State museums in Berlin
The National Museums in Berlin - Prussian Cultural Heritage (from 1830: Royal Museums in Berlin , from 1919: National Museums in Berlin ) are a museum association in Berlin supported jointly by the Federal Government and all federal states via the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation (see also Museums in Berlin ). The collections from both parts of Berlin were merged on January 1, 1992 on the basis of the Unification Treaty after reunification . The total number of visitors to the State Museums was around 4.2 million in 2019. Of these, the Neues Museum had the most visitors with 828,000.
The history of the association goes back to the year 1830, when the Altes Museum was opened, but an actual association did not come into being until 1957. Already after the dissolution of the German Empire at the end of the First World War , the museums that were located close together in the center of Berlin were amalgamated to form the State Museums in Berlin. The city administration appointed a general director to whom these were subordinated. Privy Councilor Ludwig Justi still held this position during the Nazi era . After a brief personal review after the end of the Second World War , the Berlin magistrate approved his reappointment as general director.
The exhibition buildings on the Museum Island were also called the Berlin State Museums between 1949 and the reunification in 1990 . These included the National Gallery , the Pergamon Museum , the Old Museum , the Bodemuseum , the Otto-Nagel-Haus on the Märkischen Ufer (today the seat of the Photo Agency for Art, Culture and History (bpk)) and the Museum of Applied Arts in Köpenick Castle .
- General Directors
- East Berlin
- 1946–1957 Ludwig Justi
- 1958–1976 Gerhard Rudolf Meyer
- 1976–1983 Eberhard Bartke
- 1983–1991 Günter Schade
- West Berlin
- 1950–1957 Ernst Heinrich Zimmermann
- 1957–1964 Leopold Reidemeister
- 1965–1983 Stephan Waetzoldt
- 1983–1991 Wolf-Dieter Dube
- after reunification
Collections and locations of the museums
The network comprises 15 collections and four research institutions at five locations:
- Locations in Berlin-Mitte
- On the Museum Island
- Pergamon Museum ( Vorderasiatisches Museum , Museum of Islamic Art , Antique Collection )
- Bode Museum ( Sculpture Collection and Museum of Byzantine Art , Coin Cabinet )
- Old National Gallery
- Altes Museum ( antique collection )
- Neues Museum ( Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Collection , Museum of Prehistory and Early History , Collection of Antiquities)
- Friedrichswerder Church (reopening 2020)
- In the culture forum
- Hamburger Bahnhof - Museum of the Present
- Locations in Berlin-Charlottenburg
- Locations in Berlin-Dahlem
- Ethnological Museum (from 2020 in the Humboldt Forum )
- Museum of Asian Art (from 2020 in the Humboldt Forum)
- Museum of European Cultures
- Locations in Berlin-Köpenick
- Kunstgewerbemuseum Schloss Köpenick
- Central depot of the State Museums in Köpenick-Friedrichshagen [planned]
- Research institutions
- Plaster molding shop , Charlottenburg
- Institute for Museum Research , Dahlem
- Rathgen research laboratory , Charlottenburg
- Central archive of the State Museums in Berlin , in the Archaeological Center across from Museum Island
On October 31, 2012, the Archaeological Center of the State Museums was opened in Geschwister-Scholl-Strasse.
- Jörn Grabowski , Petra Winter (Ed.): Between Politics and Art - The National Museums in Berlin during the National Socialism. Published by the Central Archive of the National Museums in Berlin , Böhlau Verlag, Cologne 2013, ISBN 978-3-412-21047-2
- Literature from and about National Museums in Berlin in the catalog of the German National Library
- Search for State Museums in Berlin in the German Digital Library
- Royal Museums in Berlin: On the history of the Royal Museums in Berlin. Festschrift to celebrate its 50th anniversary on August 3, 1880. Reichsdruckerei, Berlin 1880.
- History of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation .
- Number of visitors to the museums of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation in Berlin * from 2011 to 2019. In: Statista. Retrieved July 19, 2020 .
- no. 3 Preliminary remark to the Statute of the Berlin State Museums (PDF).
- Chronik Berlin of August 17, 1946 on landesarchiv-berlin-chronik; accessed on November 23, 2014.
- Berlin , book plan, VEB Tourist Verlag 1988, p 58: museums and exhibitions .
- National Museums in Berlin: From 2020: Schinkel in the Friedrichswerder Church. Retrieved November 25, 2019 .
- National Museums in Berlin: National Museums in Berlin: Museums & Institutions - Humboldt Forum - About the Humboldt Forum - Profile. Retrieved November 25, 2019 .
- Archaeological Center. Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning, accessed on February 15, 2017 .