Evangelical Church in Germany
|Evangelical Church in Germany|
|Council President:||Heinrich Bedford-Strohm|
|Synod Praeses:||Irmgard Schwaetzer|
|President of the Church Office:||Hans Ulrich Anke|
(December 31, 2019)
|Members previous year:||21.141 million
(December 31, 2018)
|Address:||Herrenhäuser Str. 12
The Evangelical Church in Germany ( EKD ) is a corporation under public law , formed by the community of 20 Lutheran , Uniate and Reformed churches in Germany . The independent member churches have unrestricted pulpit and communion fellowship regardless of their different confessional status . The EKD church office is located in Hanover-Herrenhausen .
The EKD supports the Conference of European Churches (CEC), who with other Protestant , Anglican and Orthodox churches from almost all countries of Europe belongs. She is a member of the Working Group of Christian Churches in Germany (ACK). In addition, all member churches belong to the Community of Evangelical Churches in Europe and the World Council of Churches .
The EKD was founded in 1945 and received its constitution in 1948. The member churches (now 20) have found their overarching institutional form with the EKD. The Protestant church system is federally structured at all levels.
The EKD performs the joint tasks assigned to it. The democratically constituted and elected governing bodies of the EKD are synod , council and church conference. You are responsible for performing the tasks of the EKD, which are laid down in the church constitution , the basic order of the EKD. The EKD Church Office is responsible for the business of the Synod, the Council and the Church Conference.
As a contact for government agencies, the EKD maintains the office of an authorized representative of the EKD Council for the Federal Republic of Germany and the European Union.
At the end of 2019, 20.713 million people or 24.9% of the total population of Germany were members of the Protestant regional churches. The number of members of the Protestant regional churches was around 1.9 million below that of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany . The north of Germany in particular is predominantly evangelical: Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony .
Already between 1852 and 1903 there were regular meetings among the highest Protestant church authorities in Germany in the " Eisenach Church Conference ". Initially, however, this did not become a permanent institution. In 1922 the German Evangelical Church Federation was founded, to which the 28 regional churches of the German Empire that existed at that time belonged. In 1933, under the influence of the National Socialists, the German Evangelical Church (DEK) was founded with the aim of creating a uniform Evangelical " Reich Church ". The predominant church party at that time were the " German Christians " (DC), who openly sympathized with National Socialism. From 1933 onwards, numerous regional churches were administered by DC-dominated church leaderships. Only three regional churches were able to withdraw from the rule of the "German Christians" and remained "intact": Württemberg, Bavaria and Hanover. Ludwig Müller , a staunch National Socialist , became Reich Bishop . In 1934 the Confessing Church was formed as a counterpoint to the DEK . Their best-known representatives were Martin Niemöller and Dietrich Bonhoeffer .
As a rule, the Protestant churches and their hierarchies showed themselves to be compliant supporters and sympathizers of the Hitler regime. In the spring of 1939, eleven Protestant regional churches in Eisenach founded the " Institute for Research and Elimination of Jewish Influence on German Church Life ". In May of that year it was inaugurated at the Wartburg ; at its head were the theologians Siegfried Leffler and Walter Grundmann . The files of the “Entjudungsinstitut”, which disappeared after 1945, only became known to the public in 1990 after the regional church archive had moved.
After the end of the Second World War , the leading clergy of the Evangelical regional churches under the leadership of the Württemberg regional bishop Theophil Wurm made a new attempt to give the different churches a common roof. In August 1945, for example, at a "Church Leaders Conference" held in Treysa (today Schwalmstadt ) in Hesse , a council of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) consisting of twelve members was formed. The main task of the council was to prepare the final order of the EKD. When the constitution of the EKD was unanimously adopted by the synodals in Eisenach on July 13, 1948 , the EKD was officially founded, specifically not as a centrally administered national church, but “as a federation of independent churches of different denominations”. The church chancellery was initially temporarily housed in Schwäbisch Gmünd and relocated to Hanover-Herrenhausen in 1949 in connection with the adoption of the constitution and the assumption of the presidency by Oberlandeskirchenrat Heinz Brunotte . Hanover was considered the most suitable location because of its connections to the member churches in the GDR.
Despite the division of Germany, the EKD initially remained as an amalgamation of the Protestant regional churches of both German states. Since the Wall was built in 1961 at the latest , this led to major organizational problems, so that the EKD could no longer maintain its joint tasks in both German states. The problems of everyday church activity also varied increasingly. So was 1969 Federation of Evangelical Churches in the GDR as a merger of eight regional churches in the area of DDR founded. After the reunification of the two German states in 1990/91, the Federation of Evangelical Churches in the GDR reunited with the EKD.
In November 1979, a collective agreement for EKD employees was signed with the trade unions for the first time in the Federal Republic of Germany . Previously, negotiations took place over several years between trade unions and the North Elbe Evangelical Lutheran Church .
In the summer of 2006, the EKD Council published the impulse paper “Church of Freedom”, with which a comprehensive reform process “ Church on the move ” of the Evangelical Church in Germany should be initiated. In view of the decreasing number of members, the EKD member churches should restrict themselves to the “core business”. Since then, the EKD has been discussing focal points of future church work and a definition of the core business. The recommendation to small regional churches to merge into larger regional churches in order to save management and administrative costs was a factor in the formation of the Northern Church in 2012.
Theological attitudes of the EKD
In the EKD there is a broad spectrum of theological movements with liberal and conservative views. Depending on the member church, the confessions are Lutheran , Reformed or United . What the churches have in common is the Apostolic Creed and the Nicano-Constantinopolitan Creed .
The ordination of women is permitted in all regional churches of the EKD. The marriage of same-sex couples is allowed under canon law in 14 of 20 regional churches (as of January 2020); In another four regional churches of the EKD (as of January 2020), same-sex couples can be blessed in a church service, provided that the local pastor and the church community management agree. In an orientation guide that is not binding for the regional churches, the church office of the EKD has declared that pastors living in a registered partnership can live with their partner in the rectory if this is permitted under canon law in the respective regional church and the respective community has agreed.
The EKD rejected creationism in a study from April 2008, but also emphasized the importance of belief in creation in school lessons.
In the orientation guide Between Autonomy and Dependency published in spring 2013, the EKD calls for all forms of family to be recognized and strengthened.
On February 17, 2016, on behalf of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany, the chairman of the EKD, Heinrich Bedford-Strohm, commented on the Church's joint responsibility for the witch trials and on the rehabilitation of the victims of the witch persecution : The witch persecution was a serious injustice, which is also reflected the churches and many of their representatives are guilty .
Synod of the EKD
The Synod of the EKD is the church-governing and legislative body of the EKD. It meets once a year for almost a week, at the invitation of one of its member churches in a different German city.
The synod consists of a total of 126 members. In addition, a total of eight youth delegates under 30 years of age take part in the synod every year. The EKD Synod is chaired by the Presidium , headed by the Preses .
- 1949–1955: Gustav Heinemann
- 1955–1961: Constantin von Dietze
- 1961–1970: Hans Puttfarcken
- 1970–1973: Ludwig Raiser
- 1973–1985: Cornelius von Heyl
- 1985–2003: Jürgen Schmude
- 2003–2009: Barbara Rinke
- 2009–2013: Katrin Göring-Eckardt
- 2013– Irmgard Schwaetzer :
Council of the EKD
The EKD Council is the governing body of the Evangelical Church in Germany. It consists of 15 members: in addition to the President of the Synod, the Synod and the Church Conference jointly elect 14 other council members. The synod and church conference elect a chairman from among its members at the suggestion of the council members. His term of office is six years.
