1952

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1952
Explosion of Ivy Mike, the first hydrogen bomb
Explosion of Ivy Mike , the first hydrogen bomb
Fulgencio Batista 1952
Fulgencio Batista puts on a coup in Cuba
Comet 1 of the BOAC at London Heathrow Airport
The accident-ridden De Havilland Comet is the first jet airliner
Large demonstration in front of the old opera house in Cairo
The "July 23rd Revolution" leads to the overthrow of King Faruq in the Kingdom of Egypt and changes the power structure of the entire region
1952 in other calendars
From urbe condita 2705
Armenian calendar 1400-1401
Ethiopian calendar 1944-1945
Badi calendar 108-109
Bengali calendar 1358-1359
Berber calendar 2902
Buddhist calendar 2496
Burmese calendar 1314
Byzantine calendar 7460-7461
Chinese calendar
 - era 4648-4649 or
4588-4589
 - 60 year cycle

Metal rabbit ( 辛卯 , 28) -
water dragon ( 壬辰 , 29)

French
revolutionary calendar
CLX - CLXI
160-161
Hebrew calendar 5712-5713
Hindu calendar
 - Vikram Sambat 2008-2009
 - Shaka Samvat 1874-1875
Iranian calendar 1330-1331
Islamic calendar 1371-1372
Japanese calendar
 - Nengō (era): Shōwa 27
 - Kōki 2612
Coptic calendar 1668-1669
Korean calendar
 - Dangun era 4285
 - Juche era 41
Minguo calendar 41
Modern Olympics XV
Seleucid calendar 2263-2264
Thai solar calendar 2495

The year 1952 was marked by the ongoing Korean War . In Europe, the coal and steel union laid the foundation for what would later become the European Community, and the Federal Republic of Germany was further incorporated into Western Europe.

overview

East Asia / Korean War

A US Air Force B-29 bombed over Korea

The ongoing Korean War developed into a positional war along the 38th parallel; even massive bombings on North Korea's infrastructure did little to change this. The USA was interested in strengthening its position in the Far East and was instrumental in ensuring that a peace treaty was concluded with Japan that officially ended the occupation regime. At the same time, the USA demonstrated its military strength against the Eastern Bloc by detonating its first hydrogen bomb ; The election of Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower as US President, who replaced Democrat Harry S. Truman , did nothing to change this firm stance .

Federal Republic of Germany

Founding members of the ECSC

On the question of Germany, Adenauer's CDU government consistently backed integration with the West against the resistance of the SPD. The Soviet Union tried to counteract this development by making the offer of a reunited but neutral Germany with the Stalin Note . With this, however, Stalin could not prevent the Bonn government from deciding to join the European Defense Community .

The European Coal and Steel Community (= “ Coal and Steel Union”: Federal Republic, Benelux countries, France and Italy), founded on April 18, 1951 by the Paris Treaty , came into force on July 23, 1952.

GDR

On July 24, 1952, the district reforms were implemented in the GDR . This meant a new division through area reforms into districts and counties . The 2nd party conference of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) also took place in July 1952 in the Werner-Seelenbinder-Halle in East Berlin . Under the formula of the “systematic construction of socialism ” coined by Walter Ulbricht , a “Sovietization” of society and a strengthening of state power based on the Soviet model were introduced.

middle East

The Middle East was particularly shaken by two coups: In July, King Faruq in Egypt was overthrown by the military and his underage son Fu'ad II was formally crowned king; a little later, the military in Jordan ousted King Talal , and King Hussein I took his place . In the meantime, Israel agreed a reparation agreement with the Federal Republic of Germany , which met with criticism, especially from those left behind by the Holocaust.

Latin America

In the states of Latin America, the coup of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba and the takeover of Víctor Paz Estenssoro in Bolivia are particularly noteworthy; The latter aroused the suspicion of conservative circles in America through his socialization policy.

Africa

In Africa, colonial rule, especially the British and French, continued; With the Mau-Mau uprising in Kenya , however, the first powerful independence movement was clearly reported, which the British opposed by imposing martial law.

technology

In technology, progress was shown, among other things, in the introduction of new supercomputers such as the UNIVAC . The use of jet planes ( De Havilland DH.106 Comet ) also became increasingly popular in the civilian sector and enabled flights from England to South Africa or the return trip across the Atlantic on the same day. In the meantime, television was introduced in the two German states at the end of the year.

Sports

In sport, the focus was on the Olympic Games. The Winter Games took place in Oslo, the Summer Games , which were dominated by Emil Zátopek's achievements , in Helsinki. It was the first Olympic Games after the Second World War that German athletes were allowed to take part again.

Events

Politics and world events

The new southwest state
“Third World” article in L'Observateur
US President Dwight D. Eisenhower

economy

science and technology

Ivy Mike (Eniwetok Atoll - October 31, 1952)

Culture

Sports

Disasters

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

Born

January

Uli Hoeneß

February

March

Wolfgang Kubicki, 2013
Douglas Adams, photograph by Michael Hughes

April

May

Roland Kaiser, 2014
Bernhard Brink, 2014

June

July

Dan Aykroyd , 2005

August

September

October

November

Ilja Richter, 2013

December

Day unknown

Died

January

February

George VI., Around 1940

March

April

May

June

Krystyna Skarbek, photo from 1945

July

Eva Duarte de Perón, called Evita , around 1947

August

Kurt Schumacher (between 1945 and 1948)

September

October

November

December

Day unknown

Nobel Prizes

Web links

Commons : 1952  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files