darmstadt , a replica of the mosaic can be viewed in its own glass pavilion in the spa gardens.

middle Ages

The oldest surviving mention of Vilbel comes from the year 774, when it was mentioned in a deed of donation to the Lorsch Monastery . The earliest surviving mention of the salt springs found in an exchange certificate Emperor Louis the Pious of 817. Subsequently Vilbel came under the rule of Ministerialengeschlechts the family of Hagen-Münzenberg , after their extinction in 1255 it was the Münzenberger inheritance between the Lords of Hanau and the Lords of Falkenstein shared. Within this condominium there was a real division with the nidda as the border. The part to the right of the Nidda belonged to the Falkensteiners, the part to the left of the Nidda to Hanau and was counted there as part of the Bornheimerberg court and later office . After the death of the last Falkensteiner in 1418, his share fell to the Electorate of Mainz . When the County of Hanau was divided in 1458, the Bornheimerberg - and with it Hanau's share in Vilbel - became part of the County of Hanau-Münzenberg .

The ministerial family of the Knights of Vilbel , which died out in the 17th century, also originated from Vilbel and had a heraldic shield divided into squares with a rose in the center. His most famous representative was the Benedictine abbot and chronicler Apollo von Vilbel († 1536).

Early modern age

Probably under the influence of the Counts of Hanau-Münzenberg, in whose county the Solms land law was customary , Vilbel also adopted this legal system. The common law was only valid if the Solms land law contained no provisions for a matter. The Solms land law also remained in force when Vilbel belonged to the Grand Duchy of Hesse in the 19th century , and was not replaced by the civil code that was uniformly applicable throughout the German Empire on January 1, 1900 .

War memorial in the spa gardens

After the death of the last Hanau count, Johann Reinhard III. , In 1736 Landgrave Friedrich I of Hessen-Kassel inherited the county of Hanau-Münzenberg with the Bornheimerberg office and thus also half of Vilbel. Since then the place has belonged to the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel . This situation lasted until the 19th century.

Modern times

Kurpark and Kurhaus

After the territorial adjustments during the Napoleonic period, Vilbel came to the Grand Duchy of Hesse . It belonged to 1821 the Office Vilbel until 1832 for District District Vilbel and to 1848 for Kreis Friedberg . During the revolution of 1848, the Friedberg administrative district , which existed only for a short time, was dissolved again in 1852. This was followed by renewed membership in the Vilbel district until 1874 and then again in the Friedberg district for almost 100 years. Bad Vilbel has been in the Wetterau district since 1972.

In 1948, Vilbel was given the title bathroom due to its numerous sources , and in the same year it was also granted city rights . The former spa business was largely given up in the 1960s, so that in the 1990s there was a threat of the "bath" label being withdrawn. Since around the year 2000, considerable areas have been designated for residential development and service industries, including in Dortelweil-West and in the Krebsschere construction area between Bad Vilbel and Massenheim.

At the end of 2004 the Bad Vilbel District Court was closed.

From the beginning of 2012 to 2017, the use of electronic ankle cuffs was monitored throughout Germany from Bad Vilbel.


As part of the regional reform in Hesse , the municipality of Gronau was incorporated into Bad Vilbel on July 1, 1971 on a voluntary basis from the Hanau district . Dortelweil followed on December 31, 1971. The series of incorporations was completed with the incorporation of Massenheim on June 1, 1972. The city districts have partially grown together structurally and this process is continuing.

Population development

Population development from 1821 to 2017 according to the table below
  • 1821: 01,430 inhabitants
  • 1939: 06,257 inhabitants
  • 1961: 14,237 inhabitants
  • 1970: 17,866 inhabitants
  • 1998: 28,509 inhabitants
  • 2002: 30,290 inhabitants
  • 2006: 31,348 inhabitants
  • 2008: 31,456 inhabitants
  • 2010: 31,822 inhabitants
  • 2011: 31,673 inhabitants
  • 2014: 32,584 inhabitants
  • 2015: 33,020 inhabitants
  • 2016: 33,458 inhabitants
  • 2017: 33,745 inhabitants


