from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Wiesloch
Map of Germany, position of the city of Wiesloch highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 18 '  N , 8 ° 42'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Karlsruhe
County : Rhein-Neckar district
Height : 130 m above sea level NHN
Area : 30.26 km 2
Residents: 26,758 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 884 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 69168
Area code : 06222
License plate : HD
Community key : 08 2 26 098
City structure: Core city, 4 districts

City administration address :
Marktstrasse 13
69168 Wiesloch
Website : www.wiesloch.de
Lord Mayor : Dirk Elkemann ( independent )
Location of the city of Wiesloch in the Rhein-Neckar district
Bayern Hessen Rheinland-Pfalz Heidelberg Heilbronn Landkreis Heilbronn Landkreis Karlsruhe Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Eberbach Altlußheim Angelbachtal Bammental Brühl (Baden) Dielheim Dossenheim Eberbach Eberbach Eberbach Edingen-Neckarhausen Edingen-Neckarhausen Epfenbach Eppelheim Eschelbronn Gaiberg Heddesbach Heddesheim Heiligkreuzsteinach Helmstadt-Bargen Hemsbach Hirschberg an der Bergstraße Hockenheim Ilvesheim Ketsch Ladenburg Laudenbach (Bergstraße) Leimen (Baden) Leimen (Baden) Lobbach Malsch (bei Wiesloch) Mauer (Baden) Meckesheim Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) Neckarbischofsheim Neckargemünd Neidenstein Neulußheim Nußloch Oftersheim Plankstadt Rauenberg Reichartshausen Reilingen Sandhausen St. Leon-Rot Schönau (Odenwald) Schönbrunn (Baden) Schriesheim Schwetzingen Schwetzingen Sinsheim Spechbach Waibstadt Walldorf (Baden) Weinheim Weinheim Wiesenbach (Baden) Wiesloch Wilhelmsfeld Zuzenhausenmap
About this picture

Wiesloch ( listen ? / I ) is a town with around 26,000 inhabitants in northern Baden-Württemberg , about 13 km south of Heidelberg . After Weinheim , Sinsheim and Leimen, it is the fourth largest city in the Rhine-Neckar district and, together with the neighboring city of Walldorf, forms a central center in the Rhine-Neckar region . Audio file / audio sample

After the incorporation of Baiertal and Schatthausen , Wiesloch became a major district town in 1973 .


Location and natural space

Wiesloch and the surrounding area 1907

Wiesloch lies partly on the southern foothills of the small Odenwald , partly in the Rhine Valley and partly in the Kraichgau hill country. Five streams flow in the Wiesloch district: Leimbach , Gauangelbach , Waldangelbach , Ochsenbach and Maisbach .

The following communities border the city of Wiesloch in a clockwise direction, starting in the north: Nußloch , Leimen , Mauer , Meckesheim , Dielheim , Rauenberg , St. Leon-Rot and Walldorf .

The district extends over 3026.2 hectares. Of this, 32.1 percent is settlement and traffic area, 55.5 percent is used for agriculture and 9.4 percent is forested.

City structure

The city of Wiesloch consists of the three districts Wiesloch (19,916 inhabitants on December 31, 2007), Wiesloch-Baiertal (4,489 inhabitants) and Wiesloch-Schatthausen (1,622 inhabitants). The districts are spatially identical to the former communities of Wiesloch, Baiertal and Schatthausen.

The Schatzgrundhof farmstead and the Hohenhardterhof houses and the Maisbachtal pumping station belong to the Wiesloch-Baiertal district . The Wiesloch district includes Altwiesloch , Frauenweiler and the towns of Beim Staatsbahnhof, sanatorium and nursing home and Zimmermann chicken farm. In addition, the Binrohrhusen, Sternweiler and Frau (en) weiler wastes are located in the Wiesloch district .

The core city with Frauenweiler accounts for 1731.8 hectares of the total area, Baiertal 725.2 hectares and Schatthausen 569.2 hectares.

Precipitation diagram


The average temperatures in Wiesloch are 1.3 ° C in January and 19.8 ° C in July. As on the entire Bergstrasse , this extremely mild climate has always offered good conditions for viticulture . About 777 mm of precipitation falls annually . This is normal and falls in the middle third of the values ​​recorded in Germany. Lower values ​​are registered at 58 percent of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February, the wettest June. In June there is 1.6 times as much precipitation as in February. The rainfall varies moderately. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at 44 percent of the measuring stations.

Spatial planning

Wiesloch, together with the neighboring city of Walldorf, forms a central center of the Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region in the area of ​​the Heidelberg regional center . In addition to these two cities, the central Wiesloch / Walldorf area also includes the cities and communities of Dielheim, Malsch, Mühlhausen, Rauenberg and St. Leon-Rot in the Rhein-Neckar district. The city ​​of Wiesloch has agreed an administrative partnership with the neighboring municipality of Dielheim .


Early history

Roman cellar on the Röhrbuckel

Wiesloch's origins can be traced back to the Celtic period (around 500 BC). Lead , silver and calamine mining has been traceable in Wiesloch since the 1st century .

In the west of Wiesloch there was a Roman street village ( Vicus Wiesloch ) with a few manors from 120 to 260 . Two Roman highways crossed here ( Speyer - Bad Wimpfen - Limes and Ladenburg - Basel ). A cellar of a Roman house that was found in 1987 when a rain retention basin was being built near the Wiesloch-Walldorf train station was moved to the Röhrbuckel in the city center a little later .

