The Bröhan Museum - Berlin State Museum for Art Nouveau , Art Deco and Functionalism - is located in the Berlin district of Charlottenburg . It bears the name of its founder, the entrepreneur and art collector Karl H. Bröhan (1921–2000). On the occasion of his 60th birthday, Bröhan donated the collection to the State of Berlin. In 1983 the Bröhan Museum was opened in the current rooms, which belong to the ensemble of Charlottenburg Palace and were originally built for the guard regiment. It has been a state museum since 1994.
The museum houses a unique collection of Art Nouveau, Art Deco and Functionalism as well as art from the Berlin Secession . These focal points are supplemented in changing exhibitions by subjects from the visual arts, applied arts and design from 1950 to the present day.
The museum bears the name of its founder, Karl H. Bröhan. The trained wholesaler and exporter and owner of a dental wholesaler began collecting porcelain from the 18th century royal porcelain manufactory in Berlin in the early 1960s . Today this forms the basis of the porcelain collection of the Belvedere in the Charlottenburg Palace Park . In the mid-1960s, his interest in collecting shifted to the forgotten art nouveau works of art:
"I had noticed that in the era around 1900 there was a little-known treasure that just seemed to be waiting to be found."
From this a steadily growing collection of applied and visual art of Art Nouveau developed, which later also included works of Art Deco and functionalism as well as paintings from the Berlin Secession. In 1973 he opened a private museum in a villa in the Berlin district of Dahlem , which he had acquired especially for his collection , thus making the collection accessible to the public for the first time. On the occasion of his 60th birthday, he donated the collection to the State of Berlin. On October 14, 1983, the museum moved to its current location at Schloßstraße 1a, a former barracks building belonging to the ensemble of Charlottenburg Palace . In 1994 the Bröhan Museum became a Berlin State Museum.
As before his private museum, Karl H. Bröhan also directed the museum in Charlottenburg. He expanded the collection until his death in 2000. After his death, his wife, the art historian, Margrit Bröhan took over the management for three years until she was replaced by the art historian Ingeborg Becker. The art historian Tobias Hoffmann has been the director of the Bröhan Museum since 2013 . Before that, he headed the Museum for Concrete Art in Ingolstadt. With the change of direction, the museum program was modernized, which has since included exhibitions such as “Do It Yourself Design” (2016), “Kiss. From Rodin to Bob Dylan ”(2017) or“ Nordic Design . The answer to the Bauhaus ”(2019) connects the historical collection with topics of art and design up to the present day.
The Bröhan Museum shows its collection in constant change. Moving away from the concept of the permanent exhibition, objects are regularly exchanged and presented in new contexts. As a result, the rich collection is gradually made visible to the public.
Meanwhile, five to seven large temporary exhibitions and smaller interventions take place in the museum each year. Thematically, the diversity of the fine and applied arts as well as design from the 20th century to the present is shown. The objects presented in the temporary exhibitions are, in addition to works from the company's own collection, also national and international loans.
In 2016, the “Blackbox” format was created for the smaller shows. Under this title exhibitions on poster design, graphics and photography are shown at regular intervals.
The museum has three floors of the house for the exhibition presentation. Both the floors and the individual rooms are regularly redesigned for the new exhibitions.
The collection mainly comprises works from the period from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the Second World War and can be divided into the following areas: Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Functionalism and the Berlin Secession. The collection includes furniture, porcelain, glass, ceramics, metal, light art and textiles as well as graphic design , paintings and sculptures .
The internationally important Art Nouveau collection is the heart of the Bröhan Museum. It encompasses various national manifestations of the style, including the British Arts and Crafts movement , French Art Nouveau , German and Scandinavian Art Nouveau and the Vienna Secession . Artists represented in the collection include Hector Guimard , Henry van de Velde and Peter Behrens .
The porcelain collection is particularly rich with works by the most important manufacturers in Germany, France and Scandinavia, such as the Royal Porcelain Manufactories Berlin , Meißen , Nymphenburg and Copenhagen as well as the Manufacture nationale de Sèvres and the porcelain factories Rörstrand and Bing & Grøndahl .
Figures from the centerpiece Le jeu de l'écharpe by Agathon Léonard , 1899
JOB poster by Alfons Mucha , 1898
Buffet by Hector Guimard , 1899–1900
Vase with iris leaves and flowers, KPM Berlin , designed by Albert Klein, 1899
The Art Deco style is represented in the collection of the Bröhan Museum with French furniture ensembles by Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann , Dominique and Süe et Mare. The art of metal finds expression in ironwork by Edgar Brandt and silver work by Jean Puiforcat and Tétard Frères. The expression of the style in Germany can be seen in ceramics from the Haël workshop and metalwork from the Reimann school .
