Richard Riemerschmid

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Richard Riemerschmid

Richard Riemerschmid (born June 20, 1868 in Munich ; † April 13, 1957 ) was a German architect , designer , university professor and one of the most important artists of Art Nouveau .


Villa Fischel in Kiel (1905)
Staircase of the Villa Fischel (1905)
Dinner plate from the Meissen porcelain service " Blue Rispe ", 1903–1905

Riemerschmid was a grandson of Anton Riemerschmid , attended after high school in 1886 at the Wilhelm Gymnasium München from 1887 to 1889 under Gabriel Hackl and Ludwig von Löfftz the Munich Art Academy and worked as a freelance artist and architect.

On behalf of the Cologne chocolate producer Ludwig Stollwerck, he designed collecting pictures for Stollwerck scrapbooks , etc. a. the series "Jahreszeiten" for the Stollwerck scrapbook no. 4 from 1899.

In 1897 he co-founded the United Workshops for Art in Crafts and in 1907 the German Werkbund .

He created a design for the interior of the Münchner Kammerspiele (1900/1901) and a development plan for the garden city of Hellerau near Dresden .

On the initiative of Karl Schmidt-Hellerau , Riemerschmid designed several fittings for ships of the Imperial Navy from 1902 , for example the cruiser SMS Prinz Adalbert and SMS Berlin . These interior fittings were made by the German workshops for craftsmanship in Dresden-Hellerau . In addition, he worked with Joseph Maria Olbrich and his friend and colleague Bruno Paul on the interior and equipment of the twin-screw express mail steamer Kronprinzessin Cecilie , launched in 1906 , which was one of the most ambitious and successful German passenger ship projects at the time.

From 1912 to 1924 he was head of the Munich School of Applied Arts . He was the structural and artistic director of the German Trade Show Munich in 1922 and was most recently appointed to the secret government council.

From 1926 to 1931 he worked as director of the Cologne factory schools , where u. a. Joseph Mader , Fritz Müller, Alfred Will and Max Wendl were his students. Riemerschmid went to Munich as a pensioner in 1931.

Riemerschmid, pioneer of the modern movement "arts and crafts", designed - influenced by the English Arts and Crafts Movement  - furniture , wallpaper , fabrics and glass objects . He designed porcelain for Meißen and the Edelstein porcelain factory .

Riemerschmid married the actress Ida Hofmann (1873–1963) in 1895.

  • Son Helmut Riemerschmid (1896-1918) served as a soldier in World War I and died on July 15, 1918 in France.
  • Son Gerhart Riemerschmid (1911–1939) worked as a doctor in Munich. He died as a soldier on September 9, 1939 during the attack on Poland . In 1941, the Isar Valley Association erected a memorial stone for the brothers Helmut and Gerhart Riemerschmid in the so-called Riemerschmid Park between Icking and Wolfratshausen.
  • Daughter Ilse Riemerschmid (1897–1982) was a doctor. She married the physician Heinrich Pfleiderer (1900–1973), who from 1941 worked as director and professor of the Institute for Bioclimatology and Marine Medicine at the University of Kiel on Sylt and was also president of the German Society for Balneology, Bioclimatology and Physical Therapy.
  • Daughter Gertrud Riemerschmid (1902–1946) worked as a research assistant at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Pretoria (South Africa) and as an assistant at the Physico-Therapeutic Institute at the University of Jena. She died in Pretoria in 1946.

Richard Riemerschmid's grave is in the Gräfelfing cemetery (Dept. OV-76) in the Munich district .


Buildings and interiors (selection)



  • Artistic educational issues. Munich 1917.
  • On the question of the time style . In: Die Form, vol. 1, 1922, issue 1, pp. 8–12 ( digitized version ).
  • The Influence of Big Industry on the Formation of Our Time . In: Die Form, vol. 1, 1925/26, issue 11, pp. 229-234 ( digitized version ).


  • 1982: Richard Riemerschmid. From Art Nouveau to the Werkbund. City Museum Munich (further stations of the exhibition in Nuremberg and Cologne)


  • Portrait (1953) of Charles Crodel , reproduction in: Heinz Thiersch (Ed.): We started simply. Works and essays by friends and students around Richard Riemerschmid on his 85th birthday. Munich 1953, ill. P. 7.