The settlement on the old Roman road retained its importance even during the migration of the peoples, archaeological finds from the period from the 3rd to the 8th century even make a settlement continuity seem possible in the far west of Wiesloch.

Establishing a settlement

The round tower and the city wall are remains of the medieval fortifications of the city

Also along the Roman road to Wimpfen and still in the area of ​​the Roman vicus (in today's Gewann Hoschket ), the oldest settlement core of today's Wiesloch was built in the 6th or 7th century at the latest. This place was first mentioned as Wezzinloch in the Lorsch Codex on September 12, 801 in a deed of gift to the Lorsch Monastery . Until 838 other parts of the place, where there was an important pottery in the 9th and 10th centuries, came to the Lorsch Monastery. In 889 King Arnulf documented it in Wiesloch. In 965, Wiesloch received permission from Emperor Otto I to set up a public market (confirmed by King Otto III (987) and King Heinrich IV (1067)).

About 1.5 kilometers east of the previous settlement center, a little south of today's city center at about the level of the bowling alley , another settlement was built around the middle of the 10th century because of the mining industry there. When mining intensified in the second half of the 10th century, the settlement in Hoschket was gradually abandoned in favor of the mining settlement . To protect the settlement, a castle was built north of the Leimbach , around which a hamlet settled, from which today's city of Wiesloch emerged. The importance of the Burgweiler can be seen from the fact that the foundations of a three-aisled Romanesque pillar basilica from around 1070 in today's Protestant town church are among the oldest finds .

When mining subsided in the 12th century, the mining settlement south of the Leimbach was also given up. At about the same time, another castle was built about a kilometer east of the Burgweiler, which formed the core of the town later known as Altwiesloch , which was fortified with city ​​walls and towers.

Electoral Palatinate City

In the early 13th century Wiesloch came under the rule of the Count Palatine near Rhine , who later became the Elector Palatinate. Wiesloch was first mentioned as a town in 1288 in a document from Count Palatine Ludwig des Strengen , but the exact earlier date of the granting of town charter is unknown. Mayor and aldermen have been mentioned since 1290. In 1296 King Adolf recorded a document in Wiesloch.

From the high Middle Ages at the latest, viticulture played an important role in the city. In the old deeds of donation to the Lorsch monastery there are no references to vineyards, but these are likely to have existed even then. In the late 13th century, Schönau Monastery acquired vineyards in Wiesloch together with other traditional vineyards. In the 15th century, the local vineyard areas were mostly owned by citizens who had to pay taxes to the manorial winery in Wiesloch Castle.

From 1410 to 1499 Wiesloch was part of the Palatinate-Mosbach dominion .

During the Thirty Years' War , the Battle of Mingolsheim took place on April 27, 1622 (near Wiesloch) . The main power of the army of the Catholic League under the personal leadership of Tilly fought against the army of the outlawed Count Palatine Friedrich V (the so-called Winter King of Bohemia) under the leadership of Mansfeld .

On August 16, 1632 the battle at Wiesloch took place between the Swedish troops under Gustav Adolf and the imperial troops.

Wiesloch was visited on January 28, 1689 as a result of the Palatine War of Succession by the French troops of General Mélac , and was almost completely burned down and destroyed.

During the Second Coalition War , another battle took place near Wiesloch on December 3, 1799 . The Austrian Lieutenant Field Marshal Anton Sztáray de Nagy-Mihaly drove the French Army out of the areas on the right bank of the Rhine and ended the French siege of the Philippsburg Fortress .

Baden official city

Wiesloch around 1850 from Ludwigsberg with zinc mining in the foreground (in the background: Malschenberg with Letzenberg )

Wiesloch belonged to the Electoral Palatinate until 1803 , after which the city went to the later Grand Duchy of Baden in the course of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , which brought about major regional changes and was elevated to the status of an official city . In 1806 it became the seat of a district office that was subordinate to the Lower Rhine District in Mannheim .

After viticulture had lost its importance in the late 18th and early 19th centuries due to pests and malformation, several Wiesloch families took the initiative to revive viticulture after the tithe replacement law of 1832/33. It not only renewed the existing vineyard sites, but opened up new layers by Erzbergbau- of pinging Infused terrain einebnete or ausstockte forest areas. The Wiesloch pharmacist Johann Philipp Bronner (1792–1864) made particular contributions to viticulture. He made large wastelands usable for viticulture and later founded a nursery and a wine shop.

Its function as an official town and medium-sized center favored the boom in trade and commerce in Wiesloch. At the same time, traditional mining experienced its decline and, with the construction of the Badische Hauptbahn, the importance of the Wiesloch post station as a long-distance traffic hub was transferred to the station outside the town, built in 1843. A few industrial plants settled there in the late 19th century, including the pottery factory, which in 1905 was the largest employer in the area with 305 employees, and a steam power station . Initially there were primarily shoe and cigar factories in the village .

Bertha Benz went on its maiden voyage, since 2008 the tourist route to the Bertha Benz Memorial Route recalls, in early August 1888 the car of her husband from Mannheim to Pforzheim in Wiesloch run out of gas, and she had the pharmacist of the pharmacy urban fuel ligroin buy . A memorial on Wiesloch market square and a sign on the city pharmacy as the world's first petrol station reminds of this anecdote.

