Rheingau-Taunus district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Map of Germany, position of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 9 ′  N , 8 ° 4 ′  E

Basic data
Existing period: 1977–
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
Administrative headquarters : Bad Schwalbach
Area : 811.48 km 2
Residents: 187,160 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 231 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : RÜD, SWA
Circle key : 06 4 39
Circle structure: 17 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Heimbacher Strasse 7
65307 Bad Schwalbach
Website : www.rheingau-taunus.de
District Administrator : Frank Kilian ( independent )
Location of the Rheingau-Taunus district in Hesse
Kassel Landkreis Kassel Werra-Meißner-Kreis Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Landkreis Waldeck-Frankenberg Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Landkreis Fulda Vogelsbergkreis Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Lahn-Dill-Kreis Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Landkreis Gießen Main-Kinzig-Kreis Wetteraukreis Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Hochtaunuskreis Wiesbaden Main-Taunus-Kreis Kreis Groß-Gerau Frankfurt am Main Offenbach am Main Landkreis Offenbach Darmstadt Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg Kreis Bergstraße Kreis Bergstraße Odenwaldkreis Baden-Württemberg Rheinland-Pfalz Bayern Nordrhein-Westfalen Niedersachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture
In the Rheingau-Taunus district near Rüdesheim there is one of Germany's most important memorial buildings, the Niederwald Monument (photo from 2014 after the renovation).

The Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis is a regional authority in the Darmstadt administrative district in Hesse . The district town is Bad Schwalbach , the two administrative branches are in Rüdesheim am Rhein and Idstein .

The district was created in 1977 from a merger of the Rheingaukreis and Untertaunuskreis . A special feature is that the district town of Bad Schwalbach is only the seventh largest municipality in the district in terms of residents. The most populous city in the Rheingau-Taunus district is Taunusstein .



The district surrounds the western half of the Taunushauptkamm , with the former district of Untertaunus extending north of Wiesbaden in the western Hintertaunus . On the eastern edge of the district, already near the Großer Feldberg , lies the 629.3  m above sea level. NHN high Windhain as the highest point. Southwest of the Untertaunus and beyond the deeply cut Walluftal , the Rheingau is grouped to the north and south around the Rheingau mountains with settlement focus and vineyards near the banks of the Rhine and in the Taunus foreland. To the north of it, in the Rheingau Mountains and the Wispertaunus, there are extensive forest areas, which are among the largest in Hesse. The Rhine forms the southern and southwestern district and state borders. The westernmost part of the district is part of the Upper Middle Rhine Valley Cultural Landscape World Heritage .

Land use

The district area covers a total of 81,148 hectares.

Land use in the Rheingau-Taunus district
Area type Area
in hectares
in percent
Building and open space 4,442 5.5
Operating area 183 0.2
Recreation area 774 1.0
traffic area 5,229 6.4
Agricultural area 23,545 29.0
Forest area 45.221 55.7
Water surface 1,454 1.8
Area of ​​other use 309 0.4

As a type of use, the forest area reaches 55.7 percent, a proportion that is well above average in Hessen. The size of the water surface is remarkable and, at almost 15 square kilometers, exceeds the area of ​​the Edersee by almost 30 percent. This wealth of water is due to the portion of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis on the Inselrhein , which reaches a width of 1000 meters in places at the height of the Rheingau. The district boundary lies in the middle of the historical main fairway.

Neighboring areas

Neighboring areas are the districts of Limburg-Weilburg , Hochtaunuskreis and Main-Taunus-Kreis and the independent city of Wiesbaden (all in Hesse), starting clockwise in the north . In the south and southwest, the Rhine forms the natural border with the state of Rhineland-Palatinate . There is the Mainz-Bingen district to the left of the Rhine . In the northwest it borders on the Rhein-Lahn district in Rhineland-Palatinate .


The formerly Franconian Rheingau belonged to the ore monastery of Mainz from 983 to 1803 and then came to the Duchy of Nassau . The Untertaunus belonged west of the Aar to the Niedergrafschaft Katzenelnbogen and the rest of the principality of Nassau. After the former Pays Réservé area was swapped with Kurhessen in 1816, the entire current district was part of the Duchy of Nassau. As a result of the German War of 1866, Nassau was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia . The province of Hessen-Nassau was created . In 1867 the province was divided into districts and the Rheingaukreis with a district seat in Rüdesheim am Rhein and the Untertaunuskreis with a district seat in Langenschwalbach, today Bad Schwalbach, were created. They continued to exist when the area became part of the State of Hesse after World War II .

