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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Plankstadt
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Plankstadt highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 24 '  N , 8 ° 36'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Karlsruhe
County : Rhein-Neckar district
Height : 103 m above sea level NHN
Area : 8.39 km 2
Residents: 10,321 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 1230 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 68723
Area code : 06202
License plate : HD
Community key : 08 2 26 063
Address of the
municipal administration:
Schwetzinger Strasse 28
68723 Plankstadt
Website :
Mayor : Nils Drescher
Location of the community of Plankstadt in the Rhein-Neckar district
Bayern Hessen Rheinland-Pfalz Heidelberg Heilbronn Landkreis Heilbronn Landkreis Karlsruhe Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Eberbach Altlußheim Angelbachtal Bammental Brühl (Baden) Dielheim Dossenheim Eberbach Eberbach Eberbach Edingen-Neckarhausen Edingen-Neckarhausen Epfenbach Eppelheim Eschelbronn Gaiberg Heddesbach Heddesheim Heiligkreuzsteinach Helmstadt-Bargen Hemsbach Hirschberg an der Bergstraße Hockenheim Ilvesheim Ketsch Ladenburg Laudenbach (Bergstraße) Leimen (Baden) Leimen (Baden) Lobbach Malsch (bei Wiesloch) Mauer (Baden) Meckesheim Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) Neckarbischofsheim Neckargemünd Neidenstein Neulußheim Nußloch Oftersheim Plankstadt Rauenberg Reichartshausen Reilingen Sandhausen St. Leon-Rot Schönau (Odenwald) Schönbrunn (Baden) Schriesheim Schwetzingen Schwetzingen Sinsheim Spechbach Waibstadt Walldorf (Baden) Weinheim Weinheim Wiesenbach (Baden) Wiesloch Wilhelmsfeld Zuzenhausenmap
About this picture
View of Plankstadt from the southwest
Plankstadt and the surrounding area 1907

Plankstadt ( listen ? / I , Electoral Palatinate : Plankschd ) is a municipality in the Rhein-Neckar district in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg . Apart from the village of the same name, no other localities belong to the municipality of Plankstadt . The town with around 10,000 inhabitants was first mentioned in 771 and belonged to the Electoral Palatinate for centuries . Audio file / audio sample


Location and natural space

Plankstadt is located in the Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region in the Upper Rhine Plain on the southwestern Neckar alluvial cone on an almost flat area without major elevations. Due to the fertile soil, the last forest was cleared in the middle of the 19th century to cultivate the land.

The municipal area extends over 839 hectares. Of this, 29.4 percent are settlement and traffic areas and 70.2 percent are used for agriculture.

Neighboring communities

Directly adjacent neighboring communities are Schwetzingen in the west, Heidelberg with the Grenzhof district in the north, Eppelheim in the east, again Heidelberg with Patrick-Henry-Village in the southeast and Oftersheim in the south. For about 200 m there is also a shared border with Mannheim am Dossenwald in the direction of the Friedrichsfeld district in the northwest.


A first settlement is believed to have been around 500 AD. The first documentary mention comes from the year 771 in the Lorsch Codex under the name Blanckenstat . The Codex lists numerous other documents about donations to the Lorsch Monastery in the Plankstadt district . The next written evidence comes from the 13th century. The Count Palatine is recorded as the owner of the village for 1256 . Three years later, in 1259 the property went through gift Wormser bishop Eberhard I. majority of the Cistercian Monastery Schoenau over. The monks tried to relocate the residents and to build an isolated monastery , but failed due to years of resistance from the population. In 1296 the community of Plankstadt was formed and returned to the Electoral Palatinate , where it belonged to the Kirchheimer Zent .

In 1462 the village was burned down in the course of the Battle of Seckenheim , a warlike event in the framework of the Mainz collegiate feud . The Thirty Years War and other conflicts also left their mark on the community. The French general and General Mélac was responsible for the next destruction . In the Palatinate War of Succession in 1689, a large part of the region, including Heidelberg Castle, fell victim to his troops. In 1803 the Electoral Palatinate was dissolved and Plankstadt came to Baden , where it was assigned to the Schwetzingen office. In 1924 it was divided into the Mannheim district, later the Mannheim district .

In 1895 a fire destroyed half a street. The fire disaster was even bigger five years later, which killed more than 60 buildings in three streets. The event attracted nationwide attention. Interior Minister August Eisenlohr visited the fire site and Grand Duke Friedrich made a donation for the aid committee for those damaged by the fire.

Politically, since the establishment of the empire in 1871, the center quickly became the strongest movement in Plankstadt. It was able to maintain its supremacy until the end of the Weimar Republic . In the 1933 Reichstag election , the center received 36.3 percent, the NSDAP 35.7 percent and the KPD 16.9 percent of the vote.

After the Second World War , the community took in more than 1,000 displaced persons. In 1971 Plankstadt celebrated its 1200th anniversary. As for the district reform in 1973 the district Mannheim was dissolved, Plankstadt in was Rhein-Neckar-Kreis integrated. When the community reform was carried out in parallel, there were initially plans to form a large administrative unit with Schwetzingen, Brühl, Ketsch, Oftersheim and Plankstadt. After this was rejected, Oftersheim and Plankstadt were to be incorporated into Schwetzingen. Ultimately, however, Plankstadt was able to maintain its independence.