The construction of the Wiesloch – Meckesheim / Waldangelloch branch line from 1901 onwards resulted in massive industrialization of the city. Numerous companies have settled along the railway line, some with their own sidings . Industry also settled along the Leimbach, where u. a. The United Leather and Shoe Factory used the water power and let the Lohmühle supplying it flood wood. The railway as a means of transport for wood led to the settlement of several joineries and furniture factories.

Former administration building of the Wiesloch pottery factory on Leimbach with siding (photo 2003)

In 1905 the sanatorium and nursing home , today's Psychiatric Center North Baden , was opened. The institute had its own railway station. The expansion of the facility to its present size dragged on until the 1920s.

During the First World War , ore mining was resumed in 1915. A cement works on the branch line that existed until 1931 was also built during the war years . The proximity to France and the risk of French occupation initially deterred companies wishing to settle in the immediate post-war period. In 1921, Wiesloch was considered to be less threatened than Mannheim, so that eight slag processing companies, including Kälberer & Cie , set up shop there. Later joined u. a. also mechanical engineering companies ( HEMAG , Holt-Schneider & Co. ). The global economic crisis of 1929/30 led to the decline of some medium-sized companies. The Wieslocher Tonwarenfabrik (TIW) also ran into economic problems. There was high unemployment, with 458 unemployed out of a population of 6,415 in January 1933.

time of the nationalsocialism

In 1936 the Wiesloch district office was dissolved. After that the city belonged to the district of Heidelberg . A Reich Labor Service camp was set up to combat high unemployment . From there, multiple emergency measures were carried out, mainly development work for the Frauenweiler settlement , including draining the lowlands in the Kraichbachtal, regulating the Leimbach and building water pipes. However, like the short-term employment in the construction of the Frankfurt – Basel motorway, these measures did not noticeably reduce unemployment. In 1937 there were 1,716 unemployed in the Wiesloch office (compared to 218 in the Sinsheim office). In the two years before the Second World War , it was the mining of the Stolberg AG again that was able to drastically reduce unemployment in Wiesloch.

During the November pogrom in 1938 , the synagogue of the Jewish community in Synagogengasse / corner of Hauptstrasse was devastated by SA men , used for purposes other than intended and demolished in 1957. A memorial plaque at the former entrance and an original column in the Baiertal district on the corner of Mühlstrasse and Pauline-Maier- Strasse have been a reminder of the church and the persecuted Jewish families since 1978 . Pauline-Maier-Strasse honors a Jewish superior from Mannheim who was deported to Camp de Gurs in 1940 and who was deported with her patients to Auschwitz for extermination in 1942.

The sanatorium and nursing home became the rallying point for Action T4 , during which more than 1,200 women and men were abducted and murdered between 1940 and 1944. Since 1980 a memorial cross in front of the hospital church has commemorated the victims, some of whom are buried in the prison cemetery.

The city has almost completely opposed the relocation of armaments factories through numerous cancellations and probably also through the delay in the construction of sidings. Only the Mannheim company Neidig & Co. produced submarine pumps in Wiesloch until the end of the Second World War.

In the last days of the war, the state train station between Walldorf and Wiesloch was the target of air raids on March 22, 1945, which helped to prepare the Allied troops to cross the Rhine. The industrial facilities at the city station were badly damaged. When the Allies then crossed the Rhine on March 31, there was further war damage from artillery fire. The city was surrendered on April 1, 1945 without a fight.

Mining until 1954

Zinc, iron and lead have been mined intensively since Celtic times. In the 19th century and until 1954 zinc was extensively mined, most recently by Stolberger Zink AG . For a detailed list, see: List of mines in the Odenwald .

Economic miracle and major district town

After the Second World War , over 2,000 refugees and displaced persons were accepted in Wiesloch between 1946 and 1949 .

When an exemplary vineyard consolidation began in 1951 in the neighboring municipality of Rauenberg , Wiesloch also joined in from 1954 to 1960 with the cleaning of the small-scale parceled vineyards.

In 1954 the Wiesloch mining industry was finally shut down due to unprofitability. In return, new employment opportunities arose during the " economic miracle " years and thereafter, such as the Heidelberg printing presses opened in 1957 . Numerous guest workers came to Wiesloch for these industrial companies , v. a. from Italy and Turkey ; The city of Wiesloch was shaped by these and later immigrant groups . In 1971, to take this fact into account, Germany's first foreign representation was established in Wiesloch.

With the district reform in 1973 , the city became part of the newly formed Rhein-Neckar district . As part of the regional reform of the 1970s, the population exceeded the 20,000 mark. Thereupon the city of Wiesloch applied for a major district town , which the state government of Baden-Württemberg then decided with effect from January 1, 1973.

The Wiesloch main street became a pedestrian zone in 1983 . In response to the massive decline in tax revenue, the city was the first to introduce commercial accounting nationwide with the "Wiesloch model" in order to make the actual economic situation transparent. Many other cities have now adopted this model.

In 1999 and on August 4, 2001, Wiesloch was named after the asteroid (11916) Wiesloch .


In 1908 Altwiesloch was incorporated, which had only become an independent municipality in 1824. In 1937 the district of Frauenweiler was founded, which got its name from a place mentioned in 1293/94 but abandoned in 1526, which existed as a tenth district until the 19th century. On January 31, 1972, Baiertal and Schatthausen were incorporated.