Members of the EKD Council
On November 10, 2015, the members of the EKD Council were elected for the term of office from 2015 to 2021 in a total of eleven ballots:
- Andreas Barner , Ingelheim, former CEO of Boehringer Ingelheim
- Heinrich Bedford-Strohm , Munich, Regional Bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria (since 2014 Chairman of the Council)
- Michael Diener , Kassel, President of the Evangelical Gnadauer Community Association
- Markus Dröge , Berlin, bishop emeritus of the Evangelical Church Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia
- Kirsten Fehrs , Hamburg, bishop in the district of Hamburg and Lübeck of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany
- Elisabeth Gräb-Schmidt , Tübingen, theology professor
- Kerstin Griese , Member of the Bundestag, Ratingen, Parliamentary State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs
- Jacob Joussen , Düsseldorf, Professor of Law
- Volker Jung , Darmstadt, Church President of the Evangelical Church in Hesse and Nassau
- Dieter Kaufmann, Stuttgart, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Diaconal Work of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg
- Annette Kurschus , Bielefeld, President of the Evangelical Church of Westphalia (since 2015 deputy chairwoman of the council)
- Thomas Rachel , Member of the Bundestag, Düren, Parliamentary State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Education
- Irmgard Schwaetzer , Berlin, Federal Minister i. R. (as Synod President by virtue of office)
- Stephanie Springer , Celle, President of the Regional Church Office of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Hanover
- Marlehn Thieme , Bad Soden, Director at Deutsche Bank i. R.
Chairman of the Council of the EKD
The EKD is represented by the Chairman of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany, or EKD Council Chairman for short. The Federation of Evangelical Churches in the GDR elected a chairman.
The Chairman of the Council of the EKD is the Bavarian State Bishop Heinrich Bedford-Strohm . After the previous representative Nikolaus Schneider had announced his resignation from the office of Council Chairman on June 30, 2014 and his departure from the EKD Council for family reasons on November 10, 2014, Heinrich Bedford-Strohm was elected as his successor on November 11, 2014 .
- Incumbent since 1945
- 1945–1949: Theophil Wurm , State Bishop, Württemberg
- 1949–1961: Otto Dibelius , Bishop, Berlin-Brandenburg
- 1961–1967: Kurt Scharf , President, from 1966 bishop, Berlin-Brandenburg
- 1967–1973: Hermann Dietzfelbinger , regional bishop, Bavaria
- 1973–1979: Helmut Claß , State Bishop, Württemberg
- 1979–1985: Eduard Lohse , regional bishop, Hanover
- 1985–1991: Martin Kruse , Bishop, Berlin-Brandenburg
- 1991–1997: Klaus Engelhardt , Regional Bishop, Baden
- 1997–2003: Manfred Kock , President, Rhineland
- 2003–2009: Wolfgang Huber , Bishop, Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia
- 2009–2010: Margot Käßmann , State Bishop, Hanover
- 2010–2014: Nikolaus Schneider , President, Rhineland
- 2014– Heinrich Bedford-Strohm , State Bishop, Bavaria :
- Chairwoman of the GDR Church Federation (1969–1991)
- 1969–1981: Albrecht Schönherr , Bishop of Berlin-Brandenburg
- 1981–1982: Werner Krusche , Bishop of the Church Province of Saxony
- 1982–1986: Johannes Hempel , State Bishop of Saxony
- 1986–1990: Werner Leich , State Bishop of Thuringia
- 1990–1991: Christoph Demke , Bishop of the Church Province of Saxony
Authorized representative of the EKD Council for the Federal Republic of Germany and the European Union
The representative of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany for the Federal Republic of Germany and the European Union forms the diplomatic link between the Evangelical Church and the political organs and institutions of the Federal Republic and the EU. On the one hand, it provides information to the EKD and, on the other hand, represents church interests vis-à-vis the state authorities. He also advocates the concerns of disadvantaged groups, establishes contacts with church bodies and represents the Protestant church on the political level. His office is in the EKD building on Berlin's Gendarmenmarkt.
The authorized representative is Martin Dutzmann, the head of the Brussels office of the authorized representative of the EKD Council is senior church councilor Katrin Hatzinger.
- Previous EKD authorized representative
- 1950–1977: Bishop Hermann Kunst
- 1977–1992: Bishop Heinz-Georg Binder
- 1993–1999: Bishop Hartmut Löwe
- 1999–2009: Prelate Stephan Reimers
- 2009–2013: Prelate Bernhard Felmberg
- 2013– Martin Dutzmann : Prelate
The office of plenipotentiary was often combined with that of Protestant military bishop . Art from 1956 to 1972, Binder from 1985 to 1994 and Löwe from 1994 to 2003 also served as military bishop.
Commissioner of the Council of the EKD
The commissioners should help the council to strengthen the church's presence in areas that generally and currently urgently require intensive church support. The representatives are available to people in these areas as interlocutors and promote understanding for their concerns in church and society. You work in committees and working groups of the EKD. These people were commissioned or confirmed by the EKD Council (term of office 2015 to 2021). Further assignments are decided by the council.
- State superintendent Petra Bahr , representative for voluntary services (since 2017)
- Secretary Pastor Renke Brahms , Peace Commissioner (since 2008)
- Oberkirchenrat Markus Bräuer, Media Officer (since 2010)
- Johann Hinrich Claussen , Cultural Representative (since February 2016)
- Hans Diefenbacher , environmental officer (since 1998)
- President Annette Kurschus , representative for German-Polish relations (since 2016)
- Oberkirchenrat Michael Jacob, data protection officer (since 2014)
- Church President Volker Jung , Sports Officer (since 2016)
- Regional Bishop Karl-Hinrich Manzke , Commissioner for Protestant Pastoral Care in the Federal Police (since 2011)
- Christoph Markschies , Commissioner for the Order of St. John (since 2010)
- Regional Bishop Christoph Meyns , representative for contact with the communities (since 2016)
- Christian Staffa , Anti-Semitism Officer (since 2019)
Ambassador of the Council for the Reformation Jubilee 2017
- Margot Käßmann (April 2012 to May 2018)
The church conference is the federative governing body of the EKD. It advises or suggests projects of the organs of the EKD and the member churches. The smaller member churches (less than two million members) have one vote, the larger two. The chairman is the incumbent council chairman of the EKD, currently. Heinrich Bedford-Strohm. The church conference also includes a representative of the European Continental Province of the Brethren .
Church office of the EKD
The church office of the EKD (until 1983 church chancellery) is the central administrative authority of the EKD. As an office of the council, the church conference and the synod, it carries out their business. It is the seat of the joint office of the EKD synod, the full conference of the ICE and the general synod of the VELKD . It manages the business of the representatives of the EKD Council, its chambers and commissions and administers the EKD's international relations. The office of the council chairman of the EKD is located in the church office building. The church office maintains an overview of a number of church works and institutions.
The church office is divided into 4 main departments, 7 subdivisions and other (special) areas:
Main department I = management, law and finance, management: President Hans Ulrich Anke
- Department of Church Office Management
- Law department
- Finance department
Department II = Church Areas of Action and Education, Head: Vice President Thies Gundlach (since 2010)
- Department of Church Areas of Action
- Education Department
- Main Department III = Public Responsibility, Head: Vice President Horst Gorski (since 2015, also head of the Office of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church in Germany (VELKD))
Department IV = Ecumenism and work abroad, Head: Vice-President Bishop Petra Bosse-Huber (since 2014, Bishop Abroad and Head of the Office of the Union of Evangelical Churches (UEK))
- Department of Ecumenism
- Foreign work department
The office of the VELKD (formerly the office of the VELKD) is connected with the management of the main department III and the office of the UEK with the management of the main department IV of the church office.
The President, the Vice-Presidents and the other department heads form the college of the EKD Church Office. The superior of the members of the college is the council of the EKD, which can delegate powers to the president. Other persons take part in the meetings of the college as permanent guests, the head of the office of the representative of the council for the Federal Republic of Germany and the European Community, the accounting office, the department for equal opportunities as well as the officer for personnel, with advisory Vote part.
- Communication with the press office of the Church Office and the EKD (affiliated to Main Department I)
- Equal Opportunities Unit (attached to Department I)
The church office is also the seat of the chambers and commissions of the EKD . The Evangelical School Foundation in the EKD , the Foundation for the Preservation of Church Monuments in Germany and the Foundation Orgelklang are also located in the church office; the EKD library and other branches of EKD work areas are also located here. The accounting office of the EKD has its office in Markgrafstrasse in Hanover and belongs to the business area of the church office.
The EKD church office has around 200 employees.
Head / President (since 1946)
The President of the EKD Church Office is, among other things, the head of the department and the superior of all employees and manages the business of the Church Office. He chairs the college. The EKD Council can delegate tasks to represent the EKD. He is paid according to salary group B 6 of salary order B.
- 1945–1948: Hans Asmussen
- 1949–1965: Heinz Brunotte
- 1966–1989: Walter Hammer
- 1989–1997: Otto von Campenhausen
- 1997-2006: Valentin Schmidt
- 2006–2010: Hermann Barth
- 2010– Hans Ulrich Anke :
The data protection officer of the Evangelical Church in Germany
The EKD Data Protection Officer (BFD EKD) is a dependent EKD institution and was founded on January 1, 2014. Since January 1, 2014, the lawyer Michael Jacob has been appointed data protection officer by the EKD Council, his deputy is the computer scientist Sascha Tönnies. The institution takes over the data protection supervision for the EKD, most member churches, associations and the Diakonie. The facility is divided into the headquarters in Hanover and four regional offices.
According to the self-understanding of the evangelical church, the various offices in the church do not establish "rule of one over the other, but rather the exercise of the service entrusted and commanded to the whole community". (4th thesis of the Barmer Declaration ).
The task of mediating disputes is incumbent on the ecclesiastical courts of the Evangelical Church in Germany, which are staffed with independent judges (Article 32, Paragraph 1 of the EKD's constitution). In addition, there are courts of the regional churches and regional church associations (cf. for example the administrative court of the Union of Evangelical Churches ). The court constitution and procedural law in force today goes back to the “Church Law on the Establishment, Organization and Procedure of the Church Courts of the Evangelical Church in Germany”, which the Synod passed on November 6, 2003. Church courts are accordingly (Art. 32 Para. 2 of the Basic Law):
- the constitutional court of the Evangelical Church in Germany
- the ecclesiastical court of the Evangelical Church in Germany
- the ecclesiastical court of the Evangelical Church in Germany
The Church Court of the Evangelical Church in Germany is the Church Court of First Instance, the Church Court of the Evangelical Church in Germany is the Church Court of the Second Instance.
In principle, the courts of the EKD are only responsible for the EKD area. However, by church law - in agreement with the respective regional church - ecclesiastical courts of the member churches can be responsible as the first instance within the EKD or, conversely, EKD church courts can be made responsible for disputes within the member churches.
Legal disputes over church constitutional law , disciplinary law and employee representation law are resolved before the EKD church courts . Details are primarily regulated by the Church Court Act of the Evangelical Church in Germany (KiGG.EKD).
The EKD, however, has no administrative jurisdiction. Administrative court proceedings in connection with the employment relationship of church officials of the EKD, on the other hand, are assigned to the courts of ecclesiastical associations, namely in the first instance the Court of Justice of the Confederation of Protestant Churches in Lower Saxony and in the second instance the constitutional and administrative court of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church in Germany . In addition, the individual regional churches have set up administrative courts.
