Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church Schaumburg-Lippe

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Map of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Schaumburg-Lippe
Basic data
Area : 675 km²
Leading clergyman: Regional Bishop
Karl-Hinrich Manzke
President of the State Synod: Klaus-Dieter Kiefer
President of the Regional Church Office: Christian Frehrking
Membership: VELKD , LWB , EKD and
Conf. Ev. Churches in Nds.
Church districts : 2
Parishes : 22nd
Parishioners: 50,174 (December 31, 2018)
Ev. in% of the population: 54.5% (December 31, 2018)
Official Website: www.landeskirche-schaumburg-lippe.de
Parishes of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church Schaumburg-Lippe

The Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church Schaumburg-Lippe is one of 20 member churches ( regional churches ) of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD). Like all regional churches, it is a corporation under public law . The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Schaumburg-Lippe, based in Bückeburg ( Schaumburg ) has 50,174 members (as of 2018) in 22 parishes and is therefore - according to the Evangelical Church of Anhalt - the second smallest country church in Germany. It has the highest Protestant population of all regional churches in Germany.

The Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Schaumburg-Lippe is one of the Lutheran churches within the EKD and a member of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany (VELKD) and the Confederation of Evangelical Churches in Lower Saxony .

The main church of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Schaumburg-Lippe is the town church in Bückeburg .

Territory of the regional church

The area of ​​the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church Schaumburg-Lippe includes the state of Schaumburg-Lippe , which existed until 1946 , which at the time belonged to the British occupation zone and was incorporated into the state of Lower Saxony . Here it initially comprised the two districts of Bückeburg and Stadthagen, which were combined in 1948 to form the district of Schaumburg-Lippe (district town of Stadthagen). During the district reform in 1977 this was combined with the district of Grafschaft Schaumburg (seat of Rinteln) to form the district of Schaumburg (district town of Stadthagen). The area of ​​the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church Schaumburg-Lippe therefore only includes the northern part of the Schaumburg district without the district of Wiedensahl , but with the former Schaumburg-Lippe localities Steinhude and Großenheidorn , which are now part of the Hanover region as districts of Wunstorf. In addition, the parish Frille belongs to this regional church. Frille is a district of the city of Petershagen in the North Rhine-Westphalian district of Minden-Lübbecke .


The history of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Schaumburg-Lippe is inextricably linked with the history of the state of Schaumburg-Lippe. A dynasty of counts had named themselves after the Schaumburg Castle near Rinteln since the 12th century . The family was soon able to build up a small domain. Ecclesiastically the area belonged to the diocese of Minden . In the age of the Reformation , Count Otto IV. Von Schaumburg, after his marriage to Elisabeth Ursula von Braunschweig-Lüneburg , a daughter of Ernst the Confessor , declared the Mecklenburg Church Ordinance of 1552 in the county of Schaumburg to be valid on May 5, 1559. Because this was what he had promised in the marriage contract. This is how the county became Lutheran . Count Otto called Jakob Dammann to the residence city of Stadthagen . The Franciscans in Stadthagen, the nuns of the Fischbeck Monastery and the nuns of the Obernkirchen Monastery opposed the introduction of the Reformation - ultimately unsuccessfully.

In 1640 the county of Schaumburg was divided. On the one hand, the (new) Grafschaft Schaumburg with its seat in Rinteln, which belongs to the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel , later to the Electorate of Hessen-Kassel or the Prussian Province of Hessen-Nassau , and on the other hand the County of Schaumburg-Lippe with its seat in Bückeburg, which belongs to the Reformed House of Lippe , was created. which rose to the "Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe" in 1807 after Count Georg Wilhelm joined the Rhine Confederation . In 1815 the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe joined the German Confederation and in 1871 became a member state of the German Empire .

Seal mark of the Princely Schaumburg-Lippischen Consistory

“Head of the Church” was the respective regent of the principality of Schaumburg-Lippe as summus episcopus . The Reformed Princely House did not change anything in the Lutheran denomination of the regional church. Spiritual director was a superintendent, later a state superintendent. One of their most famous was Johann Gottfried Herder , who worked in Bückeburg from 1771 to 1776. The executive body was the consistory . It was not subordinate to the government, but rather ancillary.

After the First World War , Schaumburg-Lippe became a free state within the Weimar Republic in 1918. The church leadership was exercised by the synod. A regional superintendent was elected to head the regional church.

After the Second World War , the state of Schaumburg-Lippe was incorporated into the newly created state of Lower Saxony in 1946. However, the regional church remained independent and joined the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) and the United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany (VELKD) . The state superintendent has held the title of regional bishop since 1949. The church administration was from the beginning in Bückeburg.