City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 45 seats
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 48.3 22nd 46.7 21st 55.6 25th 62.7 28
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 21.2 10 25.5 11 24.7 11 21.9 10
Green Alliance 90 / The Greens 16.0 7th 18.9 9 10.2 5 10.8 5
FDP Free Democratic Party 6.7 3 4.4 2 6.4 3 4.5 2
FW Free voters 7.7 3 4.4 2 - - - -
left The left - - - - 3.1 1 - -
total 100.0 45 100.0 45 100.0 45 100.0 45
Turnout in percent 52.9 52.9 52.0 56.7


The old town hall after the restoration in 2005

The past mayoral elections produced the following results:

year Candidates Political party %
2016 Thomas Stöhr CDU 65.7
Clemens Breest Green 22.7
Raimo beers FW 11.6
Voter turnout in% 54.1
2010 Thomas Stöhr CDU 57.8
Helmut Betschel-Pflügel 24.3
Gesine Wambach FDP 11.3
Manfred Manthey FW 4.9
Helge Welker 1.8
Voter turnout in% 49.1
2003 Thomas Stöhr CDU 71.9
Roland Fischer 26.1
Peter Ringel 1.9
Voter turnout in% 53.3
1998 Günther Biwer CDU 72.1
Klaus Arabin SPD 27.9
Voter turnout in% 51.5

Thomas Stöhr (CDU) was elected on March 28, 2003 in the first ballot with 71.9% of the votes and a turnout of 53.3%. On February 21, 2010 he was re-elected in the first ballot with 57.8% of the vote and a turnout of 49.1%. On March 6, 2016, he was confirmed again in his office. In the first ballot he received 65.7% of the votes with a turnout of 54.1%. The full-time city councilor is Sebastian Wysocki (CDU).

coat of arms

Bad Vilbel coat of arms
Blazon : “Divided and split at the top by gold and silver, each with three red rafters; divided below by red and gold. "

The coat of arms , confirmed by Grand Duke Ludwig of Hesse in 1858, goes back to a court seal from the 17th century. It illustrates the rulership in Vilbel before the Falkensteiner inheritance (1419) through the historical coats of arms of the noble families Hanau ( rafter in gold), Eppstein (rafter in silver) and Münzenberg-Falkenstein (lower half of the shield). In the older heraldic books the two rafter coats of arms were falsely drawn together; Otto Hupp brought the correct tinging for the first time. The city flag contains the coat of arms. Once a village on the northern border of the Dreieich Wildbanns , Vilbel became a market town in the 19th century and was named "Stadt" in 1858.

Town twinning

Bad Vilbel maintains partnerships with the following cities:

From 1972 on there was also a town twinning with Huizen in the Netherlands , which ended at the end of the 20th century.


Culture, leisure and sights

Friedrich-Karl-Sprudel , fountain temple in the spa gardens
Hassia source
Glass pavilion in the spa gardens, exhibition of living Roman mosaics


City center and spa gardens

In the center of Bad Vilbel there are many preserved Franconian half-timbered houses, especially the old town hall , which was built in 1498 and last restored in 2005. A multitude of old and new as well as artificial fountains throughout the city shows Bad Vilbel's history as a “spring city”, including the Roman fountain . The spa park is lavishly planted with primroses and tulips every spring and also offers facilities for leisure activities such as an indoor swimming pool and several playgrounds. The Kurhaus with its changing events can also be found there. Since May 2007 one of the most beautiful Roman mosaics in Germany can be seen in its own glass pavilion as a complete reconstruction in a water basin. The sea god Oceanus is depicted, surrounded by sea creatures, grotesque hybrid creatures and real animals.

In June 2013, Niddaplatz, called "New Center" during the construction phase, was opened on the site of the old central car park. Lined with many shops and a modern underground car park, it forms the new heart of Bad Vilbel and is well received by residents and tourists. The new city library, which was built on a bridge over the Nidda and houses a café, is an eye-catcher and architecturally worth seeing. The large concrete stairs along the Nidda and the previously missing part of the Niddaradweg were completed in May 2014 and invite you to relax.


