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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Schwetzingen
Map of Germany, position of the city Schwetzingen highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 23 '  N , 8 ° 34'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Karlsruhe
County : Rhein-Neckar district
Height : 101 m above sea level NHN
Area : 21.63 km 2
Residents: 21,433 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 991 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 68723
Area code : 06202
License plate : HD
Community key : 08 2 26 084
City structure: 7 urban areas

City administration address :
Hebelstrasse 1
68723 Schwetzingen
Website :
Lord Mayor : René Pöltl ( independent )
Location of the city of Schwetzingen in the Rhein-Neckar district
Bayern Hessen Rheinland-Pfalz Heidelberg Heilbronn Landkreis Heilbronn Landkreis Karlsruhe Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Eberbach Altlußheim Angelbachtal Bammental Brühl (Baden) Dielheim Dossenheim Eberbach Eberbach Eberbach Edingen-Neckarhausen Edingen-Neckarhausen Epfenbach Eppelheim Eschelbronn Gaiberg Heddesbach Heddesheim Heiligkreuzsteinach Helmstadt-Bargen Hemsbach Hirschberg an der Bergstraße Hockenheim Ilvesheim Ketsch Ladenburg Laudenbach (Bergstraße) Leimen (Baden) Leimen (Baden) Lobbach Malsch (bei Wiesloch) Mauer (Baden) Meckesheim Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) Neckarbischofsheim Neckargemünd Neidenstein Neulußheim Nußloch Oftersheim Plankstadt Rauenberg Reichartshausen Reilingen Sandhausen St. Leon-Rot Schönau (Odenwald) Schönbrunn (Baden) Schriesheim Schwetzingen Schwetzingen Sinsheim Spechbach Waibstadt Walldorf (Baden) Weinheim Weinheim Wiesenbach (Baden) Wiesloch Wilhelmsfeld Zuzenhausenmap
About this picture
Facades on Schlossplatz

Schwetzingen ( listen ? / I ) is a city in northwest Baden-Württemberg , about 10 kilometers west of Heidelberg and 15 kilometers southeast of Mannheim . It belongs to the European metropolitan region of Rhine-Neckar . Schwetzingen forms a continuously built-up settlement area with the communities of Oftersheim and Plankstadt . Audio file / audio sample

Its largely preserved baroque palace complex with park , part of Burgenstrasse , a holiday route from Mannheim to Prague founded in 1954, is remarkable . No other villages belong to the urban area.

Schwetzingen is one of the five largest cities in the Rhein-Neckar district , a medium-sized center for the surrounding communities and, since April 1, 1993, a major district town . The place achieved this status through pure growth and without incorporation or amalgamation with other communities.


Location and natural space

Schwetzingen is located in the Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region in the Upper Rhine Plain , east of the Rhine and west of the Odenwald . The Leimbach flows through the city and flows into the Rhine not far west of Schwetzingen near Brühl.

The district extends over 2163 hectares. 33.3 percent of this is settlement and traffic area, 27.2 percent is used for agriculture and 35.7 percent is forested.

Spatial planning

Schwetzingen forms the middle center for the southwestern Rhein-Neckar district with a catchment area of ​​over 110,000 inhabitants in the area of ​​the upper center Mannheim of the Rhine-Neckar region . The cities of Schwetzingen and Hockenheim as well as the municipalities of Altlußheim , Brühl , Ketsch , Neulußheim , Oftersheim , Plankstadt and Reilingen of the Rhein-Neckar district belong to the central area of ​​Schwetzingen .

City structure and population distribution

Until 2010 Schwetzingen was divided into the five urban areas Kernstadt , Oststadt , Südstadt , Schälzig and Hirschacker . With a resolution dated May 19, 2010, the municipal council expanded the subdivision to include the units Kleines Feld and Nordstadt , which were split off from the core city. To the west of the center of Brühl, Schwetzingen also has an undeveloped exclave in the Rhine meadows, the Schwetzinger Rheinwiesen . It is part of the Schwetzinger Rheinwiesen / Edinger Ried landscape and nature reserve .

district population Spatial location
Core city 5353 Contains the castle and extends east to the Rheinbahn .
Südstadt 2408 Is separated from the city ​​center by the baroque axis of Carl-Theodor-Straße . In the south it borders directly on Oftersheim .
East town 2617 Borders on the Rheinbahn to the core city and to the northeast on Plankstadt .
North city 3458 Borders the city ​​center at Grenzhöfer and Rathenaustraße and extends northwards to the new bypass route of the B 535 .
Hirschacker 2257 The northernmost part of the city. Borders on the B 535 to Nordstadt and in the north directly to Mannheim-Rheinau and Brühl .
Small field 2011 Located to the west of the old route of the B 36 and Lindenstrasse.
Perky 3984 Extends south of Zähringerstrasse and west of Markgrafenstrasse to the B 291 and the Hardtwald . In the southeast, the Schälzig borders on the north-west of Oftersheim .

