Wolfgang Huber

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Wolfgang Huber (2010)

Wolfgang Dietrich Huber (born August 12, 1942 in Strasbourg ) is a German Protestant theologian . From 1994 to 2009 he held the office of Bishop of the Evangelical Church Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia and from 2003 to 2009 he was Manfred Kock's Council Chairman of the Evangelical Church in Germany .


Huber's father was the leader in Nazi Germany constitutional lawyer Ernst Rudolf Huber , who after the end of World War II, a German constitutional history since 1789 published in eight volumes and the in the collection of sources on the relationship between church and state in the 19th and 20th centuries worked . Like his brother, he shared a second home with his father during his student days in Göttingen . His mother Tula Huber-Simons was a lawyer in Freiburg / Breisgau; During the Weimar period, assistant to the constitutional lawyer Carl Schmitt . Huber is on his mother's side the grandson of the President of the Reich Court of Justice Walter Simons , who, after the death of Friedrich Ebert, performed the duties of the Reich President of the Weimar Republic for two months as a deputy . Huber grew up as the youngest of five brothers in Strasbourg, Falkau in the Black Forest and in Freiburg in Breisgau . He has been married to elementary school teacher and author Kara Huber since 1966. Both have three adult children and six grandchildren.

After attending school from 1948 to 1960, Huber studied Protestant theology in Heidelberg , Göttingen and Tübingen from 1960 to 1966 , where he received his doctorate in 1966 . In 1972 he completed his habilitation in Heidelberg for systematic theology . After vicarage and parish work in Württemberg from 1966 to 1968, he worked from 1968 to 1980 and was deputy head of the research facility of the Evangelical Study Community (FEST) in Heidelberg. Huber's wife spoke publicly about discussions in their marriage that were held during Huber's early years at FEST about the politicization of the Evangelical Church at the time and the radically different sexual morality .

From 1973 to 1994 Huber was a member of the Chamber of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) for public responsibility, from 1975 to 1980 member of the Theological Committee of the Evangelical Church of the Union (EKU) and from 1980 to 1994 member of the Presidium of the German Evangelical Church Congress . From 1980 to 1984 he was a professor for social ethics at the University of Marburg ; From 1984 to 1994 he was Professor of Systematic Theology with a focus on ethics in Heidelberg, 1983 to 1985 President of the German Evangelical Church Congress, 1989 Lilly Visiting Professor at Emory University in Atlanta / USA . In 1993 he was elected Bishop of the Evangelical Church in Berlin - Brandenburg and in 1997 a member of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany, of which he was Chairman from 2003 to 2009. From 1998 to 2001 Huber was a member of the central committee and the executive committee of the World Council of Churches (WCC). He also worked as an author for the Göttingen sermons on the Internet .

In 2001 the Federal Cabinet appointed him a member of the National Ethics Council , but he resigned from this body when he became Council Chairman of the EKD; his successor was Hermann Barth . In June 2010, Wolfgang Huber was reappointed to the Ethics Council as Hermann Barth's successor. In addition, in retirement he continues his honorary church positions, including as chairman of the board of trustees of the Potsdam Garrison Church Foundation and as dean of the Brandenburg Cathedral Monastery , and is involved in issues of social responsibility. As part of his scientific work on fundamental questions of ethics, he is increasingly dedicated to imparting values ​​in business and society.

In 1993, Huber decided against a Bundestag mandate for the SPD and instead accepted the appointment as bishop of the Evangelical Church in Berlin-Brandenburg. Since then, Huber has been non-party and, following the resignation of Horst Köhler in May 2010, was considered a non-partisan candidate for the office of Federal President. Huber chairs the jury for the Richard von Weizsäcker Journalist Prize and was on the board of trustees of the ProChrist evangelization movement .

In November 2009, Wolfgang Huber retired. The previous Koblenz superintendent Markus Dröge took over his bishopric . On October 28, 2009, Margot Käßmann was elected as the next EKD Council Chairperson of the EKD Synod and the Church Conference.

Since 2009, Wolfgang Huber has made several study and lecture trips to South Africa. Since 2010 he has been a Fellow of the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS) in South Africa . In 2013 the University of Stellenbosch appointed him honorary professor for systematic theology.

