|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|Height :||176 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||71.11 km 2|
|Residents:||29,412 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||414 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||75015|
|Primaries :||07252, 07258|
|License plate :||KA|
|Community key :||08 2 15 007|
|City structure:||Core city and 9 districts|
City administration address :
|Untere Kirchgasse 9
|Lord Mayor :||Martin Wolff (independent)|
|Location of the city of Bretten in the district of Karlsruhe|
Bretten is a city in the western Kraichgau , about 23 km northeast of Karlsruhe in Baden-Württemberg . After Bruchsal and Ettlingen, it is the third largest city in the Karlsruhe district and forms a central center for the surrounding communities. Bretten has been a major district town since January 1, 1975 . Bretten has agreed an administrative partnership with the neighboring community of Gondelsheim .
The city's most famous son is the church reformer and Luther contemporary Philipp Melanchthon , which is why Bretten calls himself “Melanchthonstadt”.
Bretten is located in the Kraichgau on the watershed between Walzbach and Saalbach in the southwest to the Kraichbachtal in the northeast. The city is located about 17 km north of Pforzheim and 39 km southwest of Heilbronn . The Saalbachtal has been the main southern traffic axis through the Kraichgau since the Middle Ages (the northern one leads via Sinsheim ) between the Odenwald in the north and the Black Forest in the south from north / northwest / west to southeast. The important B 35 and the railway line to Stuttgart run in it .
The following cities and communities border the city of Bretten. They are named in a clockwise direction starting in the east: Knittlingen , Neulingen and Königsbach-Stein (all Enzkreis ) as well as Walzbachtal , Gondelsheim , Bruchsal , Kraichtal and Oberderdingen (all districts of Karlsruhe ).
The urban area of Brettens forms the core town as well as the nine districts Bauerbach , Neibsheim and Büchig in the north, Diedelsheim , Rinklingen and (a little further away) Dürrenbüchig in the west, Gölshausen in the northeast and Ruit in the south and the smallest Bretten district, Sprantal in the southwest.
The Hagenmühle house belongs to the Bauerbach district. The core town of Bretten includes the hamlet of Hetzenbaumhöfe, the places Kupferhaele and Ölmühle in the Ruiter Tal (formerly Sägmühle), the Bergmühle mill and the Salzhofen and Schwarzerdhof farms . The houses at Beim Bahnhof Bretten, Reiterle and Talmühle belong to the Rinklingen district . The hamlet Rotenbergerhof and the Talmühle house belong to the Ruit district.
The village of Weißhofen has risen in Bretten, and the Geilsheimer Wiesench corridor, whose name suggests a desert , is located in the area of the core town . The Giegelnberg desert lies in the Büchig district of Bretten and partly in the town of Kraichtal . The Randelstein desert lies in the Neibsheim district.
Within the city center, a distinction is made between residential areas with their own names, which are derived from the original field or landscape names (for example Hausertal, Kupferhaele, Rechberg or Wanne).
Bretten forms a middle center on the eastern edge of the Middle Upper Rhine region , the upper center of which is the city of Karlsruhe . In addition to the city of Bretten, the municipalities of Gondelsheim, Kürnbach , Oberderdingen, Sulzfeld and Zaisenhausen of the Karlsruhe district, as well as Knittlingen , which belongs to the Enzkreis district, belong to the central area of Bretten .
The old town of Bretten (about 170 m) is located in the Kraichgau on a south-facing slope flattening of a relatively wide valley basin, which is tectonically supported here at the confluence of the rivers Salzach (from the south) and Weißach (from the east). From Bretten, the Salzach and Weißach form the Saalbach , which enters the Upper Rhine lowlands at Bruchsal and flows into the Rhine at Philippsburg . The proximity of the Rhine led to high relief energy , which helped the part of the Kraichgau around Bretten to a varied landscape, the "Brettener Hügelland". Its characteristic is the loess blanket on shell limestone (“hidden karst ”), which is usually up to about 200 cm thick , but which is considerably endangered by soil erosion. The land consolidation has left a few narrow roads. The southern district area is still in parts of the landscape of the open karst with sinkholes and swallow holes (mostly under forest) and the rear landscape in the open hallway. One of the largest uvalas is located around the Katharinentaler Hof between Bretten and Pforzheim .
