4th district of Berlin
|Residents||343,592 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||5309 inhabitants / km²|
|Proportion of foreigners||29.2% (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Unemployment rate||7.3% (Nov. 30, 2019)|
|Post Code||10585, 10587, 10589, 10623, 10625, 10627, 10629, 10707, 10709, 10711, 10713, 10715, 10717, 10719, 10777, 13627, 14050, 14052, 14053, 14055, 14057, 14059, 14193, 14197, 14199|
City Hall Charlottenburg
|Average age||45.5 years (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Structure of the district|
|District Mayor||Reinhard Naumann ( SPD )|
|Deputy District Mayor||Arne Herz ( CDU )|
|Allocation of seats ( district assembly )|
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is the fourth administrative district of Berlin and had 343,592 inhabitants on December 31, 2019. It was created in 2001 with the Berlin administrative reform through the merger of the former districts of Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf .
Today the district is considered to be a more middle-class place of residence and has an advantageous social structure . Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is one of the top-selling business and trade centers in Berlin .
The technical university located in the district is part of the federal government's excellence strategy and is one of the largest of its kind in Germany. The European Film Academy is located on Kurfürstendamm and organizes the annual presentation of the European Film Prize .
Charlottenburg emerged from the community Lietzenburg (originally Lietzow ), on whose territory in honor of Queen Sophie Charlotte , the Charlottenburg Palace built in 1705 and the city Charlottenburg was founded. Until it was incorporated into Greater Berlin in 1920, Charlottenburg developed into the richest city in Prussia .
The former district of Wilmersdorf and today's district was founded after 1220. In the middle of the 18th century, the first citizens of Berlin bought land and farmhouses in what was then Deutsch-Wilmersdorf and set up summer residences in the Wilhelmsaue . On April 1, 1907, Wilmersdorf left the Teltow district and became an independent urban district. From 1912 the city was called Berlin-Wilmersdorf. On October 1, 1920, the city was incorporated into Greater Berlin.
The area around Kurfürstendamm, as City West, has one of the two central functions for the whole of Berlin in addition to the historical center . Notable institutions in the district include the Technical University , the University of the Arts , the Deutsche Oper , the Olympic Stadium and the exhibition grounds under the radio tower with the CityCube , which replaces the nearby International Congress Center ICC .
The district is populated very differently. In addition to the densely populated districts of Wilmersdorf (7th place in Berlin), Charlottenburg and Halensee (11th and 12th place) is Grunewald, one of the most sparsely populated districts in Berlin. In the district of Grunewald, three percent of the population of the district live on more than a third of the total area of the district, but around 85 percent of the area of the district is accounted for by the uninhabited Grunewald forest and water bodies . Two thirds of the district's population live in Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf. Halensee is the second smallest district in Berlin after the Hansaviertel , while the Grunewald district is one of the largest.
The district is divided into seven districts :
December 31, 2019
per square kilometer
|0405 West End
The district of Charlottenburg includes, among other things, the historic old town of Charlottenburg with the castle of the same name and the former zoo district , better known today as City West or, between the World Wars, also known as the New West . To this day, the area around Bahnhof Zoo with the boulevard Kurfürstendamm has played a central role for large parts of western Berlin.
During the Second World War , the eastern part of the village was severely destroyed, which is still reminiscent of the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church , which has been partially preserved as a ruin . The north and west of Charlottenburg suffered significantly less destruction, so that in certain areas, such as the old town or the Danckelmannkiez , an almost homogeneous pre-war townscape was preserved.
North of Charlottenburg lies the district of Charlottenburg-Nord , which was redefined in 2004 and , with its large housing estates, contrasts with the historical and, in some cases, very spacious buildings in the south. The industrial atmosphere of the north of Berlin can already be felt here. As a settlement area, the area only emerged after the Second World War as a reaction to the omnipresent housing shortage, on part of the historic Volkspark Jungfernheide , which extends over a large part of the local area to this day.
