United States Census 2010
|United States Census 2010|
United States Census 2010 logo
|Raised on||April 1, 2010|
|Change from 2000||+ 9.7%|
|Most populous state|| California
|Lowest population state|| Wyoming
The 23rd United States Census was a census that took place in April 2010. It was conducted by the United States Census Bureau , an agency subordinate to the Department of Commerce . According to the US Constitution , the census must take place every 10 years, the previous one being the United States Census 2000 .
Differences to previous census
In the past, all households had to fill out the so-called short form and around every sixth household also had to fill out the long form . The short form usually only contained a few questions about the person, the long form detailed questions about household size, living conditions, level of education, employment and car ownership, among other things. The 2010 Census consisted of just one questionnaire; the long form was replaced by the American Community Survey , which has been held annually since 2005 .
The 2010 Census contained ten questions :
- How many people live in the household on April 1, 2010 ?
- Are there any additional people in the household on April 1st who were not mentioned in question 1?
- Lives of the household for rent to the property with no or mortgage ?
- What is the household phone number ?
The following questions had to be answered for each person living in the household:
The cost was $ 13 billion, about $ 42 per capita.
According to the census, the United States had 308,745,538 people on April 1, 2010, an increase of 9.7 percent (or 27,323,632) over the 2000 United States Census . The state of Nevada experienced the greatest growth with 35.1 percent, Michigan was the only state to lose its population with a decrease of 0.6 percent.
Texas experienced the greatest absolute increase with 4,293,741 residents. In California , the increase was 3,382,308 inhabitants and thus it remains the most populous state by a large margin . Michigan saw a decrease of 54,804 residents. Wyoming remains the state with the lowest population, despite a population increase of 69,844.
As in 2000, New Jersey remains the most densely populated state with 462 people per square kilometer of land. The only higher population density is in the federal district of Washington, DC. The most sparsely populated state is still Alaska with 0.46 inhabitants per square kilometer of land area.
States by population
U.S. states by population in 2010.
|3||new York||19.378.102||+ 2.1%|
|10||North Carolina||9,535,483||+ 18.5%|
|11||New Jersey||8,791,894||+ 4.5%|
|24||South carolina||4,625,364||+ 15.3%|
|36||New Mexico||2,059,179||+ 13.2%|
|37||West Virginia||1,852,994||+ 2.5%|
|42||New Hampshire||1,316,470||+ 6.5%|
|43||Rhode Island||1,052,567||+ 0.4%|
|46||South Dakota||814.180||+ 7.9%|
|48||North Dakota||672.591||+ 4.7%|
|...||District of Columbia||601.723||+ 5.2%|
|United States||308,745,538||+ 9.7%|
Most populous cities
The 50 most populous cities in the United States by population in 2010.
Meaning of the census
The census will be relevant to the distribution of seats in the House of Representatives and the Electoral College from 2012 to 2020. Texas and other states in the south and southwest saw particularly strong growth . The states in the Northeast and the Midwest in particular lost votes .
In addition, approximately $ 400 billion in federal funding is distributed annually to states, cities and towns based on population data from the Census and the American Community Survey.