City history data
- 767 Mentioned as Villa Breteheim in the Lorsch Codex .
- 12th century Bretten is a suburb of the Kraichgaugrafen von Lauffen and becomes a market town around 1120.
- In 1158 the settlement passed to the Counts of Eberstein .
- 1254 first mention of Bretten as a "city".
- In 1349 Bretten came to the Electoral Palatinate as an imperial pledge , Palatinate Vogt of the Oberamt Bretten became Weiprecht I. von Helmstatt , among others
- In 1492 Count Palatine Philipp Bretten gave four annual fairs.
- Philipp Melanchthon was born in 1497 in the house of his grandfather Johann Reuter on the market square in Bretten. He was an important humanist and co-reformer at Luther's side.
- 1500 the Electoral Palatinate becomes part of the Kurheinische Reichskreis
- In 1504 Bretten successfully defends itself against the siege by Ulrich von Württemberg with 30,000 men. The Peter and Paul Festival serves as a reminder to this day.
- Philipp Melanchthon died in Wittenberg in 1560 .
- 1689 Bretten is destroyed in the Palatinate War of Succession . Immediate reconstruction of some houses that still shape the cityscape today.
- 1803 Bretten becomes Baden due to the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss and the seat of an office , which is expanded in 1813 to include the dissolved office of Gochsheim .
- 1853 First railway connection on the Bruchsal-Bretten-Eppingen railway line
- 1879 After completion of the "Kraichgaubahn" Karlsruhe – Bretten-Eppingen, Bretten becomes a railway junction.
- 1880/81 construction of the synagogue
- 1897–1903 Construction of the Melanchthon Memorial House on the market square by Nikolaus Müller and City Councilor Georg Wörner.
- 1934 The Peter and Paul Festival is celebrated on a larger scale for the first time.
- 1936 The Bretten District Office is dissolved. The city and its surrounding area come to the Karlsruhe district office , Neibsheim to the Bruchsal district office .
- 1938 Destruction of the synagogue during the Reichspogromnacht
- 1939–1945 2% of Bretten, which had a population of 5,623 in 1939, is destroyed by air raids.
- 1971–1975 incorporation of nine neighboring communities. The number of inhabitants exceeded the 20,000 limit, whereupon the city applied for the status of a major district town , which the Baden-Württemberg state government then decided with effect from January 1, 1975.
- In 1990 the Baden-Württemberg Home Days take place in Bretten .
- 1992 Opening of the light rail line from Karlsruhe to Bretten.
- 1994 Opening of the light rail line from Bruchsal to Bretten.
- 1997 Melanchthon anniversary with around 80 events in Bretten and international recognition.
- 2001 Unveiling of the memorial for the deportation of Jewish citizens in the city park.
- 2017 Bretten celebrates its 1250th birthday. Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann will also take part in the big festival weekend .
The area of the city of Bretten has belonged to the diocese of Speyer since the city was founded, but certainly since 1283 and was subordinate to the Archdeaconate of St. Guido in Speyer . Anabaptists appeared from 1536 and the Reformation gained a foothold in 1540 . While the city was initially Lutheran from 1556 , at the end of the 16th century the majority of the city turned to the Reformed Confession. From 1685 there was also a Lutheran congregation again. Both communities united in 1822 to form a Protestant community, especially since the Grand Duchy of Baden , to which Bretten had belonged since 1803/06, had introduced the union of both denominations in 1821. Bretten became the seat of a dean whose administrative district, the parish of Bretten, has changed several times in the course of history. Most of the districts of Bretten also became Protestant early on, and so the Evangelical Church District of Bretten, before it was merged with the Bruchsal district in 2015, comprised a total of 26 parishes, including the seven parishes of the city of Bretten (Bretten, Diedelsheim, Dürrenbüchig, Gölshausen, Rinklingen, Ruit , Sprantal). The Protestants in the Büchig and Neibsheim districts are also supplied by the parish of Gondelsheim and in the Bauerbach district by the parish of Kürnbach.