Originally planned as a pure villa colony for the growing city of Charlottenburg from the 1860s, today some areas in Westend also have the typical (West) Berlin ambience with a mixture of apartment buildings and commercial premises. On the occasion of the 1936 Summer Olympics , the Nazi regime had large-scale sports facilities built here, which are still used today for major events. A special feature is the Corbusierhaus , a high-rise building that was built by the architect Le Corbusier in 1957 as part of the Interbau 1957 international building exhibition .
The current district of Wilmersdorf essentially consists of the former center of the former district of Wilmersdorf around the so-called Carstenn figure , a historical street structure with the Bundesallee (until 1950: Kaiserallee ) in the center and the four corner points Fasanenplatz , Nürnberger Platz , Prager Platz and Nikolsburger Platz . The area east of the Bundesallee was badly damaged in the Second World War, so that the historical urban structure is hardly recognizable there. The car-friendly urban planning of the 1960s and 1970s also made a major contribution in this part of the location to destroying the cohesive urban planning image of the Wilmersdorfer Carstenn figure. To the west of Bundesallee, on the other hand, ensembles such as the Fasanenplatz and Nikolsburger Platz ornamental squares are well preserved.
The actual nucleus of the local situation, the north of People's Park Wilmersdorf located Wilhelmsaue with the neo-Gothic Auenkirche and Schoelerpark-castle , the oldest building of Wilmersdorf. The Volkspark was created in 1915 on the site of the former Wilmersdorfer See , which was drained from 1915.
Adjacent to the south and also belonging to the Wilmersdorf district is the Rheingauviertel and the artists' colony . The Rheingauviertel was completed shortly before the First World War as a country house colony in the English style for upscale living and is largely preserved in this form. The artist colony from the 1920s, which was established by the interest group for artists and writers for Berlin's cultural workers, has largely remained unchanged.
Named after the Halensee in the neighboring Grunewald , the area of today's Halensee district was planned as a villa and apartment block for upscale living. In the 1920s, many Russian emigrants who had to leave their homeland as a result of the October Revolution settled here . The destruction in the Second World War also affected parts of Halensee and the subsequent reconstruction permanently changed the character of the district. In the bomb gaps, social housing was initially built and later numerous high-rise office buildings and the city motorway . This route limits Halensee to the districts of Grunewald and Schmargendorf . The Kurfürstendamm divides the small district in two halves.
Between AVUS and the Grunewald lies Schmargendorf , which has retained its small-town character with its own historic district center to this day. The registry office in the historic town hall of Schmargendorf is particularly popular with wedding couples .
Lilly Wust , better known as Aimée from the film and factual novel Aimée & Jaguar , which tells of her love for the Jewish journalist Felice Schragenheim , lived at Friedrichshaller Straße 23 . Much of the plot of the film and book takes place in this apartment.
The district of Grunewald is named after the forest of the same name, which takes up a large part of its area. Since its creation in the 1880s, it has been one of the wealthiest areas in Berlin. Grunewald is characterized by stately mansion developments, such as the Palais Mendelssohn , which was restored in the 1960s with contemporary construction elements and has since been used by the Johannische Kirche as St. Michael's home . Then as now, there are many embassies and numerous ambassador residences in the Grunewald district. The Grunewald train station has a dark history . From there, from 1941, the Berlin Jews were deported , primarily to concentration and extermination camps in Eastern Europe . The Gleis 17 memorial has been a reminder of these crimes since 1988 .
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is considered a more middle-class district. As of December 31, 2019, the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district had 343,592 inhabitants on an area of 64.7 square kilometers. Thus, on the reporting date, the population density was 5,309 inhabitants per square kilometer.