Population development

Population figures according to the respective area. The figures are estimates, census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ).

year Residents
1577 1,360
1689 approx. 900
1727 978
1777 1,373
1855 2,956
1858 3,054
December 1, 1871 3,474
December 1, 1880¹ 3,740
December 1, 1890¹ 3,796
December 1, 1901 ¹ 4,322
December 1, 1910¹ 6,536
October 8, 1919 ¹ 6,673
June 16, 1925 ¹ 7,278
June 16, 1933 ¹ 7,637
May 17, 1939 ¹ 7,932
year Residents
December 1945 ¹ 7,636
September 13, 1950 ¹ 10,926
June 6, 1961 ¹ 13,651
May 27, 1970 ¹ 16.102
December 31, 1975 21,552
December 31, 1980 21,746
May 25, 1987 ¹ 21,862
December 31, 1990 22,947
December 31, 1995 24,647
December 31, 2000 25,383
December 31, 2005 26,229
December 31, 2010 26,034
December 31, 2015 26,426

¹ census result



Wiesloch initially belonged to the diocese of Worms and later came to the diocese of Speyer . In 1071, Bishop Gundekar II of Eichstätt consecrated today's Protestant town church to St. Laurentius . As in the entire Electoral Palatinate, the Reformation was also introduced in Wiesloch . The Lutheran creed was first introduced in 1556 , and then in 1560 the reformed creed was adopted. Wiesloch was then a predominantly Protestant city.

When the Reformed Electoral Palatinate came to the Lutheran state of Baden in 1803 , a union of the two Protestant churches was obvious, which was then carried out in 1821. With pastor and church councilor Johann Karl David Paul Reimold and postman Jakob David Greiff , two people from Wiesloch were also represented in the Baden General Synod, which brought about this union . Since then, the city church has been a Protestant union.

Wiesloch is now the seat of the Dean's Office for the Southern Electoral Palatinate, which was created in 2008 through the merger of the previous church districts of Schwetzingen and Wiesloch. In addition to the evangelical parish of Wiesloch with its Petrus and Paulus parishes, it includes the parishes of the Baiertal (with Dielheim ) and Schatthausen districts as well as the parishes of the towns and parishes in the surrounding area, Altlußheim , Brühl , Eppelheim , Hockenheim , Ketsch , Leimen , Neulussheim , Nussloch , Oftersheim , Plankstadt , Reilingen , Sandhausen , Schwetzingen , St. Leon-Rot , Walldorf . The church district belongs to the parish of North Baden within the Evangelical Church in Baden .

The Evangelical Association for Inner Mission of the Augsburg Confession (AB-Verein), the Liebenzeller Community and the YMCA as communities of the regional church are also represented in Wiesloch . There is also a congregation of the Evangelical Methodist Church , an evangelical free church , and the FeG Wiesloch-Walldorf ( Free Evangelical Congregation ) founded in 2008 . There are also two New Apostolic churches in Wiesloch-Kernstadt and Wiesloch-Baiertal .

The Catholics who remained after the Reformation were able to use the walled-in choir of the town church as a place of worship from 1701 to around 1725 ( simultaneous church ). They later acquired the secularized monastery church, today's Catholic Church of St. Laurentius . While the Catholics in the Wiesloch area initially belonged to the Speyer diocese , they became part of the newly founded Freiburg Archdiocese around 1821/27 . The parishes were assigned to the deaneries Heidelberg, St. Leon and Waibstadt. When the Deanery St. Leon was abolished in 1929, the Deanery Wiesloch came into being , which was expanded to today in 1976. Today a total of 29 parishes belong to it. In the Wiesloch urban area, it includes the parishes of St. Laurentius, Hl. Trinity (with the subsidiary community of St. Marien Frauenweiler), Hl. Kreuz and St. Gallus Baiertal (with Hl. Trinity Schatthausen).


A Jewish community in Wiesloch is first recorded in connection with the persecution of the Jews in 1348/49. After repeated expulsions and persecutions, Jewish families settled again in Wiesloch in the middle of the 17th century. In Wiesloch there was a synagogue and a large association cemetery for the communities in the area. In the period before and after 1900, the Jewish community had its largest membership with around 120 members, which then fell to around 70 by 1933. The community died out in the course of the persecution of the Jews at the time of National Socialism. 23 Jews born in Wiesloch were murdered during that time. A plaque commemorates the former synagogue in Rathausgasse today.

In recent times there has also been a large Muslim community in Wiesloch, mainly through immigration from Muslim countries such as Turkey. Since 1995, this community also has after the Ottoman Sultan I. Süleyman named Kanuni Sultan Süleyman- mosque . In addition, there is the Alevi culture center Wiesloch ( Alevi Kültür Merkezi ) between Wiesloch and Baiertal .

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 30.8% of the population were Protestant , 33.9% Roman Catholic and 35.2% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then. At the end of 2019, Wiesloch had 27,173 inhabitants, 25.7% Protestant, 29.2% Catholic and 45.1% either have another religion or no religion at all.


town hall

Municipal council

The municipal council of the city of Wiesloch has 26 members who hold the title of city ​​council . In addition, the mayor is the chairman of the council with voting rights. There is a local council in Baiertal and Schatthausen.

