|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|County :||Rhein-Neckar district|
|Height :||102 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||10.29 km 2|
|Residents:||6355 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||618 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||69514|
|Area code :||06201|
|License plate :||HD|
|Community key :||08 2 26 040|
|Address of the
|Untere Strasse 2
|Mayor :||Benjamin Köpfle ( SPD )|
|Location of the community of Laudenbach in the Rhein-Neckar district|
Laudenbach is a municipality in the Rhein-Neckar district in the so-called Rhine-Neckar triangle in northwest Baden-Württemberg . Apart from the village of the same name, no other localities belong to the municipality of Laudenbach. Together with Hemsbach , Laudenbach forms the agreed administrative community Hemsbach .
Laudenbach is located on the creek of the same name on the northern Baden Bergstrasse , directly on the Hessian border. The district of Laudenbach borders Hesse in the west, north and east; in the east the Bergstrasse forms the border between the Rhine plain and the Odenwald . In the south is Hemsbach , in the west Lorsch , in the north Heppenheim , and to the east is Ober-Laudenbach , which belongs to Heppenheim , with which there is a very complicated borderline for historical reasons, so that the roads leading through Ober-Laudenbach belong to the district of Laudenbach . Larger cities are around 25 km southwest of Mannheim , 25 km south of Heidelberg and around 30 km north of Darmstadt .
The district extends at a height of 94 to 402 meters over 1029 hectares. Of this, 18.9 percent are settlement and traffic areas, 56.3 percent are used for agriculture and 21.6 percent are forested.
In 795 Laudenbach was first mentioned in a document as "Lutenbach" in the Lorsch Codex , the document book of the Lorsch Monastery . In 1232 Laudenbach was assigned to the territory of the Archbishop of Mainz . In 1288 the village changed to a Palatinate fiefdom , whereupon disputes over ownership between the Count Palatine and the Archbishop of Mainz broke out. In 1460 the village was burned down. In 1485 Laudenbach came under the administration of the Electoral Mainz Bishop of Worms , but customs and central rights remained with the Electoral Palatinate. After countless disputes, the Electoral Palatinate regained full sovereignty over Laudenbach in 1705 and incorporated the place into the Oberamt Ladenburg .
With the end of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation , the Electoral Palatinate was also dissolved in 1803. Laudenbach then became Baden and a border town with a main customs post to Hesse . In 1849 Laudenbach became involved in fighting between the Hessian military and Baden revolutionary troops , which a cannonball in the old rectory still attests to today.
Politically, since the founding of the empire in 1871, the liberals were the strongest movement before they were replaced by the SPD in 1912 . This remained the strongest force in the Weimar Republic until 1930. In the 1933 Reichstag election , the NSDAP received 42.5 percent of the vote.
After the Second World War , Laudenbach experienced a strong population increase due to the reception of refugees. For example, in the spring of 1946 around 280 displaced Hungarian Germans found a new home in Laudenbach. The community became part of the newly formed state of Baden-Württemberg and was incorporated into the Rhein-Neckar district during the 1973 district reform. In 1995 Laudenbach celebrated the 1200th anniversary of the community.
Against the resistance of the Bishop of Worms, the Palatinate introduced the Reformation by 1573 and carried out multiple religious changes with the Wittelsbach rulers . After the Regensburg settlement in 1653 there was a simultaneum between Catholics and Reformed. From 1825 to 1945 the Evangelicals in Laudenbach were in the majority. The situation shifted due to the large influx of displaced persons after the Second World War, and in 1961 Catholics made up 51 percent of the population.
The Catholic community is now part of the Heidelberg-Weinheim deanery of the Archdiocese of Freiburg and the Protestant community is part of the Ladenburg-Weinheim church district of the Evangelical Regional Church in Baden .
The council Laude Bach has 18 members who are elected by direct suffrage for five years. In addition, the mayor comes as the voting chairman of the council.
