|List of states|
|State motto:||Equality before the law (equality before the law)|
|Official language :||English|
|Residents:||1,826,341 (2010 census) (9.1 U / km²)|
|Member since:||March 1, 1867|
|Time zone:||Central: UTC − 6 / −5
Mountain: UTC − 7 / −6
|The highest point:||1,653 m ( Panorama Point )|
|Average Height:||790 m|
|Deepest point:||256 m ( Missouri River )|
|Governor :||Pete Ricketts ( R )|
|Post / Office / ISO||NE / / US NE|
Nebraska ( English pronunciation [ nɪˈbɹæskə ] ) is a US state in the Midwest of the United States . The name Nebraska comes from the Oto or Omaha language , meaning "shallow water". The name comes from the Platte River , which flows through the state. Originally part of the " Great American Desert ", Nebraska is now one of the largest producers of agricultural products. This is also evidenced by the epithet Nebraska: Cornhusker State ("corn husk state").
Nebraska's states are South Dakota in the north; Iowa and Missouri to the east, behind the Missouri River ; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest, and Wyoming to the west. The largest city in Nebraska is Omaha ; the capital of Nebraska is Lincoln . The state is divided into 93 counties.
Nebraska is located in the middle of the Great Plains on the western foothills of the Corn Belt and is mostly counted in the Midwest . One of the slogans of Nebraska's "Where The West Begins" ( Where the West begins ).
A special feature is that, regardless of the direction, at least three borders to other states or the state border to Canada have to be crossed to get to the sea.
Native Americans inhabited the area for thousands of years. The French and Spanish came to the area in the 1690s. The Spaniards made contact with the Apaches . By 1703 France had established trade relations with all of the peoples who lived on the Missouri River in Nebraska. By 1719 France had signed treaties with many of these peoples. These included the Omaha , Missouria , Ponca , Pawnee , Otoe and various sub-tribes of the Lakota-Sioux . When Spain later found itself at war with France ( Seven Years War ), Pawnees and Otoes fought on the side of the French and defeated the Spanish.
In 1819 the United States established Fort Atkinson as the first army post across the Missouri River. The Kansas-Nebraska Act came into effect on May 30, 1854, with the result that the country became part of the United States, initially as the territories of Nebraska and Kansas .
In the 1860s, the Homestead Act brought the first wave of settlers to Nebraska to take possession of government-made land. Nebraska became the 37th state into the Union on March 1, 1867, shortly after the Civil War .
By 1880 the population had grown to 450,000. During the Great Migration , South African Americans came to Nebraska, essentially Omaha, where they found manual labor in butcher shops and railroad construction. Blacks faced discrimination in Omaha. Most of all, this was done by other poor immigrants competing with them for the same jobs. In 1912, African Americans established an office for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in Omaha.
There has also been a movement for Nebraska Indigenous Rights since the 1960s.
|2016||58.70% 495,961||33.70% 284,494|
|2012||59.80% 475,064||38.03% 302,081|
|2008||56.53% 452,979||41.60% 333,319|
|2004||65.90% 512,814||32.68% 254,328|
|2000||62.25% 433,862||33.25% 231,780|
|1996||53.65% 363,467||34.95% 236,761|
|1992||46.58% 344,346||29.40% 217,344|
|1988||60.15% 398,447||39.20% 259,646|
|1984||70.55% 460,054||28.81% 187,866|
|1980||65.50% 419,937||26.00% 166,851|
|1976||59.19% 359,705||38.46% 233,692|
|1972||70.50% 405,298||30.70% 198,899|
|1968||59.82% 321,163||31.81% 170,784|
|1964||47.39% 276,847||52.61% 307,307|
In its political orientation, Nebraska is typical of the states of the Great Plains . The predominantly rural part of the state is deeply Republican- conservative, while the Democrats can only occasionally achieve success in the only two major cities, Lincoln and Omaha. The state is represented in the US Senate by Republicans Ben Sasse and Deb Fischer . Nebraska's delegation to the 115th Congress House of Representatives consists of three Republicans, Jeff Fortenberry , Adrian M. Smith, and Don Bacon .
