Museums in Berlin
The Berlin museums are among the most famous cultural assets in the German capital. Federal, state or municipal museums are run by public associations and foundations as museum sponsors. The centers of the museums and collections are the Museum Island in Mitte , the Kulturforum in Tiergarten and the museum centers in Dahlem and Charlottenburg .
In total there are over 175 museums and collections in Berlin. The total number of visitors to all Berlin museums was more than twelve million in 2006 and thus more than twice as many as in 1994.
In addition to the 17 National Museums in Berlin ( Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation ) and the five museums of the Berlin City Museum Foundation, there are numerous other state-owned museums and local museums in the various Berlin districts. Numerous privately operated museums also contribute to Berlin being recognized as an outstanding museum location worldwide.
World heritage museums on Museum Island
The ensemble of buildings on the Museum Island , which is surrounded by the Spree and Kupfergraben with the accompanying street Am Kupfergraben , was designed in 1822 by Karl Friedrich Schinkel in the classicism style based on the ancient temple architecture. The Old Museum at the Lustgarten has existed since 1830 , the New Museum was built from 1843 to 1855, today's Bode Museum followed as the Kaiser Friedrich Museum from 1897 to 1904, and finally, since 1907, today's Pergamon Museum , which opened in 1930 as today's Museum of the Middle East , the Museum of Islamic Art , the Collection of Antiquities and the German Museum .
The Bode Museum
Under the general director Richard Schöne , who was the first bourgeois in this post from 1880 to 1905 , and his successor Wilhelm von Bode , who was in office from 1905 to 1920 , the collections of the royal family and then, after 1918, became the Berlin State Museums .
The picture gallery , some of which can be seen in the Bode Museum, is considered to be the most important systematic collection in post-antique painting history alongside the National Gallery in London ; the sculpture collection has a comparable status . The collection of antiquities has such unique treasures as the eponymous Pergamon Altar (180–160 BC), a consecration gift from the city of Pergamon, Asia Minor, to Zeus and Athena , and the market gate of Miletus from around 165 AD . There are also valuable Greek and Roman sculptures. The Vorderasiatisches Museum has impressive monuments of neo-Babylonian architecture, including the Ishtar gate of the city wall of Babylon and other objects from the time of Nebuchadnezzar II (6th century BC). The most valuable piece of the Museum of Islamic Art is the Mshatta facade .
The Museum of Natural History , also known as the "Natural History Museum" for short, is world-class in terms of importance and the scope of its collection . In 1945 it emerged from three originally independent museums, the Zoological Museum of the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin (today Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin ), the Paleontological Museum and the Mineralogical Museum. Around 30 million natural history objects are kept in the museum's collections.
The German Historical Museum in the former armory provides a comprehensive overview of German history, which is illustrated by unique original exhibits. It was founded in 1987 on the occasion of the 750th anniversary of Berlin in the Reichstag building and after reunification moved to the building of the former Museum for German History .
The building of the New National Gallery , erected in 1968, was designed by Mies van der Rohe . In 2004 the New York Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) showed over 200 of his most important works there. The picture gallery at the Kulturforum near Potsdamer Platz was opened in 1998. With around 2,700 paintings from the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 19th century, it houses one of the most important collections of European art history.
The Museum of Design, the Bauhaus Archive designed by Walter Gropius , documents the importance of the university of the same name, built between 1919 and 1933, for the development of architecture and design.
The Jewish Museum in Kreuzberg was opened in 1999. Since September 2001 it has shown a permanent exhibition on 2000 years of Jewish-German history. The floor plan of the building, built according to plans by the architect Daniel Libeskind , is reminiscent of a broken Star of David . The Berlinische Galerie , founded in 1975, is showing an exhibition of Berlin art since the end of the 19th century. The gallery was closed for seven years and only reopened in 2004 in Kreuzberg. The Centrum Judaicum is located in the New Synagogue on Oranienburger Strasse in Berlin-Mitte .