Within the Zeit Akademie in 2012, Huber gave a DVD seminar on ethics with 16 lectures on basic questions in our life from birth to death. In 2012 he held the Mercator Professorship at the University of Duisburg Essen .


Huber has worked on a wide variety of theological and ethical topics. He owes important suggestions to Dietrich Bonhoeffer's theology ; He was responsible for the new editions of Bonhoeffer's works. With his father he edited a five-volume collection of documents on German state church law. His other publications include Church and Public (1973), Human Rights. Perspectives of a Human World (1977, together with Heinz Eduard Tödt ), Church (1979), Consequences of Christian Freedom. Ethics and Theory of the Church in the Horizon of the Barmen Theological Declaration (1983), Conflict and Consensus. Studies on the ethics of responsibility (1990), Peace ethics (1990, together with Hans-Richard Reuter), The daily violence. Against the Sellout of Human Dignity (1993), Justice and Law. Basic lines of Christian legal ethics (1996), Church in the New Age. Social Change and Church Renewal (1998), Renewing Trust. Reform for the sake of people (2005), In the spirit of freedom. For an ecumenical profile (2007), The Christian Faith. An Evangelical Orientation (2008). As part of his duties as bishop, university professor and public intellectual, he stimulated or initiated the discussion of many topics through a large number of lectures and sermons, contributions to discussions and public speaking.

A scientific examination of his work highlights the central position of the concept of "communicative freedom". His theology and public engagement are based on the conviction that Christianity is the religion of freedom that serves life. The rediscovery of this message of freedom in Martin Luther's Reformation forms the starting point for Huber's understanding of freedom, which he has recently increasingly referred to as “responsible freedom”. This understanding of freedom connects individuality and sociality; it goes beyond a narrow notion of freedom as self-realization in the service of mere self-interest. Following on from the sociologist Max Weber, the theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer and the philosopher Hans Jonas, Huber developed an ethic of responsibility for life under the conditions of modernity. This starting point determines his contributions to the great ethical questions of the present. Again and again he expresses himself in this sense on questions of business ethics, political ethics and bioethics.

Huber was emphatically involved in the peace movement. Civil disobedience seemed imperative to him, but democratic-parliamentary procedures were not sufficient.

Huber is an opponent of embryo research . In the discussion he led, on the one hand, it was about human destiny. For him, being human is not dependent on biological development, but fundamentally given by being in the image of God. Equating man with his natural endowment is one way to make the person disappear as a subject of freedom. He sees the other reason in science's belief in progress.


As Bishop and Council Chairman of the EKD, Huber emerged primarily as a reformer. In view of a far-reaching de-churching in East Germany, he emphasized the missionary reorientation of the church and in this context also re-appreciated the importance of pietistic traditions in the Protestant church. The focus on the core of the church's mandate and the opening to the outside world, towards people who have lost contact with the Christian faith, are combined in his idea of ​​church reform. In his view, clarity in view of the task of the church almost obliges to mobility in forms. This basic attitude characterizes the perspective program “Church of Freedom” developed under his leadership, which was drawn up in 2006 and triggered a lively response. The diverse response to this program was bundled in 2009 in the EKD's future workshop in Kassel. Since then, a number of competence centers have conveyed the reform impulses to the 21 regional churches that belong to the EKD.

Also in his own regional church, the Evangelical Church Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia, a perspective program was developed under Huber's direction, entitled “Salt of the Earth” and published in 2007. During his tenure as EKD council chairman, the denominational associations of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany and the Union of Evangelical Churches were organizationally linked to the EKD; the number of Protestant regional churches was reduced from 23 to 21 during this period. Further structural reforms have been initiated.