The schaumburg-Lippe regional church was the last church within the EKD to introduce women's ordination in 1991 . To this day, a merger of the regional churches in Lower Saxony to form a single regional church is occasionally brought up for discussion.

Head of the regional church

At the head of the regional church is the regional bishop (regional superintendent until 1949), who is elected by the regional synod . As a rule, the regional bishop retires at the age of 65.


State superintendent

Regional bishops

State Synod

As a “parliament”, the regional church has a regional synod , the members of which, the synodals, are elected for 6 years, some of which are appointed. The task of the synod is similar to that of political parliaments. The chairman of the synod is the president of the synod.

Administration of the regional church

Regional church office and regional church council

Regional Church Office

Regional Church Office

The regional bishop has his official seat in Bückeburg in the regional church office, which is presided over by a president. It is divided into three main departments, which are divided into sections and subject areas. The President (Main Department I “Law and Administration”) together with the Regional Bishop (Main Department II “Spiritual Management”), the theological Higher Church Council (Main Department III “Theology”) and - without voting rights - the Head of Administration as recorder form the leading college of the Regional Church Office.

Regional Council of Churches

The regional church council is the "government" of the regional church, presided over by the regional bishop. This governing body includes the regional bishop, his theological deputy, the president of the regional church office, the president of the regional synod and four other members of the regional synod.

Administrative hierarchy

In the administrative hierarchy, the regional church is structured from bottom to top as follows:

Who are at the base church communities as public corporations with elected municipal councils of churches whose members are the parochial church council members. The parish councils elect the parish council from among their number, which together with the pastors administers the parish. The two parishes of Bückeburg and Stadthagen are headed by a chief preacher, with the chief preacher of Bückeburg being the regional bishop. However, it has no parish.

Several parishes together form one of the two church districts, in general administration comparable to a district , which are headed by a superintendent.

The church districts together form the regional church, in the general administration comparable to the federal state . There is no middle level in the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Schaumburg-Lippe, comparable to an administrative district in general administration .

Church districts

The area of ​​the regional church is divided into the church districts east and west, each with a superintendent, whose seats are not tied to a specific, but to a parish of his church district. There are also the two parishes of Bückeburg and Stadthagen, whose supervision is exercised by the regional bishop in the case of Bückeburg and by the chief preacher in the case of Stadthagen.


The archive of the Landeskirche Schaumburg-Lippe is on deposit in the state archive in Bückeburg .

The 22 parishes

Hymn books

The parishes of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church Schaumburg-Lippe have been singing or singing in the last few decades mainly from the following hymn books:

  • Christian religious chants for public and domestic worship for the Evangelical Lutheran Congregations of the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe, Bückeburg, from 1805 and from 1855 with an appendix of 150 songs
  • Hymnal for the Evangelical Lutheran Church of the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe , Bückeburg, 1875?
  • Evangelical Church Hymns - Edition for the Evangelical Lutheran Churches in Lower Saxony; Hanover, Göttingen, around 1950
  • Evangelical hymn book - edition for the Evangelical Lutheran Churches in Lower Saxony and for the Evangelical Church in Bremen, Hanover / Göttingen, introduced in Advent 1994

Joint institutions with the Confederation of Protestant Churches in Lower Saxony


As a joint institution of the ev.-luth. Regional churches of Hanover, Braunschweig and Schaumburg-Lippes, the Evangelical Lutheran Missionswerk in Lower Saxony (ELM) , founded in 1977, maintains relationships with the overseas partner churches of the regional church in Schaumburg-Lippe. The seat of the ELM is Hermannsburg in the Südheide.

Other facilities

The Landeskirche Schaumburg-Lippe is one of the sponsors of the Evangelical Adult Education Lower Saxony (EEB), the Lower Saxony Village Helpers and the Church Service in Police and Customs of the Confederation of Evangelical Churches in Lower Saxony . The facilities are assigned to the house of ecclesiastical services of the Hanover regional church.

See also


Web links

Commons : Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church Schaumburg-Lippe  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.landeskirche-schaumburg-lippe.de/landeskirche-aktuell/artikel-lesen/synode-waehlt-neuen-praesidents/
  2. a b Evangelical Church in Germany - Church membership numbers as of December 31, 2018 , ekd.de, accessed on February 29, 2020.
  3. Werner Führer: Schaumburg-Lippe . In: TRE , Vol. 30, pp. 80-83, here p. 83.
  4. Werner Führer: Schaumburg-Lippe . In: Theologische Realenzyklopädie (TRE), Vol. 30, pp. 80–83, here p. 80.
  5. a b c Werner Führer: Schaumburg-Lippe . In: TRE , Vol. 30, pp. 80-83, here p. 81.
  6. Werner Führer: Schaumburg-Lippe . In: TRE , Vol. 30, pp. 80-83, here p. 82.