In the northern part of the spa park on the banks of the Nidda are the ruins of Vilbel Castle , the oldest components of which date from the 12th century. It was partially or completely destroyed several times, most recently by the French army in 1796, and ultimately remained in ruins. Nevertheless, the preserved parts of the castle are still worth seeing and are the venue for castle festivals . The castle has been extensively repaired outside of the season since 2007.

Bad Vilbel Castle Festival

The Bad Vilbel Castle Festival , which has been taking place in the moated castle every year from the beginning of June to the beginning of September since 1987, is known nationwide. The focus is on the four own Bad Vilbeler productions, for which up to 40 artists are engaged. There is also a wide range of guest performances and matinees (cabaret and solo programs by well-known artists) as well as numerous theater performances for children. Since 2001, the Bad Vilbel Castle Festival has been part of the working group of ten German festival venues, an association of professional open-air theaters in Germany.

Further cultural and leisure activities

  • The Alte Mühle cultural center offers a variety of events. Theater and cinema performances are offered every 14 days. For two weeks in summer there is an open-air cinema with a wide supporting program in the outdoor pool, which is very popular.
  • In summer, Bad Vilbel's cultural department organizes a number of open-air jazz events, such as jazz under the plane trees in the spa gardens and other concerts in the districts of Massenheim, Dortelweil and Gronau. Traditional Dixie music is usually played here. Admission to these performances is generally free.
  • The city ​​forest , located in the southeast of the city center, is criss-crossed by signposted hiking trails and includes a forest teaching and fitness trail , as well as a large adventure playground. The firing range, which was laid out in the 1930s and used by the US Army after the end of the war, has been renatured and is now a nature reserve.
  • Other regular events are the Quellenfest with a big street festival as the highlight in the week after Pentecost and the Christmas market around the moated castle on the third weekend in Advent. Further Christmas markets are on the first Advent in Dortelweil and on the second Advent in Massenheim.
  • The annual village square festival in Massenheim takes place every September.
  • The fountain and bath museum emerged from the fountain museum in the Wasserburg and was opened in January 2010 and is located in the Weihl'schen Haus.
  • A local museum was set up in the former town hall of Massenheim . The half-timbered house dates from 1731 and was renovated for the museum in 1999.
  • In 2018 Bad-Vilbel participates in city cycling .
  • Every year an open-air cinema takes place in the Bad Vilbel outdoor pool during the summer holidays.

Bad Vilbeler market

The Bad Vilbeler Markt was first mentioned in 1820. The largest festival in the Wetterau attracts around 250,000 visitors from all over the Rhine-Main area every year. The market, which takes place on the fairground north of the castle park, begins every year on the third Saturday in August and lasts eight days, with Wednesday and Thursday closed. The cattle market is on market Tuesday.

Churches, religions and denominations

Church of the Transfiguration of Christ
St. Nicholas Church

The oldest church in Bad Vilbel, today's Evangelical Church of the Resurrection , stands in the old cemetery above and on the outskirts of the city. Chapels and churches have stood there since the early Middle Ages, first documented in writing in 1298. Destroyed in the Thirty Years War , two small inscriptions with the year “1697” in the portal of the north wall and in the sound cover of the pulpit testify to the reconstruction.

The Evangelical Christ Church was built in the center in the 1960s . Both churches, Resurrection Church and Christ Church, are used by the Evangelical Christ Church Congregation.

After the creation of the “Heilsberg” by the Evangelical Church in Hesse and Nassau in 1948, the Catholic parish was founded in 1957 with the title “Transfiguration of Christ”. The bell tower is separated from the church building. The parish "Transfiguration of Christ" belongs to the diocese of Mainz , like all Catholic parishes in this area.

Other, partly old Protestant and Catholic churches exist in all parts of the city. There is a New Apostolic Church on Alfred-Brehm-Strasse in the city center, the Syrian Orthodox Church Parish Yoldat Aloho (Mother of God Church) on Dieselstrasse and the mosque of the Turkish-Islamic Congregation ( DITIB ) on Büdinger Strasse . A Free Evangelical Congregation has existed in the Dortelweil district since 1998.