The 2019 local elections led to the following result (in brackets: difference to 2014):

Party / list Share of votes Seats
Green 27.9% (+2.4) 8 seats (+2)
CDU 20.4% (−3.4) 5 seats (−1)
FWV 18.0% (+2.2) 5 seats (+1)
SPD 16.3% (−2.2) 4 seats (−1)
Frauenweiler voter community 6.9% (+0.1) 2 seats (± 0)
Altwiesloch list 5.5% (−0.9) 1 seat (−1)
FDP 5.0% (+1.6) 1 seat (± 0)

The turnout was 60.6% (+8.9).


The mayor has been at the top of the city since 1300. He was assisted by two mayors and twelve councilors as well as the town clerk. The number of councilors changed several times.

Today's head of the city is the mayor , since January 1, 1973 the mayor , who is directly elected by the population for eight years. Its permanent representative is the First Mayor.

Previous mayor or mayor from 1973:

  • 1900–1918: Julius Burckhardt
  • 1918–1920: Georg Walter
  • 1920–1925: Wilhelm Götz
  • 1925–1933: Albert Groeppler (only provisional until 1927)
  • 1934–1945: Otto Bender (represented by Hermann Stöckinger from 1941)
  • 1945–1946: Valentin Ullrich

coat of arms

The Wiesloch coat of arms shows in a split shield in front in black a red armored and red-tongued, golden lion, at the back roughened diagonally of silver and blue. The city colors are blue and white.

The coat of arms goes back to the city seal from the 13th century. At first it only showed the lion, but seals with the added diamonds have been detectable since the middle of the 15th century. The coat of arms was officially established in its current form in 1898. It symbolizes the lions of the Electoral Palatinate and the Wittelsbach diamonds and thus expresses the city's affiliation with the Electoral Palatinate .

Town twinning

Wiesloch has four city ​​partnerships :

city country since
Sturgis (Michigan) United StatesUnited States United States 1966
Fontenay-aux-Roses Fontenay-aux-Roses FranceFrance France 1974
Ząbkowice Śląskie Ząbkowice Śląskie PolandPoland Poland 1998
Amarante Amarante PortugalPortugal Portugal 2003

Wiesloch also maintains friendly relationships with Győr ( Hungary ) as part of a school sports partnership through the Bertha Benz secondary school.

Culture and sights


Castle tower
First petrol station in the world with Bertha Benz monument in the foreground

Of the Wiesloch Castle , which was destroyed in the War of the Palatinate Succession , essentially only the keep and some of the surrounding walls have been preserved. The rebuilt buildings on the castle grounds now house the police station.

The Freihof with its characteristic stepped gables at the highest point of the city center is also one of the oldest buildings in Wiesloch. The associated goods of the Freihof, however, were in Altwiesloch and not in Wiesloch itself, so that the Freihof shared the history of Altwiesloch for a long time.

From the former city fortifications, three towers on the city wall, namely the Dörndl , the Sauermillichhaffe and the round tower, have been preserved.

Historic churches in the city center are the Evangelical City Church with a Gothic choir from the early 15th century and the Baroque Catholic St. Laurentius Church from the 18th century. The Psychiatric Center North Baden in the north of the city also has a historic church building with the Holy Cross Church from 1925. The Catholic Dreifaltigkeitskirche in Kurpfalzstrasse, designed by government architect Richard Jörg , is a characteristic example of modern church construction in Germany in the 1960s.

The Wiesloch city ​​pharmacy in Hauptstrasse prides itself on being the "first petrol station in the world", since Bertha Benz bought Ligroin in the Wiesloch city pharmacy in 1888 after she ran out of fuel on her way from Mannheim to Pforzheim . The Bertha Benz commemorative trip from Mannheim to Pforzheim, which takes place every two years on the first weekend in August, traditionally takes a break in front of the city pharmacy.

The town hall of the city is a modern functional building from 1978. It was built after the citizens rejected a renovation or an extension of the old town hall, which was also preserved .

The beer cellar is a listed building on the outskirts to the north (Heidelberger Straße), which was opened in 1909 as a tourist bar and, after an eventful history as a dormitory, apartment building, courthouse and asylum seekers' accommodation, has been home to the Agape hospice, funded by the Dietmar Hopp Foundation . The old forest office is an Art Nouveau building from 1903, which was the official seat until 1998. The Wiesloch youth center is located in the former home of the sculptor Conrad Keller , which he furnished with Art Nouveau decorative elements in 1908.

The Jewish cemetery in Wiesloch was laid out in the 17th century as an association cemetery for several communities. More than 1,200 gravestones from the different epochs have been preserved. The walled and usually closed facility in the middle of the city can be overlooked from a pedestrian bridge. A memorial on the outer wall of the cemetery commemorates the deportation.

In Altwiesloch, the Pankratius Chapel near the abandoned Altwiesloch moated castle , the Lechner'sche Mühle along Baiertaler Strasse and the Renaissance town house are well worth seeing . The most important building in the Schatthausen district is the Schatthausen moated castle . There are Protestant and Catholic churches in Baiertal and Schatthausen. Furthermore, between Baiertal and Schatthausen lies the Hohenhardter Hof , which goes back to the former Hohenhardt Castle .

Theaters and museums

Palatine Cultural Center
The Dörndl is the seat of the city museum

The Palatine Hill , inaugurated in 1992, is the city's cultural center. a. Concerts, theater and exhibitions take place. The Wiesloch local history museum shows objects from local history. In the old slaughterhouse there is an exhibition with works from the Kurt and Gertrud Lamerdin art collection, which came to the city of Wiesloch in 1998 on a will.

