United States Census 1870
The United States Census 1870 was the ninth census in the United States since 1790 . As a result of the census, a population of 38,555,983 people was determined for the USA on June 1, 1870. For the first time, a detailed picture of the so-called black population was obtained after slavery was abolished. The 1870 Census was criticized for underestimating the actual population. An under-survey is suspected in the states of New York and Pennsylvania .
The data contain information on the number of residential buildings, the number of families and their members with age, gender, skin color, occupation or education (for people over the age of 15), property value, value of personal property, place of birth, date of birth, civil status, illiteracy (for people over the age of 20), disabilities (deafness or deaf dumbness, blindness, insanity, feeble-mindedness), neediness, criminal record.
The census data are documented as microdata and can be called up.
The state population figures from the 10-year United States censuses are key to determining the number of representatives from those states in the United States House of Representatives . The adjustment is usually made in the next but one Congress after a census.
Most populous cities
The 50 most populous cities in the United States by population in 1870.
- Historical data from the US Census
- 1870 Census : 1870 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research
- Ninth Census of the United States . United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved March 6, 2011.