Mirror with a woman's head by Franz Hagenauer , around 1930
In the collection of the Bröhan Museum, objects with a functionalist design bridge the gap from Art Nouveau to modern industrial design. Leading designers are represented in the collection with furniture, graphics, ceramic, glass and metal works. They come from the environment of the Deutscher Werkbund - including Peter Behrens , Richard Riemerschmid , Bruno Paul and Wilhelm Wagenfeld - and designed in collaboration with companies such as Kaffee HAG and the AEG (Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft).
The most radical implementation of functionalist design in the Weimar Republic is the “ New Frankfurt ” - a housing construction program in Frankfurt am Main under the leadership of the architect Ernst May . Important representatives in the collection of the Bröhan Museum are, for example, Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky with the Frankfurt kitchen or Richard Schadewell with the telephone model Frankfurt from the company H. Fuld & Co.
The artists of the Berlin Secession form a further focus in the collection of the Bröhan Museum. The bundles of works by the painters Hans Baluschek , Karl Hagemeister , Walter Leistikow and Willy Jaeckel are particularly large . Other Secessionists in the collection are Dora Hitz , Käthe Kollwitz , Franz Skarbina and Martin Brandenburg . Based on this inventory, the development from impressionism and symbolism to expressionism can be traced. The latter style is represented by Wilhelm Kohlhoff and Bruno Krauskopf , among others .
Water lilies by Karl Hagemeister , 1902
Schlachtensee by Walter Leistikow , undated
Families can make coffee here by Hans Baluschek , 1895
The Romanesque Café by Willy Jaeckel , 1912
Events and mediation offers
The Bröhan Museum offers an extensive accompanying program to match the respective special exhibitions. Lectures, panel discussions, dance events and concerts will take place in accordance with the themes of the exhibitions. A special highlight is the annual summer festival, which is organized together with the Berggruen Museum and the Rathgen Research Laboratory of the Berlin State Museums .
The area of education and mediation is an integral part of the Bröhan Museum and develops varied programs for children, young people and adults. As part of workshops , holiday offers, children's birthday parties and the regular family Sundays, children and their families can get to know art and design. An open design workshop is offered for selected special exhibitions. In order to enable a diverse audience to actively participate in museum-specific content, there are new formats that take place outside the museum. One example of this is the mobile future laboratory, which will be presented in 2019 as part of the exhibition “Reaching Out for the Future. Future fantasies around 1900 ”in various Berlin districts. Passers-by were encouraged to participate and their results were exhibited in the museum.
The Bröhan Museum is also fulfilling its obligation under the Washington Declaration and is dedicated to provenance research . The aim is to reconstruct the history of the origin of the objects in the collection and, if possible, to identify previous owners. The focus is on the question of whether these included those persecuted by the Nazi regime or the GDR regime who lost their art possessions as a result of persecution.
Numerous scientific documentations and publications were created under Karl H. Bröhan . Due to the extensive inventory catalog of the museum, the collector played a key role in the revival of the era between 1889 and 1939.
In cooperation with various publishers, the Bröhan Museum also publishes catalogs for numerous special exhibitions, which act as an extension of the exhibition program.
Selection of publications
- “Too little perfume, too much puddle.” Hans Baluschek on his 150th birthday. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann, Anna Grosskopf and Fabian Reifferscheidt. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2020, ISBN 978-3-86832-565-2 .
- Nodic design. The answer to the Bauhaus. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann, Arnoldsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart 2019, ISBN 978-3-89790-582-5 .
- Scandal! Myth! Modern! Association of the XI in Berlin. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann, Anna Grosskopf and Sabine Meister. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2019, ISBN 978-3-86832-523-2 .
- From Arts and Crafts to the Bauhaus. Art and design - a new unit! Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2019, ISBN 978-3-86832-455-6 .
- George Grosz in Berlin. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Kerber Art Verlag, Bielefeld 2018, ISBN 978-3-7356-0520-7 .
- Political photography of Dieter Hacker (1974–1981). Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2018, ISBN 978-3-86832-495-2 .
- The French graphic collective Grapus. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann and Anna Grosskopf. Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-941588-13-4 .
- Berlin realism. From Käthe Kollwitz to Otto Dix . Social criticism - satire - revolution. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2018, ISBN 978-3-86832-440-2 .
- Landscape between impressionism and expressionism. Masterpieces by Hagemeister and Leistikow. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-422-07452-1 .
- Colori Di Murano (Holz Collection, Berlin). Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-00-053386-0 .
- Kiss. From Rodin to Bob Dylan. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann and Anna Grosskopf. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2016, ISBN 978-3-86832-375-7 .
- Germany versus France. The battle for style 1900–1930. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2016, ISBN 978-3-86832-342-9 .
