|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 49 ° 16 ' N , 8 ° 29' E
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|Height :||99 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||18.95 km 2|
|Residents:||9593 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||506 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||68794|
|Area code :||07254|
|License plate :||KA|
|Community key :||08 2 15 107|
|LOCODE :||DE ORN|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Martin Büchner|
|Location of the municipality of Oberhausen-Rheinhausen in the district of Karlsruhe|
Oberhausen-Rheinhausen is a municipality in Baden-Württemberg in the Karlsruhe district .
Oberhausen-Rheinhausen is located in the extreme northwest of the Karlsruhe district, directly on the Rhine . In the west it borders over the Rhine on Römerberg and in the north-west on Speyer , in the north on Altlußheim , in the north-east on Neulußheim , in the south-east on Waghäusel , in the south on Philippsburg .
The municipality of Oberhausen-Rheinhausen consists of the former municipalities of Oberhausen and Rheinhausen, to which the house Ziegelhütte belonged.
The former municipality of Rheinhausen is a place within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code with its own local council and a local councilor .
The first documentary mention comes from the year 1256. This document speaks of two villages Husen an der Furt. In the early 14th century Oberhausen and Rheinhausen came into the possession of the Diocese of Speyer , which later belonged to the Upper Rhine Empire , and remained there until 1803, when they fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden as part of the mediatization due to the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss . There they last belonged to the district of Bruchsal until it was added to the district of Karlsruhe in 1973.
In 1490, the Roman-German King Maximilian I set up the first regularly operated postal route in Europe between Innsbruck and Brussels , which crossed the Rhine by means of the Rheinhausen ferry . Maximilian I commissioned members of the Italian courier family Taxis to carry out this postal service . Rheinhausen has been documented as a post office since 1495 . In 1540, Johann Baptista von Taxis transferred the Rheinhausen post office and its branches to Seraphin I von Taxis and his brother Bartholomäus for life . In 1552 Seraphin I von Taxis had a post house built, but it was destroyed several times as a result of the war. In addition to Augsburg, Rheinhausen was a stopover on the historical postal route Brussels-Innsbruck-Italy, which is also recorded in Giovanni da l'Herba's postal route book from 1563. The Rheinhausen post office survived until it was closed under Napoleon in 1803.
On January 1, 1975, as part of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg, the previously independent municipality of Rheinhausen was incorporated into Oberhausen. At the same time, the community was renamed Oberhausen-Rheinhausen.
Oberhausen and Rheinhausen belong to the Archdiocese of Freiburg . The Reformation could not gain a foothold here, both districts are still today Roman Catholic . At the moment there is still a Catholic parish here. The few Protestants are spiritually cared for by the Protestant community in Waghäusel .
The parish council usually has 22 honorary members who are elected for five years. The number of members can increase through compensatory seats (total 2019: 24 seats; 2014: 22). In addition, the mayor acts as the municipal council chairman with voting rights.
By choosing the wrong part of the town , the districts are guaranteed a fixed number of seats: at least 15 members come from Oberhausen and at least seven from Rheinhausen.
The 2019 local elections led to the following result (in brackets: difference to 2014):
|Municipal Council 2019|
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats|
|CDU||33.1% (−0.4)||8 (+1)|
|Free Ecological Democratic List (FÖDL)||28.9% (+2.6)||7 (+1)|
|Free voters||19.5% (+4.2)||5 (+2)|
|SPD||18.5% (−6.4)||4 (−2)|
|Turnout: 54.3% (+6.5)|
coat of arms
Blazon : "Split of blue and gold, on the right a half polished silver cross at the gap, on the left a half-pointed eight-spoke black wheel at the gap."
Explanation : The municipal coat of arms shows the motifs of the Rhine and Oberhausen court seals from the 18th century. The cross stands for the former belonging to the Principality of Speyer , but also for one of the patrons of the Oberhauser Church, Saint Philip . The wheel stands for Saint Catherine , who is depicted on the high altar of the Rheinhauser church.
Economy and Infrastructure
The community is connected to the supraregional road network by the federal highway 36 ( Mannheim - Lahr / Schwarzwald ). In Rheinhausen there is a Rhine ferry (for people and cyclists) to Speyer .
There has been a community school in Oberhausen since the beginning of the 2012/2013 school year (classes 1 to 10 and elementary school support class ). Oberhausen-Rheinhausen is one of the 42 municipalities in Baden-Württemberg that has offered this type of school since it was first introduced. In addition, both districts each have a pure elementary school and three kindergartens.
Culture and sights
Pollard willows near the Rheinhausen ferry
Nose shield at the old post office
Oberhausen is known for its wide range of leisure activities on the Erlichsee. The youth center also offers a wide range of options for children and young people.
Oberhausen owns a church in the classicist style, built in 1813. The pictorial facade arrangement on the front is mostly attractive - here it is one of the most successful churches of the Baden Weinbrenner style.
Rheinhausen has the brick church St. Laurentius with its historic organ by Ignaz Dörr, built in 1881, system (mechanical cone chest) with 20 registers. There is a small postal museum in Rheinhausen.
The Wagbachniederung nature reserve lies in the loop of an oxbow lake near Waghäusel in the Oberhausen-Rheinhausen district.
One of the oldest clubs is the Musikvereinigung Oberhausen 1889 e. V. The music association currently has two orchestras (a youth orchestra and a wind orchestra ). In addition to the music association in Oberhausen, there is also the music association “Einigkeit” Rheinhausen in Rheinhausen.
TV Oberhausen offers, for example, fistball , volleyball , gymnastics and table tennis. The fistball team will play in the 2nd Bundesliga again in the 2020/2021 indoor season.
In Oberhausen there is a cycling track , which was put into operation for the first time on June 4, 1950 for the track opening race. In 1961, the last improvement work was completed, so that a new cement runway 333.33 m long, 6.5 m wide and a curve elevation of 28 degrees was created.
- Dieter Baumann: Families in Oberhausen-Rheinhausen 1729–1900. Mannheim 2007 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 121)
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 . Pp. 117-118
- ^ Ohmann, The beginnings of the postal system and the taxis , Leipzig 1909, pages 318 and 324.
- ↑ Based on the report by Johann von den Birghdens .
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 482 .
- ↑ Municipality of Oberhausen-Rheinhausen: Main Statute, §16 ; accessed July 13, 2019.
- ^ State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg: Municipal council elections 2019, Oberhausen-Rheinhausen ; Municipality of Oberhausen-Rheinhausen: municipal council elections 2019 and municipal council elections 2014 ( memento from March 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive ); accessed July 13, 2019.
- ↑ leo-bw
- ↑ http://www.oberhausen-rheinhausen.de/?id=37
- ↑ www.radsportverein-oberhausen.de