The Protestant community of Gronau belongs to the Evangelical Church of Kurhessen-Waldeck , as the village of Gronau used to belong to Kurhessen .



The Main-Weser-Bahn and B3 cross on the Nidda

Trunk roads

Bad Vilbel is on federal highways 3 and 521 . The former is built like a motorway in the urban area and serves as a feeder to the 661 federal motorway . The next motorway connections are Frankfurt-Friedberger Landstraße (A 661, AS 9, Heilsberg and southern core city) and Frankfurt-Preungesheimer Dreieck ( A 661 , AS 8, northern core city and other districts) in the south, as well as the Friedberg junction ( A 5 , AS 16) from the north.

Rail transport

Located on the Main-Weser-Bahn and Niddertalbahn routes , Bad Vilbel is connected to the Deutsche Bahn network with a train station and three stops . The S-Bahn line 6 goes to the stations Bad Vilbel , Bad Vilbel Süd and Dortelweil , regional trains of the Niddertalbahn ( RMV line 34) stop in Bad Vilbel and Bad Vilbel-Gronau .

During the day, Bad Vilbel is connected to Frankfurt city center by the S6 every 15 minutes, the travel time to Frankfurt Central Station is around 20 minutes. In addition there is the hourly RB connection by the Niddertalbahn (RMV line 34) to Frankfurt and the two hourly RB connection by the Mittelhessen Express (RMV lines 40 & 41). The travel time with the RB from Bad Vilbel to Frankfurt (Main) Wes t is 10 minutes. To Frankfurt Main Station in 17 minutes.

In May 2015, Deutsche Bahn and the Hessian Ministry of Transport announced that the expansion of the S6, which has been planned for many decades, should begin in mid-2017. With two of its own tracks from Frankfurt to Bad Vilbel, the Hessian state government's 10-point program is intended to help improve local traffic in the Rhine-Main conurbation.

Bus transport

Bus routes in Bad Vilbel

Bad Vilbel is connected to the surrounding cities by several bus routes: The Frankfurt line 30 connects Bad Vilbel train station, city center and Heilsberg with the north end of Frankfurt and the city center ( Konstablerwache ) and continues to the southern outskirts of the city, to Frankfurt , during rush hour -Sachsenhausen . The Frankfurt line 65 connects the Bad Vilbeler Bahnhof with Massenheim, Frankfurt am Main - Nieder-Erlenbach , Bad Homburg - Ober-Erlenbach and until December 2011 Karben- Petterweil. The Wetterau line FB-74 runs from Bad Vilbel via Gronau to Karben, while the regional bus line 551 runs from Bad Vilbel train station to Heilsberg and to Frankfurt-Bergen-Enkheim , -Fechenheim , Offenbach am Main and on to Neu-Isenburg-Gravenbruch . The night bus line n96 runs from (Frankfurt-Konstablerwache -) Bad Vilbel via Niederdorfelden and Schöneck to Bad Vilbel from 1 to 4 a.m. every hour on weekends. Between Bad Vilbel, Niederdorfelden and Schöneck there is an hourly service from Friday evening to Sunday morning from 7 a.m. to 4 a.m. the following day. In favor of an improved transport offer on the Niddertalbahn (RB 34) at the weekend and in the evenings, the line 5150 has been running since the beginning of May 2008 under the new name FB-45 as school transport only between Konradsdorf, Glauburg and Altenstadt .

In addition, there are five city bus routes (called "Vilbus", routes FB-60 to FB-64 ) that connect the districts and the residential areas of the core city with the city center. Designed as a “shopping bus”, the city bus only runs on weekdays (Mon - Sat) and not after 8 p.m.



Hassia company

Over twenty mineral and healing springs existed in the city area, today only the Hassia Mineralquellen company exists as an independent company.

Several other companies have their headquarters or main administration in Bad Vilbel, including Lahmeyer International , Radio FFH , the German headquarters of Brother Industries and the pharmaceutical company Stada .

