Eduard Lohse (born February 19, 1924 in Hamburg ; † June 23, 2015 in Göttingen ) was a German Lutheran theologian , professor of the New Testament, rector of the Georg-August University of Göttingen and regional bishop of the Hanover regional church .
Lohse attended the learned school of the Johanneum in Hamburg (Abitur 1942) and did military service from 1942 to 1945 as a speedboat commander in the Navy . From 1945 to 1949 he studied theology at the Bethel Church University and at the Georg-August University in Göttingen , where he received his doctorate in 1949 with his dissertation on ordination in late Judaism and the New Testament . From 1950 to 1953 he worked as a Konviktsinspektor at the Church College in Hamburg, which was then integrated into the University of Hamburg, as a vicar and assistant preacher. In 1953 he completed his habilitation with his work on martyrs and servants of God: Investigations into the early Christian proclamation of Jesus Christ's atonement at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz , where he was a private lecturer for the New Testament until 1956 .
From 1956 to 1971 he was professor of the New Testament, first at the University of Kiel (until 1964), then from 1964 to 1971 at the Georg-August University in Göttingen; in the academic year 1970/71 he was its rector.
On November 24, 1970, he was elected regional bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover. He took up this post after the end of his rectorate in the summer of 1971 and held it until 1988. From 1979 to 1985 he was chairman of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD). During his time as chairman of the council of the EKD and the German Bible Society, the revision of the Luther Bible fell in 1984. It was "the most important document in the German language". On the other hand, he described the Bible in fair language as an “unsuccessful undertaking” , in which, among other things, findings from feminist and liberation theology are processed. In 1988 he also became President of the World Federation of Bible Societies.
Eduard Lohse was the older brother of the Hamburg theologian Bernhard Lohse . The human medicine and pharmacologist Martin Lohse is one of his three children. He was married to the student teacher Roswitha Lohse-Flitner. He was buried in the cemetery of the Loccum monastery.
Further offices, memberships and awards
Further offices and memberships
- Member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen (since 1969)
- Presidency of the Church Senate and Bishops Council of the Evangelical Lutheran. Regional Church of Hanover (1971–1988)
- Chairman of the Hanover Regional Church Office (1971–1988)
- Senior Bishop of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church in Germany VELKD (1975–1978)
- Chairman of the University Association of Göttingen (from 1977)
- Full member of the Braunschweig Scientific Society (1978)
- Chairman of the Council of the EKD (1979–1985)
- Abbot of Loccum Monastery (1979–2000), former abbot of the monastery until his death
- Founding Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Hanns Lilje Foundation (1989–1994)
- Founding chairman of the Southern Lower Saxony Regional Association (1989–1993)
- Lower Saxony Prize in the Culture category (1979, for his services as chairman of the Evangelical Bible Works)
- Honorary doctorate from Lutheran Muhlenberg College in Allentown, Pennsylvania (1979)
- Honorary Doctorate from the University of Glasgow (1981)
- Guest lectures at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome
- full member of the Accademia Mediterranea delle Scienze (1982)
- Göttingen Edith Stein Prize (1995)
- Awarded the Dr. Leopold Lucas Prize from the University of Tübingen (2007)
- The texts from Qumran . Hebrew and German 4th edition, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Darmstadt 1986 (5th edition ibid. 2001 with Annette Steudel) ISBN 3-534-11613-5
- The Revelation of John (= The New Testament in German. New Göttingen Bible Work. Part. 11). 8th edition, 1st edition of the new arrangement. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht , Göttingen et al. 1960 (15th edition, ibid. 1993, ISBN 3-525-51378-X ).
- The letters to the Colossians and Philemon (= critical-exegetical commentary on the New Testament. Vol. 9, 2). 14th edition, 1st edition of this new interpretation. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1968 (2nd edition, ibid 1977, ISBN 3-525-51636-3 ).
- Environment of the New Testament (= New Testament floor plans. = NTD supplementary series. Vol. 1, ISBN 3-525-51360-7 ). ). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1971 (10th, revised edition, ibid. 2000,
- The emergence of the New Testament (= Theological Science. Vol. 4). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart et al. 1972, ISBN 3-17-239011-X (6th edition = unchanged reprint of 5th edition. 1991. ibid. ISBN 3-17-017041-4 ).
- Outline of New Testament theology (= Theological Science. Vol. 5, 1). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart et al. 1974, ISBN 3-17-001071-9 (5th, unchanged edition, ibid 1998, ISBN 3-17-015790-6 ).
- Theological ethics of the New Testament (= Theological Science. Vol. 5, 2). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart et al. 1988, ISBN 3-17-010060-2 .
- I praise you with all my soul. Interpretations of all 150 psalms (edited with Walter Kasper , Walter Klaiber , Paul-Werner Scheele , Theodor Schober , Theo Sorg ). Kreuz-Verlag, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 978-3-783-11288-7
- The New Testament as a document of the gospel 1st edition 2000. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2000, ISBN 978-3-525-53876-0
- The letter to the Romans (= critical-exegetical commentary on the New Testament. Vol. 4). 15th edition, 1st edition of this interpretation. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2003, ISBN 3-525-51630-4 .
- Joy of faith. Joy in the New Testament 1st edition. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2007, ISBN 978-3-525-63375-5
- The Lord's Prayer . In the light of its Jewish prerequisites (= Lucas Prize 2007). Mohr Siebeck Verlag , Tübingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-16-149-623-3 (New print Darmstadt 2011, 2nd edition 2012, ISBN 978-3-650-25470-2 ).
- The early Christianity. A look back at the beginning . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-525-53382-6
- Paulus, teacher of the church (together with Karl Lehmann ), publications diocese Mainz 2009 (Mainzer Perspektiven: Orientierungen. 7), ISBN 978-3-934450-41-7
- Literature by and about Eduard Lohse in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Eduard Lohse in the German Digital Library
- Curriculum vitae on the website of the Landeskirche Hannover
- Beate Ney-Janßen: Former Bishop Eduard Lohse died in Göttingen , report in the Göttinger Tageblatt of June 24, 2015.
- Lohse: Vita , landeskirche-hannovers.de, accessed on June 26, 2015.
- Kieler Gelehrtenverzeichnis , gelehrtenverzeichnis.de, accessed on June 26, 2015.
- Bishop Lohse criticizes “Bible in just language” , idea.de, message from January 29, 2008.
- Obituary for former bishop Prof. Dr. Eduard Lohse , landeskirche-hannovers.de, news from June 24, 2015.
- Condolence on the death of Eduard Lohse , bundespraesident.de, message from June 24, 2015.
- Brief CV: Regional Bishop Prof. D. Eduard Lohse , ekd.de, accessed on June 26, 2015.
- Winner of the Lower Saxony State Prize ( Memento of the original from September 13, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , niedersachsen.de, accessed on June 26, 2015.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German Protestant theologian, Lutheran Bishop of the Hanover Regional Church and Chairman of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 19, 1924|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||23rd June 2015|
|Place of death||Goettingen|