Huber strongly advocated the educational mission of the church, in particular through the promotion of church-sponsored schools and through his advocacy of religious instruction in public schools. In the dispute about the introduction of the subject of lifestyle-ethics-religious studies (LER) in the state of Brandenburg , he represented the church's point of view before the Federal Constitutional Court , the dispute ended in 2002 with a compromise regulation proposed by the court, in which the possibility was provided for from the state compulsory subject Deregister LER in favor of religious education. In Berlin, on the other hand, the majority of the House of Representatives refused any choice between religious instruction and ethics instruction ; However, the referendum, which was then initiated by a citizens' initiative and supported by the churches, failed to achieve the necessary majority in April 2009. A similar dispute followed the decision of the Berlin House of Representatives to allow ten Sundays a year, including all Advent Sundays, for the store to open. Huber again represented the church's position before the Federal Constitutional Court, which in December 2009 repealed the Berlin Store Opening Act as unconstitutional in this regard.

Like his deceased Catholic counterpart Cardinal Georg Sterzinsky, Huber advocates an elective subject area “Ethics / Religion” for Berlin . In contrast to the previous regulation, according to which in Berlin only the attendance of the common subject ethics is compulsory, but denominationally separated religious education (or humanistic life studies) is a voluntary additional subject, both subjects would then be equally important as alternatives and anchored in the timetable at the same time. Huber and Sterzinsky argued that without this equality, the subject of ethics would only marginalize denominational religious education and, in the medium term, completely remove it from the timetable. (See more under religious instruction in Berlin .)

The bishop sees the new evangelization of Germany as one of the most urgent tasks of the evangelical church in Germany . In the past, Huber's statements were often judged negatively by the Protestant news agency idea , but in 2006 the weekly magazine ideaSpektrum declared him Bishop of the Year , among other things because of his commitment to missions by the regional church. On April 29, 2008 he attended the Christival youth congress in Bremen . There he expressed u. a. that it is wrong to equate theologically conservative, evangelical Christians with fundamentalists.

Ecumenism and Dialogue of Religions

Huber is just as committed to global ecumenism as he is to Protestant-Catholic dialogue. On the Protestant side he was the inviting bishop for the 1st Ecumenical Church Congress in Berlin 2003. During the ecumenical meeting with the newly elected Pope Benedict XVI. in Cologne on August 19, 2005 he pronounced the diagnosis that the ecumenical development had entered the phase of an “ecumenical profile”. In view of the renewed Vatican declaration in 2007 that the Protestant churches are not to be seen as “a church in the strict sense”, he pleaded on various ecumenical occasions for an “ecumenical movement of mutual respect”, which is then combined with an ecumenical movement of common spirituality and the joint global responsibility. Ecumenical progress, he argued, was a requirement of respect for the ecumenical partner being church. At the invitation of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams , in his official residence, Lambeth Palace in London, on September 10, 2009, he spoke out in favor of an ecumenical indicative, the promised unity in Christ, in faith and in baptism, as the basis to make all ecumenical efforts.

Wolfgang Huber sees religious plurality as a defining characteristic of contemporary society. This plurality includes the "secular option" as an answer to the question of God. This plurality is also determined by the growing importance of Muslim population groups in Western societies. During his tenure as Chairman of the Council of the EKD, he campaigned for an open dialogue with the Muslim associations and endeavored to maintain regular dialogue with them. Following a handout from the EKD devoted to this topic, he described the atmosphere of conversation that was necessary for a productive exchange as “clarity and good neighborliness”. This attitude caused irritation on the part of the Muslim associations as well as controversial debates within the Protestant Church. The warning against "interfaith cheating", which he had already issued in 2001, aroused opposition. Against the handout of the Council of the EKD of November 2006, the Coordinating Council of the Muslim Associations raised the charge in May 2007 of “giving official ecclesiastical confirmation of existing prejudices against Islam and even of clichés that are spread in evangelical circles about Islam to make it accessible to a wider public. ”Huber countered this by stating that an honest dialogue must also address controversial issues; the subject of religious freedom in Islamic countries, including the change of religion, should also be part of this dialogue. Despite persistent disagreements, both sides reiterated the need for dialogue. Huber also asserts the standard of religious freedom with regard to Turkey and repeatedly expresses concern with regard to the situation of Christian minorities in this country.

Even before his election as chairman of the EKD Council , Huber had taken a critical stance on the Christian-Islamic dialogue . In December 2001, Der Spiegel took up its much-cited speech about the “multi-religious cheating” (in later texts: “interreligious cheating”), which in its opinion was an overly consensus-oriented Christian dialogue with Muslims. He repeated this accusation, which is directed against the decades of dialogue practice in his own church, among other things: “There is cheating - in the sense that central questions are avoided. That's what I call 'interfaith cheating' ”. On the occasion of a journalist question about the hate sermon of an imam, he repeated the accusation of "interreligious cheating" and expressed concern that there are still people who "indulged in an" idealizing multi-cultural mood ", but also spoke out against one Demonizing Islam and looking for differentiation.

He welcomed the call by Muslims for a demonstration against violence and for peaceful coexistence in Cologne in 2004 as a “step in the right direction”. In a celebratory speech on March 5, 2006, at the invitation of the Society for Christian-Jewish Cooperation in Munich , he struck even more conciliatory tones - unlike in direct dialogue with Muslims up to now: There is “a coalition of moderation across all religions” in Germany.

He was criticized from within his own ranks for his paradigm shift to the “critical dialogue” and the polemics against the previous Christian-Islamic dialogue. Heinrich G. Rothe, Protestant pastor and from 1992 to 1998 head of the “Advice Center for Islamic Issues of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland and the Evangelical Church of Westphalia”, describes Huber's allegations as unfounded: islamic dialogue. Differences - so the accusation - were not discussed, 'not included in the conversation'. A fresh start is necessary. (...) Was the previous dialogue - as Bishop Huber formulated a few weeks earlier - just a cuddle dialogue? (...) Anyone who was there knows that the opposite is true. "

In an interview in the Berlin magazine Cicero , Huber warned of the “ Islamization of Europe” and criticized the frequently repeated “Christian Club” statements made by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in relation to the EU .

Awards and honorary memberships

Recent publications (selection)

  • 2019: Dietrich Bonhoeffer. On the way to freedom. Beck, Munich, ISBN 978-3-406-73137-2 .
  • 2017: Questions of Faith. An evangelical orientation . Beck, Munich, ISBN 978-3-406-70076-7 .
  • 2013: ethics. The basic questions of our life from birth to death. Beck, Munich, ISBN 978-3-406-65560-9 .
  • 2012: From freedom. Perspectives for a world based on solidarity. Edited by Helga Kuhlmann and Tobias Reitmeier, Munich, ISBN 978-3-406-63723-0 .
  • 2011: I trust that. Basic words of the Christian faith. Freiburg.
  • 2010: If you repent, you will be helped. Or: Comments on the global financial market and economic crisis. Frankfurt am Main.
  • 2010: The net is broken and we are free. Speeches, Frankfurt am Main.
  • 2010: Keeping God's Word, Practicing Love, and Being Humble. Sermons, Frankfurt am Main.
  • 2009: love in truth. The social encyclical "Caritas in veritate" Pope Benedict XVI. Ecumenical commentary by Wolfgang Huber and others, Freiburg / Breisgau.
  • 2009: The Christian Faith. An evangelical orientation. 5th edition Gütersloh.
  • 2009: On the limits of knowledge and the infinity of belief. A dispute between Wolfgang Huber and Wolf Singer. Berlin.
  • 2009: (Ed.) The wall is gone. A reader. Frankfurt am Main.
  • 2009: Religion, Politics and Violence in Today's World. In: Karl Cardinal Lehmann (Ed.): World Religions - Understanding, Understanding. Responsibility, Frankfurt am Main.
  • 2008: The responsibility of an entrepreneur. In: P. May u. a. (Ed.): Family business today. Yearbook 2008, Bonn.
  • 2008: Habermas in Protestant tradition. In: Michael Funken (Ed.): About Habermas. Darmstadt.
  • 2008: The constitutional order for religion and church in challenge and probation . Together with Christian Waldhoff and Udo di Fabio , Münster.
  • 2007: In the spirit of freedom. For an ecumenical profile , Freiburg.
  • 2007: take a position. The end of arbitrariness , Lahr.
  • 2007: "Man is born to work like a bird is to fly ...". Does the Protestant work ethic have a future? In: The new question about work , Wittenberg.
  • 2006: Everyone has a family. For a future with children , Berlin.
  • 2006: Justice and Law. Basic lines of Christian legal ethics , 3rd edition Gütersloh.
  • 2006: (Ed. With Christian Gremmels) Dietrich Bonhoeffer selection , 6 volumes, Gütersloh.
  • 2006: Taking responsibility for science. Thoughts on the ethics of research , Göttingen.
  • 2006: Confidence professions in the rule of law . In: Anwaltsblatt, 8 + 9.
  • 2005: The state and the religions , Bonn and Erfurt.
  • 2005: renewing trust. A reform for the people's sake , Freiburg / Breisgau.
  • 2005: What your heart depends on. Bishops' words in turbulent times , Gütersloh.
  • 2005: The Judeo-Christian tradition , in: Hans Joas / Klaus Wiegandt (ed.): The cultural values ​​of Europe , 2nd edition, Frankfurt am Main.
  • 2004: Before God and man. Wolfgang Huber in conversation with Stefan Berg , Berlin: Wichern.
  • 2004: Constitution without reference to God? On a current European controversy. Together with Helmut Goerlich and Karl Cardinal Lehmann , Leipzig.
  • 2002: The made man. Christian faith and biotechnology , Berlin.
  • 1999: Church at the turn of the ages. Social change and renewal of the church , 3rd edition Gütersloh.


  • Philipp Gessler: Wolfgang Huber. A life for Protestantism and politics . Kreuz Verlag, Freiburg im Breisgau 2012, ISBN 978-3-451-61110-0 .

Other literature

Web links

Commons : Wolfgang Huber  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Carl Schmitt - Ernst Rudolf Huber: Correspondence 1926-1981 . Ed .: Ewald Grothe. Duncker and Humblot, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-428-14170-8 , pp. 302 .
  2. ^ Homepage of Wolfgang Huber
  3. ^ EKD: Council election results .
  4. See The Lord's Admonisher , in: Tagesspiegel of August 12, 2007.
  5. a b Phoenix television channel : Alfred Schier in dialogue with Prof. Wolfgang Huber ( memento from June 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), Im Dialog series .
  6. ^ Homepage of Kara Huber, accessed on April 6, 2015 .
  7. Petra Schulze (ed.): People next door - how they live, what they believe. ( Memento of October 11, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), ISBN 978-3-374-02501-5 .
  8. ^ Bishop Huber returns to the Ethics Council , in: Morgenpost.de of April 12, 2010 (only available by subscription).
  9. Marcus Heithecker and Daniel F. Sturm: Die Favoriten , in: Die Welt from June 2, 2010.
  10. ^ Wolfgang Huber was a member of the SPD until 1994; he resigned from the SPD when he took over the office of bishop. At first he wanted to suspend membership, but this was not possible according to the statutes of the SPD, see Wolfgang Huber “Trust in God, love your neighbor and treat yourself carefully” - Interview on Deutschlandfunk , March 2014 .
  11. Mariam Lau : Evangelicals as a power in German politics. Welt Online , August 11, 2009, accessed January 20, 2016 .
  12. STIAS homepage .
  13. ^ Homepage of Wolfgang Huber .
  14. Report on Evangelisch.de .
  15. ^ Homepage University of Duisburg Essen , accessed on January 4, 2013.
  16. ^ Dietrich Bonhoeffer Werke , 16 volumes, 1986 ff .; see. also Dietrich Bonhoeffer selection , 6 volumes, 2006.
  17. ^ State and Church in the 19th and 20th Centuries , 1973–1995.
  18. Wolfgang Huber: Dietrich Bonhoeffer - an evangelical saint? (Lecture at Ateneo Sant'Anselmo, Rome) May 3, 2007.
  19. ^ Willem Fourie: Communicative freedom? Wolfgang Huber's critical engagement of modernity. Doctoral dissertation: University of Stellenbosch (South Africa) 2009.
  20. Huber: If you turn back, you will be helped. Or: Comments on the global financial market and economic crisis , Frankfurt am Main 2010.
  21. Constitution without reference to God? On a current European controversy. Together with Helmut Goerlich and Karl Cardinal Lehmann, Leipzig 2004.
  22. The made man. Christian Faith and Biotechnology , Berlin 2002.
  23. Werner A. Perger: No longer the fool of the mighty. In: Die Zeit , 48/1993. November 26, 1993. Retrieved August 7, 2018 .
  24. Hans Michael Heinig : Protestantism in German Democracy. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . August 31, 2015, accessed August 7, 2018 .
  25. Huber: Not thing, but person , in: ders .: Der made Mensch , Berlin 2002, p. 19.
  26. a b Huber: Not a thing, but a person ; in: ders .: Der made Mensch , Berlin 2002, p. 21.
  27. Church of Freedom (an impulse paper from the EKD Council; PDF file; 470 kB) from July 1, 2006.
  28. THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE PROGRAM EKBO ( Memento of 16 February 2010 at the Internet Archive ).
