|description||Subscription daily newspaper|
|First edition||July 1, 1861|
|Frequency of publication||daily (Monday to Sunday)|
Andrea Monda (responsible director)
Piero Di Domenicantonio (editor-in-chief)
Sergio Pellini SDB (general director)
|Web link||L'Osservatore Romano|
The official publication of the Apostolic See are the Acta Apostolicae Sedis . Alongside Radio Vaticana and Centro Televisivo Vaticano, the Osservatore Romano is one of the three Vatican news sources that have been brought together in Vatican News since 2017 .
The first number of L'Osservatore Romano appeared on July 1, 1861 in Rome . She was the deputy "Minister of the Interior" of the papal government, Marcantonio Pacelli , grandfather of Pope Pius XII. , brought to life. The first issues were four pages long. At the end of 1861 the subtitle "moral newspaper" was abandoned. The motto still used today appeared under the head of the newspaper for the first time: "Unicuique suum - non praevalebunt" (" To each his own - they will not overwhelm you"; cf. Mt 16.18 EU ).
Through the Risorgimento , the felt Papal States under Pius IX. threatened in its independence and used the newspaper as a fighting organ against anti-church forces. Especially after Augusto Baviera became editor-in-chief in 1866, representatives of the Kingdom of Italy were attacked and Freemasonry was criticized. From January 1867, Antonietta Klitsche de la Grange (1832–1912), a later well-known novelist and granddaughter of Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, was the newspaper's first female journalist .
In 1938 the newspaper criticized the discrimination against Jews in Nazi Germany. After the German occupation of the Benelux countries, Pope Pius XII denounced. the military attacks. By fascists came immediately the next day to attacks on the sheet. Bundles of newspapers were publicly burned and buyers and sellers were threatened.
Since February 4, 2008 the newspaper has been published with a new layout. The font has been changed and color photos are also used on the front page.
Since 2012, a colored women's supplement has been published once a month on the last Thursday under the title Donne, Chiesa, Mondo (German: Women, Church, World ). Giulia Galeotti is responsible, who points out that Benedict XVI. I did not specifically want such a supplement, but more reports on women. In addition to “Women in the Service of the Universal Church”, topics such as prostitution or a lack of childcare places in Italy are also brought up. There are also entertaining contributions. At the end of March 2019, the entire editorial team of Donne, Chiesa, Mondo resigned. The reason for this is a growing climate of mistrust.
Since the newspaper was founded, the editorial office has been located in Vatican City , and for a long time in via del Pellegrino. In November 2020, the editorial team left Vatican City and moved to Piazza Pia next to Castel Sant'Angelo .
The German-language edition, which has been published weekly since October 8, 1971, gradually increased in size. From January 3, 1986, printing, worldwide sales and marketing of the newspaper were relocated to Schwabenverlag in Germany. The sheet is subsidized in Germany by the German Bishops' Conference because it cannot be self-supporting. After Ernst Schlögels departure at the beginning of 2007, Astrid Haas, a Tyrolean from Steinach am Brenner, was acting as head of the German edition of the paper. At the beginning of 2008 she became editor-in-chief, making her the first woman to head an edition of the Vatican newspaper.
The reporting is in part comparable to that of an official journal , with the official publication of the Apostolic See being the Acta Apostolicae Sedis . The Osservatore Romano, the daily newspaper of the Vatican, publishes speeches, statements and documents of the Pope, official reports, church reports and comments. In addition, reports appear on selected theology, art and history topics with a Christian connection.
As the official daily newspaper of the Vatican State, the L'Osservatore Romano receives wide coverage in the world press.
Issues in different languages
- Italian edition (since 1861, daily edition)
- French edition (since 1949, weekly edition)
- Italian edition (since 1950, weekly edition)
- English edition (since 1968, weekly edition)
- Spanish edition (since 1969, weekly edition)
- Portuguese edition (since 1970, weekly edition)
- German edition (since 1971, weekly edition)
- Polish edition (since 1980, monthly edition)
- Italian edition (since 1985, Sunday edition, OR-Domenica)
- Malayalam edition (since 2008, translation of the weekly English edition)
- Nicola Zanchini and Giuseppe Bastia (1861–1866)
- Augusto Baviera (1866-1884)
- Cesare Crispolti (1884-1890)
- Giovan Battista Casoni (1890-1900)
- Giuseppe Angelini (1900-1919)
- Giuseppe Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto (1920-1960)
- Raimondo Manzini (1960–1978)
- Valerio Volpini (1978-1984)
- Mario Agnes (1984-2007)
- Giovanni Maria Vian (2007-2018)
- Andrea Monda (since 2018)
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis , the Official Journal of the Holy See
- L'Osservatore della Domenica
- Radio Vaticana (since 2017 Vatican News )
- Centro Televisivo Vaticano (since 2017 Vatican News )
- Homepage of the L'Osservatore Romano at the Vatican
- Homepage of the German-language edition of L'Osservatore Romano at Schwabenverlag
- Nomina del Direttore Responsabile de “L'Osservatore Romano”. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office , December 18, 2018, accessed December 18, 2018 (Italian).
- Vatican website with a biographical article on Antonietta Klitsche de la Grange
- entire editorial staff of the Vatican women's magazine resigns. Retrieved March 26, 2019 .
- Gianluca Biccini: Le sedi de "L'Osservatore Romano" . In: L'Osservatore Romano, November 12, 2020.
- Vatican Radio : Editor-in-Chief for "Osservatore" February 26, 2008.
- ORF : Austrian became editor-in-chief at L'Osservatore Romano on February 26, 2008.
- Search for L'Osservatore Romano on guardian.co.uk ( Memento from July 31, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )