|Nickname : Red Stick, Hollyrouge|
Downtown Baton Rouge
|Location of Baton Rouge in County and Louisiana|
|State :||United States|
|Parish :||East Baton Rouge Parish|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|227,715 (as of 2016)
835,175 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||1,144.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||204.8 km 2 (approx. 79 mi 2 ) of
which 198.9 km 2 (approx. 77 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||14 m|
|Postal code :||70821|
|Area code :||+1 225|
|GNIS ID :||1629914|
|Mayor :||Melvin L. Holden (D)|
The Louisiana State Capitol in Baton Rouge, listed on the NRHP since 1978
Baton Rouge [ ˌbætn̩ˈɹuːʒ ] ( French Bâton-Rouge [ bɑtɔ̃ʀuːʒ ], literally: red stick ) is the capital of the US state Louisiana . The city is also the administrative seat of the East Baton Rouge Parish . Baton Rouge has 230,058 inhabitants (as of 2013). It is the farthest inland city on the Mississippi that can be reached by ocean-going ships.
After the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the area fell to Great Britain and the settlement was renamed New Richmond. In 1783 the area fell to Spain after the British were defeated in the American War of Independence . After a popular uprising against the Spaniards, independence was proclaimed as the Republic of West Florida in 1810 ; In 1817 the Louisiana area was annexed.
In the first half of the 19th century, the city grew continuously as a result of the steamboat trade. When the American Civil War broke out, the city had 5500 inhabitants. In 1849 Baton Rouge became the capital of Louisiana. The architect James Dakin planned the Old Louisiana State Capitol in the neo-Gothic design language of a medieval castle overlooking the Mississippi. During the Civil War in 1862, the city was handed over to the northern states without a fight . The seat of government was moved to Opelousas and later to Shreveport . After the war ended, New Orleans served as the seat of government during the Reconstruction , until Baton Rouge became Louisiana's capital again in 1882 .
In the 1950s and 1960s Baton Rouge experienced a petrochemical boom that caused the city to expand away from its original center. In recent years the administration and business community have started to return to the old center. A construction boom began in the 1990s, resulting in multi-million dollar projects to build new buildings and improve the quality of life throughout the city.
Three locations in Baton Rouge have National Historic Landmark status , the destroyer USS Kidd , the Louisiana State Capitol, and the Old Louisiana State Capitol . 78 buildings and sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 4, 2018).
According to the 2010 census , Baton Rouge had 229,553 people in 91,474 households. The population density was 1153.8 inhabitants per square kilometer. Statistically, 2.4 people lived in each of the 91,474 households.
The racial the population was composed of 39.4 percent white, 54.5 percent African American, 0.2 percent Native American, 3.3 percent Asian and 1.3 percent from other ethnic groups; 1.3 percent were descended from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 3.3 percent of the population.
22.4 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 66.4 percent were between 18 and 64 and 11.2 percent were 65 years or older. 51.9 percent of the population was female.
The flag of the city has a red background and big white lettering Baton Rouge . The red color is said to indicate the Native American people, whose red stakes on the banks of the Mississippi are the origin of the city name. The former powers to which Baton Rouge belonged in the past are symbolized in a coat of arms: the lily ( fleur-de-lis ) for France , the crown of Castile for Spain and the old Union flag of the British .
The Port of Greater Baton Rouge is the furthest inland ocean port on the Mississippi River . The United States Army Corps of Engineers keeps a 13.7 m deep fairway free from the mouth of the Southwest Pass about 400 km downstream to the old Huey P. Long Bridge in Baton Rouge. Ocean-going tankers and cargo ships handle their cargo (grain, raw materials, cars and containers) here, which are transported by rail and pipelines in an east-west direction and with push convoys made up of barges to the north.
The most important branch of industry is the petrochemicals . ExxonMobil operates the country's second largest oil refinery here ; it is among the ten largest refineries in the world. Dow Chemical Company operates a large facility in Iberville Parish near Plaquemine.
Due to the high density of chemical companies on the Mississippi River downstream from Baton Rouge, this section of the river is also known as the Cancer Alley because of the associated increased cancer mortality .
The city is the seat of Louisiana State University . The largest employer in Baton Rouge is the public administration, which is mainly located at the "Capitol Park" complex. Important clinics are the Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center and the Earl K. Long Medical Center (LSUMC) .