Member churches of the EKD
The borders of the 20 member churches of the EKD are essentially based on the political borders of 1815 .
Affiliated as an associated member of the EKD:
All 20 member churches of the EKD are members of the worldwide World Council of Churches .
The Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church in Braunschweig, the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Hanover, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Oldenburg, the Evangelical Reformed Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Schaumburg-Lippe are members of the Confederation of Evangelical Churches in Lower Saxony .
Special pastoral care areas
Military Dean General Matthias Heimer heads the Protestant Church Office for the Bundeswehr in Berlin-Charlottenburg . There are other military deans in Erfurt, Glücksburg (Navy), Kiel, Mainz and Munich.
With the care and counseling of soldiers who applied for conscientious objection want to make or have made, which is Protestant Association for conscientious objection and peace commissioned.
The representative of the council of the EKD for evangelical pastoral care in the federal police is regional bishop Karl-Hinrich Manzke in Bückeburg , who in 2011 was bishop i. R. Eduard Berger followed in this function. There is also a Protestant dean of the Federal Police and the Chief Pastor of the Federal Police at the Federal Police Headquarters (BPOLP) North, East, West, Middle and South.
With the Protestant police pastoral care of the state police, the Conference of Protestant pastors Police (Kepp) deals. Its board members include the State Police Pastor Kurt Grützner , Pastor Thea Ilse, Pastor Susanne Hansen and State Police Pastor Werner Schiewek .
Independent associations of member churches of the EKD
- United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany (VELKD)
- Union of Protestant Churches (UEK)
- Confederation of Protestant Churches in Lower Saxony
Works, institutes and work areas of the EKD
The existing plants within the EKD are organized in the Conference of Church Organizations and Associations of the EKD (KKWV). Brunhilde Raiser and Martin Rosowski have been the chairmen since 2008 .
- Association of Protestant Youth , aej
- Federal Academy for Church and Diakonia
Evangelical Work for Diakonia and Development , Berlin
- Diakonie Deutschland - Evangelical Federal Association
- Bread for the World - Evangelical Development Service
- Evangelical Association , Bensheim
- Evangelical Mission in Germany V. (EMW)
- Joint venture of Evangelische Publizistik gGmbH (GEP), Frankfurt am Main
- Evangelical Central Archive in Berlin
- Canon Law Institute of the Evangelical Church in Germany , Göttingen
- Evangelical Central Office for Weltanschauung questions (EZW), Berlin
- Denominational Institute (KI), Bensheim
- Institute for Church Construction and Church Art of the Present , Marburg
- Social Science Institute of the EKD (SI), Hanover
- Evangelical School Foundation in the EKD
- Association of Protestant Libraries (DVEB)
- Evangelical office for distance learning for church services , Gelnhausen
- Evangelical Association Church. Economy. Working world
- Evangelical Service in the Country (EDL)
- Evangelical Center Women and Men (Hanover)
- Missionary Services Working Group
- Evangelisches Studienwerk e. V. Villigst
- German Evangelical Institute for Classical Studies of the Holy Land
- Evangelical Working Group for Elderly Work in the EKD (EAfA)
- German Evangelical Working Group for Adult Education (DEAE)
Reform centers of the EKD
- EKD - Center Mission in the Region, Dortmund, Stuttgart, Greifswald
- Center for quality development in worship, Hildesheim
- Center for Protestant Preaching Culture, Wittenberg
- Foundation of the Evangelical Church in Germany to exercise responsibility for the whole Church in Wittenberg , Wittenberg
- Study center for gender issues in church and theology
- Circus and showman pastoral care , Hanover
- Conference on pastoral care for emigrants in the EKD , Hanover
- Scientific work center Evangelical School , Hanover
- Protestant Office for Occupational Safety and Health (EFAS), Hanover
- Permanent conference for pastoral care in the EKD
- Working group of environmental officers of the member churches of the Evangelical Church in Germany (AGU)
- Evangelical Conference for Family and Life Counseling (EKFuL)
- Evangelical Federal Association of Livelihood Assurance and Participation (EBET) e. V. Housing emergencies and criminal assistance
Chambers and commissions of the EKD
In the chambers and commissions of the EKD there are experts from the member churches, the church office and the synod of the EKD as well as experts from politics, science and society. They support and advise the EKD and its organs and publish statements and texts (EKD texts). The chambers and commissions are set up by the EKD Council. At its meeting on June 24, 2016, the EKD Council reassigned the most important chambers and commissions.
- Chamber for Education and Upbringing, Children and Youth
- Chamber for Migration and Integration
- Chamber for Sustainable Development
- Public Responsibility Chamber
- Chamber for Social Order
- Chamber of Theology
- Chamber for Worldwide Ecumenism
- Joint Committee on Church and Judaism of the EKD, VELKD and the UEK
EKD's own church building
The EKD owns the following three churches:
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- Christian Hanke : The German policy of the Evangelical Church in Germany from 1945 to 1990. A political-scientific investigation with special consideration of the church's understanding of democracy, society and the state (= series of publications of the Society for Germany Research . Vol. 68). Duncker and Humblot, 1999, ISBN 3-428-09453-0 .
- Wolf-Dieter Hauschild : Evangelical Church in Germany . In: Theologische Realenzyklopädie (TRE). Volume 10, de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1982, ISBN 3-11-008575-5 , pp. 656-677.
- Hans Otte: Evangelical Church in Germany . In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 167.
- Andreas Stegmann (Ed.): The Evangelical Church in Germany in the 1970s. Contributions to the 100th birthday of Helmut Claß . Leipzig 2015.
- Werner Thiede : Evangelical Church - Ship without a compass? Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 2017, ISBN 978-3-534-26893-1 .
- Website of the Evangelical Church in Germany
- Link catalog on the subject of Evangelicals (faith) at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Statistics on the Evangelical Church in Germany. In: Evangelical Church Germany. July 21, 2020, accessed July 21, 2020 .
- Counted 2019 - Numbers and facts on church life. In: Evangelical Church Germany. July 21, 2020, accessed July 21, 2020 .
- For more statistical information, see Current Statistics - Church Membership Numbers. Evangelical Church in Germany, accessed December 26, 2018 .
- Gerhard Besier: Evangelical Church and Third Reich . V&R, Göttingen 1983, ISBN 3-525-61319-9 , pp. 110 .
- Dirk Schuster: The doctrine of "Aryan" Christianity. The scientific self-image in the Eisenach “Entjudungsinstitut” (Church - Denomination - Religion 70). Göttingen 2017, p. 79; Nadine Richter, Wolfgang Kraus: Art. Institute for the research of the Jewish influence on the German church life in Eisenach. In: Ingo Haar, Michael Fahlbusch (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Völkischen Wissenschaften. People - institutions - research programs - foundations. Munich 2008, pp. 296–303, here: p. 297.
- Carsten Dippel: Theologians of the hatred of Jews. In: Deutschlandfunk.de : From Religion and Society , January 27, 2016.
- So Martin Greschat: Protestantism in the Federal Republic of Germany 1945–2005 , pp. 12–23.
- Martin Greschat: The Protestantism in the Federal Republic of Germany 1945-2005 , p. 23.
- Hugo Thielen , Helmut Knocke : Alte Herrenhäuser Strasse. In: Hannover Art and Culture Lexicon , pp. 144f.
- Church of Freedom. Perspectives for the Protestant Church in the 21st Century. An impulse paper from the EKD Council. Evangelical Church in Germany, published on July 1, 2006, accessed on April 14, 2016 (pdf; 470 kB).
- Sebastian Dittmers: Origin of the Northern Church Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany . Lutherische Verl.-Ges, Kiel 2015, ISBN 978-3-87503-181-2 , pp. 151-166 .