The 2019 local elections led to the following result (in brackets: difference to 2014):
|Political party||Share of votes||Seats|
|CDU||45.2%(- 8.6)||8(- 2)|
|SPD||28.0%(- 18.2)||5(- 3)|
|Green||26.7%(+ 26.7)||5(+ 5)|
The mayor is directly elected for a term of eight years. Benjamin Köpfle (SPD) has been Mayor of Laudenbach since 2020.
The last election took place on December 1, 2019. In the second ballot, Benjamin Köpfle was elected mayor with 51.05 percent of the vote. The opposing candidate Claudia Keil received 48.89 percent of the vote. The turnout was 69.94 percent (2011: 42.29 percent).
coat of arms
The blazon of the coat of arms reads: In a shield split by blue and silver, a silver winemaker's knife in front, behind a blue bunch of grapes on black vine with green leaves.
The coat of arms goes back to a court seal from 1539. It refers to the great importance of viticulture for the place. The colors were determined in 1910 and take up the tinging of the Electoral Palatinate coat of arms.
The flag is blue and white and was awarded by the Interior Ministry in 1963.
Laudenbach has been related to the French community of Ivry-la-Bataille , which is 80 km west of Paris and in Normandy , since 1981 . There have been friendly relations with Elek in Hungary on an official level since the 1990s. This connection is to be expanded into an official town twinning.
Culture and sights
A church in Laudenbach was first mentioned in a bull by Pope Gregory IX in 1238 . mentioned. The late Gothic building of the old village church - today the Evangelical Martin Luther Church - dates from around 1500. The church was rebuilt or expanded several times, for example in 1612, 1722 and 1936. Since the Regensburg settlement in 1653, it has been used jointly by Catholics and Protestants. The Simultaneum was only ended in 1935 when the Catholic community built St. Bartholomew's Church.
- Laudenbach gymnastics community 1889
- Sports club 1928 Laudenbach
- Sports shooting club Laudenbach 1922
- Tennis club 1972 Laudenbach
- Laudenbach ski club
- Ring and Stemmclub 1908 Laudenbach
- Kegelverein KV Laudenbach e. V.
- Kegelsportgemeinschaft KSG Laudenbach e. V.
- Rural youth Neckar-Bergstrasse ( tug of war )
- Laudenbach cycling community
- Chess Club 1995 Laudenbach
- Singverein 1870 Laudenbach
- Big Band Laudenbach
- Branch of the music school Badische Bergstrasse e. V.
- Evang. Church choir 1887 Laudenbach
- Evang. Trombone Choir Laudenbach
- Catholic church choir 1910 Laudenbach
- Laudenbach Music Association
- Jazzkeller at the town hall
- 1898 minstrel train of the Laudenbach volunteer fire brigade
- Children's and youth choir fountain
The Laudenbacher Frosch kerwe takes place on the first Sunday in September (up to and including Monday) . The Lindenplatz Festival is regularly celebrated on the second Saturday in July. On the Saturday before the 1st Advent, the "Advent Magic" is carried out in front of the Catholic Church and in the Kindergarten Adventure Land - a joint event between the local Scouting Society (DPSG) and the Catholic Kindergarten. The traditional handmade Advent wreaths of the boy scouts, which are made in the week before the 1st Advent, are also sold there. On the Saturday before the 2nd Advent, the traditional Christmas market takes place on the fairground in front of the primary school (from 2016). This event is organized and carried out by the Laudenbacher Kerwe- und Heimatverein.
Economy and Infrastructure
Favored by its location in the Rhine-Neckar triangle , Laudenbach offers a very good economic environment. With the cities of Mannheim , Ludwigshafen am Rhein , Heidelberg and Darmstadt, there are several economically strong locations in the immediate vicinity. In addition, several medium-sized companies have set up shop in a designated commercial and industrial area.
