|coat of arms||map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Karlsruhe|
|Residents:||2,805,129 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||405 inhabitants per km²|
|District structure:||5 urban districts and
7 rural districts with
a total of 211 municipalities
|District President :||Sylvia Felder ( CDU )|
|Address of the regional council:||
|Location of the administrative district of Karlsruhe in Baden-Württemberg|
The administrative district of Karlsruhe is one of four administrative districts in the German state of Baden-Württemberg . It stands in the hierarchy between the rural and urban districts on the one hand and the state government on the other. The highest authority is the regional council based in Karlsruhe . The head of the regional council is the regional president , who is appointed as a political official by the prime minister .
The administrative district of Karlsruhe is located in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg. In the south it borders on the administrative district of Freiburg , in the west on Rhineland-Palatinate and Alsace , in the north on Hesse and Bavaria and in the east on the administrative districts of Stuttgart and Tübingen . Its current expansion goes back to the administrative and territorial reform on January 1, 1973 .
The administrative district was formed under the name Administrative District North Baden with the formation of the south-western state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952. Since then, the regional council has been mainly responsible for the northern part of the former state of Baden and the Baden part of the state of Württemberg-Baden , which emerged from the American occupation zone after the Second World War .
During the regional reform, which came into force on January 1, 1973, the area of responsibility of the regional council was expanded to include former Württemberg (and Central Baden) areas in the east and south. In return, areas in the northeast were transferred to the responsibility of the Stuttgart Regional Council. Therefore, the administrative district of North Baden was simultaneously renamed the administrative district of Karlsruhe .
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.
The regional council is a state middle authority . The regional presidents since 1952:
- 1952–1963: Hans Huber
- 1963–1974: Werner Munzinger
- 1975–1985: Trudpert Müller
- 1986–1988: Adolf Bieringer (CDU)
- 1988–1994: Karl Miltner (CDU)
- 1994-2005: Gerlinde Hämmerle (SPD)
- 2005–2012: Rudolf Kühner (independent)
- 2012–2019: Nicolette Kressl (SPD)
- since 2019: Sylvia Felder (CDU)
The Karlsruhe Regional Council is divided into the following nine departments:
- Department 1: Control, Administration and Civil Protection
- Department 2: Economy, regional planning, building, monument and health care
- Department 3: Agriculture, Rural Areas, Veterinary and Food
- Department 4: Roads and Transport
- Department 5: Environment
- Department 6: dropped out (formerly the State Police Directorate)
- Department 7: School and Education (formerly: Oberschulamt )
- Department 8: Asylum law, foreigners, return management, repatriates, central fines office, lottery and gambling law
- Department 9: Refugee Affairs, Nationwide Control, Admission, Accommodation, Distribution
Heads are always department presidents.
The administrative district of Karlsruhe comprises three regions , which in turn are divided into seven administrative districts and five urban districts . There are 211 towns and municipalities in the administrative district, including the five urban districts and 21 large district towns . The regions with their urban and rural districts are:
- Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region
- City of Mannheim (MA)
- City of Heidelberg (HD)
- Neckar-Odenwald district (MOS)
- Rhine-Neckar District (HD)
- Middle Upper Rhine region
- City of Baden-Baden (BAD)
- City of Karlsruhe (KA)
- District of Karlsruhe (KA)
- Rastatt district (RA)
- Northern Black Forest region
- City of Pforzheim (PF)
- District of Calw (CW)
- Enzkreis (PF)
- Freudenstadt district (FDS)
The 21 major district towns are subject to the technical supervision of the regional council:
- Horb am Neckar
In comparison with the GDP per capita in the EU expressed in purchasing power parity , the administrative district of Karlsruhe achieved an index of 139 (EU-28 = 100) (2015).
- Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg (Ed.): Regional district Karlsruhe. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976 ( The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by districts and municipalities. , Volume V), ISBN 3-17-002542-2
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ↑ Survey of land according to type of actual use in 2015
- ↑ Eurostat. Retrieved August 22, 2018 .
Coordinates: 49 ° 0 ' N , 8 ° 20' E