As part of the regional reform in Hesse , both districts were united on January 1, 1977 to form the Rheingau-Taunus district. The former community of Niedernhausen with the district of Königshofen came from the Main-Taunus district and was merged with communities in the Untertaunus district to form a community called Niedernhausen . The district town was the centrally located Bad Schwalbach.

Population development

year Residents source
1977 156,900
1980 162,400
1990 171,600
2000 184,576
2010 183.354
2014 182,691

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 32.1% of the population were Protestant , 32.5% Roman Catholic and 35.3% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then.


District council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Diagram showing the election results and the distribution of seats
Local election in the Rheingau-Taunus district in 2016
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
Allocation of seats in the district assembly of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis 2016
15th 7th 4th 4th 21st 7th 
A total of 61 seats
Nominations %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 35.3 21st 35.8 22nd 39.8 24 39.1 28
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 24.1 15th 30.8 19th 33.6 20th 37.2 26th
AfD Alternative for Germany 13.4 8th - - - - - -
Green Alliance 90 / The Greens 11.2 7th 18.9 12 10.3 6th 10.0 7th
FDP Free Democratic Party 6.8 4th 5.0 3 6.1 4th 6.5 5
FWG Free voting community Rheingau-Taunus 6.0 4th 7.2 4th 7.5 5 4.5 3
left The left 3.2 2 2.3 1 - - - -
REP The Republicans - - - - 2.7 2 2.7 2
total 100.0 61 100.0 61 100.0 61 100.0 71
Turnout in percent 53.0 51.4 50.0 55.6

The chairman of the AfD parliamentary group Christoph Klein resigned from the parliamentary group on May 9, 2016 and has been a non-attached member of the district council since then.

District administrators

Frank Kilian (independent) has been directly elected District Administrator of the Rheingau-Taunus District since July 5, 2017 .

Its predecessors were:

Sovereignty symbols

The Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis has a coat of arms, a hoisted flag and a banner flag .

Coat of arms of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis
Blazon : " Slanted left : above in a blue field sprinkled with golden shingles a growing, red armored and tongued golden lion, below in silver a red six-spoke wheel."
Justification of the coat of arms: The lion stands for the former Duchy of Nassau and comes from the coat of arms of the former Untertaunuskreis. The color reversed Mainz wheel of the diocese of Mainz was taken from the old coat of arms of the Rheingau district. The coat of arms thus unites the two domains.

The coat of arms was awarded on January 22, 1981.

The district council of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis decided to adopt the flag described below, which the Hessian Minister of the Interior approved on August 25, 1981.

Flag description:

"The flag of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis shows the colors blue and yellow, with the coat of arms of the district in the upper half."


The Rheingaukreis and the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis have been sponsoring the Wilmersdorf district since 1972 and Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in Berlin since 2001 , which became a partnership in 1991. Since 1984, this has also included the vineyard in the Wilmersdorf stadium with vines from the Rheingau. 100 white Riesling and Ehrenfelser vines each are pressed by the winemakers from the Rheingau. These become the Wilmersdorfer Rheingauperle, which is served on special occasions. The first harvest was in autumn 1986. Those who travel to Berlin between mid-May and mid-September can experience the Rheingau winemakers on Rüdesheimer Platz , the center of the Rheingau district in Berlin-Wilmersdorf, with their wine fountain.

Economy and Infrastructure


Typical Taunus landscape near Hettenhain with a view over the Aartal

The international fame of the region is based on the quality viticulture in the Rheingau in connection with the Rhine romance . Top Rheingau wines, especially the Riesling white wine, enjoy a worldwide reputation. Next to it is Assmannshausen for its Pinot Noir known -Rotwein. The combination of wine culture and Rhine romance is an essential motor for tourism, which attracts both day-trippers from the Rhine-Main area and holidaymakers. This makes it an important industry in the region, with a focus on Rüdesheim, Assmannshausen and the Niederwald monument . For the majority of the district, which does not belong to the Rheingau wine-growing region, the Rhine-Taunus Nature Park was created with the aim of enabling people to relax in a natural way.