The Brücke Museum in Zehlendorf offers an insight into the work of the expressionist artist group Brücke , which included painters such as Erich Heckel , Ernst Ludwig Kirchner , Otto Mueller , Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and others. In the Charlottenburg Museum Berggruen , works of classical modernism by artists such as Pablo Picasso , Paul Klee and Henri Matisse , and in the Bröhan Museum, exhibits on art from the turn of the century around 1900. Opposite the Berggruen Museum in the eastern Stüler building is the Scharf-Gerstenberg Collection with works of Surrealism .
On the southeastern bank of the Grunewaldsee lies the Grunewald hunting lodge , built in 1542 in the Renaissance style . The oldest surviving Berlin palace was given its present-day appearance from 1705–1708 through a reconstruction with overforming Baroque style elements. The ballroom is the only renaissance-style palace hall in Berlin. The hunting lodge houses an exquisite collection of paintings with works of German and Dutch painting from the 15th to 19th centuries, including numerous paintings by Lucas Cranach the Elder. Ä. and Lucas Cranach the Elder J. In a hunting museum, in addition to a trophy collection, richly decorated wheel lock rifles and pistols from the 16th to 18th centuries as well as deer hunters are on display. The high-quality hunting weapons represent a cross-section of European handguns and hunting weapons production by the gunsmith and goldsmith's trade at the time.
Historical museums and memorials
Home and state history
Every Berlin district has a local history museum (see the interactive map in the " Web Links " section).
- In addition to "historic rooms with the culture of the Wilhelminian style ", there are mainly temporary exhibitions in Britz Castle .
- Hunting lodge Grunewald , museum of national importance at the same time (see above)
- Spandau Citadel
- The Story of Berlin - adventure exhibition of the capital with original nuclear bunker, Kurfürstendamm 207/208 (" Ku'damm-Karree ", currently closed)
- Wilhelminian-style museum in the Mahlsdorf manor house (launched by Charlotte von Mahlsdorf ), Hultschiner Damm 333
- City Museum Berlin Foundation
- Berlin Underworlds Museum (in Gesundbrunnen underground station ), Brunnenstrasse 105
- Berlin Story Museum - the entire history of Berlin in ten languages, in the Berlin Story Bunker, Schöneberger Straße 23a
- German Spy Museum - Museum about the history of the capital of spies, Leipziger Platz 9
time of the nationalsocialism
- Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
- Memorial for the Sinti and Roma of Europe who were murdered under National Socialism
- The memorial to the memory of the book burning is a memorial in front of the university with a fictional library
- German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst
- Documentation Center Nazi Forced Labor
- German Resistance Memorial Center
- Köpenick Blood Week memorial in the building of the former district court prison in Berlin-Köpenick, Puchanstraße 12
- The Plötzensee Memorial commemorates the victims of National Socialism in the Plötzensee prison.
- Topography of Terror
Time of the division of Berlin
The Wall Museum at Checkpoint Charlie shows moments from the history of division. The history of the Berlin Wall, its construction and fall is documented. Some spectacular escapes or attempts to escape and the people behind them are shown. Other departments of the museum document the history of Berlin during the Cold War , the uprising of June 17, 1953 and the worldwide non-violent struggle for human rights in images, sound and film .
In the Berlin Wall Memorial , a former border strip is shown with part of the Wall in its original condition.
In Lichtenberg , on the area of the former Ministry for State Security of the GDR (Stasi), the research and memorial site Normannenstrasse , reminiscent of the way the Stasi worked, was established.
The Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial gives a realistic picture of the prison conditions in this former Stasi remand prison.
The West Allies in Berlin e. V. shows the history of the three western allies and their civilian employees in Berlin from 1945 to 1994.
