1957

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1957
In Little Rock, the governor prevents nine black students from entering the local high schoolThe Democratic governor of Arkansas , Orval Faubus , hinders in Little Rock nine black students from entering the local high school
Founding nations of the EECThe founding nations of the EEC Model of Sputnik 1 Sputnik 1 (model), the first artificial earth satellite, triggers the Sputnik shock in the west.
1957 in other calendars
From urbe condita 2710
Armenian calendar 1405-1406
Ethiopian calendar 1949-1950
Badi calendar 113-114
Bengali calendar 1363-1364
Berber calendar 2907
Buddhist calendar 2501
Burmese calendar 1319
Byzantine calendar 7465-7466
Chinese calendar
 - era 4653-4654 or
4593-4594
 - 60 year cycle

Fire Monkey ( 丙申 , 33) -
Fire Rooster ( 丁酉 , 34)

French
revolutionary calendar
CLXV - CLXVI
165–166
Hebrew calendar 5717-5718
Hindu calendar
 - Vikram Sambat 2013-2014
 - Shaka Samvat 1879-1880
Iranian calendar 1335-1336
Islamic calendar 1376-1377
Japanese calendar
 - Nengō (era): Shōwa 32
 - Kōki 2617
Coptic calendar 1673-1674
Korean calendar
 - Dangun era 4290
 - Juche era 46
Minguo calendar 46
Modern Olympics XVI
Seleucid calendar 2268-2269
Thai solar calendar 2500

The age of space travel began in 1957 with the Sputnik satellite . At the same time it is also an expression of the systemic competition between the USA and the Soviet Union, which is also reflected in the Eisenhower Doctrine .

Meanwhile, the Treaty of Rome lays the most important cornerstone of European unification.

Politics and world events

International Relations

In response to the Suez Crisis the previous year, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower announced the Eisenhower Doctrine in a speech to Congress on January 5 , according to which the US will defend all countries in the Middle East with all possible means if they do should succumb to aggression from international communism.

The confrontation between the superpowers became even more explosive this year when the Soviet Union announced the launch of its first ICBM on August 26 and, weeks later, on October 5, put the first artificial Earth satellite, called Sputnik , into orbit. It is therefore clear that in the future the Soviet troops will be able to transport nuclear warheads to any point on earth. This fact and the feeling of inferiority trigger the Sputnik shock , especially in the USA and the rest of the western world .

Europe

On March 25, 1957, the European Economic Community was founded with the signing of the Treaty of Rome by Belgium , France , Italy , Luxembourg , the Netherlands and the Federal Republic of Germany to promote the common economic policy within the framework of European integration.

Algeria

In Algeria , the French army was able to achieve enormous successes against the insurgent FLN in the Battle of Algiers . The confrontation became the turning point of the war in Algeria , which had been waged since 1954 : the brutal actions of the Foreign Legion and the paratroopers and the systematic violations of human rights such as mass arrests, torture and enforced disappearances not only shocked the French public, but led to global sympathy with the Algerian nationalists who to be seen as champions for liberation from colonialism and imperialism .

United States

In the US, it comes in September, three years after the official abolition of racial segregation by the Supreme Court of the United States , in the southern states to a serious confrontation, as the governor of the state of Arkansas , Orval Faubus , nine black students from entering Central High School in the capital Little Rock by means of the National Guard . President Eisenhower restores federal authority by removing the authority of the Arkansas governor over all police and army units and sending soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division to enable black students to attend school.

Events

Politics and world events

economy

science and technology

Atomic icebreaker Lenin

Culture

religion

Sports

Entries of athletics world records can be found under the respective discipline under athletics .

Disasters and accidents

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

Trivia

  • February 6 : In Portugal men are allowed to swim in bathing trunks after only swimsuits were previously allowed. Two-piece swimsuits for women remain banned.

Born

January

February

Marita Koch
Falco (right) with manager Claudia Wohlfromm, 1997

March

April

Daniel Day-Lewis

May

June

July

August

Melanie Griffith with husband Antonio Banderas, 2010
Stephen Fry , 2008

September

Hans Zimmer, 2008
Kevin Rudd , 2013

October

November

December

Day unknown

Died

January

Claire Waldoff, 1905

February

March

April

May

June

Alfred Döblin , ca.1930

July

August

September

Haakon VII, 1905

October

Christian Diorr
Gerty Cori , 1947

November

December

Day unknown

Nobel Prizes

music

Web links

Commons : 1957  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files