Aga Khan III.

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Aga Khan III. ( Arabic آغا خان الثالث; * November 2, 1877 in Karachi , British India (now Pakistan ); † July 11, 1957 in Versoix , Switzerland ), also known as Sultan Mohammed Shah ( Arabic سلطان محمد شاه), was the spiritual head of the Ismaili Nizarites from 1885 until his death .


Aga Khan III. was the only son of Aga Khan II. Under the supervision of his mother, a daughter of the Iranian ruling house, he was not only brought up in an Islamic and oriental manner, but also received a thorough European upbringing that was closed to his father and grandfather. After his father's death in 1885, he succeeded him as head of the family and religious leader of the Ishmaelites.

Aga Khan traveled extensively to visit his followers, resolve disagreements, and provide advice and assistance. He was a founding member of the Indian Muslim League , which advocated the division of the independent India into two states (Pakistan and India).

He received the Order of the Star of India (GCSI) from Queen Victoria in 1897 . He received further awards from the German Emperor Wilhelm II , the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire , the Shah of Persia and other potentates. In 1934 he was appointed to the British Privy Council. In 1937 he was elected President of the Geneva General Assembly of the League of Nations and moved from Bombay to Geneva.

Aga Khan III. bred thoroughbreds , including five winners in the Epsom Derby .

Tomb of Aga Khan III. in Aswan

He was buried in Aswan (Upper Egypt), where he had spent the winter months for many years in search of a cure from a rheumatic disease. Begum, his last wife from France, had a mausoleum ( ) built on the western bank of the Nile with a view over the Nile . She was later buried there herself.

After his death, his grandson Aga Khan IV followed him as ruler of the Ishmaelites.

Aga Khan III. was married four times. In 1893 he married Shahazda Begum, in 1903 Teresa Magliano, in 1929 Andrée Joséphine Carron and in 1944 Yvette Blanche Labrousse , the Miss Lyon of 1929 and Miss France of 1930, who was named Om Habibah.

Web links

Commons : Aga Khan III.  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Aga Khan, A Legend Wilts . In: Der Spiegel . No. 8 , 1953 ( online ).