Neighboring communities

The following communities border the city of Schwetzingen ( clockwise , starting in the north): Mannheim , Plankstadt , Oftersheim , Hockenheim , Ketsch and Brühl . All but Mannheim belong to the Rhein-Neckar district .

The urban area has grown together completely with the neighboring community of Oftersheim to the south . Also Plankstadt in the east borders in places directly to Schwetzingen. More than 44,500 people live in the agglomeration of the city of Schwetzingen. The three municipalities therefore also have the same postcode (68723).


The central axis of the palace square; in the background the castle
The north side of the Schlossplatz; in the middle the so-called "Hirsch" palace
Monument to the Asparagus Woman on Schlossplatz

Until the 18th century

Schwetzingen was first mentioned on December 21, 766 in the Lorsch Codex as "Suezzingen". Traces of settlement already exist from the Neolithic Age , including many ribbon ceramic finds. 803 is called "Suezzingen Superiore" (as much as "Oberschwetzingen"). Originally there were two settlements, Ober- and Unterschwetzingen, which only grew together into a village in the course of the 17th and 18th centuries. At first the area belonged to the diocese of Worms , but in the 12th century it came under the rule of the count palatine. The first known number of inhabitants comes from the year 1439: 230 souls.

The Schwetzingen moated castle was first mentioned in 1350 when the Count Palatine of the Rhine Rudolf II received the right to live in the castle. During the Thirty Years' War and the War of the Palatinate Succession , the palace was destroyed and rebuilt by Elector Johann Wilhelm or his predecessor. From 1720 onwards, after his departure from Heidelberg, Elector Carl Philipp initially used it as an alternative residence; from 1742, his successor Karl Theodor had it expanded into a summer residence. In 1750, the " New City " with Schlossplatz was planned and laid out, which connected the upper and lower villages. The castle theater opened in 1752 .

In 1759 Schwetzingen was granted market rights and was expanded in the Baroque style in the 18th century .

19th and 20th centuries

In 1803 the place fell with the entire right Rhine Electoral Palatinate to Baden and was raised to the official seat . In 1833, the community was granted by Grand Duke Leopold the town charter . Industrialization began in 1850. Schwetzingen became the seat of cigar and canning factories. Even the asparagus gained importance.

In 1924 the Schwetzingen district office was abolished and its area was merged with the Mannheim district office, from which the Mannheim district emerged in 1938 . In 1931 the city of Schwetzingen received a considerable increase in area through the division of Schwetzingen Hardt .

In the course of the district reform , the Mannheim district was dissolved on January 1, 1973 and the city of Schwetzingen was assigned to the newly formed Rhein-Neckar district . In 1992 the number of inhabitants exceeded the 20,000 mark. Thereupon the city of Schwetzingen applied for a major district town , which the state government of Baden-Württemberg decided with effect from April 1, 1993.

Population development

Population figures according to the respective area. The figures are estimates, census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ).

Population development of Schwetzingen.svgPopulation development in Schwetzingen - from 1871 onwards
Population development of Schwetzingen. Above from 1726 to 2016. Below an excerpt from 1871
year Residents
1726 420
1784 1,784
1800 2,090
1850 2,900
1855 almost 3,100
1858 3,192
December 1, 1871 3,862
December 1, 1880¹ 4,649
December 1, 1890¹ 5.116
December 1, 1900¹ 6,432
December 1, 1910¹ 7,876
October 8, 1919¹ 9,146
June 16, 1925¹ 9,341
June 16, 1933¹ 10,016
year Residents
May 17, 1939¹ 10,983
December 1945¹ 11,129
September 13, 1950¹ 14,068
June 6, 1961¹ 14,992
May 27, 1970¹ 16,508
December 31, 1975 18,296
December 31, 1980 18,384
May 25, 1987¹ 17,729
December 31, 1990 19,098
December 31, 1995 21,872
December 31, 2000 22,267
December 31, 2005 22,345
December 31, 2010 21,789
December 31, 2015 22,335
December 31, 2016 21,580