In Bretten itself there were still Catholics despite the introduction of the Reformation. In 1705 their number was 133 compared to 520 Lutherans and 390 Reformed. The districts of Bauerbach, Büchig and Neibsheim have remained predominantly Catholic to this day; before 1803 they belonged to the diocese of Speyer . While all Catholics initially belonged to the Diocese of Speyer and from 1810 to the General Vicariate of Bruchsal, in 1827 they were assigned to the Archdiocese of Freiburg , which was rebuilt for the Grand Duchy of Baden. Bretten later became the seat of a dean's office, whose office was in Eppingen until December 31, 2007 . The parishes of the city of Bretten and the entire surrounding area belonged to him. Bretten has been part of the Bruchsal Dean's Office since 2008. The parishes within the city of Bretten are combined into the two pastoral care units Bretten-Stadt and Bretten-Land. The parish of St. Laurentius belongs to Bretten-Stadt, whose parish church was built from 1936 to 1938 with its two subsidiary churches St. Elisabeth (residential area Wanne, completion of the church in 1965) and St. Stephanus Diedelsheim (completion of the church in 1991). The pastoral care unit of Bretten Land includes the parishes of the districts of Bauerbach (St. Peter Church), Büchig (Holy Cross Church) and Neibsheim (St. Mauritius Church, built 1791/92, with the Guter Hirte branch church, Gondelsheim community ).
In addition to the two large Christian churches, there are also congregations of various free churches in Bretten , including an Evangelical Free Church congregation ( Baptists ) and a congregation of the people's mission of resolute Christians . V. The New Apostolic Church and Jehovah's Witnesses are also represented in Bretten.
Between 1971 and 1975, nine surrounding communities were incorporated into the city of Bretten. Except for Neibsheim, which was a municipality in the Bruchsal district until it was incorporated, all of them already belonged to the Karlsruhe district. The population figures behind the municipality name indicate the respective status as of December 31, 2015/28. February 2013 again.
January 1, 1971:
February 2, 1972:
March 1, 1972:
Neibsheim , district of Bruchsal
June 1, 1972:
January 1, 1973:
January 1, 1973:
January 1, 1974:
Büchig near Bretten
January 1, 1975:
January 1, 1975:
Population figures according to the respective area. The numbers are estimates or census results (¹) as well as official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ).
Since Bretten is a large district town , the technical supervision is incumbent on the regional council of Karlsruhe , which is otherwise only the case in independent cities . The Karlsruhe district , to which Bretten belongs, is only responsible for legal supervision.
The council has 26 honorary members who are elected for five years. The municipal councils use the designation city council. In addition, the mayor is the municipal council chairman with voting rights.
The 2019 local elections led to the following result (in brackets: difference to 2014):
|Municipal Council 2019|
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats|
|CDU||25.0% (−7.1)||7 (−1)|
|Green||16.9% (+3.8)||4 (+1)|
|Free voters||16.7% (+1.8)||4 (± 0)|
|the active ones||14.2% (−0.2)||4 (± 0)|
|SPD||13.5% (−3.2)||3 (−1)|
|FDP||6.9% (+6.9)||2 (+2)|
|Departure Bretten||3.4% (+3.4)||1 (+1)|
|AfD||3.2% (+3.2)||1 (+1)|
|Turnout: 55.9% (+ 8.3)|
The first Bretten youth council was elected on March 27, 2011 and was constituted on April 6 in the first public meeting. 29 young people from Bretten stood for election, 13 of whom made it to the youth council. The most important achievement during her tenure was the expansion of the timetable for bus route 141. In 2012, the youth council donated a basketball hoop for the outdoor area of the youth center. With the municipal and European elections in 2014, 13 new youth councils were elected in Bretten, which were constituted on June 30th. The next elections followed in 2017. Here again 13 of a total of 18 applicants were elected to the youth council.
The head of the city is the mayor, since January 1, 1975 mayor , who is directly elected by the population for eight years. His permanent representative is the first alderman with the official title of mayor.