Museums for art and cultural history
State museums in Berlin
- Altes Museum ( antique collection )
- Neues Museum ( Museum of Prehistory and Early History and Egyptian Museum with papyrus collection (art and cultural monuments from the Egypt of the Pharaohs ; one of the most famous exhibits is the bust of Queen Nefertiti from the 18th dynasty, around 1340 BC))
- Bode Museum ( Coin Cabinet and Sculpture Collection and Museum of Byzantine Art )
- Pergamon Museum (Collection of Antiquities, Museum of Islamic Art , Vorderasiatisches Museum )
- Old National Gallery
- Humboldt Forum (opening expected at the end of 2020)
- Schinkelmuseum Friedrichswerder Church (currently closed)
- Museum Island
Kulturforum at Potsdamer Platz:
- Picture gallery
- Art library
- Kunstgewerbemuseum , founded in 1867 as the first of its kind in Germany, has been located in the building at the Kulturforum since 1985. The collection contains European handicrafts from the Middle Ages to the present day (including parts of the Welf Treasure , Lüneburg council silver , Italian majolica and Meissen porcelain ). Part of the collection is presented in Köpenick Castle .
- New National Gallery (renovation by 2021)
- Musical Instrument Museum Berlin
- Hamburger Bahnhof - Museum für Gegenwart : Works by Joseph Beuys , Anselm Kiefer , Roy Lichtenstein , Richard Long , Andy Warhol and Cy Twombly , among others, are on display. The holdings consist of exhibits from the National Gallery and the Marx Collection. In the adjoining Rieckhallen you can see exhibits from Friedrich Christian Flick's art collection . The museum also holds changing exhibitions.
- Kulturforum at Potsdamer Platz:
- Berlin-Dahlem ( Museum Center Dahlem )
- The Charlottenburg Castle itself is one of the Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation Berlin-Brandenburg . There are exhibition rooms on the history of the Hohenzollern and a collection of paintings. Temporary exhibitions take place in the orangery. The palace gardens include the Belvedere tea house built by Carl Gotthard Langhans in 1788 with a valuable porcelain collection and the New Pavilion, built in 1824/1825 as a Neapolitan villa, with masterpieces by Karl Friedrich Schinkel (hence also called the Schinkel Pavilion ).
- Museum Berggruen ( Heinz Berggruen Collection )
- Scharf-Gerstenberg Collection - Works of Surrealism
- Museum of Photography (with Helmut Newton Foundation)
City Museum Berlin Foundation
The Stadtmuseum Berlin Foundation , a foundation under public law, operates five museum buildings as the State Museum for Culture and History of Berlin:
University museums and collections
- Collection of antique sculptures at the Free University of Berlin , Schloßstraße 69b, Charlottenburg
- Berlin Museum of Medical History , on the premises of the Charité , Schumannstrasse 20/21 (joint establishment of Free University of Berlin and Humboldt University of Berlin)
- Berlinische Galerie in the Alte Jakobstrasse in Kreuzberg
- Bröhan Museum , State Museum for Art Nouveau , Art Deco and Functionalism , Schloßstraße 1a, Charlottenburg
- Dalí - The exhibition at Potsdamer Platz , museum with permanent exhibition, Leipziger Platz 7, Berlin-Mitte
- Women's Museum Berlin , association without a fixed location
- Me Collectors Room Berlin at Auguststrasse 68, Berlin-Mitte
- Museum of Silence , Linienstraße 154a
- Georg Kolbe Museum in Sensburger Allee 25/26 in Westend
- Heinrich-Zille-Museum in Propststraße 11, Berlin-Mitte ( Nikolaiviertel )
- Kurt-Mühlenhaupt-Museum at Fidicinstrasse 40 in Kreuzberg
- Liebermann Villa on the Großer Wannsee . In the summer villa of the painter Max Liebermann , which has been accessible as a museum since 2006 , garden paintings , pastels and graphics by the impressionist are on display. The history of the house and the Liebermann family are documented on the ground floor.