Population statistics

year 1439 1577 1777 1834 1875 1905 1925 1950 1961 1967 1970 1980 1991 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Residents 125 220 380 1,123 2,532 2,766 5,303 7,294 7,905 8,784 9,050 8,977 9,652 9,744 9,599 9,548 9,685 10.176

Denomination statistics

As of December 31, 2003, 37.4% (3,476) of the 9,288 inhabitants were Protestant, 40.6% (3,769) of the inhabitants were predominantly Roman Catholic and 22.0% either belong to another religion or are non-denominational. The number of Protestants, and especially Catholics, has decreased since then. According to the 2011 census , 34.7% of the population were Protestant , 36.1% Roman Catholic and 29.2% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information.


The town hall of Plankstadt
Volunteer fire brigade in the community center on the market square
Municipal coat of arms at the town hall (via the main entrance)
Signpost on the market square

Neighborhood association

Plankstadt belongs to the Heidelberg-Mannheim neighborhood association, which is responsible for drawing up the regional zoning plan .

Municipal council

The municipal council has 18 seats and is directly elected for a five-year term. In addition, the mayor acts as the municipal council chairman with voting rights.

The 2019 local elections led to the following result (in brackets: difference to 2014):

Political party be right Seats
Plankstadter list 35.4% (+7.8) 8 (+3)
CDU 30.5% (−7.1) 7 (−1)
Green List Plankstadt 18.0% (+7.9) 4 (+2)
SPD 14.1% (−6.3) 3 (−1)

The turnout was 63.8% (+3.1).


The mayor is directly elected for a term of eight years. Nils Drescher has been mayor of Plankstadt since October 1st, 2016.

Previous incumbents:

  • 1894–1901: Friedrich Driver
  • 1901–1918: Peter Helmling
  • 1919–1928: Ludwig Ahlheim
  • 1928–1933: Peter Helmling
  • 1933–1945: Valentin Driver
  • 1945–1946: Georg Gerlach (provisional)
  • 1946–1948: Karl Eberwein
  • 1948–1966: Georg Baust
  • 1966–1992: Werner Weick
  • 1992–2008: Wolfgang Huckele
  • 2008–2016: Jürgen Schmitt
  • since October 1, 2016: Nils Drescher

coat of arms

The blazon of the coat of arms reads: In blue, a silver cross set with glaze, topped with a green-covered red rose with green sepals, angled by four five-pointed golden stars.

The first documentary evidence of a court seal comes from 1487, from which the later municipal coat of arms is derived, which was awarded by the Baden General State Archives in 1896. A meaning of the picture is not known.

The flag is white and blue and was awarded by the Interior Ministry in 1959. The colors refer to the Palatinate-Wittelsbach colors.

Town twinning

A partnership with Castelnau-le-Lez in the Hérault department ( France ) has existed since 1981 .

Culture and sights

Water tower and catholic church


Plankstadt has a local museum .


Water tower

The water tower, which went into operation in 1907, is a landmark of the community. It was used to supply the town with water until 1981 and is now a listed building. After a renovation completed in 2014, cultural events are held at irregular intervals on the ground floor.

Bird park

Entrance to the bird park

The bird park has been showing exotic and native bird species in enclosures since 1967: in addition to the native eagle owl , the white stork and oyster fishermen , numerous parrots , canaries and the golden pheasant are residents of the park.

The care and maintenance of the park and its approximately 300 residents is the responsibility of the Canaries, Exotic and Bird Protection Association 1961 Plankstadt. Admission is free, donations for the maintenance of the park and food is requested. In addition, the park is partially financed through the sale of offspring.

Tree and shrub nature trail

In 1989 a tree and shrub nature trail was set up, which extends from the small animal breeders' restaurant in a northerly direction. It has been continuously extended since then, including adding a copy of the respective tree of the year each year . As of 2015, it comprised a total of 52 copies over a length of 450 meters.

Motive car of the rural youth Schwetzingen during the baking parade on February 15, 2009

Regular events

Plankstadt's Backenbläser Carnival Parade traditionally takes place on the Sunday before Shrovetide , which means that many groups from the neighboring communities can also participate and get in the mood for their own parades, which usually take place nine days later on Shrove Tuesday.


The largest club in Plankstadt is TSG Eintracht Plankstadt . It consists of departments for gymnastics, athletics, badminton, soccer, handball, karate and table tennis.

The Musikverein Plankstadt , better known as BigBand MV Plankstadt, runs a program from dance music to BigBand music.

The home and culture area of ​​Plankstadt is committed to preserving and maintaining the local culture.

There is also a dirt park near the Weldebräu, a track for dirt bikes , mountain bikes and BMX bikes. There is also a street park, especially for BMX bikes. A youth club is hidden behind the Weldebrauerei and is open from Tuesday to Friday.

The Frei-Holz Plankstadt sports club won the World Cup in bowling in the 1990s.