Wolfbart brand caravans were manufactured in Laudenbach until the beginning of the 1990s. The company founded in Laudenbach was sold to Knaus in 1974. Production was stopped and the production facility stood empty for years before it was demolished and thus gave way to the "Neuwiesen" residential area.
Laudenbach is conveniently located on the federal motorway 5 ( Frankfurt am Main - Karlsruhe ). However, the lack of a separate motorway access has meant that all commuter traffic flows through the two neighboring cities of Hemsbach and Heppenheim, which makes the already tense traffic situation even worse. Laudenbach is also located on one of the longest federal highways in Germany, the B 3 (between Darmstadt and Heidelberg ).
In Laudenbach there is a train station on the Main-Neckar Railway . There are hourly connections with regional trains to Frankfurt am Main , Mannheim and Heidelberg and hourly connections with S-Bahn trains to Mainz , Worms , Mannheim and Bensheim . The Laudenbach (Bergstr) train station has been rebuilt for service by the RheinNeckar S-Bahn since May 30, 2016 . In this context, among other things, the platforms will be made barrier-free and raised to a height of 76 cm above the top of the rails . The construction work was completed in August 2017.
The community is also a member of the Nördliche Badische Bergstrasse school association. This runs an education center in the neighboring municipality of Hemsbach with secondary school, secondary school and grammar school.
The community runs a library.
The district road K 203 of the Hessian district Bergstrasse lies completely in the area of the municipality Laudenbach.
On the eastern edge of the village, the district road K 4129 branches off from the federal road 3 to the east. It bears the name Kirchstrasse . This turns into the Ober-Laudenbacher-Straße at the junction of the small street called Finstertal . From here it is the K 203 of the Bergstrasse district. This ends at the junction of the small street In der Wolfslücke .
While the lane of Ober-Laudenbacher-Straße is on Baden-Württemberg soil and therefore belongs to the municipality of Laudenbach, this is not the case with the houses on this street. They belong to the Ober-Laudenbach district of the district town of Heppenheim (Bergstrasse) in Hesse .
- 1598–1613 place of activity of Anton Praetorius , reformed pastor, opponent of the witch trials. In 1598 he wrote the book "Von Zauberey vnd Zauberern Thorough Report" against witch trials and torture. In 1602, in a second edition of the "Thorough Report", he took the courage to use his own name as an author. In 1613 the third edition of his report on magic and magicians appeared with a personal foreword.
- Hans Huth: The art monuments of the Mannheim district: Without the city of Schwetzingen . Munich 1967
- State Archive administration Baden-Württemberg in connection with d. Cities and districts Heidelberg u. Mannheim (Hrsg.): The city and districts Heidelberg and Mannheim: Official district description .
- Vol. 1: General part . Karlsruhe 1966
- Vol. 3: The city of Mannheim and the municipalities of the Mannheim district . Karlsruhe 1970
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg, as of December 31, 2004 ( Memento of the original from May 29, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 1), Certificate 6a, About the Mark Heppenheim, mid-August 795. In: Heidelberg historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 60 , accessed on January 15, 2018 .
- Population up to 1967: District description, Vol. 3, p. 659.
- State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg: Municipal council elections 2019, Laudenbach ; Municipality of Laudenbach: municipal council election 2019 (PDF) ; accessed June 4, 2019.
- Laudenbach mayoral election. Retrieved December 10, 2019 .
- Herwig John, Gabriele Wüst: Wappenbuch Rhein-Neckar-Kreis . Ubstadt-Weiher 1996, ISBN 3-929366-27-4 , p. 41
- children's and youth choir introduces itself
- History. In: www.wolfbart.de. Retrieved September 25, 2016 .
- Citizen information event on Hp Laudenbach on May 2nd, 2016. DB Netze , April 20th, 2016, accessed on May 1st, 2017 .
- Laudenbach stop: Current impressions in pictures. DB Netze, March 22, 2017, accessed on May 1, 2017 .