- HuK.org: Blessing and wedding services in the Protestant regional churches , accessed on January 1, 2020
- Markus Bechtold, Anne Kampf, Johannes Sussmann: Blessing Homosexuals: Colorful as a rainbow. In: evangelisch.de . May 23, 2019, accessed May 23, 2019 .
- Church Office of the EKD: Theological, state church law and service law aspects of the church's handling of the legal consequences of the registration of same-sex civil partnerships according to the Civil Partnership Act. In: ekd.de. September 2002, archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on December 25, 2018 .
- Evangelical Church draws a clear dividing line from creationism. In: Website of the Evangelical Church in Germany. April 1, 2008, accessed December 25, 2018 .
- Heinrich Bedford-Strohm: Rehabilitation of the victims of the witch trials in a memorial service. (pdf; 270 kB) In: Anton Praetorius website. February 17, 2016, accessed December 25, 2018 .
- Margot Käßmann new EKD council chairwoman. Nikolaus Schneider elected deputy . Evangelical Church in Germany, October 28, 2009.
- EKD press release: Evangelical Church has a new council , November 10, 2015.
- Heinrich Bedford-Strohm new chairman of the council. EKD press release of November 11, 2014.
- Representative of the EKD Council . ( Memento from January 18, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Website of the Evangelical Church in Germany, accessed on June 22, 2016.
§ 2 of the rules of procedure of the church office of the Evangelical Church in Germany of November 4, 2006 in the version of December 3, 2010.
The Synod of the EKD . Evangelical Church in Germany, accessed on April 4, 2015.
Church Office of the EKD: The central administration . Evangelical Church in Germany, accessed on October 31, 2017.
- Guidelines for the management of the overview of the church agencies and institutions of the EKD in accordance with § 1 para. 2 Church Act on Data Protection . Decision of the Council of the EKD of April 25, 1991; accessed on October 14, 2015.
- Sections 5–6 of the Rules of Procedure of the Church Office of the Evangelical Church in Germany of November 4, 2006 in the version of December 3, 2010.
- Other areas . ( Memento of August 7, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Evangelical Church in Germany, accessed on April 4, 2015.
Imprint ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) of the website of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD), accessed on December 15, 2015. EKD Basic Regulations (GO-EKD), Article 31 . Evangelical Church in Germany, accessed December 15, 2015.
implementation law to pay and supply law of EKD (AGBVG-EKD), appendix to § 4, paragraph 1: Assignment of the offices to pay regulation B . Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD), version of November 12, 2014, accessed on December 15, 2015.
Published in the Official Gazette of the Evangelical Church in Germany No. 12/14, page 362. Accessed on December 15, 2015.
- Our regional structure . Website of the EKD's data protection officer, accessed on March 15, 2017.
- Counted 2020 - Numbers and facts on church life , ekd.de, accessed on July 21, 2020.
- Church districts or equivalent, the number of the following churches is listed:
- Superintendent Dietmar Arends officially in office. Lippische Landes-Zeitung , May 6, 2014, accessed June 30, 2014 .
- Conference of Church Works and Associations in the EKD (KKWV) . Website of the Evangelical Church in Germany, accessed on June 22, 2016.
Chambers and commissions . ( Memento from October 30, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Website of the Evangelical Church in Germany, accessed on June 22, 2016.
Reports of the permanent chambers and commissions of the EKD Council, other committees and an ad hoc commission . ( Memento from August 11, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Website of the Evangelical Church in Germany, October 12, 2015, accessed on June 22, 2016.
- Katja Schmidtke: Prussian splendor - The Wittenberg Castle Church is the place to commemorate the Reformation. After four years of construction, it will reopen on October 2nd with great glory. Denmark's queen is making an altar cloth, and the EKD is getting a new, third church building. In: Glaube und Heimat , print edition, September 25, 2016, p. 13 (4-column article).