Since 1992, Nebraska's electoral votes in presidential elections have been different from that of other states in terms of their special right to vote. Nebraska gives two electoral votes to the nationwide winner and one vote to the winner of each congressional district. This means that Nebraska does not necessarily have to vote unanimously - but this has only happened once, in the 2008 presidential election , when an electoral vote from the Omaha-centered 2nd Congressional district went to the Democrats despite an overall Republican victory. The only other state that also votes using this process is Maine .
The Nebraska Parliament wanted to abolish the death penalty in May 2015. Following a petition, a referendum was held in 2016 and the abolition of the death penalty was rejected.
Four prisoners were executed from 1976 to 2018. The pharmaceutical company Fresenius Kabi is taking legal action against an execution or the use of its own products planned for August 2018 for fear of damaging its reputation in Europe. The execution was carried out on August 14, 2018 after a 20-year de facto moratorium (the last execution took place on December 2, 1997).
1900–1990 2000 + 2010
The religious communities with the largest number of members in 2000 were the Catholic Church with 372,791, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 128,570, the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod with 117,419 and the United Methodist Church with 117,277 followers.
There are three National Monuments of the US federal government in Nebraska :
- Agate Fossil Beds National Monument - a fossil deposit
- Homestead National Monument of America - in memory of homestead settlers
- Scotts Bluff National Monument - a prominent landmark on the major settler routes
Economy and Infrastructure
The real gross domestic product per capita real GDP was US $ 60,481 in 2016. The national average for the 50 US states was US $ 57,118; This put Nebraska in 14th place in a national comparison. The unemployment rate in November 2017 was 2.7% (national average: 4.1%).
Nebraska is a producer of agricultural products, especially corn, wheat, millet, soybeans, and sugar beets. Pig and cattle breeding is important. Nebraska also has oil and gas reserves.
- Dorothy Weyer Creigh: Nebraska: A History. WW Norton & Company, New York 1977, ISBN 978-0-393-24377-2 .
James A. Hanson: Spain on the Plains. (pdf; 7.3 MB) Nebraska History 74 (1993), pp. 2–21 , archived from the original on March 31, 2016 ; accessed on March 12, 2018 (English). Villasur Sent to Nebraska. Nebraskastudies.org, 2001, archived from the original on May 25, 2017 ; accessed on March 12, 2018 (English). The Villasur expedition — 1720. Nebraska State Historical Society, June 4, 2004, archived from the original on February 10, 2008 ; accessed on March 12, 2018 (English).
- David Leip: Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections. Retrieved November 28, 2018 .
- Obama wins electoral vote in Nebraska. Omaha World-Herald, November 7, 2008, archived from the original on July 26, 2012 ; accessed on March 12, 2018 (English).
- Nebraska abolishes the death penalty. dpa article on faz.net , May 28, 2015, accessed on March 12, 2018 .
- Nebraska Restores the Death Penalty One Year After Eliminating It. Time, November 9, 2016, accessed August 9, 2018 .
- Death penalty repeal officially on hold until 2016 election ( en ) omaha.com. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
- Number of Executions by State and Region Since 1976. Death Penalty Information Center, February 23, 2018, accessed March 12, 2018 .
- Fresenius Kabi wants to stop execution in court. faz.net , August 9, 2018, accessed August 9, 2018 .
- Census of Population and Housing . US Census Bureau, August 19, 2011, accessed March 12, 2018.
- Richard L. Forstall (Ed.): Nebraska Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990 . US Census Bureau, March 27, 1995, accessed March 12, 2018.
- State & County Quick Facts: Nebraska. US Census Bureau, June 3, 2011, archived from the original August 6, 2011 ; accessed on March 12, 2018 (English).
- State Membership Report: Nebraska: Denominational Groups, 2000 . The Association of Religion Data Archives, accessed March 12, 2018.
- Bureau of Economic Analysis. en: Bureau of Economic Analysis , December 23, 2010, accessed March 12, 2018 .
- Unemployment Rates for States: Local Area Unemployment Statistics. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 1, 2008, accessed January 8, 2018 .
- Meyers Großes Taschenlexikon, 6th edition 1998.