- All that Jazz - poster art by Nikolaus Troxler. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-941588-11-0 .
- Turning point. From the Berlin Secession to the November Group . Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Hirmer Verlag, Cologne 2015, ISBN 978-3-77742-499-6 .
- Shrill, bizarre, brutal. The new German design of the 80s. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann and Marcus Zehentbauer. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2014, ISBN 978-3-86832-244-6 .
- Art and cookie jar. 125 years of Bahlsen. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2014, ISBN 978-3-86832-228-6 .
- 1914 - The end of the Belle Époque . Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2014, ISBN 978-3-86832-227-9 .
- Matters of taste. International food cultures in Berlin. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Claudia Zachow and Barbara Schmidt. Joint project of the Berlin University of the Arts and the Weißensee Art Academy Berlin. Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-89462-244-2 .
- Fancy decor. KPM porcelains between Art Nouveau and Art Deco. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Tobias Hoffmann and Claudia Kanowski. Wienand Verlag, Cologne 2013, ISBN 978-3-86832-182-1 .
- Avant-garde for everyday life. Jewish women ceramists in Germany 1919–1933. Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Ingeborg Becker and Claudia Kanowski. Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-941588-10-3 .
- The animal in sight. The sculptor Anton Puchegger (1878-1917). Exhibition catalog. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Ingeborg Becker. Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-941588-09-7 .
- 25 pieces of art from Art Nouveau and Art Deco. 2009/2010 - Two years of new acquisitions, donations and selected works of art from the collection of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Ingeborg Becker. Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-941588-08-0 .
- Lots of details. Texts from lectures and previous newspaper or magazine publications. Edited by Margrit Bröhan. Bröhan-Museum Berlin, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-941588-07-3 .
- Fragile. Glass art 1889-1939. Texts about the exhibition. Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Ingeborg Becker and Claudia Kanowski. Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-941588-06-6 .
- From the Taunus to the Wannsee . The painter Philipp Franck (1860–1944). Exhibition catalog. Museum Giersch Frankfurt a. M. and Bröhan Museum Berlin. Edited by Ingeborg Becker and Manfred Großkinsky. Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-941588-05-9 .
- Sport and fashion in Italy around 1930. Drawings by Ottorino Mancioli. Exhibition catalog. Published by the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-941588-04-2 .
- Glass art 1889-1939. Inventory catalog of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Vol. VII. Ed. By Margrit Bröhan and Claudia Kanowski. Berlin 2010 ISBN 978-3-941588-03-5 .
- Of peacocks, dragonflies and bats. Mysterious animal world in Art Nouveau style. Exhibition catalog. Published by the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Berlin 2009 ISBN 978-3-941588-02-8 .
- Bröhan Museum Berlin. Art Nouveau - Art Deco - Functionalism. Museum guide. Edited by Ingeborg Becker. Prestel, Munich / Berlin / London / New York 2006, ISBN 3-7913-3573-1 .
- 30 years of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Crafts and industrial design. Picture gallery. Published by the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Passage-Verlag, Leipzig 2002, ISBN 3-9807894-2-X .
- Modern metal art. Inventory catalog of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Vol. VI. Published by the Bröhan-Museum Berlin, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-9801525-9-6 .
- 25 years of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Crafts and industrial design. Picture gallery. Published by the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Passage-Verlag, Leipzig 1998, ISBN 3-932900-09-X .
- Porcelain. Art and design 1989–1939. From Art Nouveau to Functionalism. Part II: La Maison Moderne - Vienna. Inventory catalog of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Vol. V / 2. Published by the Bröhan Museum Berlin, Berlin 1996, ISBN 3-9801525-5-3 .
- Porcelain. Art and design 1989–1939. From Art Nouveau to Functionalism . Part I: L'Art Nouveau - Kgl. Copenhagen. Inventory catalog of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Vol. V / 1. Published by the Bröhan Museum Berlin, Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-9801525-4-5 .
- Museum website
- Publications from or about the Bröhan Museum in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works from the Bröhan Museum in the German Digital Library
- Works from the Bröhan Museum at the bpk picture agency
- Works from the Bröhan Museum on bildindex.de
- Bröhan Museum on berlin.de
- Bröhan Museum at Museumsportal Berlin
- 30 years of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Crafts and industrial design. Picture gallery. Passage-Verlag, Leipzig 2002, ISBN 3-9807894-2-X , p. 9.
- 25 years of the Bröhan Museum Berlin. Crafts and industrial design. Picture gallery. Passage-Verlag, Leipzig 1998, ISBN 3-932900-09-X , p. 8.
- Bröhan Museum, provenance research. In: broehan-museum.de. Retrieved April 28, 2019 .