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List of states
Capital: Salt Lake City
State motto: Industry
Official language : English
Area: 219,887 km²
Residents: 3,101,833 (2017 estimate) (13 U / km²)
Member since: 4th January 1896
Time zone: Mountain: UTC − 7 / −6
The highest point: 4126 m ( Kings Peak )
Average Height: 1920 m
Deepest point: 610 m Beaver Dam Wash
Governor : Spencer Cox ( R )
Post  / Office /  ISO UT / / US-UT
Map of Utah
Map of Utah
The Colorado Plateau in Canyonlands National Park
The Colorado Plateau in Canyonlands National Park

Utah ( English pronunciation  [ ˈjuːtɑː ] ) is a state of the United States of America . The capital of Utah is Salt Lake City . The abbreviation is UT, the nickname of the state is The Beehive State (English beehive , beehive ',' bee state ',' beehive '). The nickname is explained by the fact that the founding Mormons made the beehive as a symbol of industry to a symbol of the state or territory. Other state symbols are the seagull as the state bird, the cherry as the state fruit, and the allosaurusPlease click to listen!Playas a state fossil and the Colt M1911 as a state weapon. Utah was the first state in which a weapon received this status.

The name Utah is derived from the Indian people of the Ute , who still live in Utah today, along with a few other peoples. The Mormons wanted the state to be Deseret ; However, this religiously based name, which comes from the Book of Mormon , was not accepted by the US government because of the separation of church and state .


Utah's neighboring states are Nevada , Idaho , Wyoming , Colorado , New Mexico, and Arizona . The southeast corner of the state forms with the areas of Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona the only quadrangle of the United States, the point Four Corners , after which the adjacent region is named.

Geographical breakdown

Utah is the border between two geographic provinces: the Colorado Plateau in the east and south and the Basin and Range Province in the west of the state. The Wasatch Mountains form the border between these major regions. In the east and northeast, the Rocky Mountains barely reach Utah. In the northeast, in the Uinta Mountains , Kings Peak (4123 m) is also the highest of the mountains in Utah .

Utah's share of the Colorado Plateau can be divided into several sections. In the north, below the Uinta Mountains, lies the Uinta Basin . It is shaped by the upper reaches of the Green River . To the south is the Canyon Lands section , in which the Colorado River flows and the Green River flows into it. To the west of this is the High Plateaus section with several layers of the Grand Staircase . To the southeast is an area known as Utah's Dixie , which is drained by the Virgin River . The Mormon pioneers coined the name because they were able to grow cotton in this climatically mildest region of Utah .

The Basin and Range part of Utah consists of the completely flat Great Salt Desert and a multitude of small and tiny clumps as well as the ditches between them . The region's two easternmost valleys, the Salt Lake Valley and the Utah Valley , together form the Wasatch Front below the Wasatch Mountains. They are the only parts of the state that are densely populated and are home to approximately 80% of Utah's total population.

Extension of the national territory

The area of ​​219,887 km² extends over 435 kilometers from east to west between 109 ° W and 114 ° W, as well as 565 kilometers from south to north between 37 ° N and 42 ° N. 3.25 percent of the national territory consists of water, The Great Salt Lake has the largest share .


Utah has an extreme steppe climate, i. In other words, there are relatively hot summers around 30 ° C and cold, snowy winters often below 0 ° C. The annual rainfall ranges from 200 to 700 mm and is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year. The region around Salt Lake City ( 1350  m ) is a popular winter sports area; The 2002 Winter Olympics were held here.

Average monthly temperatures for Salt Lake City
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 3 7th 11 16 22nd 29 34 32 27 19th 10 4th O 17.9
Min. Temperature (° C) −7 −4 −1 3 7th 12 17th 15th 10 4th −2 −6 O 4th
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 4th 6th 7th 9 11 12 12 11 10 9 6th 4th O 8.4
Rainy days ( d ) 6th 6th 7th 8th 7th 4th 3 4th 4th 5 5 6th Σ 65
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: missing