¹ census result


St. Pancras
Evangelical town church

Schwetzingen initially belonged to the diocese of Worms . As in the entire Electoral Palatinate, the Reformation was also introduced in Schwetzingen , namely the Reformed Confession. Nevertheless, there were still Catholics , so that the local church, St. Pankratiuskirche , was used simultaneously from 1698 . When the church was handed over to the Catholics in the course of the church division in the Electoral Palatinate in 1707, the Reformed initially had to be content with an emergency church . The Lutheran congregation that had now emerged also had an emergency church. But the Reformed church was able to build its own church in 1785, which was enlarged at the end of the 19th century. After the transition to Baden, the two Protestant congregations united to form a united parish. The community initially belonged to the church district Oberheidelberg, Schwetzingen later became the seat of its own church district, which in 2008 became part of the church district Südliche Kurpfalz. The parishes Bonhoeffergemeinde (Hirschacker and partly Nordstadt), Luthergemeinde (inner city north Carl-Theodor-Straße and partly Nordstadt), Melanchthongemeinde (inner city south Carl-Theodor-Straße and Oststadt) and Noah-Gemeinde (Schälzig) became on January 1st In 2013 it was merged to form the Schwetzingen parish.

As already mentioned, the Catholics received the St. Pankratius church from 1707, which was the only one in the village at the time. The parish initially belonged to the Diocese of Worms and became part of the newly founded Archdiocese of Freiburg in 1821/27 , where it was assigned to the Dean's Office in Heidelberg. In 1958 the church of St. Maria was built in the eastern part of Schwetzingen. The church of St. Josef in Hirschacker was built later. In 1960 Schwetzingen became the seat of its own deanery for the communities of Edingen, Neckarhausen, Oftersheim, Plankstadt, Schwetzingen, Hockenheim, Ketsch, Neulußheim, Reilingen and Brühl, which was dissolved again in 1976. Since then the parishes of the city belong to the deanery Wiesloch . The parish of St. Pankratius, together with the branch parish of St. Maria and the preaching office of St. Josef in Hirschacker, form the pastoral care unit of Schwetzingen.

Schwetzingen is the seat of the North Baden parish of the Evangelical Church in Baden .

In addition to the two predominant faiths in Germany, there are also free church congregations in Schwetzingen , namely a congregation of the Evangelical Methodist Church and the Christian Centrum Schwetzingen, Evangelical Free Church, or CCS for short. There is also the Evangelical Community , which emerged in 1849 from the "Evangelical Association for Inner Mission Augsburg Confession", and a regional church community . There is also a New Apostolic Church and a Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses .

Main entrance to the city cemetery

Since at least about 1700 Jews in Schwetzingen formed a Jewish community that held their services in private households. The construction of a synagogue , advocated by the office responsible for Schwetzingen in the Grand Ducal Baden government in 1808 , was never started. Between 1864 and 1898 the services were held at Synagogenstrasse 6 (renamed in 1934, since then Invalidengasse 8). However, these rooms were too small for high Jewish holidays, which is why the Grand Duchy Oberhofmarschallamt made rooms available from 1898, initially in the southern circular building and from 1901 to 1933 in the northern circular building of the palace. During the time of National Socialism , Jewish services took place in the castle chapel for a few months, finally in changing private houses, from 1938 at Heidelberger Strasse 12. During the Reichspogromnacht from November 9th to 10th, 1938, the Torah scrolls were publicly burned and the prayer room destroyed. The last Schwetzingen Jews were deported in 1940, which has been commemorated by a memorial stone in front of the prayer room in Zeyherstrasse since 1978 . Opponents of Hitler were also persecuted, such as the Social Democrat Fritz Schweiger, who was murdered in the Dachau concentration camp in 1940 ; the city honored him with a street name. During the Second World War , women and men from numerous countries were deported to Germany and also used for forced labor in Schwetzingen . A VVN memorial commemorates eleven victims of forced labor who are buried in the city cemetery .


town hall

Municipal council

The municipal council of the city of Schwetzingen has 26 members who are directly elected for five years and have the title “city council”. In addition, the mayor is the municipal council chairman with voting rights.

The 2019 local elections led to the following result (in brackets: difference to 2014):

Party / list Share of votes Seats
Schwetzinger FW 25.3% (+25.3) 6 seats (+6)
B90 / greens 22.8% (+8.9) 6 seats (+2)
CDU 21.9% (−5.7) 6 seats (−1)
SPD 17.4% (−3.7) 4 seats (−1)
FDP 6.7% (+2.2) 2 seats (+1)
left 3.6% (+3.6) 1 seat (+1)
Active citizens 2.2% (+2.2) 1 seat (+1)

The turnout was 55.7% (+10.6).