On December 31, 2016, the proportion of foreigners was 24.4%, while the overall proportion of the population with a migration background was 40.4%. The unemployment rate was 7.3% in November 2019 and reached an all-time low since 1990. On December 31, 2016, the average age of the population was 45.5 years.
|Population by origin (2017)|
|Germans without a migration background||59.6% (201,815)|
|Germans with a migration background||16.0% (54,286)|
|Migration background from EU countries (including Poland, Italy, France)||14.2% (48,007)|
|Migration background from Islamic countries (including Turkey , Iran , Syria )||10.3% (34,949)|
|Migration background from the former Soviet Union (including Russia, Ukraine)||5.2% (17,557)|
|Migration background from former Yugoslavia (Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia)||2.6%(8,930)|
|American immigrant background||1.3%(4,480)|
- Berlin Stock Exchange
- IHK Berlin , Berlin Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg with its Berlin headquarters on Theodor-Heuss-Platz
- German Federal Pension Insurance , headquarters on Fehrbelliner Platz
- Joint Federal Committee , National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians and Federal Medical Association in the Spreestadt Charlottenburg
- Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
- Kurfürstendamm , one of the most famous shopping streets in Germany and an important business center in the district
- Wilmersdorfer Strasse , shopping street and first pedestrian zone in Berlin
In comparison with the other Berlin districts, with around 28,000 companies, the second most companies are based in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.
- Alba Group , Waste Management and Recycling, Headquarters
- Deutsche Wohnen , Immobilienwirtschaft, registered office, M-DAX listed
- Time freight , transport and logistics, headquarters
- Cornelsen Verlag , Schulbuchverlag, registered office
- IAV , automotive engineering company, head office
- Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Berlin , seat
- Strato , subsidiary of United Internet
- Investitionsbank Berlin , development bank of the State of Berlin
Trade fair location
The Berlin exhibition center is located in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district and is operated by Messe Berlin . The area is one of the largest of its kind in Europe. Numerous leading trade fairs take place here every year, such as For example, the International Green Week, the International Radio Exhibition, the International Tourism Exchange Berlin, InnoTrans, Fruit Logistica or Venus Berlin.
In 2012, of the 30,862 craft businesses based in Berlin, a total of 2,761 were registered in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.
The motorways A 100 , A 111 and A 115 as well as the federal highways B 2 and B 5 run through the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district. In this context, the following two historic garages are noteworthy for private transport:
- Kant garages in Charlottenburg, the oldest preserved multi-storey car park in Europe,
- Holtzendorff garage in Halensee.
- Mayor of the City of Charlottenburg 1705 to 1920: → see here
- Mayor of the Charlottenburg district 1921 to 2000: → see here
- Community leader and mayor of the Wilmersdorf district 1875 to 2000: → see here
|since 2011||Reinhard Naumann||SPD|
The Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district is represented on the state level in the council of mayors .
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district was awarded on September 4, 2001 by the Berlin Senate .
Description of the coat of arms: Under the silver-blue split shield head, inside three lilies in confused colors, in gold a pinned blue castle gate with open black portcullis, the side towers with domed roofs, the central building with a hipped roof, which is covered with two averted flags, the right one black -silver, the left split silver-red. The side towers are each covered with a shield: on the right, in silver, a golden crowned and armored black eagle with golden shamrock stems on the wings and on the chest covered with the golden monogram FR , overlaid by a golden royal crown; on the left a silver jumping horse. A red three-tower wall crown rests on the shield , the central tower of which is covered with the Berlin coat of arms .
Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms was created from the previous coats of arms of the districts of Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf . The lower field of the divided shield shows a floating blue tinned castle gate with a raised black portcullis in the passage of the central building. This element of Charlottenburg has some historical details - the front tower symbolizes the Kingdom of Prussia with the shield with the Prussian eagle and the black and white flag, while the rear tower stands for the House of Hanover , with the jumping horse and the white and red flag. The element of Charlottenburg Palace was enriched by the three blue and silver-colored lilies, which were borrowed from the coat of arms of the Wilmersdorf district - these elements refer to the founders of Wilmersdorf from the von Wilmersdorf family, which died out in 1802. The crown of the wall is the connecting element of all Berlin districts .
The Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district of Berlin has the following partnerships :
International Apeldoorn ( Netherlands ), since January 5, 1968 with Wilmersdorf Budapest (fifth district, Hungary ), since June 9, 1998 with Charlottenburg Gagny ( France ), since 1992 with Wilmersdorf Gladsaxe ( Denmark ), since January 5, 1968 with Wilmersdorf Karmi 'el ( Israel ), since January 16, 1985 with Wilmersdorf Kiew ( Ukraine ), since February 21, 1991 with Wilmersdorf London Borough of Lewisham ( United Kingdom ), since March 19, 1968 with Charlottenburg Linz ( Austria ), since June 9 1998 with Charlottenburg Międzyrzecz (formerly Meseritz, Poland ), since June 11, 1993 with Wilmersdorf Or Jehuda ( Israel ), since 1966 with Charlottenburg Split ( Croatia ), since May 5, 1970 with Wilmersdorf London Borough of Sutton (United Kingdom), since April 18, 1968 with Wilmersdorf Trient ( Italy ), since May 11, 1966 with Charlottenburg
In the district are u. a .:
- Hildegard Wegscheider High School (grammar school)
- Walther Rathenau School (high school)
- Schiller-Gymnasium Berlin , state European school
- Sophie Charlotte High School
- Heinz Berggruen High School
- Gymnasium for the Gray Monastery
- Goethe high school
- Volkshochschule Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Universities and colleges
- Technical University
- University of the Arts
- bbw university
- ESCP Europe
- German open business school
- SRH University Berlin
- Touro College Berlin
- Berlin School Of Creative Leadership
- Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
- The International Meeting Center for Science (IBZ Berlin)
- Latin America Institute (LAI)
- Max Planck Institute for Human Development
- Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems
- Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications
- Philipp Pfaff Institute, advanced training facility of the Berlin Chamber of Dentists and the Brandenburg Chamber of Dentists in the house of the Dental Clinic South of the Charité
- Villa Oppenheim
- Former International Congress Center Berlin
- Schloss Charlottenburg
- Breitscheidplatz with the Gedächtniskirche , Europa-Center , Bikini-Haus and Weltkugelbrunnen ("Wasserklops") in Charlottenburg
- Grunewald Tower
- Palais Mendelssohn in Grunewald
- Memorial at the Schildhorn for Jaxa von Köpenick in Grunewald
- Memorial platform 17 at Grunewald train station
- Berlin radio tower in Westend
- Westend villa colony
- Plötzensee memorial in Charlottenburg-Nord
- Berlin artist colony in Wilmersdorf
Christianity, evangelical / reformed
Christianity, Roman Catholic
- Seat of the European Film Academy
- Renaissance theater
- Theater of the West
- Schiller Theater
- Schaubühne on Lehniner Platz
- German Opera Berlin
- Theater on Kurfürstendamm
- Comedy on Kurfürstendamm
- No reason
- House of the Berlin Festival
- The porcupines in the Europa Center
Clubs, bars and cafes
- Bröhan Museum , State Museum for Art Nouveau , Art Deco and Functionalism
- C / O Berlin , exhibition house for photography
- State Museums in Berlin :
- Berlin Olympic Stadium and the Olympic site
- Global Jumping Berlin , show jumping tournament in the summer garden of the exhibition center
- Grass Court Championship Berlin , tennis tournament in the Steffi Graf Stadium
- Readings on the occasion of the Berlin International Literature Festival in the Haus der Berliner Festspiele
- Classic Days Berlin, show parade with classic automobiles
- The Berlin Christopher Street Day starts every year on Kurfürstendamm
- The venue for the Berlin International Film Festival (Berlinale) is, among others, the Zoo Palast
- The Berliner Philharmoniker perform as the seasonal highlight in the Berlin Waldbühne
- "Thaiwiese" in the Preußenpark in Wilmersdorf
- Rheingauer Weinbrunnen, a wine festival over the entire summer months on the Rüdesheimer Platz , at which different wineries in the Rheingau alternate between offering their products
- Christmas markets throughout Advent around the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church , at Charlottenburg Palace and on Wilmersdorfer Straße . In addition, several Christmas markets run by institutions and foreign congregations on individual Advent weekends, such as the Danish Christian Church , the Anglican St. George's Church or the Johannische Kirche in front of the Palais Mendelssohn
- Rainer Maria Rilke (1875–1926) poet; lived 1898-1900 in the Villa Waldfrieden at Hundekehlestrasse 11 in Schmargendorf and wrote a. a. the cornet .