The written estate came to the German Art Archive in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg in 1973 .


  • Richard Riemerschmid. A Munich architect between Art Nouveau and the Werkbund. Documentary, Germany, 2006, 43:33 min., Script and direction: Bernhard Graf , production: BR , summary ( memento of November 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) by BR.


  • Heinz Thiersch (Ed.): We just started. Works and essays by friends and students around Richard Riemerschmid on his 85th birthday. Richard Pflaum, Munich 1953.
  • Winfried Nerdinger (Ed.): Richard Riemerschmid. From Art Nouveau to the Werkbund. Works and documents. Prestel, Munich 1982.
  • Claus Pese: More than just art. The archive for fine arts in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum. (= Cultural-historical walks in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum , Volume 2.) Hatje-Cantz publishing house, Ostfildern-Ruit 1998, pp. 104–107.
  • Antonia Gruhn-Zimmermann:  Riemerschmid, Richard. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 598 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Maria Wüllenkemper: Richard Riemerschmid (1868–1957). Art does not create style, life creates it. (= Regensburg Studies on Art History , Volume 6.) Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-7954-2095-6 .
  • Thomas Nitschke: The history of the garden city Hellerau. Hellerau-Verlag, Dresden 2009, ISBN 978-3-938122-17-4 .
  • Petra Krutisch (Ed.): Richard Riemerschmid: Möbelgeschichten; Exhibition in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg from June 21, 2018 to January 6, 2019. Verlag des Germanisches Nationalmuseums, Nuremberg 2018, ISBN 978-3-946217-13-8 . ----

Web links

Commons : Richard Riemerschmid  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Johannes Just: Meissen Art Nouveau porcelain. Edition Leipzig, Leipzig 1983, ISBN 3-570-09020-5 .
  2. ^ Annual report from the K. Wilhelms-Gymnasium in Munich. ZDB ID 12448436 , 1885/86.
  3. Detlef Lorenz: Advertising art around 1900. Artist lexicon for collecting pictures. Reimer, Berlin 2000.
  4. Eberhard Mertens (ed.): The Lloyd Schnelldampfer. Kaiser Wilhelm the Great, Crown Prince Wilhelm, Kaiser Wilhelm II, Crown Princess Cecilie. Olms Presse, Hildesheim 1975, ISBN 3-487-08110-5 , p. 14.
  5. ^ Actress wife Ida Riemerschmid (1873–1963) née Hofmann
  6. Memorial stone to the brothers Helmut and Gerhart Riemerschmid, who died in the world wars, in the Isar valley in Munich
  7. Richard Riemerschmid with his children Helmut and Ilse in the garden. Entry in the digital portrait archive, published by the German Art Archive in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum (accessed on June 12, 2017).
  8. ^ Family Association Pfleiderer (ed.): The Pfleiderer book. The successors of the Pfleiderer family. 2010 (first edition: Stuttgart, 1937). ISBN 978-1-4457-1057-0 .
  9. Gerd Otto-Rieke: Graves in Bavaria. Munich 2000, p. 9.
  10. ^ The grave of Richard Riemerschmid
  11. Awarded the Goethe Medal for Art and Science at the instigation of Albert Speer on July 20, 1943 , according to Ernst Klee : Das Kulturlexikon zum Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 486.
  12. ^ Eduard Prüssen (linocuts), Werner Schäfke and Günter Henne (texts): Cologne heads . 1st edition. University and City Library, Cologne 2010, ISBN 978-3-931596-53-8 , pp. 54 .
  13. ^ Hermann Muthesius : Country House and Garden Bruckmann, Munich 1907.
  14. Walter Riezler: "New works by Richard Riemerschmid." In: Deutsche Kunst und Decoration , 22nd year 1908, pp. 164–189
  15. ^ Moritz von Bredow: Rebellious pianist. The life of Grete Sultan between Berlin and New York . Schott Music , Mainz 2012, ISBN 978-3-7957-0800-9 . (Biography of the pianist Grete Sultan , who spent her childhood in the villa; excellent illustration of this building and details of its creation).
  16. Large program