ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics
|ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics|
|Library type||Special library|
|place||Hamburg and Kiel|
DE-206H (Hamburg site)
DE-206 (Kiel site)
|management||Klaus daughter man|
The ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics is the world's largest specialist library for economic literature. With the entry into force of the new statutes on August 7, 2018, the foundation will only be called "ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Business". It has two locations in Kiel and Hamburg , is an affiliated institute of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel and a member of the Leibniz Association (WGL). It is financed by the federal government and the states. The Joint Science Conference (GWK) makes the decision about funding at regular intervals. The ZBW is managed by Klaus Daughtermann .
The ZBW is the central specialist library and research infrastructure for economics. Their collecting mandate is to acquire, develop, archive and make available to the public theoretical and empirical literature and specialist information from the fields of economics (VWL) and business administration (BWL). The ZBW takes into account the increasing tendency towards interdisciplinary work in economic research by acquiring all publications from closely related and auxiliary sciences with an economic focus. With this collection focus, the ZBW is part of the system of supraregional literature supply of the German Research Foundation (DFG) and thus takes into account the supraregional demand of the users in particular in the inventory management.
The ZBW's inventory comprises around 4.43 million media units (as of 2018). The ZBW subscribes to over 26,671 journals and provides access to 2.3 million digital full texts. The specialist portal EconBiz has free access to over 10.7 million data records. In the EconStor repository , over 168,528 full texts (especially working papers, but also journal articles, conference contributions, etc.) from German economic research institutes and universities are stored and available online free of charge.
In terms of content, the ZBW not only indexes books, but also essays, working papers and electronic sources, i. H. provides them with keywords ( descriptors ). The standard economics thesaurus serves as the basis for indexing the content .
For economic research, the ZBW operates the specialist portal EconBiz with over 10.5 million data records from economics. The ZBW offers an online information service (Research Guide EconDesk), which provides assistance with literature research and answers questions about fact research in economics.
The ZBW is active in the Open Access movement, which aims to provide free access to scientific information. So she is u. a. Negotiator for the acquisition of national licenses in the field of economics. The EconStor repository is used for the free publication of scientific publications from the field of economics.
EconStor is used by over 400 institutions for the digital distribution of their publications in Open Access. EconStor is also an input source for RePEc and is one of the most widely used archives there.
The ZBW Journal Data Archive is a service for publishers of economic journals. Editors can store and make available data sets and other materials on empirical specialist articles there in order to support the traceability and replicability of the published research results.
In addition, the ZBW supports researchers in dealing with the digitization of science by providing advice on aspects such as open access publishing or modern research data management and developing infrastructure offers.
The ZBW is involved in national and international projects to develop new services for its customers.
- GeRDI - Generic Research Data Infrastructure
The project is developing a distributed and networked research data infrastructure. The aim is to virtually link existing and future research data stores across Germany. This enables scientists to research research data across disciplines and without barriers. The project is coordinated by the ZBW and funded by the DFG. Research partners are the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, the Association for the Promotion of a German Research Network (DFN-Verein), the Leibniz Computing Center of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich and the Center for Information Services and High-Performance Computing at the Technical University of Dresden.
- Linked Open Citation Database (LOC-DB)
In the LOC-DB project, tools and processes that can be used in practice are developed on the basis of linked data technology, with which individual libraries can contribute to an open, distributed infrastructure for the indexing of citations. The aim is to show that extensive automation of data acquisition processes can create significant added value for scientific research.
- metrics: MEasuring The Reliability and perception of Indicators for interactions with scientific products
The main concern of "* metrics" is to gain a deeper understanding of alternative measurement indicators for research performance. It's about the quality and reliability of the indicators, but also about how subject-specific features are taken into account.
The aim of MOVING is to create a working environment for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of large collections of documents and data. With its expertise in the field of Science 2.0, the ZBW is a research partner in the field of text and data mining and also a scientific coordinator.
- International Journal of Replications in Empirical Economics (IJEMD / IREE)
The aim of the project is to introduce a new type of journal for the publication of systematic overview and replication studies and research data in empirical economics.
- Digital imperial statistics
Historical statistics are currently only available online in exceptional cases. In this pilot project, the volumes of the German Reich Statistics are digitized and then processed in such a way that the data they contain can be easily downloaded by researchers and processed further in spreadsheet programs. This project is also funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
SowiDataNet is a project funded by the Leibniz Association and carried out cooperatively by GESIS , DIW , WZB and ZBW. The aim of the project is to set up a research data network for the independent archiving and distribution of research data from the social and economic sciences.
- Long-term archiving
The rapid technical development of the last few years has meant that a lot of information only exists electronically, but also that the hardware and software for reading this information is becoming obsolete faster and faster. Long-term digital archiving is intended to ensure that future generations can also use this information. For this purpose, the ZBW cooperates with the other two central specialist libraries, the Technical Information Library (TIB) and the German Central Library for Medicine (ZB MED), in a pilot project that develops strategies and methods for the long-term archiving of digital resources.
- Linked open data
Linked open data refers to the provision of freely usable data (open data) as linked data. The ZBW is working hard to link its own data with external data in order to find new applications and uses. It was the first to make its standard economics thesaurus available in this form. She presents current prototypes in the ZBW Labs.
- da | ra - The registration agency for social and economic data
Together with GESIS - Leibniz Institute for Social Sciences, the ZBW is setting up a registration agency where researchers from the social and economic sciences can register their primary data obtained in the research process. This registration is used to make the data accessible, clearly identifiable and thus repeatable, so that the research process becomes more transparent and efficient overall. Both the ZBW and GESIS are members of the DataCite network , which aims to create internationally standardized rules for the registration of research data.
- YES! - Young Economic Summit
The YES! - Young Economic Summit is one of the largest student competitions on all aspects of economic and social challenges for the young generation. The YES! is a joint project of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economy and the Joachim Herz Foundation under the patronage of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. The YES! is supported regionally by the following scientific partners: Region North: Institute for World Economy (IfW), Leibniz Institute for Global and Regional Studies (GIGA) and ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics. East region: DIW Berlin - German Institute for Economic Research, ESMT Berlin, Leibniz Institute for Economic Research Halle (IWH) and WZB - Berlin Science Center for Social Research. South-East region: Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich and the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt (KU). South-West region: Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering and Organization IAO, LOEWE Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe and ZEW - Leibniz Center for European Economic Research. West region: RWI - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research and iwp Institute for Economic Policy at the University of Cologne. The YES! teaches young people information and media skills, responsibility and economic education. Schoolchildren get tools for the digital age at hand and develop proposed solutions for the most pressing challenges of our time.
Networks and Cooperations
In order to meet the numerous challenges associated with the technological changes in information transfer, the ZBW is building on a global network. To this end, it has concluded cooperation agreements with national and international research institutions.
The ZBW is also actively networked in the community of information infrastructure providers, for example in the working groups of the Leibniz Association, the Joint Library Association (GBV), in the context of LIBER, nestor or the priority initiative "Digital Information" of the Alliance of Science Organizations to Improve Information Supply in Research and Teaching.
Research at the ZBW
The ZBW supports economists in dealing with the digitization of science by providing advice on aspects such as publishing in Open Access or modern research data management and developing infrastructure offers. In order to be able to fulfill its mission at the highest level, the ZBW conducts application-oriented research in computer science and information sciences. An international and interdisciplinary research team works together with two professors.
The ZBW researches the field of knowledge discovery, which has new search paradigms as its subject. Innovative methods and algorithms are developed here which, for example, enable large collections of documents and data to be analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively.
The Web Science research group examines collaborative usage behavior and usage patterns in web-based communication and research environments. She also deals with the topic of altmetrics , i.e. with alternative metrics for the evaluation of scientific output on the basis of new parameters.
Under the term Science 2.0, the ZBW is researching how the World Wide Web with its numerous Web 2.0 applications is permanently changing research and publication processes in science. This is how the Leibniz Research Association Science 2.0 was created in 2013 on the initiative of the ZBW. The association of infrastructure service providers and research institutes, which is unique in Europe, aims to establish the topic of open science in the scientific community. The aim is to make scientific results and processes openly accessible and usable. An annual international conference offers researchers, specialists from libraries and experts from science policy the unique opportunity to exchange ideas on applications, experiences and strategies on the subject of Open Science.
Scientific policy engagement
The ZBW not only supports the digital change with research, but also helps shape it nationally and internationally through science-political activities. She has dealt with the topic of Open Science nationally and internationally with the director of the ZBW, who promotes the European Open Science Cloud in the High-Level Expert Group. He is a member of the G7 Open Science Working Group and the Council for Information Infrastructures , part of the German government's digital agenda. The development of an integrated research data infrastructure across disciplines and national boundaries has the highest priority in all committees. The latest project with this goal is the DFG-funded project German Research Data Infrastructure GeRDI, which the ZBW has been coordinating since 2016. In it, interdisciplinary infrastructures for research data are networked, thus enabling new possibilities for multidisciplinary research.
The Central Library for Economics was established on February 1, 1919 as a department of the Kiel Institute for the World Economy . In 1924 Wilhelm Gülich was appointed library director. Under his leadership, it was expanded to become the leading specialist and research library for economics . Gülich held this position until 1946 and again from 1950 until his death in 1960. During this time, Gülich also received substantial support from his deputy, Gertrud Savelsberg . From 1961 to 1992 the library was headed by Erwin Heidemann. During this time, the institute library developed into a national specialist library.
As a research library, the ZBW has been able to fully preserve its holdings over the decades. In 1966 the German Research Foundation assigned her the function of the central library for economics in the Federal Republic of Germany, and she was included in the joint funding of the federal and state governments. The national and global economies were defined as the focus of the collection. The ZBW has been a member of the Leibniz Association (Section B - Economics and Social Sciences, Spatial Sciences) since 1990 and is one of the scientific institutions with a significant share of supra-regional infrastructure tasks.
From 1992 to 2010 Horst Thomsen was director of the ZBW. During his term of office, the separation from the Institute for the World Economy (IfW), which took place on January 1, 2007, and the merger with the library of the disbanded Hamburg World Economic Archive into an independent, legally responsible foundation under public law fall during his term of office . Her responsibility was expanded to include the field of business administration and the publication of the Wirtschaftsdienst magazine, which has been published since 1916, and the Intereconomics magazine, which has been published since 1966 . Klaus Daughtermann has been Director of the ZBW since 2010. Under his leadership, application-oriented research in the fields of computer science and information sciences began. In 2014 the ZBW was named Library of the Year by the German Library Association: "The ZBW is a radically modern library whose customer and innovation orientation can serve as a model for other libraries".
According to the statutes, the ZBW is headed by a director who also holds a chair at the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel. It is subject to the supervision of the Ministry of the State of Schleswig-Holstein responsible for the universities. The foundation bodies are the director as management and the foundation council as advisory and decision-making body for fundamental and financial questions. In addition to the representative of the State of Schleswig-Holstein as chairman, the foundation council includes a representative of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg , two representatives of the federal government, one of whom is the deputy chairman of the foundation council, the chairman of the advisory board, and two representatives of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel and three external scientists, one of whom belongs to a leading economic research institute and two represent information sciences in the university and non-university area. In addition, according to the statutes, there is an advisory board that advises the foundation's bodies on questions of service tasks and customer concerns.
As a member of the Leibniz Association, the ZBW is evaluated at regular intervals. It depends on the result of this evaluation whether it will receive further financial support. The last evaluations took place in 2010 and 2017 and were positive.
- World's largest central library now even bigger. German Central Library for Economic Sciences integrates the library of the Hamburg World Economic Archive. In: Journal of Librarianship and Bibliography . 54th vol., 2007, no. 3, p. 143.
- German Central Library for Economic Sciences (ZBW): Annual report 2011. Kiel 2012.
- Elisabeth Flieger: 100 Years of the ZBW - Development Stages of a Scientific Library . In: Library Service . tape 53 , no. 12 , 2019, ISSN 2194-9646 , p. 793-809 , doi : 10.1515 / bd-2019-0108 ( degruyter.com ).
- official homepage
- Online information Research Guide EconDesk
- Standard thesaurus economy
- ZBW Labs
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ZBW: Articles of Association of the ZBW Foundation - Leibniz Information Center for Economics from July 19, 2018. (PDF; 173 kB) In: zbw.eu. August 8, 2018. Retrieved August 28, 2018 . -
Before: Foundation “German Central Library for Economics - Leibniz Information Center for Economics (ZBW)”.
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- International Journal of Replications in Empirical Economics (IJEMD / IREE). In: e.g. eu Retrieved February 8, 2017 .
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- SowiDataNet. In: e.g. eu Retrieved December 23, 2016 .
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- Library of the Year 2014. In: bibliotheksverband.de. German Library Association V., accessed on March 17, 2017 .
The Senate: Statement on the German Central Library for Economic Sciences - Leibniz Information Center for Economics (ZBW), Kiel and Hamburg. In: leibniz-gemeinschaft.de. July 13, 2011, accessed on August 28, 2018 (PDF; 924 kB). -
The Senate: Statement on the German Central Library for Economic Sciences Leibniz Information Center for Economics (ZBW) Kiel / Hamburg. (PDF; 521 kB) In: leibniz-gemeinschaft.de. March 20, 2018. Retrieved August 28, 2018 .