The Wiesloch Marionette Theater is located in the old station . The theater performs pieces that have been rewritten for play with hand-carved puppets. The stage of the theater in the old train station was already a location for television productions and is also used for various concerts.

Exhibition grounds of the Feldbahn- & Industriemuseum Wiesloch

The Feldbahn- & Industriemuseum Wiesloch association has existed since 2001 and collects historically valuable rail vehicles from field and mine railways with a gauge of 600 mm in order to preserve them for posterity - as operable as possible. The association has its domicile in the Feldbahnlokschuppen on the former site of the Tonwaren-Industrie-Wiesloch AG (TIW AG). The listed locomotive shed building with its smoke catchers for steam locomotives is still in the original state of its construction from 1905 and is a unique testimony to the industrial history of southern Germany. The museum is under construction and is regularly open to the public on several visiting days and special events throughout the year. The museum is located “In den Weinäckern” not very far from the Wiesloch-Walldorf train station.


The band The Busters , founded in 1987 in the local youth center, is a successful “music export” of the city. She has dedicated herself to Ska , a Jamaican style of music with multicultural influences. The traditional musical sector is also represented in Wiesloch. So there is a fanfare train , the Kurpfälzischer Fanfarenzug of the wine town of Wiesloch , which is dedicated to the old German fanfare music. Classical pieces of music that have been specially edited for fanfares are played on natural sound fanfares and landsknecht drums. Excerpts from Wagner's Tannhauser and Dvorak's From the New World as well as the Nutcracker Suite by Tchaikovsky performed. The appearance is rounded off by historical costumes and 2 × 2 meter swing flags with the coat of arms of the Electorate of the Palatinate.

Since 1896 the city chapel Wiesloch has been an integral part of the city's cultural life. Over 50 musicians are involved in some of the city's events (summer parade, St. Martin's procession, national mourning day) and regularly draw attention to themselves through concerts in the Palatinate or on the Gerbersruhe. The repertoire includes all genres of traditional and symphonic brass music as well as light music from modern classics to current hits.

There are also several lay and church choirs in Wiesloch and the city districts. A lively church music life with various choirs and instrumental groups as well as concerts and oratorios takes place in the Protestant parish with its city church. The MGV Frohsinn 1906 Baiertal, a male choir with around 70 singers, deserves a special mention. The MGV Frohsinn 1906 Baiertal has successfully participated in several competitions in regional and supraregional areas. The highlights were the participation in the International Advent Singing in Vienna, the International Johannes Brahms Festival in Wernigerode and appearances in St. Peter's Basilica and Pantheon in Rome. In addition, the choir organized several concerts and documented its singing on LPs and CDs. A few years ago a youth choir and a women choir were founded in addition to the male choir. The women's choir consists of approx. 30 singers and has already successfully participated in valuation singings.

Bookshelf on the market square

Other culture

The city has a rich inventory of art in public spaces , of which over 20 objects were initiated and financed by the Art for Wiesloch Community Foundation. An outstanding object is the fountain gallery on Adenauerplatz, which unites seven objects from various contemporary artists in one fountain.

The Wiesloch bookcase ( public bookcase ) was set up in July 2007 as an expression of civic engagement on the market square opposite the town hall. It invites all book lovers to put books in and / or take them out. The shelf is freely accessible at all times and is designed in such a way that the books do not get wet when it rains. The installation of the shelf was a project of the Wiesloch Community Foundation and was supported by the City of Wiesloch.

Regular events

Every year, at the end of August / beginning of September, the Palatinate Wine Festival takes place in Wiesloch, which lasts ten days. It has been celebrated since 1935. The street festival Wine and Market is celebrated in the old town of Wiesloch on the first Saturday in September . Here too, the Kurpfälzischer Fanfarenzug of the wine town of Wiesloch is a constant and accompanies the festival several times throughout its duration. The festival traditionally ends with the closing fireworks in the stadium to the sound of the fanfare procession.

Other Events:

  • Kurpfälzisches Winzerfest over a week beginning on the last weekend in August
  • Big wine and market festival on the first Saturday in September
  • Weekly market (Adenauerplatz), Friday morning and Tuesday afternoon
  • Wiesloch May, beginning of May
  • Holiday fun campaign during the summer holidays
  • City festival, beginning of July
  • Wiesloch summer, early July
  • Wiesloch autumn, last Sunday in September
  • Pub crawl, twice a year, mostly in March and November
  • Christmas market , the first two weeks of Advent
  • Kerwe in the districts
  • German championship in humans don't annoy you every year in May and their world championship every two years in August

Tourist routes

Wiesloch is located on two major tourist roads:


The stadium on Parkstrasse consists of a type B competition track with a large playing field, a 400 m circular track (plastic), athletics segment areas (plastic) and a standing grandstand for around 7,500 spectators.

With around 3500 members, TSG Wiesloch is one of the largest clubs in North Baden. The largest football clubs in the city of Wiesloch are VfB Wiesloch (approx. 1000 members) and SpVgg Baiertal (approx. 800). There are also FC Fortuna Schatthausen, GTRS Schatthausen, FC Frauenweiler and 1. FC Wiesloch, founded by Turkish immigrants in 2000.

Since 1991 there is also an ice hockey team with the EHC Wiesloch.

Economy and Infrastructure


Vineyards in Wiesloch

Printing machine production, central food and fresh storage, the North Baden Psychiatric Center and financial service providers are the main branches of the economy.