Lord Mayor

The mayor is directly elected for eight years and has been allowed to call himself mayor since April 1, 1993 . His permanent representative is the “First Alderman” with the official title “First Mayor”. René Pöltl (independent) was elected Lord Mayor of Schwetzingen with 90.67 percent of the vote in 2008 after his predecessor Bernhard Junker resigned for health reasons. In the election of the mayor on September 18, 2016, he was confirmed in office with 78.16 percent of the votes.

  • 1833–1838: Daniel Helmreich
  • 1838–1851: Carl Welde
  • 1851–1855: Josef Vetter
  • 1855–1865: Johann Wilhelm Ihm
  • 1865–1883: Heinrich Wittmann
  • 1883–1898: Karl Mechling
  • 1898–1904: Heinrich Häfner
  • 1904–1910: Jean Wipfinger
  • 1910–1914: Wilfried Hartmann
  • 1914–1923: Jakob Reinhard; elected mayor
  • 1914–1918: Georg Pitsch, acting mayor
  • 1923–1929: Johannes Götz, initially only temporarily
  • 1929–1930: Leopold Stratthaus, acting
  • 1930–1933: Arthur Trautmann
  • 1933–1945: Arthur Stober
  • 1945: Ernst Karl
  • 1945–1948: Valentin Gaa ( CDU )
  • 1948–1954: Franz Dusberger (SPD)
  • 1954–1961: Hans Kahrmann
  • 1961–1962: Adolf Schmitt, acting mayor
  • 1962–1981: Kurt Waibel (SPD)
  • 1981–1982: Walter Bährle, acting mayor
  • 1982–1998: Gerhard Stratthaus (CDU)
  • 1999–2007: Bernd Kappenstein (CDU)
  • 2007–2008: Bernd Junker (SWF 97)
  • since 2008: René Pöltl (independent)

coat of arms

Description of the coat of arms : In a split shield above in black a left-turning, growing, red-armored and red-tongued, golden lion, below a silver ring in blue.

The lion symbolizes the Electoral Palatinate, to which Schwetzingen belonged until 1803. The ring was originally shown as a wheel and comes from the seal of Hans von Schwetzingen, known as the Wagentreiber, who, as a relative of the Lords of Erligheim, was associated with Schwetzingen Castle. So it is a so-called talking coat of arms . The wheel later became the ring. The community adopted these images (lion and ring) in its seal and in 1898 the coat of arms was officially established from them.

The city flag is white-blue.

Town twinning

Schwetzingen maintains city ​​partnerships with the following cities :

Neighborhood association

Schwetzingen belongs to the Heidelberg-Mannheim neighborhood association , whose task it is to draw up the regional land use plan.

Culture and sights

Castle and Castle Garden

Schwetzingen Castle from the west (castle garden)
Mosque in the palace garden

The Schwetzingen Castle is the former summer residence of the Elector Palatine and landmarks of the city. Especially in the time before Elector Karl Theodor , but also during his reign, Schwetzingen was also used for hunting purposes. In addition to the castle, the associated garden (park with buildings) is also famous, which extends from a typical baroque garden near the main building of the castle and along the central axis to the English garden style in the peripheral areas. It was planned by the well-known landscape architect Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell .

Worth seeing in the palace garden are, among other things, the so-called rococo theater in the right-hand circular building from 1752 (the interior decoration is actually early classicistic), the orangery , the bathhouse (villa-like building with precious interiors as a retreat for Elector Karl Theodor ), the Temple of Apollo with the hedge theater, which is considered ancient Ruins designed buildings of the so-called Roman water fort and the Mercury temple, the mosque (built 1779 to 1796), the Minerva temple and the Arion fountain.

2007 was the first time a request for the inclusion of the Palatine summer residence of Schwetzingen in the World Heritage List of UNESCO adopted. In 2009, the city withdrew this application to revise it. It was asked again by the Federal Republic of Germany in 2011 and withdrawn again in summer 2012. It is questionable whether there will be another attempt.


Circle construction of the palace, used as a concert hall for the Schwetzingen Festival
Theater on the pulse
Karl Wörn House
The former
Capitol cinema

The former court theater in the palace complex (so-called rococo theater ) was built by Nicolas de Pigage in 1752 as the theater of the Palatinate's summer residence. The interior in the forms of early classicism has been the venue for the Schwetzingen Festival since 1952 .