Population development
Census Residents ± in%
1850 11,380 -
1860 40.273 253.9%
1870 86,336 114.4%
1880 143.963 66.7%
1890 210.779 46.4%
1900 276,749 31.3%
1910 373.351 34.9%
1920 449.396 20.4%
1930 507,847 13%
1940 550.310 8.4%
1950 688,862 25.2%
1960 890,627 29.3%
1970 1,059,273 18.9%
1980 1,461,037 37.9%
1990 1,722,850 17.9%
2000 2,233,169 29.6%
2010 2,763,885 23.8%
2017 estimate 3,101,833 12.2%
Before 1900

1900-1990 2000

Population density

Utah has 3.101 million inhabitants (extrapolation from the US Census Bureau 2017), of which 89.1% are white, 0.9% black and African-American, 1.9% Asians, 1.1% Indians, 0.7% Hawaiians and 4, 5% of other parentage. 1.8% said they belonged to two or more races . Of the total population, 11.2% are Hispanic community.

Utah has the highest fertility rate of any state in the United States (2.29 children per woman in 2015). Utah's population is living longer than the American average and has a lower percentage of overweight people.

Over 80% of the population of Utah lives in the metropolitan area " Wasatch Front " below the western flank of the Wasatch range . The settlement strip extends from Ogden in the north to Provo in the south and to the Salt Lake Valley and the Utah Valley . The rest of the state is extremely sparsely populated.

Age and gender structure

The age structure of Utah is composed as follows:

  • up to 18 years: 792,172 (31.1%)
  • 18–64 years: 1,533,931 (60.1%)
  • 65 years and over: 223,960 (8.8%)

The median age is 28.4 years. 50.3% of the population is male and 49.7% is female.

Ethnic population composition

In 2014, 24.9% of the population were of English descent, making them the largest group. This is followed by the groups of German (11.3%), American (6.0%), Irish (5.7%) and Danish (5.0%) groups.


Salt Lake Temple in Salt Lake City, most famous and largest Mormon temple

In 2012, about 62% of the population were Mormons ; however, since religious affiliation is not recorded in American censuses, precise data are not available. This makes Utah one of only five US states in which a single religious group has an absolute majority. The others are the majority Catholic states of Massachusetts , Rhode Island and New Mexico , as well as Mississippi , where Baptists make up the majority of the population.

Population development

The Hispanic community in Utah has more than tripled since the 1990s, from around 85,000 (1990) to 201,000 (2000) to 286,113 in 2006. It already represents 11.2% of the population.

Biggest cities

Taylorsville (Utah) Layton (Utah) St. George (Utah) Ogden (Utah) Sandy (Utah) Orem West Jordan Provo West Valley City Salt Lake City


The Utah Territory was formed on September 9, 1850 from the northeastern part of the territory ceded by Mexico to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 .

As early as 1847, Utah was colonized by the followers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (" Mormons ") in sometimes unusual ways. To bring Church members to Utah, the Perpetual Emigrating Fund ( PEF ) was established in 1850 . Financed by donations, the funds in this fund should be used to bring people still living in the east of the USA, but especially new converts from Europe, to Salt Lake City . Depending on the needs of the individual, the PEF assumed part or all of the costs for the trip to Utah, whereby the respective church member contractually undertook to repay this money upon arrival.

By the end of the year, the PEF was running out of money, so Governor Brigham Young , who is also President of Latter-day Saints Church of Jesus Christ, revived an old plan. This stipulated that the immigrants should be pulled into the valley of the Great Salt Lake in handcarts instead of covered wagons pulled by horses or oxen , which should bring savings of 6 pounds per person. The European emigrants , most of whom came from poor backgrounds in British cities, were supposed to take the ship to New York City , Boston or New Orleans and from there take the train to Iowa City , where the handcarts would be waiting for them. After all, the emigrants would have to walk to Salt Lake City by cart (loaded with 50 kg of luggage) within 90 days.

The first handcart pioneers (about 800 total) to arrive in Iowa City in April 1856 were split into three treks. They reached Salt Lake City with minimal losses in late September to early October 1856. The last two handcart divisions did not start until the end of June in Iowa City and were surprised by an early and suddenly violent onset of winter about 300 miles from Salt Lake City in Wyoming . In view of the devastating weather conditions and the difficult route, the emigrants were finally brought to Salt Lake City in November in an almost spectacular rescue operation for the time. Of the original 1,076 people in the two departments, between 200 and 220 died. Despite this catastrophe, there were five more treks with handcarts in the following four years, but these went smoothly due to better organization.