In addition, Wiesloch is the seat of the Baden eG winegrowers , a winegrowers' cooperative and large-scale winery which, as an amalgamation of several local and regional cooperatives, is the largest wine producer in the Badische Bergstrasse and Kraichgau area .

The Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG employed on 860,000 square meters 6,500 people and made 2,007 65 printing units per day. It settled in the early 1950s. In 2006, construction of hall 11 for the assembly of the large-format printing machines began for 45 million euros. The Rewe German supermarket KGaA - ZNL Südwest employs 1,200 and the MLP AG 700 employees. The North Baden Psychiatric Center employs around 1,400 people.

The BIWU (Employment Initiative Wiesloch und Umgebung) was founded with the aim of helping unemployed people in the Wiesloch area to (re) integrate into the labor market. Affected people are employed in various projects, qualified and cared for in a socio-educational manner. The Wieslocher Tafel association has set itself the task of collecting usable food and items of direct personal use and passing them on to people in need at a reasonable price.


Road traffic

Wiesloch is on the A 6 ( Wiesloch / Rauenberg junction ) and not far from the A 5 ( Walldorf / Wiesloch junction ) and thus has a direct connection to the E 35 and E 60 European highways .

The city is also on federal highways 3 and 39 . The distance to Heidelberg is around 15 km, to Mannheim around 30 km.

Public transport

Wiesloch has an extensive range of public transport .

The Wiesloch-Walldorf station is located on the western edge of the Wieslocher urban area near railroad tracks Heidelberg Karlsruhe and Heidelberg Stuttgart . In long-distance traffic, trains on an intercity line stop every two hours . Regional Express trains on the Heidelberg-Bretten-Stuttgart line stop in regional traffic . The station is also integrated into the S-Bahn network of the RheinNeckar S-Bahn . Two lines provide half-hourly connections in the direction of Heidelberg / Mannheim and Bruchsal / Karlsruhe from Monday to Friday .

The city bus network with 13 city and regional bus routes operated jointly with the neighboring city of Walldorf offers connections within the city. Local traffic in the urban area and the surrounding area is integrated into the Rhein-Neckar transport association (VRN).

Rail connections that no longer exist:


The Heidelberg-based Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung reports on local events in the city with the local section for Wiesloch and Walldorf . In addition, every Thursday the WieWo (Wiesloch week) reports on the latest from Wiesloch and its districts. This weekly newspaper is published by Nussbaum Medien in St. Leon-Rot and, in addition to editorial articles, also offers a platform for associations, churches, parties and other institutions that want to present themselves and their work locally in Wiesloch.

Courts, authorities and institutions

District court Wiesloch with the former youth detention center in the background

Wiesloch has a local court , which belongs to the district court district of Heidelberg, and a branch of the district office Rhein-Neckar-Kreis. Furthermore, the PZN is located in Wiesloch , the psychiatric center in North Baden with around 1,100 employees. Opposite the district court is the Wiesloch police station in the former castle.


Aerial view of the new construction of the three vocational schools in the Wiesloch school center in the 1960s

With 15 schools, Wiesloch has a wide range of educational opportunities. Wiesloch is a center for the surrounding communities, especially for secondary and vocational schools.

The Wiesloch school center, which was built in the 1960s and 1970s as a model project of the state of Baden-Württemberg at the time, is a specialty in the field of education. The school center initially consisted of eight new school buildings and three large sports halls and thus represents a separate district to this day. Today there are seven schools, almost all secondary schools, in the school center. The Dämmelwald elementary school in the school center was closed (after the new construction of the Maria Sibylla Merian elementary school), and its rooms were taken over by the Ottheinrich grammar school.

Elementary schools

Schiller School Wiesloch

The large district town of Wiesloch has primary schools in all four districts, which are locally distributed:

  • Maria Sibylla Merian Primary School Wiesloch
  • Schillerschule Wiesloch (primary school)
  • Pestalozzi School Baiertal (primary school)
  • Schatthausen Primary School
  • Elementary School Frauenweiler

Secondary municipal schools

Ottheinrich-Gymnasium in the Wiesloch school center
Tannery school Wiesloch

The large district town of Wiesloch maintains the following schools as sponsors:

Vocational schools

Johann-Philipp-Bronner-School in the Wiesloch school center
Hubert Sternberg School in the Wiesloch school center

The following vocational schools run by the Rhein-Neckar district are located in Wiesloch:

Private schools

There are also three private schools in Wiesloch:

  • Evening high school at the Volkshochschule Südliche Bergstrasse
  • Evening secondary school of the Volkshochschule Südliche Bergstrasse
  • Tom-Mutters-Schule (special education and counseling center with a focus on mental development and physical-motor development) in the school center .

This is already building up with its educational offer with the school kindergarten (Morgentau) of the Lebenshilfe (support focus mental development as well as physical and motor development).

The MLP Corporate University , a company's own academy for commercial agents, is also based in Wiesloch.


Honorary citizen

The city of Wiesloch has awarded its highest honor, honorary citizenship , 15 times so far. In addition, there are personalities who were made honorary citizens in the formerly independent, incorporated districts.

List of honorary citizens of Wiesloch

Citizen Medal

The citizen medal honors Wiesloch citizens for their special commitment.

sons and daughters of the town

v. Wissenlo ( Codex Manesse , 14th century)

Persons connected to Wiesloch


  • State Archive administration Baden-Württemberg in connection with d. Cities and districts Heidelberg u. Mannheim (ed.): The city and districts of Heidelberg and Mannheim: Official district description .
    • Vol. 1: General part . Karlsruhe 1966
    • Vol. 2: The city of Heidelberg and the municipalities of the district of Heidelberg . Karlsruhe 1968
  • Gisela Gaberdiel and Heinz Gaberdiel (Wiesloch City Archives, ed.): 250 years of families in Wiesloch and Altwiesloch. Local family book from 1670 to 1920. 2 volumes. Ubstadt-Weiher: Verlag Regionalkultur 2012, ISBN 978-3-89735-733-4
  • City administration Wiesloch (ed.): Wiesloch. Contributions to history. 2 volumes. Regional culture publishing house, Ubstadt-Weiher, 2000/2001
  • Ludwig H. Hildebrandt (arrangement): Medieval documents about Wiesloch and Walldorf. Regional culture publishing house, Ubstadt-Weiher 2001
  • City of Wiesloch (Hrsg.): 1000 years of market law City of Wiesloch . Heidelberg undated
  • Robert Häusser: Wiesloch. Pictures of a city . Edited by City of Wiesloch. 2nd edition. Südwestdeutsche Verlagsansanstalt Mannheim, 1982.
  • Manfred Kurz / Helmut Mohr: Wiesloch in old pictures . regional culture publisher, Ubstadt-Weiher

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, status: December 31, 2004  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de  
  3. a b "Wiesloch - Statistical data about Wiesloch" ( Memento of the original from February 18, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.wiesloch.de
  4. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 . Pp. 431-434
  5. Andreas Hensen: The Wiesloch Vicus - a Roman country town on the Leimbach , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Vol. 2 , Ubstadt-Weiher 2001, p. 11.
  6. Historic city center: Roman cellar. City of Wiesloch, accessed on July 18, 2019 .
  7. Uwe Gross: Testimonies from the time of writing - finds from the migration period and the early Middle Ages in Wiesloch , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Vol. 2 , Ubstadt-Weiher 2001, p. 27.
  8. Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 2), Certificate 809, September 12, 801 - Reg. 2748. In: Heidelberg historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 299 , accessed on March 2, 2016 .
  9. Ludwig H. Hildebrandt: The city of Wiesloch in the Middle Ages , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History , Volume 1, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, pp. 31-64.
  10. Helmut Mohr: Viticulture in Wiesloch and on the Bergstrasse , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1 , Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, p. 245 f.
  11. “The Pfaltz am Rhein State, Land, City and History Mirror”, Koppmayer, Augsburg 1690, p. 38, entry: Wißloch; Uni Mannheim, digitized November 5, 1996, accessed February 6, 2016.
  12. ^ Helmut Mohr: Viticulture in Wiesloch and on the Bergstrasse , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1 , Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, pp. 253-256.
  13. Volker Kronemayer: The industrialization of Wiesloch from the beginning to the middle of the 20th century , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, pp. 197–202.
  14. Volker Kronemayer: The industrialization of Wiesloch from the beginning to the middle of the 20th century , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, pp. 202-206.
  15. Volker Kronemayer: The industrialization of Wiesloch from the beginning to the middle of the 20th century , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, pp. 207–213.
  16. Volker Kronemayer: The industrialization of Wiesloch from the beginning to the middle of the 20th century , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, pp. 214-216.
  17. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 105
  18. Volker Kronemayer: The industrialization of Wiesloch from the beginning to the middle of the 20th century , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, p. 220.
  19. Volker Kronemayer: The industrialization of Wiesloch from the beginning to the middle of the 20th century , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, p. 220 f.
  20. ^ Helmut Mohr: Viticulture in Wiesloch and on the Bergstrasse , in: Wiesloch - Contributions to History Volume 1 , Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, p. 260 f.
  21. fdp-wiesloch.de
  22. Minor Planet Circ. 43191
  23. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 475 .
  24. City of Wiesloch Religion , 2011 census
  25. Wiesloch statistics 2019 resident population by marital status, religious affiliation and age group , accessed on June 19, 2020
  26. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg: Municipal elections 2019, City of Wiesloch ; City of Wiesloch: municipal council election 2019 ; accessed June 2, 2019.
  27. ^ Herwig John, Gabriele Wüst: Wappenbuch Rhein-Neckar-Kreis . Ubstadt-Weiher 1996, ISBN 3-929366-27-4 , p. 131
  28. Holy Cross Church in Mainz. In: arch INFORM .
  29. http://www.rnz.de/nachrichten/wiesloch_artikel,-Die-Marionetten-kommen-ins-Fernsehen-_arid,41253.html The puppets are on television, rnz.de, November 24, 2012, last accessed 6. February 2016.
  30. http: //tvüberregional.de/jazz-der-extraklasse-im-marionetten-theater-wiesloch-2/ Extra-class jazz in the Marionetten Theater, Wiesloch, tvüberregional.de, October 2014, last accessed on February 6, 2016.
  31. Homepage of the Wiesloch pub crawl
  32. Heidelberg Press Information, May 4, 2007
  33. Citizen medal bearers of the city of Wiesloch ( Memento of the original from September 3, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on wiesloch.de, accessed on October 29, 2012 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.wiesloch.de

Web links

Commons : Wiesloch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Wiesloch  - travel guide