The Dottenfelderhof farming community is important in organic farming .


Local parts for Bad Vilbel appear in the daily newspapers Frankfurter Rundschau , Frankfurter Neue Presse , Wetterauer Zeitung and in the Rhein-Main-Zeitung, the local section of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung .

The Bad Vilbeler Anzeiger (public announcement organ) has the highest circulation (around 34,500) in Bad Vilbel , which is distributed as a free advertising and weekly newspaper in the city as a direct mail. It is based on a takeover of FNP local news and editorially own as well as municipal contributions ("Der direkt Draht"). The first edition of the Bad Vilbeler Anzeiger appeared on August 1, 1852 as a regular newspaper.

The radio house of Radio / Tele FFH GmbH & Co. Betriebs-KG, which produces the private radio programs Hit Radio FFH , planet radio and , is located in Bad Vilbel .

The central association for body and vehicle construction technology is also located in Bad Vilbel.

There are also the headquarters of the Association of Hessian Newspaper Publishers e. V. and RTL Programmfenster Hessen GmbH in Bad Vilbel.



  • Fountain School - School for learning assistance and educational assistance, special educational advice and support center
  • Ernst Reuter School - Primary School (Heilsberg)
  • Georg Büchner High School
  • John F. Kennedy School - secondary and secondary school with special needs
  • Rainbow School - Primary School (Dortelweil)
  • Saalburg School - Primary School
  • City school - elementary school
  • European School RheinMain (Dortelweil)

Other educational institutions

  • Vocational Promotion Agency Frankfurt am Main - facility for vocational rehabilitation
  • The Technische Hochschule Mittelhessen operates a branch in Bad Vilbel as part of the dual university course Studium Plus .
  • Bad Vilbel Music School V. - Music school with over 2500 students and 84 employees (state-certified teachers and administration) for children, young people and adults.
  • Freizeitzentrum Bad Vilbel - The Freizeitzentrum (EFZET) is a municipal facility for children, youth and adult education in the city of Bad Vilbel. A wide range of cultural, sporting and creative offers.

People and personalities

Born in Bad Vilbel

Associated with Bad Vilbel

  • Friedrich Carl Michael Grosholz (1810–1888), co-founder of the Bad Vilbel mineral fountain industry
  • Bernhard Rechthien (1876–1941), Mayor of Bad Vilbel between 1919 and 1928
  • Klaus Havenstein (1922–1998), 1990 to 1992 director of the Castle Festival
  • Herbert Heckmann (1930–1999), writer, essayist, editor; 1984–1996 President of the German Academy for Language and Poetry
  • Martin Stöhr (1932–2019), Protestant theologian, university professor, academy director and peace activist; lived in Bad Vilbel
  • Klaus Minkel (* 1948), lawyer, CDU politician (former First City Councilor of Bad Vilbel and former Wetterau member of the Bundestag); lives in Bad Vilbel
  • Amir "Kurono" Yarahi (* 1995), German Youtuber, voice actor; grew up in Bad Vilbel
  • Jürgen Sparwasser (* 1948) scored the winning goal of the GDR selection in the only game against the German national team during the 1974 World Cup. In 1988 he fled the GDR. After his escape from the GDR he was a. a. from 1988 to 1990 assistant coach at the Bundesliga club Eintracht Frankfurt.


