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Title page of the Reich Law Gazette Part I No. 100: Nuremberg Laws
The National Socialists enacted the Nuremberg Race Laws .
Paraguayan machine gun emplacement in the Chaco War
The Chaco War ends
with a victory for Paraguay
over Bolivia .
Course of the "Long March"
In China , after almost a year,
the Long March of Mao Zedong's Red Army comes to an end.
1935 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1383/84 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1927/28 (September 11-12)
Baha'i calendar 91/92 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1339/40 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2478/79 (southern Buddhism); 2477/78 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 77th (78th) cycle

Year of the Wood Pig乙亥 ( since February 4th , before that Wood Dog甲戌)

Chuch'e ideology (North Korea) Chuch'e 24
Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1297/98 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4268/69 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1313/14 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1353/54 (April 4-5)
Japanese calendar 昭和Shōwa 10;

Kōki 2595

Jewish calendar 5695/96 (September 27-28)
Coptic calendar 1651/52 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 1110/11
Minguo calendar (China) Year 24 of the republic
Seleucid era Babylon: 2245/46 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2246/47 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2477/78 (April 1)
Tibetan calendar 1681
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1991/92 (April)

In 1935 begins Nazi regime , the Treaty of Versailles to undermine. Reich Aviation Minister Hermann Göring announces the establishment of the Air Force ; the former Reichswehr is converted into the Wehrmacht . To "regain military sovereignty ", general conscription is reintroduced; With the German-British naval agreement , in which the British Parliament is bypassed by exchanging diplomatic notes, the strength of the German Navy , which is renamed from Reichsmarine to Kriegsmarine , is set at a maximum of 35% of the Royal Navy . This is part of the armament of the Wehrmacht .

Ballot for the Saar vote on January 13, 1935

After a referendum , the League of Nations gives the Saar area back to the German Reich with effect from March 1st , which is referred to by the propaganda there as “ home to the Reich ”. The Saarland is directly subordinate to the Reich leadership and a Reich Commissioner is appointed for the reorganization of the Saar area.

Domestically, the racial ideology of the Nazi regime is legally enshrined in the Nuremberg Laws . For the first time the term “ Jew ” is legally defined; With the law for the protection of German blood and German honor , marriage and sexual contact between Jews and non-Jews are prohibited and made a criminal offense. This prohibition of “ racial disgrace ” is subsequently extended to “ gypsies , negroes and their bastards” by means of a regulation . With the Reich Citizenship Law , Jews are also deprived of their citizenship rights . In these laws and in the tightening of § 175 RStGB, which criminalizes homosexual acts between men, the National Socialist image of women is also evident . With the introduction of the German Municipal Code of January 30, 1935, the previously federally structured municipal constitutional law of the German states is abolished in favor of a centralized regulation.

Italy is now trying to expand its colonial empire . After a first attempt , the kingdom of Abyssinia to conquer failed in 1896, which explains fascist regime of Benito Mussolini Ethiopia again to war . The basis for this is the Franco-Italian Agreement , in which the two colonial powers delimit their spheres of influence in Africa.

In China , during the civil war at the Zunyi conference, there was a power struggle within the Communist Party , won by Mao Zedong , whose “ Long March ” ended after a year in Yan'an .

In Thailand , King Rama VII abdicates in protest against what he considers to be the undemocratic actions of the government and is followed by his nine-year-old nephew Rama VIII . The Philippines are granted independence as a Commonwealth by the colonial power USA . And the Chaco War ends in South America , after which the victor Paraguay almost doubled its national territory by winning the Gran Chaco at the expense of Bolivia .

In the field of science, the Austrian Nobel Prize winner Erwin Schrödinger uses a thought experiment to bring a cat into the simultaneous state of life and death to demonstrate the incompleteness of quantum mechanics . A polygraph is being tested in America for the first time and Wallace Hume Carothers is granted a patent for the nylon he has developed .

The US athlete Jesse Owens sets five new world records within 45 minutes in Ann Arbor , Michigan, and equalizes one more. This is received as the highlight of the sports year .