Economy and Infrastructure


Up until the beginning of the millennium, Germany's only major growing area for tobacco was located in the Plankstadt district and the surrounding communities . The farms in Plankstadt and the surrounding area stand out due to one or more characteristic barns that were formerly used to dry tobacco. In Plankstadt and the surrounding communities there are also a few still active arable farms with old tobacco drying barns. Tobacco cultivation was discontinued as a result of the changed EU funding guidelines (elimination of subsidies). The arable land that is freed up is now increasingly used for growing grain and root crops or special crops such as maize and asparagus.

The largest employer in Plankstadt is Corden Pharma GmbH with around 200 employees. The company has been based in Plankstadt since 1972, initially as the German branch of the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca and since 2008 as a provider of development, manufacturing and packaging services. A larger company is the Weldebräu private brewery , founded in Schwetzingen in 1752 , which has been located in Plankstadt on the boundary of Schwetzingen since 1971 after a new groundwater source was developed in the so-called second aquifer.


In the course of the new construction of the Heidelberg – Speyer railway line , the place received a train station on the southern edge of the community in 1872/73. The operation on this route was stopped in 1967. Since 1927 there was a tram connection through the town center to Heidelberg and Schwetzingen. But this means of local transport was also closed in 1974. Reconstruction was rejected in a referendum in 2014. Today a BRN bus line runs through the village from Schwetzingen to Eppelheim, where there is a connection to the tram to Heidelberg . Since March 21, 2016, there has also been a citizen bus service that connects the north-west of the town , which is not accessible by local public transport . Plankstadt belongs to the tariff area of ​​the Rhein-Neckar transport association .

The southern bypass federal highway 535 was completed in December 2010. It connects the nearby A 6 (Mannheim – Heilbronn) and A 5 (Frankfurt – Karlsruhe) motorways .


The HDL radio beacon is one of the few transmitter systems that use wooden masts as antenna supports.


The Schwetzinger Zeitung and the Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung report on current events .



In Plankstadt there is a primary school with the Friedrichschule and with the Humboldtschule a primary and secondary school with Werkrealschule . Secondary schools can be attended in Schwetzingen and Eppelheim. The community runs a library.


Honorary citizen

The year numbers indicate the time when the honorary citizenship was conferred .

  • 1939: Paul Bönner, was the first doctor in the community
  • 1959: Josef Fleuchaus, was a teacher for 40 years and 1919–1933 local councilor in Plankstadt
  • 1966: Georg Baust, was mayor for 18 years
  • 1992: Werner Weick, was mayor for 26 years

Sons and daughters of the church


  • Hans Huth: The art monuments of the Mannheim district: Without the city of Schwetzingen . Munich 1967
  • State Archive administration Baden-Württemberg in connection with d. Cities and districts Heidelberg u. Mannheim (Hrsg.): The city and districts Heidelberg and Mannheim: Official district description .
    • Vol. 1: General part . Karlsruhe 1966
    • Vol. 3: The city of Mannheim and the municipalities of the Mannheim district . Karlsruhe 1970
  • Lothar Wesch: Families in Plankstadt 1650-1910 . Plankstadt: Municipality of Plankstadt 2009 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 134)

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. Plankschd will be swept. Garbage collection campaign of the community: Citizens should participate. Schwetzinger Zeitung, March 13, 2009, accessed July 30, 2013 .
  3. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, status: December 31, 2004  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  4. Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 2), Certificate 776, April 23, 771 - Reg. 603. In: Heidelberg historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 287 , accessed on February 15, 2016 .
  5. List of places for the Lorsch Codex, Plankstadt , Archivum Laureshamense - digital, Heidelberg University Library.
  6. ^ Adolph Köllner: History of the rule Kirchheim-Boland and Stauf , Wiesbaden, 1854, p. 88; (Digital scan)
  7. ^ Population figures up to 1967: District description, vol. 3 , p. 760.
  8. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, as of December 31, 2013  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  9. [1]
  10. Plankstadt Religion , 2011 census
  11. ^ State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg: Municipal council elections 2019, Plankstadt ; Municipality of Plankstadt: municipal council election 2019 (PDF) ; accessed June 2, 2019.
  12. ^ Herwig John, Gabriele Wüst: Wappenbuch Rhein-Neckar-Kreis . Ubstadt-Weiher 1996, ISBN 3-929366-27-4 , p. 94
  13. Ulf-Udo Hohl: The water tower - the landmark of Plankstadt . Website of the municipality of Plankstadt, accessed on June 5, 2015
  14. Harald Berlinghof: District Culture Week in the renovated Plankstadt water tower . Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung, May 12, 2014, accessed on June 5, 2015
  15. Carina Troll: World Beyond Thuja and Cypress. Schwetzinger Zeitung, May 26, 2015, accessed on June 5, 2015
  16. Harald Berlinghof: Plankstadt citizens bus starts. Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung, March 21, 2016, accessed on February 22, 2018.
  17. ^ Website of the Citizens Bus Association , accessed on June 5, 2015
  18. ^ Regional Council Karlsruhe July 7, 2006. ( Memento from August 10, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) in the Internet Archive

Web links

Commons : Plankstadt  - collection of images, videos and audio files