  • Marcus Gräser : The unstoppable rapprochement (Vilbel and Frankfurt, periphery and big city in the 19th and 20th centuries). In: Die Wetterau (Ed .: Michael Keller, Herfried Münkler), Verlag Sparkasse Wetterau, ISBN 3-924103-06-2 .
  • Willi Giegerich: Bad Vilbel - landscape, history and culture . Kramer Verlag, Frankfurt 1986, ISBN 3-7829-0315-3 .
  • Berta Ritscher: History of the Vilbeler Jews . Bad Vilbel Association for History and Homeland Care, Bad Vilbel 1998, ISBN 3-00-002406-9 .
  • Utta Müller-Handl: Thoughts often run back - Hessian refugee women remember . Historical Commission Nassau (Volume 3, pages on Bad Vilbel 142–179), Wiesbaden 1993, ISBN 3-922244-91-2 .
  • Ernst Johannes Schrade: 25 years of Heilsberg settlement . Documentation self-published by the Heilsberg settlement community, Bad Vilbel 1973.
  • Bad Vilbeler Verein f. History and homeland maintenance (Ed.): Bad Vilbeler Heimatblätter / Heimatkundliche Mitteilungen (periodicals)
  • Rudolf Knappe: Medieval castles in Hessen. 800 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. 3. Edition. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-228-6 , pp. 343-344.
  • Hans Georg Ruppel (edit.): Historical place directory for the area of ​​the former Grand Duchy and People's State of Hesse with evidence of district and court affiliation from 1820 until the changes in the course of the municipal territorial reform = Darmstädter Archivschriften 2. 1976, p. 205.
  • Heinz Wionski: Cultural monuments in Hessen. Wetteraukreis II, Volume 2, Friedberg to Wöllstadt = monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Publisher: State Office for Monument Preservation Hessen , Braunschweig / Wiesbaden 1999, ISBN 3-528-06227-4 , pp. 222–260.


The asteroid (340980) Bad Vilbel , which was discovered in 2007 at the Bergen-Enkheim observatory, is named after the city of Bad Vilbel .

Web links

Commons : Bad Vilbel  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Bad Vilbel  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. D. Baatz In: D. Baatz, FR Herrmann (Ed.): The Romans in Hessen. P. 241 f., Fig. 140, 167 a. 168.
  3. Domicile for the Roman mosaic - a historical highlight as a replica made of 400,000 stones is to become a tourist attraction . In: Bad Vilbeler Anzeiger , March 1, 2007. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved on May 12, 2011. 
  4. Bad Vilbel: Lively work of art made of small mosaic stones . In: Frankfurter Allgemeine , May 25, 2007. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved on May 12, 2011. 
  5. The Roman mosaic . Retrieved May 12, 2011.
  6. ^ Uta Löwenstein: County Hanau . In: Knights, Counts and Prince - Secular Dominions in the Hessian Area approx. 900–1806 = Handbook of Hessian History 3 = Publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse 63. Marburg 2014. ISBN 978-3-942225-17-5 , p. 196 -230 (207).
  7. ^ Friedrich Philipp Usener: Contributions to the history of knight castles and mountain castles in the area around Frankfurt am Main , Frankfurt, 1852, p. 104; (Digital scan)
  8. Arthur B. Schmidt: The historical foundations of civil law in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . Curt von Münchow, Giessen 1893, p. 106, as well as the enclosed map.
  9. Granting of the right to use the name "Stadt Bad Vilbel" on June 11, 1948 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1948 no. 26 , p. 261 , point 294 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.7 MB ]).
  10. ^ Municipal reform in Hesse: mergers and integrations of municipalities from June 21, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 28 , p. 1117 , item 988; Paragraph 19. ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 5.0 MB ]).
  11. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 360 f .
  12. Number after: Thomas Klein: Outline of German Administrative History 1815-1845 . Row A: Prussia. Volume 11: Hessen-Nassau including predecessor states. Marburg 1979, p. 109.
  13. December 31st; Source since 1998: Hessian State Statistical Office , otherwise: Bad Vilbel, Wetteraukreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of July 24, 2015). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  14. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  15. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  16. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  17. ^ Well and Bath Museum Bad Vilbel - Rhein-Main-Wiki - The online lexicon for Rhein-Main . December 1, 2001. Archived from the original on January 26, 2010. Retrieved on May 12, 2011.
  18. Heimatmuseum - Kultur Bad Vilbel . Retrieved May 12, 2011.
  19. Quellen- und Festspielstadt participates in city cycling 2018 - in September 2018 it is time to collect kilometers . City of Bad Vilbel, December 18, 2017, accessed December 7, 2018 .
  20. ^ "European School RheinMain"., accessed on October 8, 2011 .