City of Bluestone
|Height :||518 (500-620) m|
|Area :||4.86 km²|
|Residents :||2799 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||576 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1975|
|Postal code :||89134|
|Area code :||07304|
Today's Herrlingen goes back to the construction of Horningen Castle (later: Oberherrlingen Castle ) in the 11th or 12th century. In 1588, the Lords of Bernhausen , who owned several properties in the Blautal valley, converted Oberherrlingen Castle into a Renaissance palace. It then became their permanent residence . The castle is now privately owned and cannot be visited.
see also Hohlenstein Castle
Through mediation , Herrlingen fell to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1806 and, in accordance with the border treaty between Bavaria and Württemberg, to the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1810 . Herrlingen was subordinated to the Oberamt Blaubeuren . With the opening of the first section of the Ulm – Sigmaringen railway line , Herrlingen was connected to the railway network of the Württemberg railway in 1868 . In 1938 the place came to the district of Ulm.
In the course of the community reform, Herrlingen and Weidach were incorporated into the community of Blaustein, which was only founded in 1968, on January 1, 1975 after bitter resistance and a loss of norms control complaint .
Population figures according to the respective area. The figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ). The population up to 1970 includes Weidach, which was then part of Herrlingen.
coat of arms
The Herrlinger coat of arms lost its legal meaning due to the formation of the community Blaustein (in the course of the community reform ). However, one of the two horns was used for the Blausteiner coat of arms created in 1978.
Description of coat of arms : The Herrlinger coat of arms is a single black shield. In the front there is a left-facing golden lower horn with the sound opening pointing upwards with a golden fetter, behind a right-turning golden lower horn with the sound opening pointing upwards with a golden fetter. The coat of arms was issued by the Lords of Herrlingen-Hörningen.
Culture and sights
With the theater under the direction of Edith Ehrhardt, Herrlingen owns a successful and well-known theater stage with 120 seats. Since 2010 there has been a "tent theater" between "Bad Blau" and the Lixstadion in Ehrenstein during the summer months. In 2016, the theater hosted the 12th Baden-Württemberg Private Theater Festival.
The Lindenhof was built in Art Nouveau style in 1905 by the Munich architect Richard Riemerschmid as a country estate for the Wieland family from Ulm . The centerpiece is the Villa Lindenhof. The Lindenhof now also houses the Herrlinger elementary and secondary school (Lindenhofschule) and the sports hall. Today the villa and the summer house are used as a clubhouse by several clubs. The villa also houses the Rommel Archive , an exhibition on the life of Erwin Rommel .
|The Landschulheim founded by Anna Essinger had existed since May 1, 1926 . After its closure in 1933, the buildings housed a Jewish rural education home under the direction of Hugo Rosenthal. During these years it was a center of Jewish life in southern Germany, at times attended by over 100 students. One of the teachers there was Jennie Heymann.
From May 1939 to June 1942, the buildings at Wippinger Steige 13 and 28 served as a (compulsory) retirement home, into which a total of 151 Jewish residents from various places in Württemberg were admitted. They were deported to Theresienstadt by the Gestapo - Stapo control center in Stuttgart - via further intermediate stops.
On November 8th and 9th, 1947, the second meeting of Group 47 took place in Haus Waldfrieden in Herrlingen , in which about twenty writers took part, including Alfred Andersch and Walter Kolbenhoff . The group was invited by the couple Hanns Arens and Odette Arens.
The church in Herrlingen, dedicated to the Apostle Andreas, was first mentioned in 1275. However, due to the risk of collapse, it was demolished in 1813/14. There is only a vague drawing of this former church. Today's Catholic St. Andrew's Church was planned in 1815 and is much larger than its predecessor and is a little further away from the Lauter than this. On October 14, 1818, the new church was consecrated by Bishop Johann Baptist von Keller .