- Else Ury (1877–1943), children's author of the Nesthäkchen novels, lived in Charlottenburg from 1905–1933.
- Bertolt Brecht (1898–1956) lived together with Helene Weigel (1900–1971) at Spichernstrasse 16 in Wilmersdorf. Among other things, the text for the Threepenny Opera was written here .
- Erich Maria Remarque (1898–1970), writer, lived at Wittelsbacher Strasse 5 in Wilmersdorf until 1929 . Among other things, his novel In the West Nothing New was written there .
- Erich Kästner (1899–1974), publicist and writer, lived in Prager Strasse in Wilmersdorf from 1927–1931, where a. a. his youth novel Emil and the Detectives was created.
- Maria Countess von Maltzan (1909–1997), veterinarian, book author and resistance fighter, lived on Detmolder Strasse in Wilmersdorf during the Second World War, where she temporarily hid three Jewish friends from the Gestapo . She also supported Birger Forell , the pastor of the nearby Swedish Victoria congregation , in helping Jewish citizens to flee to Sweden .
- Angelika Schrobsdorff (1927–2016), writer, grew up in a villa in Grunewald until she and her mother had to leave Berlin because of her Jewish origins. After living in Jerusalem for many years , she returned to her hometown Berlin in 2006, where she lived not far from her parents' house in Schmargendorf .
- Désirée Nick , (1956-), entertainer
- Benjamin von Stuckrad-Barre (1975–), writer
- Picture book: Berlin Charlottenburg. Shown in: RBB , August 1, 2017, 9 p.m., length: 43 min.
- Berlin - corner of Bundesplatz . Documentary film series about selected residents in the area around Bundesplatz, 1987–2012
- Statistical report - residents in the state of Berlin on December 31, 2016 (PDF; 3.1 MB). Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg . Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- November: Unemployment in Berlin at an all time low . In: Berliner Zeitung , accessed on January 11, 2020.
- Numbering according to the district key
- Action-oriented social structure atlas Berlin 2013. (PDF; 17 MB) Health reporting Berlin - special report. Senate Department for Health and Social Affairs , p. 15 , accessed on July 28, 2015 .
- TU9 - Excellence in Engineering and the Natural Sciences - Made in Germany. TU9, accessed June 29, 2017.
- Residents in the State of Berlin on December 31, 2019, data from the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office , accessed on August 27, 2020 ( PDF file ) ( help on this ).
- Residents in the State of Berlin on December 31, 2017 (PDF; 2.3 MB). Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
- Berlin Economy in Figures - 2013 edition . Ed. by IHK Berlin , accessed on June 29, 2017.
- SpreePath - section in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district. September 8, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2017 .
- cycle route R1 (East) / State of Berlin. Retrieved May 19, 2017 .
- Council of Mayors - accessed on May 18, 2019
- The regional returning officer for Berlin
- emblem of Berlin - district coat of arms. , Berlin.de, accessed on January 21, 2020.
- Partnerships. District Office Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf of Berlin, accessed on January 3, 2015 .
- The West Lives , Die Welt, accessed January 24, 2020.
- Longines Global Champions Tour calls for the tournament in the summer garden of Berlin , Eurosport, accessed on January 22, 2020.
- Berlin gets an international women's tennis tournament again , rbb, accessed on January 22, 2020.