The Untertaunus , on the other hand, is characterized by general agriculture and small and medium-sized businesses . Many residents from both districts commute to Wiesbaden and Frankfurt am Main .

There are three universities in the district; The Geisenheim University of Applied Sciences is located in Geisenheim , the Fresenius University of Applied Sciences in Idstein and the EBS University of Economics and Law in the Oestrich-Winkel district of Oestrich .


Rhine level on federal road 42 at river kilometer 513. The indicator on the level stick extends to 6.00 meters. At 5.46 meters the lane is flooded here, at 6.08 meters the guardrail is under water. In 1988 a level of 5.80 meters was reached here.
The Rhine near Erbach in the Rheingau with the largest Rhine island Mariannenaue
At 629.3 meters, the Windhain is the highest point in the Rheingau-Taunus district. The mountain is located on the eastern edge of the district above the place Wüstems and is part of the Feldberg-Langhals-Pferdskopf-Scholle .

The only federal motorway that runs through the district is the A 3 in the east . It crosses it in the Cologne – Frankfurt am Main section from north to south with the Idstein and Wiesbaden / Niedernhausen junctions.

The A 66 goes to the junction Wiesbaden woman stone in the national road 42 on which to Lauterbach (Rheingau) is expanded to four lanes. From then on, except in the Rüdesheim through-town, it runs as a bypass road along the Rhine in the direction of Koblenz . It is located on a raised road in the floodplain , but is still threatened by flooding during flooding. The first flooded point is a short stretch with a lowered carriageway between Oestrich and Mittelheim . Other federal highways in the district are the B 8 , B 54 , B 260 , B 275 and B 417 .

Since 2002, the Cologne – Frankfurt high-speed line has been running along the A3 without stopping through the district. The closest ICE stops are Wiesbaden Hbf , Mainz Hbf , Frankfurt (Main) Hbf , Limburg Süd and Koblenz Hbf . The district area is opened up by two railway lines, on the one hand by the right Rhine route , which connects the Rheingau with Wiesbaden and Koblenz, and on the other hand the Main-Lahn-Bahn between Frankfurt or Wiesbaden and Limburg with four stops in the district. The Aartalbahn , which connected the district town of Bad Schwalbach with Wiesbaden, has been shut down since 1983 with the exception of a temporary museum railway operation by the Nassau Tourist Railway .

In the south and west, the Rheingau-Taunus district has a share of the Rhine as an international waterway. The circle boundary is in principle in the middle of the fairway and thus includes some islands. The largest of these islands is the Mariannenaue near Erbach and Hattenheim . The only Rhine bridge in the district, the Hindenburg Bridge , was destroyed in World War II and not rebuilt. There are car ferries across the Rhine from Oestrich-Winkel to Ingelheim , from Rüdesheim to Bingen and from Lorch to Niederheimbach . At Rüdesheim there is a protective harbor with a water police station . Landing points for liner shipping of the Cologne-Düsseldorfer are in Eltville, Rüdesheim, Assmannshausen and Lorch. In addition, several companies based here offer scheduled excursions. In Rüdesheim there are also several berths for cabin ships that moor here on river cruises .

The Rheingau-Taunus-Verkehrsgesellschaft (RTV) is the local public transport company in the Rheingau-Taunus district. She is a partner in the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund .

Health facilities

There are several hospital locations in the Rheingau-Taunus district. The former district hospitals Idstein and Bad Schwalbach were privatized in 2001 and the location in Bad Schwalbach - despite protests - was closed by Helios in May 2018. Since then, Helios has been operating the Idstein Hospital, which was built at the new location in 2008. The St. Josefs Hospital Rheingau is located in Rüdesheim am Rhein . The Eichberg Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy and the Rheinhöhe Clinic for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry are located near Eltville , and the St. Valentinus Hospital is located in Kiedrich. The Kalmenhof disabled and youth welfare facility is located in Idstein .