The Schwetzinger theater am puls , which is headed by Joerg S. Mohr, initially enjoyed successful seasons in the Alte Wollfabrik after changing locations , but since 2006 has found a permanent home in the Bassermannhaus and has since been called Theater der Stadt Schwetzingen .


The Museum Blue is a 2017 opened museum that deals with the blue color.

In the Karl-Wörn-Haus - Schwetzinger Collections House, there is a city ​​history museum.

XYLON - Museum + Werkstätten e. V. is a center for fine arts with a focus on artistic high pressure.

Other structures

The town hall was built in 1821 by the Baden district architect Jacob Friedrich Dyckerhoff in the style of his teacher Weinbrenner and expanded in 1889, 1912 and 1919. Intensive restoration work began in 2000.

The Rabaliatti House on Schlossplatz

The noble house of Jesuit Father Franz Joseph Seedorf was financed with camera funds on behalf of Elector Carl Theodor in 1748 and built by Franz Wilhelm Rabaliatti on the then new Schlossplatz. In 1817 the house came into private ownership, and the owner had the sign justice of the inn "Zum Goldenen Hirsch" transferred to it. Nowadays it is known as Palais Hirsch and is used for events. Rabaliatti's own house, built in 1755, is also still there on Schlossplatz.

In the Carl-Theodor-Straße, which extends the main axis of the palace gardens , the Marstall , which was built between 1750 and 1752 on behalf of the Electoral Palatinate Generalissimo Prince Friedrich von Pfalz-Zweibrücken , is particularly noteworthy, especially the courtyard entrance, which is magnificently crowned with princely coats of arms . The building was the barracks of the Badische Yellow Dragoons .

Opposite the Protestant town church is the former Friedrichschule , built in 1842 in the late classical style .

Striking in the cityscape and also architecturally remarkable are some buildings that were built by local companies: the brewhouse of the Welde brewery founded in 1752, built in 1934 in the Bauhaus style, another old brewhouse of another brewery and the 1910 building of the former Bassermann ' a canning factory, known today as Karl-Wörn-Haus (see museums ).

The former Capitol cinema in Herzogstraße can be regarded as a cultural monument of the 20th century, but has been in decline since 1976.

Last but not least, the new building of the Schwetzingen district savings bank from 1995 should also be mentioned. In Schwetzingen, new architecture has also established itself in the city center. For example, in 2005 the Schwetzingen architect Hans-Jürgen-Vieth built the music and culture center in the rear area and in connection with the former Friedrichschule after an architectural competition. In 2007, after a devastating fire in the previous building, the new "Lutherhaus" was built in the immediate vicinity as a Protestant parish hall. The architects here were Thomas Link and Uwe Schmidt from Heidelberg. This area was rounded off by the redesign of the "Kleine Planken" (a street named after the planks in neighboring Mannheim and the Schwetzingen Palace Square, which was formerly known as "Schloßplanken") by the landscape architect Tobias Mann from Kassel.

There are the following church buildings in the city:

  • Catholic Church of St. Pankratius (1736/38, tower from 1755, nave rebuilt and extended 1763/65)
  • Evangelical town church (1756, expanded and provided with a tower in 1884/88, expanded again in 1912/13)
  • Catholic Church of St. Mary (1958)
  • Catholic Church of St. Josef in Hirschacker
  • Evangelical Community Center Melanchthon (1964)
  • New Apostolic Church


Since 2013, the Spiegel der Geschichte memorial has been commemorating the victims of National Socialism in Schwetzingen. Together with the Jewish memorial, it forms the axis of memory .

Lucky pig , Schlossplatz

The sculpture Glücksschwein by Peter Lenk has stood on Schlossplatz since 2016 , showing the lightly clad Elector Carl Theodor riding a sow with a mistress. Lenk refers to a quote from the Prussian King Friedrich II , who called the Elector himself a lucky pig .

In the same square there is also the monument to the asparagus woman by Franz Müller-Steinfurth , which is dedicated to the sale of the regional vegetable specialty.

In 2008 the banana sprayer Thomas Baumgärtel left two of his works of art at the Hirsch Palace and the Orangery.

A project in 2016 are twelve anniversary benches dedicated to events in the city's history.