- Mayor or Lord Mayor
- until 1986: Alfred Leicht (Mayor, from January 1, 1975 Lord Mayor)
- 1986 to January 31, 2010: Paul Metzger (Lord Mayor)
- since February 1, 2010: Martin Wolff (Lord Mayor)
coat of arms
|Blazon : “Of silver and blue, roughened vertically with diamonds on top. The city colors are blue and white . "|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms first appears in a document from 1359. All later seals and coats of arms of the city go back to this first coat of arms from 1359, with minor changes. It symbolizes the Wittelsbacher diamonds, as the city of Bretten belonged to the Electoral Palatinate from 1349 to 1803 .|
The city of Bretten has six town twinning agreements . The oldest since 1979 is the town of Hemer in the Sauerland , the youngest since 2001 in the French town of Bellegarde-sur-Valserine . In between, contracts were signed with Longjumeau in France, Condeixa-a-Nova in Portugal, Lutherstadt Wittenberg in Saxony-Anhalt and Pontypool in Wales.
A special feature is the so-called clover leaf, i. H. a partnership between the twin towns of Bellegarde - Condeixa-a-Nova - Longjumeau and Bretten also with each other. For this specialty and the active partnership, the city of Bretten was honored in 2012 with the award of the flag of honor by the Council of Europe. With the partner cities, a basis was laid for a large number of school and family exchanges and meetings between institutions and associations.
Economy and Infrastructure
The city lies on the outskirts of the most important agglomerations in Baden-Württemberg, Karlsruhe in the west, Pforzheim in the south, Stuttgart / Heilbronn in the east / northeast and Mannheim / Heidelberg in the north. The main north-south and west-east motorways surround the city in the shape of a large rectangle.
The federal highways 35 ( Germersheim - Illingen ), 293 ( Heilbronn - Berghausen ) and 294 (to Freiburg im Breisgau ) run through the city . Bretten is the intersection of the three federal highways, which led to considerable traffic loads in the core city, which are reduced by bypass roads and multi-lane expansion and have already become in some areas. Despite the nocturnal truck traffic ban, the burden of truck traffic that wants to avoid tolls on the motorways has increased significantly.
The most important offer in local public transport (ÖPNV) by rail is the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn in Bretten . The S4 Karlsruhe – Heilbronn – Öhringen tram runs from the Bretten train station. The regional train RB17 Bruchsal – Mühlacker-Stuttgart also operates. There is also a regional express to Heidelberg every 2 hours. The districts of Bauerbach, Gölshausen (with industrial area), Rinklingen and Dürrenbüchig on the S4 and Diedelsheim and Ruit on the RB17 have stops. In addition to the train station, there are also the stops “Stadtmitte”, “Wannenweg”, “Schulzentrum” and “Kupferhilder” on the S4 and “Rechberg” on the RB17 in the central Bretten area. Local public transport is also served by several bus routes that also connect Bretten with Maulbronn and Pforzheim.
Companies based in Bretten are - among others - Tiernahrung Deuerer , Neff GmbH , Seeburger AG , Wolters Kluwer Software und Service GmbH, msgGillardon AG and BGT Bischoff Glastechnik AG, which among other things is responsible for the glazing of the Reichstag dome and Berlin Central Station responsible for.
Bretten appear as newspaper the Brettener news, a header page of the Karlsruhe Baden Latest News . The city publishes the official gazette of the city of Bretten , there are also official announcements. The Brettener Woche advertising paper is distributed weekly . There is also the city magazine Willi and the regional television station KraichgauTV .
Court, authorities and institutions
Bretten is the seat of the local court of Bretten and a notary's office that belong to the regional court district of Karlsruhe and the higher regional court district of Karlsruhe . The employment agency also has an office here. Bretten is also the seat of the church district Bretten of the Evangelical Church in Baden .
The city is responsible for two grammar schools, one secondary school, three elementary and secondary schools and six elementary schools. In addition, there are vocational schools, which are sponsored by the district of Karlsruhe, including a technical high school , the commercial school , the home economics school and the commercial school; there is also an adult education center . The schools in detail:
- Melanchthon High School
- Edith Stein High School
- Max Planck Realschule
- Johann-Peter-Hebel-Schule (community school with a sports profile and associated elementary school support class , all-day school from grade 5, preparatory class)
- Schillerschule (elementary and technical secondary school, partial full-day elementary school, preparatory class, cooperation class, LIMA-RIMA support school)
- Primary schools in the districts of Bauerbach, Büchig, Gölshausen, Neibsheim, Rinklingen, Ruit and Diedelsheim
- Evangelisches Hohberghaus Bretten - Special education and advice center with a focus on social and emotional development
- Pestalozzischule - special education and counseling center with a focus on learning
- Vocational schools in Bretten with a technical high school
freetime and sports
Bretten has a combined outdoor and indoor pool, the bathing world Bretten . In the outdoor pool, a fun pool with two water slides and a 25 m swimmer pool is available to visitors. Small bathers have the opportunity to stay in the paddling pool. Most of the outdoor pool is heated by solar panels. The indoor pool has a swimmer's pool with starting blocks, a diving board and a 3-meter tower as well as a large and a smaller non-swimmer pool. There is also an area for small children in the indoor pool. In addition to the pools mentioned, the pool world also offers a sauna area. Like the entire interior, it was reopened in spring 2017 after major renovations.