The rescue service in the district is carried out on behalf of the district by the Malteser Hilfsdienst , the German Red Cross and the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund and coordinated by the central fire and rescue control center in Bad Schwalbach.

The rescue guards in

The locations of the emergency medical vehicles are

  • Bad Schwalbach (DRK)
  • Eltville (MHD)
  • Niedernhausen (ASB)
  • Oestrich-Winkel (MHD)
  • Taunusstein-Wehen (ASB)


Some Rheingau-Taunus libraries (Bad Schwalbach city library, Eltville am Rhein media library, Geisenheim city library, Kiedrich community library and Walluf community library) were the first public libraries in Hesse to create a network in which an interlibrary loan system is integrated between the participating libraries. A common online union catalog was also created. The library portal of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis is known as Biporta .


Lorch (Rheingau) Rüdesheim am Rhein Geisenheim Oestrich-Winkel Kiedrich Eltville am Rhein Walluf Schlangenbad Bad Schwalbach Heidenrod Aarbergen Hohenstein (Untertaunus) Taunusstein Hünstetten Idstein Niedernhausen Waldems Rheinland-Pfalz Wiesbaden Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Main-Taunus-Kreis Hochtaunuskreis Kreis Groß-GerauMunicipalities in RÜD.svg
About this picture

The Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis comprises 17 communities, 8 of which are cities. The district town is Bad Schwalbach, the most populous city is Taunusstein. Two cities, Eltville and Rüdesheim, have the official addition "on the Rhine". In addition, the cities of Geisenheim and Idstein were awarded the title “University Town” by the Hessian Minister of the Interior .

city Residents
Taunusstein 30,050
Idstein , university town 24,997
Eltville on the Rhine 16,971
Geisenheim , university town 11,634
Oestrich-Winkel 11,849
Bad Schwalbach , district town 11,191
Rudesheim am Rhein 9,949
Lorch 3,798
Other communities
local community Residents
Niedernhausen 14,756
Hünstetten 10,479
Heidenrod 7,852
Snake bath 6,461
Hohenstein 6.164
Aarbergen 6,260
Walluf 5,522
Waldems 5,140
Kiedrich 4,087

License Plate

On January 15, 1980, the entire district was assigned the distinctive sign RÜD , which had been derived since 1956 for the Rheingau district from its district town Rüdesheim am Rhein . Previously, the abbreviation SWA (for Bad Schwalbach ) of the former Untertaunus district was still used in the Untertaunus. Since 15 August 2013, is in the course mark liberalization next RÜD also SWA available again.

Web links

Commons : Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis: Land use RTK 2012. (PDF file 22 kB)
  3. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 385 .
  4. Law on the reorganization of the Rheingau district and the Untertaunus district (GVBl. II 330-30) of June 26, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 22 , p. 312 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1.5 MB ]).
  5. Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1978
  6. ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  7. Hessian State Statistical Office
  8. Population in the administrative districts on September 30, 2010 and population processes in the 3rd quarter of 2010. Hessian State Statistical Office, archived from the original on May 10, 2011 ; accessed on May 31, 2019 .
  9. Population in the administrative districts on June 30, 2015 and change in population in the 2nd quarter of 2015. Hessian State Statistical Office, archived from the original on March 24, 2016 ; accessed on May 31, 2019 .
  10. ^ Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Religion , 2011 census
  11. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2016 and 2011
  12. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2011 and 2006
  13. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2006 and 2001
  14. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2001 and 1997
  15. Wiesbadener Tagblatt : AfD parliamentary group leader Christoph Klein declares his exit from the parliamentary group , accessed on May 13, 2016
  16. ^ Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis: Frank Kilian takes up his post as district administrator. Retrieved July 14, 2017 .
  17. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: direct elections in the Rheingau-Taunus district
  18. Approval of a coat of arms of the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis dated August 25, 1981 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1981 No. 36 , p. 1742 , point 1013 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.5 MB ]).
  19. ^ Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis: Hospital addresses in the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis. ( Memento from May 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  20. Biporta: Info: What is "biporta.de"?
  21. Geisenheim receives the title "University City" | Information portal Hessen. Retrieved June 20, 2020 .
  22. Idstein is now a university town. Retrieved June 20, 2020 .
  23. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  24. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).