  29. Evangelical Church Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia: Bishop Huber: Students must be able to choose freely between ethics and religion. Appeal on the occasion of the discussion of the School Act on March 23 in the House of Representatives ( Memento of February 16, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  30. ideaSpektrum 51/52/2006.
  31. Benno Schirrmeister: Das totale Superglaubensfest , in: taz from May 1, 2008.
  32. ^ Statement on Huber's non-equating of theologically conservative evangelical Christians with fundamentalists in Martin Urban : The Bible - A Biography ISBN 978-3-86971-006-8 , which in turn proves this with an epd report from May 2, 2008.
  33. Clarity and good neighborliness. Christians and Muslims in Germany. A handout from the Council of the EKD (= EKD-Texte , 86), Hannover 2006.
  34. Der Spiegel , December 17, 2001, pp. 44–56.
  35. Protestant Press Service , May 24, 2007.
  36. "Even often yielding to 'multi-religious cheating' (according to the Berlin Bishop Huber), the Christian dialogists are repeatedly amazed at the absoluteness of their counterparts", Jochen Bölsche: Der verlogene Dialog , in: Der Spiegel of December 17, 2001 , Pp. 44-56.
  37. Interview in Deutschlandradio : “(Question :) You have occasionally used the word 'cheat ecumenism', which could also be used for interreligious matters, so to speak. Is there still cheating when it comes to the conversation between Christians and Muslims? - (Huber answer :) There is cheating - in the sense that central questions are avoided. That's what I call 'interreligious cheating', which I believe will no longer be possible after September 11th. "Deutschlandradio: Tacheles - The debate: Wolfgang Huber, Bishop of the Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg ( Memento from 22. October 2007 in the Internet Archive ); May 23, 2003.
  38. a b FOCUS interview on the limits of the dialogue between Christians and Muslims “Not the same God” ( Memento from March 17, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), November 22, 2004.
  39. ^ "Show your face" - speech on the occasion of the opening of the Week of Fraternity in Munich City Hall. Society for Christian-Jewish Cooperation , March 5, 2006.
  40. ^ Heinrich G. Rothe: Cuddling dialogue or dispute competence? in: Bernd Neuser (Ed.): Dialogue in Change. The Christian-Islamic Dialogue: Beginnings - Crises - New Paths , Neukirchen-Vluyn 2005, pp. 70–79.
  41. Christiane Goetz-Weimer and Alexander Görlach: Have you become conservative? ( Memento from May 31, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (Interview with Wolfgang Huber). In: Cicero, May 16, 2008.
  42. The German Children's Prize. (PDF) World Vision Germany , 2007, archived from the original on July 12, 2010 ; Retrieved July 12, 2010 .
  43. EKD press release ( Memento from January 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  44. Report on Welt Online
  45. ^ Homepage of the University of Duisburg-Essen. University of Duisburg-Essen , accessed on October 25, 2012 .
  46. Press release from the city of Pforzheim ( Memento from May 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  47. Report on Evangelisch.de
  48. Brandenburg honors abbess and former bishop with order of merit ( memento from June 14, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on June 21, 2015
  49. ^ Newsletter of the EKD .
predecessor Office successor
Martin Kruse Bishop of the Ev. Church in Berlin-Brandenburg
( for the merged regional church )
(1) himself (in Berlin-Brandenburg) and
(2) Klaus Wollenweber (in the Silesian Upper Lusatia)
Bishop of the Ev.
Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia Church

Markus Dröge