Darmstadt administrative district
|coat of arms||map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Darmstadt|
|Residents:||4,019,961 (December 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||540 inhabitants per km²|
|District President :||Brigitte Lindscheid ( Alliance 90 / The Greens Hesse )|
|Location of the administrative district of Darmstadt in Hesse|
The Darmstadt administrative region is an administrative unit in the state of Hesse . The administrative district is located in the south of the country and forms the planning region of South Hesse . With almost four million inhabitants, more than half of the Hessian population lives here. In addition, the majority of the Hessian gross domestic product is generated here.
The Darmstadt administrative region is legally dependent without its own legal personality . The authority of the administrative district, the Darmstadt Regional Council, is the authority of the general state administration of the State of Hesse in the intermediate level (Section 1, Paragraph 1 of the Middle Level Act) and is therefore a state funding authority . The administrative district is divided into ten administrative districts, four independent cities and three special status cities (cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants, to which tasks of the district have been assigned to the municipal authorities for their area):
- Mountain road
- Main-Kinzig district
- Rheingau-Taunus district
One district cities
Special status cities
The administrative district of Darmstadt was established in 1945 when the state of Greater Hesse was formed as one of three administrative districts (next to Kassel and Wiesbaden), namely from the parts of the people's state of Hesse on the right bank of the Rhine in the American occupation zone . It consisted of two spatially separated parts; in between was the city of Frankfurt am Main in the Wiesbaden district . The southern part, the former province of Starkenburg , comprised the independent cities of Darmstadt and Offenbach am Main as well as the districts of Bergstrasse , Darmstadt , Dieburg , Erbach , Groß-Gerau and Offenbach . The northern part, the former province of Upper Hesse, comprised the independent city of Gießen and the districts of Alsfeld , Büdingen , Friedberg , Gießen and Lauterbach .
On May 6, 1968, the Wiesbaden administrative district ceased to exist by law, and from then on the Darmstadt administrative district also included the independent cities and districts that had previously been subordinate to the dissolved administrative district. The regional council in Darmstadt was thus also for the independent cities of Frankfurt am Main , Hanau and Wiesbaden as well as for the districts of Biedenkopf , Dillkreis ( Dillenburg ), Gelnhausen , Hanau , Limburg , Main-Taunus-Kreis ( Frankfurt-Höchst ), Oberlahnkreis ( Weilburg ) , Obertaunuskreis ( Bad Homburg vor der Höhe ), Rheingaukreis ( Rüdesheim am Rhein ), Schlüchtern , Untertaunuskreis ( Bad Schwalbach ), Usingen and Wetzlar (six independent cities and 24 districts).
During the district reform , which was essentially carried out in Hesse between 1972 and 1977 (with another change in the area of Central Hesse in 1979, see Lahn , Gießen , Wetzlar ), the districts were merged into larger administrative units and the independent cities of Hanau and Gießen into the surrounding areas Counties integrated.
After the final completion of the district reform in 1979, the Darmstadt administrative district still included the independent cities of Darmstadt, Frankfurt am Main, Offenbach and Wiesbaden as well as the districts of Bergstrasse, Darmstadt-Dieburg, Gießen, Groß-Gerau, Hochtaunuskreis, Lahn-Dill-Kreis , Limburg-Weilburg , Odenwaldkreis, Offenbach, Main-Kinzig-Kreis, Main-Taunus-Kreis, Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis, Vogelsbergkreis and Wetteraukreis (four independent cities and 14 districts).
On January 1, 1981, the Gießen administrative district was established. So there were again three administrative districts in Hesse. The districts of Gießen, Lahn-Dill-Kreis, Limburg-Weilburg and Vogelsbergkreis as well as Marburg-Biedenkopf were assigned to the Gießen RP. Since then, the Darmstadt administrative district has still included the four independent cities and ten rural districts mentioned above.
The historical documents of the regional council are kept in the Hessian State Archives in Darmstadt (inventory H 1). Most of the holdings, which include files from a wide variety of topics, have already been developed and can be researched on the Internet.
In comparison with the GDP per capita in the EU, expressed in purchasing power standards, the region achieved an index of 163 (EU-28 = 100) (2015), making it one of the wealthiest regions in Germany and Europe.
The administrative authority of the administrative district is the regional council (RP) Darmstadt . It has its headquarters in the middle of the city on the north side of Luisenplatz in the square that the representative college building , rich in government and administrative tradition, forms together with the new chancellery building . Since the head office was by no means sufficient to accommodate the authorities, a number of properties were rented in Darmstadt, including the twelve-story OfficeTower at Rheinstrasse 40, known at the time as the Menglerbau . The representative building at Rheinstrasse 62 was also occupied by several departments. In order to summarize locations, the service building of the former Central Post Office at Wilhelminenstrasse 3 , which was adjacent to the college building, was taken over as Wilhelminenhaus . This has been renovated since November 2018 - the employees there have temporarily moved to an office building at Hilpertstrasse 31. In addition, the regional council also has locations in other cities in southern Hesse, namely in Frankfurt and Wiesbaden (each with their own department for occupational safety and the environment) as well as in Hasselroth (Hessian funding institution for young immigrants), Eltville (Hessian winegrowing office) and Biebesheim (Hessian dike maintenance department).
The tasks of the RP Darmstadt are very diverse and range from regulatory law to municipal and savings bank supervision to occupational safety and environmental protection. The responsibility extends partially to the whole of Hesse, for example in the pharmaceutical sector. In addition, the Hessian ordnance clearance service is located at the RP in Darmstadt, which is responsible for defusing World War II ammunition throughout the state . The regional council also acts as the office of the regional assembly of South Hesse , which among other things decides on the regional plan . Members of the regional assembly are 99 elected representatives of the local authorities (17 delegation bodies plus the FrankfurtRheinMain regional association ).
District President since 1945
- Ludwig Bergstraesser ( SPD ), 1945–1948
- Albert Wagner (SPD), 1948–1950
- Wilhelm Arnoul (SPD), 1950–1961
- Günter Wetzel (SPD), 1962–1967
- Hartmut Wierscher (SPD), 1968–1987
- Walter Link ( CDU ), 1988–1991
- Horst Daum (SPD), 1991–1996
- Bernd Kummer (SPD), 1996–1999
- Gerold Dieke ( FDP ), 1999–2009
- Johannes Baron (FDP), 2009–2014
- Brigitte Lindscheid ( Greens ), since 2014
- Website of the Darmstadt Regional Council
- State planning portal Hessen: Regional plan South Hesse / regional land use plan
- Website of the regional assembly South Hesse
- Literature from and about Darmstadt administrative region in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about Darmstadt administrative district in the Hessian Bibliography
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- [Hess.] Law on the middle level of administration and the State Welfare Association of Hesse dated May 7, 1953 (GVBl. P. 93).
- Law on the boundaries of the administrative districts and the seat of the government presidents of April 29, 1968 . In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1968 No. 10 , p. 119 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 213 kB ]).
- Overview of the holdings "Regional President Darmstadt (H 1)" In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), as of January 7, 2015.
- More than twice the EU average in four regions ... Eurostat, accessed on 22 August 2018 .
- Stadtwiki TU Darmstadt: Darmstadt Regional Council ( Memento from January 6, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )
- Darmstadt administrative region. Baron replaces Dieke ( memento from April 14, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) . In: Frankfurter Rundschau, June 30, 2009, accessed on July 1, 2009
- First woman at the head of the Darmstadt Regional Council ( Memento from November 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) . Press release of the RP Darmstadt, February 28, 2014