In the Utah War of 1857/58, however, the political power of the Mormons was smashed. After the Mountain Meadows massacre on September 11, 1857, access to Salt Lake City was blocked by the US Army. With the help of Colonel Thomas L. Kane, who both knew the Mormons and had a good reputation with the government, Governor Brigham Young was persuaded to give in in the months that followed. In the spring of 1858, US associations advanced near Salt Lake City, but undertook to remain outside the city. Brigham Young passed his role as governor to Alfred Cumming on April 12, 1858 . In 1861, the new Nevada Territory was formed from the western part of the area and parts of the east were ceded to the Colorado Territory and the Nebraska Territory . In 1868 additional areas went to the state of Nevada and the Wyoming Territory (see maps).


Salt Lake City

On January 4, 1896, Utah became the 45th state to become a fully qualified member of the United States. Several earlier attempts to be recognized as a state had failed because of conflicts between Latter-day Saints' Church of Jesus Christ and the American federal government , most notably disputes over Mormon polygamy . It was only when the leadership of the Church of Jesus Christ LDS officially abolished it in 1890 that the road to the state was clear. However, even in today's Utah constitution, there are still numerous provisions that were once made out of fear of a Mormon-dominated state. The preamble to the Utah constitution invokes God, but the rest of the constitutional text affirms the right to religious freedom, the separation of church and state and, last but not least, forbids the dominance of the state by a single church. Government support for churches or church schools is also prohibited in Utah. It also emphasizes that the public school system should be free from sectarian control, which is also a clear reference to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints . Finally, polygamy is also prohibited by a constitutional provision (not only on the level of simple law), although this provision can only be changed with the consent of the US federal authorities.

Presidential election results
year republican Democrats
2016 45.54% 515,231 27.46% 310,676
2012 72.79% 740,600 24.75% 251,813
2008 62.25% 596,030 34.22% 327,670
2004 71.54% 663,742 26.00% 241,199
2000 66.83% 515,096 26.34% 203,053
1996 54.37% 361,911 33.30% 221,633
1992 43.36% 322,632 24.65% 183,429
1988 66.22% 428,442 32.05% 207,343
1984 74.50% 469,105 24.68% 155,369
1980 72.77% 439,687 20.57% 124,266
1976 62.44% 337,908 33.65% 182,110
1972 67.64% 323,643 26.39% 126,284
1968 56.49% 238,728 37.07% 156,665
1964 45.14% 180,682 54.86% 219,628
1960 54.81% 205,361 45.17% 169,248

Utah is a stronghold of the Republican Party , which is due, among other things, to the rural housing structure and thus to the reflection on family and church values, as the Republicans usually see themselves as representatives of these values. However, this has only been the case since the 1960s; previously, like most minorities, the majority of the Mormons supported the Democratic Party . With Mitt Romney and Mike Lee both US senators from Utah Republican. In the 116th Congress House of Representatives , the state is represented by three Republicans and Ben McAdams as the only Democrat.

The Republican Party has a clear majority in both chambers of the state legislature , the House of Representatives and the Senate .



Culture and sights



The following national parks are located in Utah:

National park location view
Arches National Park
  • Utah
  • 860,181 visitors (2007)
  • founded April 12, 1929
Arches National Park
United States map
Bryce Canyon National Park
  • Utah
  • 1,012,563 visitors (2007)
  • founded September 15, 1928
Bryce Canyon National Park
United States map
Bryce Canyon.jpg
Canyonlands National Park
  • Utah
  • 392,537 visitors (2006)
  • founded September 12, 1964
Canyonlands National Park
United States map
CanyonlandsNP GreenRiverOverlook.jpg
Capitol Reef National Park
  • Utah
  • 511,511 visitors (2006)
  • founded December 18, 1971
Capitol Reef National Park
United States map
Zion National Park
  • Utah
  • 2,697,182 visitors (2007)
  • founded November 19, 1919
Zion National Park
United States map
Zion Canyon.jpg

Monument Valley is not a national park and is administered by the Indians who live there.

