|TV station ( private law )|
|Program type||Full program|
|reception||digital terrestrial , cable , satellite and DVB-T|
|Start of transmission||April 26, 1935|
|executive Director||Nonce Paolini|
|List of TV channels|
In 1935, in Paris, Radio PTT Vision , the French state broadcaster, began operations with the first test television broadcasts. The Eiffel Tower served as the transmission mast, and with an output of 30 kW, the system was the most powerful television transmitter in the world. With the beginning of the Second World War , broadcasting ceased in 1939. The German occupiers resumed broadcasting with the Paris TV station in 1942 with parts of the old systems and new technology from Germany . It was broadcast in German and French until 1944.
Shortly after the liberation it was broadcast again under its own control as Télévision Française or RDF Télévision Française (Radiodiffusion Française Télévision Française) . From 1949 to 1964 under the name RTF (Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française) . In 1964 the name was changed to ORTF (Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision Française) .
TF1 has long been a public service program . In 1987 the station was privatized and sold to a consortium led by the Bouygues construction company . Such a conversion has remained unique in Europe to this day, but there are private broadcasters in the form of TV2 (Denmark) and Channel 4 (Great Britain), some of which take over the tasks of public television. The French public television (now combined in France Télévisions ) have the following channels, Antenne 2 (now: France 2 ), FR 3 (now: France 3 ) and La Cinquième (now: France 5 ).
TF1 is the undisputed market leader in the French television landscape. In 2006, the station had 98 of the 100 most watched programs in France. The broadcasting group TF1 recorded total sales of 2.6 billion euros in 2006.
The Journal de 20 heures is the daily news program and in 2014 was one of the most watched television news programs in Europe.
As one of the two main programs and in the tradition of a public television broadcaster, TF1 produces an approximately half-hour news program every evening at 8 p.m. in direct competition with the simultaneous news from France 2. The French main news is even more important than the German Tagesschau they shape the social discourse. In addition to reports and reports, the programs regularly contain interviews with studio guests.
The French President is entitled to have the news broadcasts of TF1 and France 2 interrupted at the same time in order to speak to the French people, which the French Presidents regularly made use of. do. In a presentation, as the German television viewers of the Christmas message of the President and the New Year's speech of the Chancellor is known, the president announced after recording a fanfare live from his official residence from a Tricolore in the background important decisions and announcements in a televised address that always with «Mes chers compatriotes! » (“ My dear compatriots! ”) Begins.
The channel's entertainment program consists primarily of French and US television series, game and reality shows, and Japanese animes.
- In love with Berlin ( Le destin de Lisa )
- Alert for Cobra 11 - The Autobahn Police ( Alerte Cobra )
- Doctor's Diary ( Le Journal de Meg )
- In all friendship
- Dr. House
- Les Experts (CSI)
- Grey's Anatomy
- Law & Order
- Criminal Intent - crime in sight
- Criminal Minds
- Crossing Jordan - pathologist with profile
After the privatization of TF1, the children's program Club Dorothée started in September 1987 and began broadcasting anime series. Among other things, series such as Captain Tsubasa , Dragonball , Dragonball Z , Sailor Moon , Ranma ½ and Saint Seiya were shown . Club Dorothée was discontinued in August 1997, and since then only a few series such as Sonic X and Pokémon have been broadcast.
Reality and game shows
- Star Academy
- Qui veut gagner des millions?
- Le maillon faible (2001-2007)
- A prendre ou à laisser
- La roue de la fortune
- Attention à la marche!
- Domino Day (presented by Flavie Flament , Denis Brogniart and Dave )
- Koh Lanta
- L'île de la tentation
- Secret story
- La méthode Cauet
- Le just prix
- Les Douze Coups de midi (orchestré par Jean-Luc Reichmann)
- Ninja warrior
TF1 organizes a variety of other television programs alone or together with other shareholders, including:
- TMC (nationwide entertainment-oriented full program, former Monegasque private broadcaster with high acceptance in south-east France),
- NT1 (nationwide entertainment-oriented full program that was established with the introduction of DVB-T ),
- LCI (news channel),
- Eurosport (mostly Discovery Communications )
- Ushuaïa TV (nature and biodiversity)
- Histoire TV (history)
- TV Breizh (regional broadcasts and reruns of TF1 in Breton )
TMC, NT1 and LCI can be received freely by practically everyone.
References and comments
- TF1 (Télévision française 1). Retrieved February 13, 2016 (French).
- Hélène Risser: L'audimat à mort. Éditions du Seuil, Paris 2004, ISBN 2-02-060517-1 , quoted here without a page number in: Alfred Grosser : How different is France? CH Beck, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-406-52879-1 , p. 158.
- TF1 wins 92 places in the top 100 TV audience ratings in 2001. Accessed December 17, 2015 .
- see also: Les Douze Coups de midi in the French Wikipedia
- Groupe TF1 in the French language Wikipedia
- TV Breizh. Retrieved March 29, 2020 .