  • The TV Schwetzingen 1864 (TV64 for short) offers many different sports.
  • The HG Oftersheim / Schwetzingen played in the 2nd handball Bundesliga.
  • The SV 98 Schwetzingen plays in the Football Association League North Baden.
  • Fortuna 96 Schwetzingen is a badminton club that is represented by two teams in the Association League North Baden.
  • Founded in 1910 and re-established in 1955, DJK 1910 Schwetzingen offers inline hockey, baseball, archery, dog sports and soccer.
  • The first medieval association in Schwetzingen, Signum Libere Suezzingen eV, offers support for old martial arts such as sword fighting, tjosten , archery and other things from antiquity to the Middle Ages.
  • The club FC Badenia 1959 eV Schwetzingen-Hirschacker, founded in 1959, offers tennis and soccer.
  • The Kurpfalz e. V. Schwetzingen has dedicated itself intensively to cycling since it was founded in 1976 and maintains a licensed team in the highest German amateur class.

Regular events

  • February / March: Traditional Kurpfälzer carnival procession on Shrove Tuesday
  • End of April-beginning of June: Schwetzingen Festival of the SWR , internationally acclaimed festival for classical and contemporary music, musical theater and theater
  • April: Asparagus run
  • May: The Schwetzingen Asparagus Festival takes place on the first weekend.
  • Summer: Music in the Park (in 2007 with Katie Melua, The Boss Hoss, Sasha and Nena, for example)
  • July: Schwetzingen organ summer, individual concerts on four Sundays
  • July: Festival of lights in the castle garden (takes place every 2 years)
  • July: Schwetzingen Medieval Market
  • September: Concours d'Elegance for classic cars
  • September / October: Schwetzingen Mozart Festival
  • October: Kerwe
  • December: Schwetzingen Christmas Market
  • Winter: Schwetzingen Ice Magic (2014/15 did not take place)

Tourist routes

Schwetzingen is located on three tourist streets:

Theodor Heuss Culture Prize

In Schwetzingen, the Theodor-Heuss-Kulturpreis , donated by the FDP Rhein-Neckar, has been awarded every two years since 2017 .

Economy and Infrastructure


In addition to the Pfaudler works , Möbel Höffner and the Pfitzenmeier Group, many small and medium-sized companies are based in Schwetzingen .

Tourism has taken on a high priority in Schwetzingen, which led to a large range of restaurants and hotels.

In 2004, 6,077 employees subject to compulsory insurance were working in Schwetzingen.

Until the association with the brand "suns" in the 1960s (the still existing brand Sonnen Bassermann ) of the brand were in Schwetzingen canned Bassermann made.


Trunk roads

Schwetzingen is conveniently located with direct connections to the A 5 (connection point Heidelberg / Schwetzingen) and A 6 (connection point Schwetzingen / Hockenheim and Mannheim / Schwetzingen), which allow direct connections in all directions. All three connection points are developed as complete clovers ; Only the two junctions to the A 6 are in the Schwetzingen district.

The B 36 ran through the city in a north-south direction . A western bypass, the state road 599, was built in the 1990s between the Mannheim / Schwetzingen and Schwetzingen / Hockenheim motorway junctions and has been unofficially considered the new route since the B 36 was downgraded in 2009. The graduation of the main road made the redesign of the Schlossplatz easier. Work has been going on since 2004 on the bypass road ( B 535 ) between the Heidelberg / Schwetzingen and Mannheim / Schwetzingen motorway junctions, the first construction phases of which, coming from Mannheim to Schwetzingen-Zentrum, were opened at the end of 2006 and which is now continuously passable. In the southwest of the B 39, the federal road 291 branches off, which leads along the new development areas Schälzig and Oftersheim-Nordwest, past the neighboring municipality to the south, through the Hardtwald towards Walldorf.


Schwetzingen railway station (Dec. 2008)

Since 1870 the city has had a connection to the Mannheim – Karlsruhe line, the Rheinbahn . Both regional and transport traffic move on this. In the future, the RheinNeckar S-Bahn will also run on this railway line . Further stops (Hirschacker and Nordstadt) are planned as part of the expansion of the S-Bahn. The Heidelberg – Speyer railway line , which is now closed, ran past Schwetzingen until 1967 . The high-speed route Mannheim – Stuttgart touches the city area in the north with the Pfingstberg tunnel and passes to the west. In 2007 the station building was bought and completely refurbished by the IIB Institute of Innovative Building.


From 1910 to 1938 the Schwetzingen – Ketsch tram operated . Between 1927 and 1973, a tram line operated by the Heidelberger Straßen- und Bergbahn AG from Eppelheim and Plankstadt also ended in Schwetzingen. Today bus routes run by the Rhein-Neckar bus service to the neighboring communities and the cities of Mannheim and Heidelberg. Schwetzingen belongs to the tariff area of ​​the Rhein-Neckar transport association . A special rate applies within the city. Schwetzingen also has a train station through which Deutsche Bahn trains run to Karlsruhe and Mannheim . Since December 2019, trains of the Main-Neckar-Ried-Express have been running every two hours to Frankfurt (Main).


