|The voice of the Pope and the universal Church|
|Radio station ( state )|
ultra short wave
( Cologne / Vienna / Rome / Bozen )
radio Internet radio
|executive Director||Giacomo Ghisani (since March 1, 2016, ad interim )|
|business||February 12, 1931 to December 16, 2017 - thereafter as VaticanNews / radiovaticana|
|List of radio stations|
Radio Vatican ( Italian Radio Vaticana , RV) was the international broadcaster of the Holy See , which had the task of reporting on the activities of the Vatican , the Roman Catholic Church and other churches in general, as well as conveying Catholic teaching. The station's independence ended at the beginning of 2017, when Vatican Radio was incorporated into the Dicastery for Communication of the Holy See. On December 17, 2017, as part of the restructuring of the entire media offering of the Vatican, all services of Vatican Radio were integrated into Vatican News , the multimedia internet portal of the Vatican State. Since September 29, 2019, the audio contributions from Vatican News have been published again under the “Vatican Radio” brand.
After the Lateran Pacts were signed , preparations began to set up a church radio program. Vatican Radio was founded in 1931 under Pope Pius XI. The leadership of the station was given to the Jesuit order . The main broadcasting center was established on the Vatican Hill . On February 12, 1931 at 4:30 p.m. with the Pope Pius XI. spoken message "Qui arcano Dei consilio" (Latin: "Which, by God's unfathomable counsel ...") broadcast the first broadcast; until 1939 further programs were in a test stage. In 1939, the Apostolic Penitentiary stated that the indulgences of the apostolic blessing Urbi et orbi also extended to the (live) broadcast on the radio. Since 1957 there has been a transmission system with high-performance radio transmitters for short and medium wave in an extra- territorial area near Santa Maria di Galeria , north of Rome .
In 2011 Vatican Radio ended broadcasting over the strong medium wave frequency of 1530 kHz ; in December 2016 the remaining local medium wave frequencies in Rome were abandoned. On December 17, 2017, exactly after 86 years, ten months and four days of its existence, Vatican Radio went into the multimedia-oriented Internet platform Vatican News . The background to the restructuring is the curia reform initiated by Pope Francis , in the implementation of which the entire Vatican media were repositioned. With the changeover, the Vatican also wants to save personnel and costs. According to the head of the German-speaking department of Vatican News, the broadcast formats and content of Vatican Radio will continue to exist, and Hagenkord described the leap into the digital social media age as an opportunity for the Vatican's media work.
- Pope and Vatican
- Catholic Church all over the world
- Evangelical , Anglican and Orthodox Churches
- Other religions ( Judaism , Islam , Hinduism , Buddhism, etc.)
Vatican Radio consisted of around 40 language editorial offices and broadcast in 45 languages, including German . The language departments had around 20 minutes of broadcasting time per day, and some of the programs were then broadcast several times a day.
Vatican Radio currently broadcasts in the following languages: Albanian (since 1951), Amharic (1948), Arabic (1949), Armenian (1966), Bulgarian (1949), Chinese (1950), Danish (1953), German (1937), English (1937), Esperanto (1976), Estonian (1948), Finnish (1975), French (1931), Hindi (1965), Italian (1931), Japanese (1959), Swahili , Croatian (1947), Latin (1931) , Latvian (1948), Lithuanian (1940), Malayalam (1965), Polish (1938), Portuguese (1940), Romanian (1947), Russian (1948), Swedish (1953), Slovak (1947), Slovenian (1947) , Somalo (1992), Spanish (1934), Tagalog , Tamil (1965), Tigri , Czech (1947), Ukrainian (1939), Hungarian (1939), Urdu (1993), Vietnamese (1980), Belarusian (1950).
Daily news magazines were also produced in English, French, Italian and German, and church services and prayer programs (mostly in Latin) were broadcast.
The German-language service traditionally broadcast a magazine on several shortwave frequencies in the evening at 8:20 p.m., which is repeated the next day at 12:10 a.m. and 6:20 a.m. The 15-minute news magazine “Treffpunkt Weltkirche” was broadcast at 4 pm.
Until November 2010, the German-language program was also broadcast via the medium wave frequency 1530 kHz.
Most recently, only the terrestrial VHF frequency 93.3 MHz was used in Rome. In addition, several satellites and the live stream were used for the linear radio program. The programs were also available as podcasts and audio-on-demand . Shortwave operation ended on July 1, 2012. Since then, the company has relied on re-broadcasting the service through various partner stations in Germany, Austria, German-speaking Switzerland and South Tyrol. With the establishment of Vatican News, the German editorial team was integrated into the new large editorial team.
Once a week the editors offer Latin news on their homepage .
Until the end of 2016, Vatican Radio was headed by a Director General who was bound by instructions to the State Secretariat of the Vatican. The program director, the technical director and the administrative director were subordinate to the general director. Since Vatican Radio was subordinate to the Jesuit order when it was founded, the most important director posts - with the exception of the administrative director - are occupied by clergymen of this order. Meanwhile, the Basilian Order is mainly responsible for the programming of Vatican Radio.
The General Director was traditionally appointed by the Pope, the Program and Technical Director by the Cardinal Secretary of State (each at the suggestion of the Jesuit Order).
General directors were:
- 1931–1934 Giuseppe Gianfranceschi
- 1935-1953 Filippo Soccorsi
- 1953–1967 Antonio Stefanizzi
- 1967–1973 Giacomo Martegani
- 1973–1985 Roberto Tucci
- 1985-2005 Pasquale Borgomeo
- 2005-2016 Federico Lombardi
At the end of December 31, 2016, the station lost its organizational independence and was incorporated into the Vatican's communications secretariat, which was founded in 2015 . The restructuring had been discussed controversially.
Vatican Radio is broadcast in the following ways:
- VHF : 105.0 and 103.8 MHz via the Palazzina Leone XIII station , where the technical directorate is also located
- DAB : own multiplex with four audio channels over three transmitter locations; Radio Vaticana Italia throughout Italy via EuroDab Italia
- DVB-T : Radio Vaticana Italia throughout Italy via TIMB 2 ( LCN 777)
- Satellite : u. a. Eutelsat 9B and Eutelsat Hot Bird 13B
- KW : via its own transmitter in Santa Maria di Galeria , the IBB systems in Greenville ( North Carolina , USA) and Tinang ( Philippines ) and the Talata-Volonondry ( Madagascar ) station
- Live streaming : 11 channels, six of them permanent
- Podcast : in all program languages
- Syndication : via partner stations such as Domradio and Radio Horeb in Germany, Radio Maria Austria , Radio Grüne Welle in South Tyrol, Radio Maria German-speaking Switzerland and Radio Gloria in Switzerland
Since 2005, Radio Vatikan has published the book series " Edition Radio Vatikan " together with the Leipzig St. Benno-Verlag . For the first time a book in this series was presented at the XX. World Youth Day presented in Cologne.
- Hansjörg Biener: New start of the Vatican media work . In: Radio-Kurier 2/2018, p. 17.
- Comunicato della Segreteria per la Comunicazione. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office , February 22, 2016, accessed February 22, 2016 (Italian).
- The Holy See : Holy See Press Office
- WHO WE ARE ( Memento from March 17, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Vatican Radio Ends 85 Years of Independent Operations . In: National Catholic Register . ( ncregister.com [accessed January 21, 2017]).
- Matthias Drobinski: A Dio! Vatican Radio ... became "Vatican News", a multimedia service on the Internet. SZ.de, December 17, 2017, accessed December 17, 2017 .
- Vatican Radio - a swan song
- Stefan von Kempis: Vatican Radio: Here we are again! In: Vatican News. September 28, 2019, accessed October 2, 2019 .
- Kai Ludwig: Radio Vatican is Radio Vatican again. In: Radio News. RBB Radio Eins, September 28, 2019, accessed on October 2, 2019 .
- AAS 23 (1931) 65
- Thomas Migge: Radio Vatikan turns 75. In: Markt und Medien , dradio.de . February 11, 2006, accessed November 17, 2018 .
- AAS 31 (1939) 277
- italradio.org: Vatican Radio Medium Wave Antenna Demolished (May 8, 2014)
- italradio.org: Vatican Radio to leave Medium Waves over Rome (November 26, 2016)
- Ad participes primae Sessionis Plenariae Secretariae pro Communicatione , AAS 109 (2017) 476 ; German (May 4, 2017)
- Matthias Drobinski: A Dio! Radio Vatican ... became "Vatican News", a multimedia offer on the Internet. SZ.de, December 17, 2017, accessed December 17, 2017 .
- Year numbers according to Félix Juan Cabasés: Cronoistoria documentata e contestualizzata della Radio Vaticana (1931–2011) , Appendice Nº 1 . But see also the Italian magazine Radiocorriere , where programs in German and English were already advertised in 1935.
- Vatican Radio: German-language service ( Memento from August 2, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Vatican Radio: TECHNIK ( Memento from August 2, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Who we are - Vatican News. Retrieved December 16, 2017 .
- Statuto della Radio Vaticana , AAS 87 (1995) 853
- I 70 anni della Radio Vaticana . In: La Civiltà Cattolica 2001 II 272
- Statuto della Segreteria per la Comunicazione , AAS 108 (2016) 1051 ; English
- Vatican Radio becomes Vatican News
- vaticannews.va: Radio Vaticana Italia
- fmscan.org ; from this location also on 96.3 Radio inBlu of the Italian Bishops' Conference and on 93.3 the commercial Radio Zeta (see radiowoche.de: Vatican rents FM frequency in Rome to private radio )
- ukwtv.de: Station table Vatican State (DAB)
- ukwtv.de: Channel table Italy (DAB)
- lyngsat.com: Free Radio from Vatican City
- Broadcast schedules via vaticannews.va: Short Waves or short-wave.info
- vaticannews.va: Schedules ; Focus: CH01 Western and Central Europe, CH02 Asia / Africa, CH03 Eastern Europe, CH04 America, CH05 Italy, CH06 Africa
- z. B. vaticannews.va/de/podcast
- See the Vatican Radio book series goes online Article by Vatican Radio from February 10, 2006, accessed on July 4, 2012
- See book presentation book recommendations on the homepage of Radio Vatican, accessed on July 4, 2012. ( Memento from February 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive )