|State of Württemberg-Baden
|State capital :
|Form of government :
|parliamentary republic , partially sovereign member state of a federal state
|September 19, 1945
|3.908 million (September 13, 1950)
|Population density :
|249 inhabitants per km²
|Head of Government :
|Reinhold Maier (DVP)
DVP and SPD
(until 1951 also CDU and KPD )
|Distribution of seats in the state parliament :
|November 19, 1950
|Next choice :
|Votes in the Federal Council :
Baden-Württemberg after the Second World War .
The two southern countries belonged to the French , the northern to the American occupation zone .
The state of Württemberg-Baden was founded in 1945 by the US military government and was a state of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 . The state comprised the northern part of the former Republic of Baden and the northern part of the former People's State of Württemberg . It opened up in the newly created state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952 .
After the end of World War II , the northern parts of the former Weimar Republic Baden and Württemberg became part of the US zone of occupation . The southern border of the American occupation zone in this area was chosen in such a way that the Karlsruhe-Munich motorway, today's A 8 , lay within the American occupation zone for the entire route. The boundaries in detail were the boundaries of the respective districts. The US military government announced the founding of Greater Hesse , Wuerttemberg-Baden and Bavaria on September 19, 1945 and on December 21, 1945 appointed a provisional parliament for Wuerttemberg-Baden with members from the parties, the district administrators and mayors as well as representatives of the Professions, universities and churches.
The capital of the state was Stuttgart . At that time it had over 3.5 million inhabitants and a size of 15,700 km². The state constituent assembly was elected on June 30, 1946. The constitution was drafted by this parliament until October 1946; it was confirmed by a referendum on November 24, 1946, and the first state parliament was elected at the same time .
The Wuerttemberg and Baden parts of the country were managed as so-called "regional districts" within the state. The Baden state district had its seat in Karlsruhe and was only approximately half the size of the Württemberg state district.
When it was founded on May 23, 1949, Württemberg-Baden became part of the Federal Republic of Germany. The basic law contained in Art. 29 of the Basic Law the possibility of reorganization of the federal territory , "to ensure that countries fulfill the duties incumbent upon them effectively on the size and performance" ( para. 1 GG). In order to avoid regulation by the federal government, the states of Württemberg-Baden, Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern conducted a trial vote on September 24, 1950 and a referendum on unification on December 16, 1951. In both votes, voters in Württemberg-Baden voted with a clear majority for a state merger. The state of Baden-Württemberg was then founded on April 25, 1952.
Within the unified state, the two administrative districts of North Baden and North Württemberg were then formed on the previous area of Württemberg-Baden , which were transferred in 1973 to the administrative districts of Karlsruhe and Stuttgart , albeit with a different regional layout.
The state parliament in Württemberg-Baden was elected twice, with the CDU receiving a relative majority in 1946 and the SPD in 1950 . The state constituent assembly had previously been elected in June 1946 , with the CDU emerging as the strongest force.
Coat of arms and national colors
The coat of arms of Württemberg-Baden was made up of elements from the coats of arms of Württemberg and Baden . For Württemberg the stag sticks stood on a gold background and the pair of black and red stripes, for Baden the red sloping bar on a gold background. The national colors were black, red and gold .
District of Württemberg
- Berthold Kamm, Wolfgang Mayer: The Minister of Liberation - Gottlob Kamm and the denazification in Württemberg-Baden. Silberburg-Verlag , Tübingen 2005, ISBN 3-87407-655-5 .
- Paul Sauer : Democratic new beginning in need and misery. The state of Württemberg-Baden from 1945 to 1952. Vaas Verlag, Ulm 1978, ISBN 3-88360-003-2 .
- Proclamation of the military government of September 19, 1945
- Text of the state constitution of November 28, 1946