Tribal park location view
Monument Valley
  • Utah
  • founded in 1958
Monument Valley
United States map
Monument valley.JPG

National Monuments

National Monument location view
Cedar Breaks National Monument
  • Utah
  • 505,158 visitors (2005)
  • founded August 22, 1933
Cedar Breaks National Monument
United States map
Cebr view northeast.jpg
Dinosaur National Monument
  • Utah, Colorado
  • founded October 4, 1915
Dinosaur National Monument
United States map
Green River UT 2005-10-14.jpg
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
  • Utah
  • founded September 18, 1996
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument
United States map
Chinle Badlands.jpg
Natural Bridges National Monument
  • Utah
  • 97,999 visitors (2002)
  • founded April 16, 1908
Natural Bridges National Monument
United States map
Owachomo bridge.jpg
Rainbow Bridge National Monument
  • Utah
  • 75,286 visitors (2004)
  • founded May 30, 1910
Rainbow Bridge National Monument
United States map
Utah Rainbow Arch.jpg
Timpanogos Cave National Monument
  • Utah
  • 107,000 visitors (2004)
  • founded August 10, 1933
Timpanogos Cave National Monument
United States map
Tica heartoftimpanogos.jpg


The capital, Salt Lake City , hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics . Salt Lake City is home to the Utah Jazz basketball team , which plays in the North American professional league NBA . In addition, the Utah Grizzlies, an ice hockey franchise in West Valley City that plays in the ECHL . Previously, a team of the same name played from 1995 to 2005 in the International Hockey League (1995-2001) and the American Hockey League (2001-2005). This team, which also had an identical team logo except for the colors, was based in Salt Lake City. Real Salt Lake , a soccer club based in Sandy, south of Salt Lake City, became champions of Major League Soccer , the top division of North America, in 2009 . It was the first national title for a Utah team in over 40 years.


The major state colleges are the University of Utah , Utah State University , Southern Utah University, and Weber State University . The main private university is the ecclesiastical Brigham Young University . Other colleges are included in the Utah Universities List .


The real gross domestic product per capita was USD 51,243 in 2016 (national average of the 50 US states: USD 57,118; national ranking: 29). The unemployment rate was 3.2% in November 2017 (national average: 4.1%).

Because of the largely desert-like landscape in Utah, arable farming is only possible in the vicinity of the mountains with irrigation or " dry farming " ( wheat , sugar beets , potatoes , fruit ). It is farming operation ( cattle , sheep ). Of importance are the mining ( copper , oil , uranium , gold , salt , silver , lead , iron , natural gas , metals) as well as the aviation industry , and the tourism . The capital, Salt Lake City, was named No. 1 by the US magazine “ Fortune ” in 1990. 1 US City in which to do business ”because it has well-trained and motivated employees.

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/mobile/world-us-canada-12792633
  2. ^ US Census Bureau _ Census of Population and Housing . Retrieved February 28, 2011
  3. Extract from Census.gov . Retrieved February 28, 2011
  4. Excerpt from factfinder.census.gov.Retrieved October 3, 2015
  5. factfinder.census.gov
  6. The Public Use File natality - 2015 Update. Retrieved December 2, 2018 .
  7. ^ Adult Obesity in the United States . In: The State of Obesity . ( stateofobesity.org [accessed December 2, 2018]).
  8. USCensus Utah Selected Social Characteristics
  9. Archived article of "The Salt Lake Tribune" ( Memento of November 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  10. ^ Constitution of Utah: Article I, Section 4.
  11. ^ Constitution of Utah: Article I, Section 4 and Article X, Section 13.
  12. ^ Constitution of Utah: Article X, Section 1.
  13. ^ Constitution of Utah: Article III.
  14. ^ David Leip: Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections. Retrieved November 28, 2018 .
  15. ^ US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved August 27, 2017 (American English).
  16. ^ Unemployment Rates for States. Retrieved January 8, 2018 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Utah  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wikivoyage: Utah  Travel Guide
Commons : Utah  - collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Coordinates: 39 ° 21 ′  N , 111 ° 42 ′  W