The Protestant Resurrection Church , 1965 by the Stuttgart architect Paul Heim jun. (Construction management architect Folker Mayer, Ulm) on an octagonal floor plan in concrete skeleton construction, lining with hewn Gauingen freshwater limestone and with a wooden tent roof, was then equipped with artistically and theologically very sophisticated works by the Blaubeuren sculptor Otto Müller (1905 Stuttgart to 1967 Blaubeuren) : outside at the entrance fifteen concrete deep relief panels with scenes from the life of Jesus (3 each from top to bottom: birth, adoration, flight; baptism, temptation, sermon on the mount; return of the son, healing of the paralyzed, resurrection of Lazarus; foot washing, Last Supper, Gethsemane; carrying the cross, death, descent from the cross) and inside three concrete glass choir windows with the overall theme of the resurrection (left: Samson , who in apocryphal , non-biblical literature, breaks open the locked city gate of Gaza , points ahead to Christ, who is resurrected and the gate of hell breaks ; middle: Christ's resurrection; right: Nicodemus with the brazen serpent according to Joh 3,14 LUT f: the believer experiences healing and eternal life when he looks at the crucified and risen Christ like the Israelites at the serpent according to Num 21 : 6-9 LUT ).
Economy and Infrastructure
Herrlingen is characterized by the mining of limestone . A large quarry (operated by the Märker Group) along with the necessary blast furnaces for burning building lime is located on the eastern edge of the village. The systems on the B28 have now been completely dismantled.
Herrlingen is located directly on federal highway 28 between Ulm and Blaubeuren and on the Ulm – Sigmaringen railway line . Regional trains stop every hour . Several bus lines of the DING (Donau-Iller-Nahverkehrsverbund) connect Herrlingen with other parts of the city of Blaustein as well as Ulm, Laichingen and other places in the area.
In Herrlingen there is a primary and a Werkrealschule (Lindenhofschule), which has been an all-day school since 2008, and a kindergarten. There are secondary schools in Blaustein (Realschule) and Ulm and Blaubeuren (Gymnasien).
- Marquard Anton von Bernhausen , lord in Eppishausen, Klingenstein and Herrlingen, canon in the prince-bishops of Eichstätt and Augsburg, † 1699 in Eichstätt
- Anna Essinger managed her country school home in Herrlingen until autumn 1933. The educational reform institution, which Hugo Rosenthal continued as a Jewish country school home until spring 1939, was described by a contemporary witness as a paradise in hell. The main building of the Landschulheim is at Erwin-Rommel-Steige 1.
- Erwin Rommel , during the Second World War among other things Commander in Chief of the German Africa Corps and Army Group B responsible for the defense of the " West Wall " , lived with his family at Wippinger Steige 13 (today: Erwin-Rommel-Steige) from the end of October 1943. The house originally belonged to the complex of the Jewish country school home or compulsory old people's home. After being seriously injured, he was picked up at home on October 14, 1944 while on convalescence leave from Lieutenant General Ernst Maisel and Wilhelm Burgdorf , Hitler's chief adjutant , and forced to commit suicide by taking cyanide while driving between Herrlingen and Wippingen . The former “favorite general of the Führer” had fallen out of favor with Hitler because he had given critical presentations on the situation on the Western Front. He was also suspected of being involved in the July 20, 1944 assassination attempt on Hitler . There is now a memorial stone at the place where Rommel died. Rommel is buried in the Herrlinger Friedhof. A Rommel Museum was set up in the Herrlinger Lindenhofvilla in 1989, replacing a rather temporary memorial in two rooms of the Herrlinger Rathaus.
- Manfred Rommel , son of Erwin Rommel, later Lord Mayor of the state capital Stuttgart from 1974 to 1996, lived as a teenager in his parents' house.
- Statistical data of the city of Blaustein Area of the city area according to districts
- Blausteiner statistics 2019 inhabitants (without Weidach)
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 543 .
- Joseph Walk (ed.): Short biographies on the history of the Jews 1918–1945. Edited by the Leo Baeck Institute, Jerusalem. Saur, Munich 1988, ISBN 3-598-10477-4 , p. 151 and p. 316 (Hugo Rosenthal).
- Ingrid Bauz, Sigrid Brüggemann, Roland Maier (eds.): The Secret State Police in Württemberg and Hohenzollern. Stuttgart Schmetterling-Verlag 2013, ISBN 3-89657-145-1 , p. 289ff.
- Thomas Vogel: Group 47 in Herrlingen: Alone, off the beaten track swp, November 14, 2017
- History of literature in Herrlingen, Die Gruppe 47 and the “Haus Waldfrieden” information on a seminar from 2005
- Jörg Scheerer: Church of the Resurrection Herrlingen - Festschrift for the 40th anniversary ; (Ed.) Ev. Parish of Herrlingen, self-published, Blaustein-Herrlingen 2005
- ZF at the “Klassikwelt” trade fair in Friedrichshafen, press release from ZF