Bruchsal district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Bruchsal district
Bruchsal district
Map of Germany, position of the Bruchsal district highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 10 '  N , 8 ° 35'  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
Existing period: 1938-1972
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : North Baden
Administrative headquarters : Bruchsal
Area : 455 km 2
Residents: 140,095 (May 27, 1970)
Population density : 308 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : BR
Circle key : 08 2 31
Circle structure: 38 parishes
Location of the district of Bruchsal in Baden-Württemberg
About this picture

The district of Bruchsal was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .



The district of Bruchsal was in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg .

Geographically, it had a share in the Kraichgau in the east and in the Upper Rhine Plain in the west. The district town was roughly in the southern center of the district.

Neighboring areas

Its neighbors were Mannheim , Heidelberg , Sinsheim and Karlsruhe in a clockwise direction beginning in 1969 in the north . In the west, the Rhine formed the state border with Rhineland-Palatinate with the districts of Germersheim and Speyer there .


The area of ​​the district of Bruchsal belonged to the offices of Bretten, Bruchsal, Gochsheim, Gondelsheim, Odenheim and Philippsburg since 1806, when Baden was elevated to the status of a Grand Duchy . The office of Odenheim was dissolved in 1807, Gochsheim in 1810 and Gondelsheim in 1826. In 1864 the district offices of Philippsburg and Bruchsal were merged, so that there was only the district office of Bretten and the district office of Bruchsal, both of which belonged to the state commissioner district of Karlsruhe . As part of the administrative reorganization of Baden, the Bretten office was dissolved in 1936. The northern part came to the Bruchsal district office, the southern part to the Karlsruhe district office. Like all Baden district offices in 1939 was awarded the district office Bruchsal due to the "Law on the county self-government" , the term district Bruchsal .

After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district belonged to the administrative district of North Baden . As a result of the municipal reform in 1970, the district area changed in five cases. On September 1, 1971, the municipality of Landshausen, previously the district of Sinsheim , was assigned to the district of Bruchsal because it became part of the newly formed town of Kraichtal on the same day . On January 1, 1972, the communities Eichelberg and Tiefenbach, both also in the district of Sinsheim, were incorporated into the community of Östringen and the community of Neudorf and the community of Graben were combined to form the community of Graben-Neudorf. Eichelberg and Tiefenbach then belonged to the Bruchsal district, while Neudorf now belonged to the Karlsruhe district. On March 1, 1972, the community of Neibsheim was incorporated into the city of Bretten and thus also belonged to the district of Karlsruhe.

With effect from January 1, 1973, the district of Bruchsal was finally dissolved and its communities assigned to the district of Karlsruhe , which thus became the legal successor to the district of Bruchsal.

Population development

All population figures are census results.

year Residents
May 17, 1939 91,387
September 13, 1950 104,344
year Residents
June 6, 1961 119.009
May 27, 1970 140.095


District Administrator

The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Bruchsal 1807–1972:

coat of arms

Blazon : split between blue and gold, a continuous, polished silver cross in front, a red waistband shoe in the back . The coat of arms was awarded to the Bruchsal district on February 13, 1964.

The “Speyer Cross” stands for the former prince-bishopric of Speyer , to which most of the district belonged until 1806. The Bundschuh is the symbol of the peasant uprising of 1502, which began in Untergrombach and Obergrombach. One of the farmers' leaders at the time was Joß Fritz from Untergrombach.

Economy and Infrastructure


The federal motorway 5 Heidelberg-Karlsruhe and the roughly parallel B 3 run through the district area from north to south . Other federal highways are the B 36 in the west, the B 35 in the south and the B 292 in the north .


From 1938 onwards, 38 communities belonged to the Bruchsal district, 5 of which were towns including Waghäusel , a community that was not newly formed until 1930 from the Oberhausen district .

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Bruchsal was made by the communities of Ubstadt and Weiher, which merged with effect from April 1, 1970 to form the community of Ubstadt-Weiher . In the period that followed, the number of municipalities steadily decreased until the Bruchsal district finally became part of the Karlsruhe district on January 1, 1973 .

The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Bruchsal . The smallest community was Neuenbürg.

In the table, the municipalities of the Bruchsal district are before the municipal reform. Today all communities belong to the district of Karlsruhe . The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.

former parish today's parish Resident
on June 6, 1961
on May 27, 1970
Bad Langenbrücken Bad Schönborn 2,821 3,347
Bad Mingolsheim Bad Schönborn 3,626 4,399
Railway bridges Kraichtal 462 519
Bruchsal , large district town Bruchsal 22,578 27.308
Büchenau Bruchsal 1,075 1,538
Forest near Bruchsal Forest 4,200 4,708
Gochsheim , city Kraichtal 1,490 1,632
Gondola home Gondola home 1,704 2,047
Hambrücken Hambrücken 3,009 3,595
Heidelsheim , city Bruchsal 2,937 3,150
Helmsheim Bruchsal 1,321 1,431
Huttenheim Philippsburg 1,873 2.136
Karlsdorf Karlsdorf-Neuthard 3,168 3,847
Kirrlach Waghausel 7,082 8,417
Kronau Kronau 3,719 4,259
Menzingen Kraichtal 1,673 1,865
Münzesheim Kraichtal 1,573 1,855
Neibsheim Boards 1,200 1,334
Neudorf Graben-Neudorf 3,715 4,346
Neuenbürg Kraichtal 389 419
Neuthard Karlsdorf-Neuthard 2,324 3,063
Oberacker Kraichtal 494 567
Obergrombach , city Bruchsal 1,703 2,099
Oberhausen Oberhausen-Rheinhausen 5,723 6,083
Oberöwisheim Kraichtal 1,437 1,691
Odenheim Oestringen 3,261 3,447
Oestringen Oestringen 4,703 5,667
Philippsburg , city Philippsburg 4.030 5,563
Rheinhausen Oberhausen-Rheinhausen 1,763 1,980
Rheinsheim Philippsburg 2,363 2,670
Stettfeld Ubstadt pond 1,223 1,435
Ubstadt Ubstadt pond 2.129 -
Ubstadt pond Ubstadt pond - 9,047
Untergrombach Bruchsal 4.141 5,120
Unteröwisheim , city Kraichtal 2,556 2,924
Waghausel Waghausel 517 638
Pond Ubstadt pond 2,561 -
Wiesental Waghausel 6,528 7,384
Twitch Ubstadt pond 1.961 2,081

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign BR when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 473 f .