Politics and world events

German Empire

Commemorative coin in honor of Hitler , 1935
Cheers when the Berlin voters returned to Berlin
Representation of the Nuremberg Race Laws





  • The parliamentary elections on June 9th are boycotted by the opposition parties and in particular the Liberal Party because of the electoral law passed by the People's Party and because of the death sentences against two prominent liberal generals. In the elections, Panagis Tsaldaris' People's Party won 254 of the 300 seats in parliament.
  • October 10 : In Greece , Prime Minister Panagis Tsaldaris declares his resignation under pressure from the army leadership around the Chief of Staff, General Alexandros Papagos , who wants a return to the monarchy. Minister of War Georgios Kondylis succeeds him in office and at the same time becomes provisional regent in place of George II , his deputy becomes Ioannis Theotokis .
  • November 3 : The republic proclaimed in 1924 is dissolved. King George II of Greece returns to his throne. In the spirit of reconciliation between the warring political camps, he appoints Konstantinos Demertzis as Prime Minister on November 30th .

Italy and its colonies


Indian subcontinent


Ananda Mahidol 1935
  • March 2nd : King Rama VII abdicates in Thailand . His nine-year-old nephew Ananda Mahidol becomes the new ruler under the name of Rama VIII, but spends most of the time out of the country for training in Switzerland.


Philippines / United States of America

Signing of the Philippine Constitution
Huey Pierce Long

South America

The Chaco War 1932–1935
  • June 12 : The 1932 started Chaco War , a border war between Bolivia and Paraguay to the northern part of the Gran Chaco , ending with a ceasefire. A formal peace treaty was not concluded until 1938 , which granted Paraguay most of the disputed area. The brutalities committed on both sides during the war are impressively portrayed in his works by the Paraguayan writer Augusto Roa Bastos .


International exhibitions

Main entrance to the 1935 World's Fair

Business start-ups and investments


Ship Normandy
  • May 29th : The French passenger ship Normandie begins its maiden voyage. The ocean liner has been the world's largest ship for five years.
Inauguration of the Västerbron


science and technology


Natural sciences

Tobacco Mosaic Virus
Without interaction with the outside world, Schrödinger's cat is in a superimposed state: it is both alive and dead.

Radio and film

Technical achievements



Visual arts


Music and theater



The dead Hachikō
The President of the Cologne Prinzengarde, Thomas Liessem, with company in front of the triumphal arch



Accident train at Islamorada

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

nature and environment


Nobel Prizes

price person country Reason for awarding the prize picture
Nobel Price for physics James Chadwick
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom "For the discovery of the neutron "
Nobel Prize in Chemistry Frédéric Joliot-Curie
Third French RepublicThird French Republic France "For their jointly carried out syntheses of new radioactive elements" Frédéric Joliot-Curie
Irène Joliot-Curie
Third French RepublicThird French Republic France Irène Joliot-Curie
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Hans Spemann
Germany "For the discovery of the organizer effect in the embryonic development stage"
Nobel Prize in literature not awarded
Nobel Peace Prize (awarded in 1936) Carl von Ossietzky
Germany Pacifist and journalist (the German Reich then forbids its citizens to accept the award) Carl von Ossietzky














Exact date of birth unknown


January February

Hugo Junkers, 1920
Max Liebermann, 1904

March April

Carl Duisberg, around 1930
Emmy Noether

May June

Self-portrait of Kazimir Malevich, 1933
Hugo de Vries

July August

September October

November December

Minna Bollmann
Kurt Tucholsky, 1928

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1935  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. full text . § 1: On April 1, 1935, the judicial authorities of the states become Reich authorities, the judicial officers of the states become direct Reich officials; the employees and workers of the state judicial authorities enter the service of the Reich.
  2. ^ Treaty of Mutual Assistance between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Czechoslovak Republic
  3. La conscription en France au xxe siècle: de l'armée de masse à l'armée professionnelle
  4. ^ Radio Coité - histoire