The indoor sports center Im Grüner is located in the immediate vicinity of the bathing world . This was opened in the following year after a major fire in the previous sports hall in 2005.
The first football team of the men of VfB Bretten currently plays in the Bruchsal district league . The club also has a baseball department, the Bretten Kangaroos, which have existed since 1992. Since 2004 they have been playing with their first men's teams in the highest league in Baden-Württemberg, the Association League.
The largest sports club in Bretten is the Turnverein 1846 Bretten e. V., which has a total of 3450 members. Competitive and competitive sports, gymnastics, leisure and health sports are offered to the members. The club is regularly present with a large number of participants at German gymnastics festivals. There are many youth camps every year. The association regularly organizes large events, such as the regional children's gymnastics festival.
In addition to the aforementioned large clubs in the city center, there are also several gymnastics and sports clubs in the districts. These mainly provide their own soccer teams, which duel at the traditional Bretten City Cup , among other things .
The Bretten police station, which is subordinate to the Karlsruhe police headquarters, is located in Bretten . This also includes the Oberderdingen, Sulzfeld and Walzbachtal police stations.
Melanchthonstadt also has a powerful volunteer fire brigade with ten departments. The emergency services can rely on an above-average modern fleet to protect the city. The Bretten fire brigade is also part of the Karlsruhe-Land Nord dangerous goods train.
The German Red Cross operates an ambulance in Bretten, where an ambulance is stationed. There is also an emergency vehicle at the Rechbergklinik . This opened in March 2019 next to the old clinic from the 1960s. In a complex move, patients and equipment were relocated to the new 50 million euro house within a short period of time. The clinic is operated by the Regionale Kliniken Holding .
The city invested around 275,000 euros in a new siren warning system to warn in the event of a disaster or storm. This was put into operation in October 2019.
Culture and sights
- Gugg-e-mol cellar theater
- The Badische Landesbühne comes to guest performances in the Stadtparkhalle and in the courtyard of the Johann-Peter-Hebel-Schule.
- The theater group of the Melanchthong High School in Bretten has existed for over 30 years and performs a play every year.
- Melanchthonhaus on the market square, built by Hermann Billing from 1897 to 1903 in place of the house where the reformer was born; also the seat of the European Melanchthon Academy
- City museum in the Swiss courtyard
- German Guardian Angel Museum in the Swiss courtyard
- Gerber house with tanner museum
Until October 2014, the private Bretten Indian Museum was located in the Diedelsheim district .
The Musikverein Stadtkapelle Bretten e. V. frames numerous festivals and celebrations inside and outside of Bretten. One of the oldest natural clay fanfare trains in Germany plays in the “blue and white” city colors. The fanfare and drummer procession Bretten 1504 e. V. performs at home and abroad. The MGB Big Band is known for jazz music of the highest level in the region, but also abroad. The working group for early music and culture performs ancient music under the name Loeffelstielzchen on true-to-original instruments. The group is completed by jugglers and jugglers. Performances at the Bretten Peter and Paul Festival have been part of the program for decades.
- The “Hundles” fountain, the “Brettener Hundle”, a pug , is a symbol of the city
- Collegiate Church, the main Protestant church of the city, formerly Reformed church, originally built between 1350 and 1400 and consecrated as St. Stephan, then as St. Laurentius Catholic
- Kreuzkirche , formerly a Lutheran church, built from 1687
- Catholic St. Laurentius Church, consecrated in 1938
- Old town hall on the market square, built in 1787
- Office building, built 1783/1784
- Gerberhaus, built around 1585, the city's oldest residential building
- Hebererhaus, half-timbered house on Pforzheimer Strasse, birthplace of travel writer Michael Heberer around 1555 ; The Hebererhaus was destroyed in a devastating fire on the night of September 6th to 7th, 2007. In May 2009 it became known that the reconstruction was being delayed due to massive problems with the insurance.
- Melanchthon House, see museums
- Pfeiferturm (13th century) and Simmelturm (14th century), towers of the former city fortifications; the 40 m high Pfeiferturm up to the top of the tower can be climbed as a lookout tower . After its roof was destroyed by the French on August 13, 1689 when they set fire to all of Bretten, it was only around 26 m high to the top of the wall. On June 13, 2009, it was finally given a new roof, which was placed on the top of the wall with the help of a crane.
- Former castles near Bretten: Gaugrafenburg Bretten , Upper and Lower Castle Neibsheim (moated castle Neibsheim).
Since 1979 there has been a memorial stone at the parking lot in Engelsberg 4–6 , which commemorates the destroyed synagogue , the school, rabbinate and mikveh of the Jewish residents who were expelled or deported by the Nazi terror. The memorial book of the Federal Archives for the Victims of the National Socialist Persecution of Jews in Germany (1933-1945) lists 25 Jewish residents of Bretten who were deported and mostly murdered.
For these, stumbling blocks have been laid over the past few years on the initiative of the advanced history course of the Melanchthon High School. An overview of the stones laid in Bretten can be found in the list of stumbling blocks in Bretten .
The Bretten zoo is the largest petting zoo in Germany. Opposite it is the Bretten climbing forest since June 2017 .
The rose garden is a park in the lower part of the cemetery.
- Since 1988, the city has awarded the Melanchthon Prize of the city of Bretten in a public ceremony every three years on the birthday of its biggest son .
- Peter and Paul Festival , medieval town festival, which annually on the first weekend after the feast of Peter and Paul takes place
- Wine market
- Christmas market, since 2008 with a historical market section
- Brettener Buett
- European Festival
- Grocer's market, twice a year
- Applied arts market
- Easter market
Bretten is located on two major tourist roads that lead past numerous sights:
- Bertha Benz Memorial Route , from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back to Mannheim via Bretten.
- Kraichgau-Stromberg wine route, which connects the Baden region with the Württemberg wine-growing region for 355 kilometers .
- 1853: Friedrich Rettig (1781–1859), politician
- 1895: Franz-Josef Janzer (1815–1897), doctor and 1848 revolutionary
- 1903: Nikolaus Müller (1857–1912), Protestant theologian and church historian
- 1932: Franz Bartholomäus Kempf (1864–1942), clergyman, honorary citizen of Büchig
- undated: Erwin Müller (1876–1951), lawyer, honorary citizen of Bauerbach
- 1953: Ambros Barth (1879–1956), clergyman, honorary citizen of Neibsheim
- 1954: Hermann Trautz (1902–1973), hotelier in the USA, honorary citizen of Ruit
- 1955: Otto-Karl Schemenau (1877–1960), mayor for 26 years until he was ousted by the National Socialists in 1933
- 1966: Alfred Neff (1906–1970), entrepreneur
- 1967: Adolf Muckenfuss sen. (1890–1967), manufacturer
- 1967: Robert Ganter (1896–1974), senior school officer
- 1969: Otto Bickel (1913–2003), senior official, honorary citizen of Rinklingen
- 1977: Franz Kremp (1915–1990), doctor
- 1986: Alfred Leicht (1921–2005), Lord Mayor
- 1986: Otto Beuttenmüller (1901–1999), local researcher
- 1986: Edmund Oest (1911–1992), mayor
- 1989: Robert Scheuble (1924–2015), Mayor
- 2005: Martin Judt (1938–2005), mayor
- 2010: Paul Metzger (* 1944), Lord Mayor
sons and daughters of the town
- Philipp Melanchthon ( Philipp Schwarzerdt; 1497–1560), reformer
- Samuel Eisenmenger ( Siderocrates; 1534–1585), physician and astronomer
- Michael Heberer von Bretten (* between 1555 and 1560, died before 1633), author of the travel report "Aegyptica Servitus"
- Reinhard Christian Wilhelm Aurelius Steimmig (1785–1840), physician in Wertheim and Mannheim
- Louis Paravicini (1811–1878), politician (NLP)
- Ludwig Turban the Elder (1821–1898), Baden Minister of State (1876–1893)
- Max Heinsheimer (1832-1892), lawyer
- Otto Eberbach (1865–1928), forester
- Karl Kamm (1870–1946), administrative lawyer
- Heinrich Baumann (1871–1949), engineer, railway director and university professor
- Hermann Fecht (1880–1952), politician (center, CDU), Minister of Justice of the State of Baden (southern Baden)
- Arthur Valdenaire (1883–1946), architect, building historian and preservationist
- Hermann Weber (1899–1956), entomologist
- Otto Beuttenmüller (1901–1999), genealogist
- Moritz Kraut (1905–1941), politician (NSDAP)
- Alfred Neff (1906–1970), entrepreneur
- Hellmut Berg (1908–1960), geophysicist and meteorologist
- Heinz Müller-Dietz (* 1931), lawyer and author
- Helmut Wirth (* 1933), engineer, member of the state parliament (CDU)
- Klaus Schnabel (* 1937), theologian
- Manfred Pfaus (* 1939), member of the state parliament (CDU) and inventor
- Roland Schmider (* 1940), President of the sports club Karlsruher SC (1974–2000)
- Klaus Nohlen (* 1945), building researcher
- Joachim Kößler (* 1950), Bundesbank director and politician (CDU), member of the state parliament
- Heidrun Mössner (* 1950), author and documentary filmmaker
- Peter Reichert (* 1961), soccer player, fan representative of VfB Stuttgart since 2004
- Ingrid Herr (* 1962), biologist and scientist in the field of cancer research
- Marion Pfaus (* 1966), author
- Mile Kekin (* 1971), musician, singer in the band Hladno Pivo
- Lara Huber (* 1973), philosopher
- Cris Cosmo (* 1978), musician
- Nicole Söder (* 1980), soccer player at SC Freiburg
- Serhat Akın (* 1981), football player
- Selçuk Alibaz (* 1989), football player
- Jannik Arbogast (* 1992), athlete
- Philipp Förster (* 1995), soccer player
- Malik Batmaz (* 2000), soccer player
Other personalities associated with the city
- Klaus Wurth (1861–1948), theologian and church president of the Evangelical Church in Baden, 1906 to 1924 pastor in Bretten
- Josef Dehm (1904–1977). Inventor and entrepreneur
- Willy Bickel (1908–1996), local history researcher
- Albrecht Glaser (* 1942), politician (then CDU , now AfD), was first deputy until 1980
- Olaf Malolepski (* 1946), pop singer with Flippers , has lived in Bretten since 1971
- Nino de Angelo (* 1963), pop singer, lived in Bretten
- The Schäfer , a hit group founded in 1990, comes from Bretten
- City of Bretten and Landesbildstelle Baden (ed.): Large district town - Melanchthon town of Bretten. regional culture publisher, Ubstadt-Weiher 1997, ISBN 3-929366-42-8 (texts in German, English, French).
- Alfons Schäfer: History of the city of Bretten from its beginnings to its destruction in 1689 (= Bretten city history publications. Volume 2). Edited by the city administration of Bretten, Bretten 1977, OCLC 24010261 .
- Alfred Straub: History of the city of Bretten in recent times. Published by the Mayor's Office of the City of Bretten, Bretten 1990, ISBN 3-928029-02-9 .
- Peter Bahn: City Guide Bretten. Culture and history in the southern Kraichgau. Edited by the city of Bretten. regional culture publisher, Ubstadt-Weiher 1993, ISBN 3-9802218-8-1 .
- Manfred Störzer: Water for Bretten. History and technology. regional culture publisher, Ubstadt-Weiher 1994, ISBN 3-929366-05-3 .
- Peter Bahn (Ed.): "When I was a child ...". Bretten 1497 - Everyday Life in the Late Middle Ages. Book accompanying the exhibition. regional culture publisher, Ubstadt-Weiher 1997, ISBN 3-929366-43-6 .
- Erich Keyser (Ed.): Badisches Städtebuch (= part of the German city book. Handbook of urban history. Volume IV 2). Stuttgart 1959, .
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- That is to say: news concerning the circumstances and delivering them.