Pontifical Gregorian University

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Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana
motto Religioni et Bonis Artibus
founding 1551
Sponsorship Society of Jesus
place Rome
country ItalyItaly Italy
Rector (magnifici rettori) Nuno da Silva Gonçalves SJ
Students 2,754 (2018/2019)
Networks FIUC
Website unigre.it
PUG: main facade
PUG: entrance facade
PUG: Audimax (1930)
PUG: entrance hall

The Pontifical Gregorian University ( Latin : Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana , Italian : Pontificia Università Gregoriana , short: PUG) is a university under papal law that emerged from the first Jesuit school Collegio Romano and is based in the Italian capital Rome . The university enjoys great international renown to this day and is therefore considered the most important papal university in the world.

Historical overview

Today’s Gregorian University was established in 1551 by Ignatius von Loyola , the founder of the Jesuit order , in an urban Roman palace on Campidoglio in Via Capitolina (today: Piazza d'Aracoeli ). This first Jesuit school, equipped with a library, was initially called the Collegio Romano . The college was very popular and was founded in 1584 by Pope Gregory XIII. reopened in a large building that still bears the name Palazzo del Collegio Romano today . Gregory XIII. was henceforth celebrated as Fondatore e Protettore (founder and protector / sponsor) of the university, which is why the university was later (1873) named "Gregoriana" after him.

After the Jesuit order was abolished in 1773, the Roman diocesan clergy was trained at the Collegio Romano. After the reestablishment of the Jesuit order in 1814, Pope Leo XII. on May 17, 1824 the university again gave the Jesuits.

In 1870 the building of the Collegio Romano was confiscated by the new Italian government and the university was moved to the Collegium Borromaeum in Via del Seminario. The alumni of the Collegium Germanicum et Hungaricum were also housed there until 1886. With a rescript dated December 4, 1873, the former Collegio Romano received from Pope Pius IX. the title "Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana". In 1930 the university was finally moved to Piazza della Pilotta, between Piazza Venezia and the Fontana di Trevi ( Trevi Fountain ), where it is still located today. The Jesuit college, Collegio Bellarmino, was established in the building that until then housed the Collegio Romano .

Until the 19th century there was also mathematical and scientific research and teaching at the Collegio Romano (see Christophorus Clavius , Christoph Grienberger , Athanasius Kircher , Angelo Secchi ), at times the Vatican Observatory was assigned to him.

Associated institutions are the 1909 founded Pontifical Biblical Institute (Pontifical Institute Biblico (PIB)) and founded in 1917 Pontifical Oriental Institute (Pontifical Institute Orientale (PIO)).

In 2011, the football team of the Pontifical Gregorian University won the Clericus Cup ( German  Klerus-Pokal ), the football championship of the Vatican .


The Jesuit-run university is now divided into four institutes , six faculties and three further training centers.

The faculties include the following disciplines:

Approx. 1500 students study at the theological faculty of the PUG. The language of instruction for all compulsory courses has been Italian since the 1970s , but courses are also offered in up to six languages: Italian, English, German, French, Spanish and Portuguese.

The Matteo Ricci Conference Center , where international congresses take place, is assigned to the Gregoriana .

Because of the special importance of the Gregorian, the Grand Chancellery is carried out personally by the Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education , not by the competent superior or bishop, as is the case at other papal universities. The Jesuit general is Vice-Grand Chancellor.


Rectors since 1551 were:

Interreligious Dialogue

The ISIRC ( Istituto per gli studi interdisciplinari su religioni e culture ) qualifies Catholic theologians for church dialogue work and trains non-Christians who have already obtained an academic degree in their own religion to become interreligious interlocutors. The institute mainly teaches in English and awards a master’s (4 semesters) or diploma (2 semesters). As part of the lecture program, a basic course for Islam diplomats is also offered at the Gregorian. The three-week course is aimed at diplomats from predominantly Muslim countries in the Mediterranean region and the Middle East. On the agenda of the interreligious basic course are the organization and function of various organs of the Holy See, the tasks of the nunciatures , the humanitarian commitment of the church, its commitment to peace such as B. the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue . The main political focus of the Holy See is currently on the countries in the Middle East.

Well-known students and lecturers

Born before 1900

Born after 1900

Well-known professors

Web links

Commons : Pontifical Gregorian University  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

Coordinates: 41 ° 53 '56.2 "  N , 12 ° 29' 4.4"  E