- Käthe-Kollwitz-Museum Berlin at Fasanenstrasse 24 in Charlottenburg
- Das Verborgene Museum , Schlüterstrasse 70, Charlottenburg, founded in 1986, documentation of the art of women in the early 20th century
- Bauhaus Archive Museum of Design, Klingelhöferstraße 14d. The museum has been housed in its own building designed by Walter Gropius since 1979 . The collection focuses on the history, school and the artists of the Bauhaus in Weimar and Dessau from 1919 to 1933 and its successors in the USA .
- Mies van der Rohe House , Oberseestrasse 60, Berlin-Lichtenberg
- Architecture museum of the Technical University of Berlin
- Architectural Drawing Museum
- Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin ( Free University Berlin )
- Hemp Museum
- Court gardener museum in Glienicke Palace
- Computer Games Museum Berlin , Berlin-Friedrichshain
- German Spy Museum , Leipziger Platz, Berlin-Mitte
Applied arts and crafts
- Askania Worlds, Roennebergstrasse 3a in Berlin-Friedenau . Watch manufacture and exhibition of the fine mechanical precision instruments of the Askania works
- Berlin Craft Museum
- Post mill Marzahn
- Friedrichshagen Brewery Museum, Müggelseedamm 164–166
- Britzer mill
- Ceramic Museum Berlin
- Sugar Museum
- The Brecht-Weigel Memorial was opened on Bertolt Brecht's 80th birthday on February 10, 1978 and is now part of the Academy of Arts . The memorial is located in the courtyard of the Brecht house at Chausseestrasse 125 ( Berlin-Mitte ), right next to the Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof , where Bertolt Brecht and his wife Helene Weigel are buried. Bertolt Brecht lived in Chausseestrasse 125 (rear building, 1st floor) from October 1953 until his death on August 14, 1956. During this time, Helene Weigel lived on the second floor and moved to the ground floor in 1957, where she lived until her death on Lived May 6, 1971. Most of the apartments have been preserved in their original condition. In addition to the Brecht estate , the Helene Weigel archive is also located there .
- Anna Seghers Memorial, Anna Seghers Strasse 81
- Mori-Ôgai Memorial
History of religion
- 1. Berlin GDR motorcycle museum
- Berlin Energy Museum
- Berlin S-Bahn Museum , at the Griebnitzsee S-Bahn station
- German Museum of Technology Berlin
- Berlin subway museum
- Fire Brigade Museum
- Historic Port of Berlin (Berlin-Brandenburgische Schifffahrtsgesellschaft e.V.)
- Air Force Museum of the Bundeswehr
- Scheringianum (company museum of the Schering Foundation)
- Museum for Communication Berlin
- Museum in the Friedrichshagen waterworks
- Archenhold observatory
- Anti-war museum
- Blind Museum, Rothenburger Strasse 14, Berlin-Steglitz
- C / O Berlin , America House
- Hemp Museum , the only one of its kind in Germany
- Youth Museum, Hauptstrasse 40/42
- Cat Museum, Luisenstrasse 38, 12209 Berlin
- Labyrinth Children's Museum Berlin
- DO! Museum for children
- Museum for the Blind Workshop Otto Weidt, Rosenthaler Strasse 39
- Museum of the Unheard of Things
- Museum of Photography
- The Kennedys Museum
- Police historical collection
- Puppet Theater Museum
- Ramones Museum Berlin
- Red Cross Museum Berlin
- School Museum Berlin
- Schwules Museum (Museum of Gay Culture)
- Spy Museum Berlin
- Wilhelm Foerster Observatory
- Zeiss large planetarium
- Eva Börsch-Supan: Growth and Fate of the Berlin Museums , in: Yearbook Der Bär von Berlin , ed. v. Association for the History of Berlin , 29th year, Berlin 1980.
- State museums in Berlin
- City Museum Berlin Foundation
- Museumsportal Berlin - information and links to all Berlin museums, exhibitions and events, editorial recommendations and visitor information
- Almost all museums - museum guides from Berlin.de with a brief introduction and all information data including websites
- Online search for permanent and temporary exhibitions in Berlin