Thanks to public funding, as in other cities in Louisiana, the “Hollywood South” initiative was used to develop a local film industry , of which the new Celtic Media Center is a first example.
|Baton Rouge, Louisiana|
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Baton Rouge, Louisiana
City partnerships exist between Baton Rouge and
sons and daughters of the town
- Jean-Baptiste Annibal Aubert du Bayet (1757–1797), politician and French general who distinguished himself in the coalition wars
- Earl St. John (1892–1968), film producer
- Porter Kilbert (1921-1960), jazz musician
- Robert H. Barrow (1922–2008), Marine Corps general
- Cleo Moore (1924–1973), actress
- Joe Brown (1926–1997), lightweight professional boxing champion
- Purnell W. Choppin (* 1929), virologist
- Bob Pettit (born 1932), basketball player
- Jim Taylor (1935-2018), American football player
- O. Carruth McGehee (* 1939), mathematician
- Helen Prejean (* 1939), religious sister and activist against the death penalty
- Michael Crandall (* 1940), mathematician
- William H. Gray (1941–2013), politician
- John Fred (1941-2005), band leader
- John Guckenheimer (* 1945), mathematician
- John M. Jackson (born 1950), actor
- David Andrews (born 1952), actor
- Anne LeBaron (* 1953), harpist, composer and university lecturer
- Lynn Whitfield (born 1953), actress
- David Awschalom (* 1956), physicist
- Randall Darius Jackson (* 1956), bassist, singer and producer
- Pruitt Taylor Vince (born 1960), actor
- Michael R. Douglas (* 1961), theoretical physicist
- Chip Hanna (* 1965), musician
- Tab Benoit (* 1967), blues guitarist, singer and composer
- Bobby Jindal (born 1971), Governor of Louisiana
- Andy Pettitte (born 1972), baseball player
- Michael Cloud (* 1975), Republican MP in the House of Representatives
- Kevin Rankin (born 1976), actor
- Todd McClure (born 1977), American football player
- Shane West (* 1978), actor and musician
- Stormy Daniels (* 1979), porn actress
- Cameron Richardson (born 1979), actress
- Donnie Jones (born 1980), American football player
- Torrence Hatch aka Lil Boosie (* 1982), rapper
- Seimone Augustus (* 1984), professional basketball player
- Stephen Gostkowski (* 1984), football player
- Brandon Bass (* 1985), professional basketball player
- Glen Davis (born 1986), basketball player
- Tyrus Thomas (* 1986), professional basketball player
- Marcus Thornton (* 1987), professional basketball player
- Carly Patterson (* 1988), gymnast and Olympic champion
- Robert Sacre (* 1989), basketball player
- Odell Beckham Jr. (born 1992), American football player
- Jeremy Hill (born 1992), American football player
- David Lambert (born 1992), actor
- Madison McLaughlin (born 1995), actress
- Kentrell DeSean Gaulden aka YoungBoy Never Broke Again (* 1999), rapper
Connected to the city
- Rudolf Heberle (1896–1991), a sociologist who emigrated from Germany, held a chair in Baton Rouge
- Steven Soderbergh (* 1963), film director, film producer and screenwriter, lived temporarily in Baton Rouge
- Wes Brown (* 1982), actor, grew up in Baton Rouge
Friends of rock music know the place through a song by Kris Kristofferson , which Janis Joplin's version became the number one hit . The text of Me and Bobby McGee begins with the words "Busted flat in Baton Rouge" ( Abgebrannt in Baton Rouge ).
In 2016, a photo with Ieshia Evans in BR became known worldwide, which was taken during demonstrations against the consequences of racial discrimination . It deals with non-violent protest and the demand for Black Lives Matter (translated, for example, as “counting black” lives ).
- Extract from the National Register of Historic Places - No. 78001421.Retrieved August 28, 2013
- U.S. Census Bureau, State & County QuickFacts - Baton Rouge, Louisiana ( March 13, 2005 memento on the Internet Archive ). Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 4, 2018.
- Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 4, 2018.
- US Decennial Census. Retrieved August 28, 2013
- American Fact Finder. Retrieved August 28, 2013
- Navigation Data Center: The US Waterway System - Transportation Facts (PDF; 405 kB) December 2003. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
- Port of Greater Baton Rouge . Archived from the original on March 10, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- Exxon Mobil Refinery . Archived from the original on December 22, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- DowChemicals . Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- Capitol Park . Archived from the original on May 8, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- Celtic Media Center . Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- 1 dead, 77 hurt in Louisiana chemical plant blast. Chicago Tribune, June 13, 2013, accessed May 26, 2015 .
- Baton Rouge: Sister Cities on brcwa.com