Schwetzingen appears as a daily newspaper , the Schwetzingen newspaper and a regional edition of the Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung ( Schwetzingen News ). In addition, an issue of the Schwetzinger Woche appears every Wednesday and is sent to all Schwetzingen citizens free of charge. This newspaper reports on local activities in Schwetzingen. The regional television broadcaster tvregional has its headquarters in Schwetzingen since January 1st, 2008. It reports on current events from Schwetzingen and the metropolitan region.

District Court
Tax office

Courts, authorities and institutions

In Schwetzingen there is a district court with a family court, which belongs to the district court of Mannheim , a tax office and an office of the employment agency. There is also a police station and a district hospital.


The city of Schwetzingen is responsible for a grammar school ( Hebel-Gymnasium ), a secondary school (Karl-Friedrich-Schimper-Realschule), a community school (Hilda-Schule), four primary schools (Hirschacker primary school, Johann-Michael-Zeyher primary school, Nordstadt-Grund - and Südstadt-Grundschule) as well as the Kurt-Waibel-Schule (special needs education and counseling center with a special focus on learning).

College of Justice

The Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is responsible for the three vocational schools, the Carl-Theodor-Schule (commercial school, including a business school), the nursing school at the district hospital and the Ehrhart-Schott-Schule (commercial school, including a technical high school) and the Comenius School (special education and advice center with a focus on intellectual development).

In the left wing of the Schwetzingen Palace is the Schwetzingen University of Applied Sciences, an in-house university of applied sciences of the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg (Justice Department), at which the legal clerks of the states of Baden-Wuerttemberg , Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland are trained. From the second federal stimulus package , three million euros were made available for a new judicial academy. This is why the University of Applied Sciences moved to Mannheim in September 2009 for the period of renovation work .


sons and daughters of the town

Honorary citizen

The city of Schwetzingen has granted honorary citizenship twelve times , including:

Personalities associated with Schwetzingen

  • Guillaume d'Hauberat (around 1680–1749), French architect and builder of the Baroque era
  • Alessandro Galli da Bibiena (1686–1748), Italian architect, painter, scenographer and theater engineer of the late Baroque, planned the circular buildings of the Schwetzingen Palace
  • Franz Joseph Seedorf (1691–1758), Jesuit priest, theology professor and controversial writer, educator of Elector Carl Theodor
  • Peter Anton von Verschaffelt (1710–1793), Flemish sculptor and architect, creator of the deer and river groups in the Schwetzingen palace gardens
  • Franz Wilhelm Rabaliatti (1716–1782), Italian-German architect and court architect, builder of the northern circle houses of Schwetzingen Palace
  • Giuseppe Antonio Albuccio (1720–1776), Italian baroque plasterer, design of the game and dance halls of the southern circular buildings of the Schwetzingen Palace
  • Johann Wilhelm Sckell (1722–1792), garden architect and court gardener in Schwetzingen
  • Nicolas de Pigage (1723–1796), builder from Lorraine, helped to build the residence in Schwetzingen (among other things, he built the palace theater), and in 1775 bought the muscle power garden phaeton for Elector Carl Theodor in London
  • Elector Carl Theodor (1724–1799), from the House of Wittelsbach, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Elector of Bavaria, extended Schwetzingen Palace and Palace Gardens to a summer residence with an observatory in Mannheim
  • After the fall of the Palatinate and Schwetzingen in 1803, Grand Duke Karl Friedrich (Baden) (1728–1811) often used the summer residence of Karlsruhe from Karlsruhe
  • Friedrich Ludwig Sckell (1750–1823), garden architect, court gardener in Schwetzingen, and urban planner in Munich
  • Friedrich Heinrich Georg von Drais (1758–1833), studied head forester with a private forestry school in the forestry office, expanded the arboretum in the palace garden to include timber species from around the world (for Grand Duke Karl-Friedrichs lathe)
  • Johann Peter Hebel (1760–1826), poet, theologian and educator, died in Schwetzingen. Lever is the namesake of the Hebel Gymnasium in Schwetzingen.
  • Luise Karoline von Hochberg (1767–1820), second wife of the Margrave and later Grand Duke Karl Friedrich von Baden
  • Johann Michael Zeyher (1770–1843), German gardener and botanist, court gardener in Schwetzingen
  • Karl Drais (1785–1851), after studying in Heidelberg, forestry teacher at Uncle's private school, later inventor of the original bicycle, inspired by the garden phaeton in the castle, at that time still a baron
    Karl Drais, inventor of the original bicycle
  • Ludwig I (Bavaria) (1786–1868), later King of Bavaria, spent his boyhood in Schwetzingen
  • Karl Friedrich Schimper (1803–1867), natural scientist, botanist and geologist
  • Karl Theodor Hartweg (1812–1871), botanist
  • Joseph Stöckle (1844–1893), writer and ancient philologist
  • Max Ilgner (1899–1966), chemical industrialist
  • Nina Arianda (* 1984), US actress, lived in Schwetzingen as a teenager


  • State Archive administration Baden-Württemberg in connection with d. Cities and districts Heidelberg u. Mannheim (Hrsg.): The city and districts Heidelberg and Mannheim: Official district description .
    • Vol. 1: General part . Karlsruhe 1966
    • Vol. 3: The city of Mannheim and the municipalities of the Mannheim district . Karlsruhe 1970
  • Karl and Volker Wörn: Schwetzingen at the turn of the millennium: history - culture - economy . Schwetzingen 2000, ISBN 3-87742-157-1 , numerous partly colored illustrations and plans from Schwetzingen.
  • Badisches Städtebuch; Volume IV 2nd part of the German city book. Handbook of urban history - on behalf of the working group of historical commissions and with the support of the German Association of Cities, the German Association of Cities and the German Association of Municipalities, ed. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart 1959
  • Frank-Uwe Betz: Schwetzingen. City and people . Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2001, ISBN 3-89702-387-3 . (Historical photographs, mostly from 1900 to 1970)
  • The pleasure of hunting. Hunting customs and festivals at the Electoral Palatinate court in the 18th century . Book accompanying the exhibition in Schwetzingen Castle. Regional culture publishing house, Ubstadt-Weiher 1999, ISBN 978-3-89735-118-9 .
  • Susanne Bährle / Theo Kyrberg: Schwetzingen . Gudensberg-Gleichen 2002
  • Hans-Erhard Lessing: "Karl Drais and Schwetzingen's palace gardens - a key event in the history of mobility". Badische Heimat , March 2016, pp. 115–125
  • City of Schwetzingen (Ed.): Schwetzingen - history (s) of a city , two volumes, regional culture publisher, Heidelberg 2016–2018, ISBN 978-3-89735-984-0 and ISBN 978-3-89735-985-7 .
  • Karl Frei: "Schbrooch un Schbrisch. The dialects in the former district of Schwetzingen". Schwetzingen 1984.

Web links

Commons : Schwetzingen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Schwetzingen  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, status: December 31, 2004  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  3. Schwetzinger Zeitung of May 21, 2010 "Old weaknesses weed out"
  4. Schwetzinger Zeitung of May 21, 2010 "Old weaknesses weed out"
  5. Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 2), Certificate 750 December 21, 766 - Reg. 99. In: Heidelberg historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 278 , accessed on April 18, 2015 .
  6. Additional sign points to the past . In: Schwetzinger Woche , Nussbaum Medien, February 4, 2015, p. 5. 
  7. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 82
  8. ^ State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg: Municipal elections 2019, City of Schwetzingen ; City of Schwetzingen: municipal council election 2019 ; accessed June 2, 2019.
  9. ^ Herwig John, Gabriele Wüst: Wappenbuch Rhein-Neckar-Kreis . Ubstadt-Weiher 1996, ISBN 3-929366-27-4 , p. 99
  11. ^ Marion Bayer: A history of Germany in 100 buildings. Cologne 2015, p. 251.
  12. Schwetzingen Culture
  13. Here a blue miracle awaits - Schwetzinger Zeitung / Hockenheimer Zeitung. Retrieved December 4, 2019 .
  14. ^ Documentation of the renovation of the town hall in Schwetzingen by the architect ( memento from June 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ).
  15.,Lde/32064_152166_473409_473396.html  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  16. ^ Axis of memory in the middle of the city
  17. ^ Wolf H. Goldschmitt: Southwest: Schwetzingen: Peter Lenk has dedicated a monument to an elector. Badische Zeitung, December 1, 2016, accessed on December 1, 2016 .
  18. Fortuna 96 Schwetzingen: Home . Online at Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  19. The Theodor Heuss Culture Prize , accessed on December 31, 2018
  20. ^ Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung of March 6, 2009