|Nickname : JC, Chilltown, Wall Street West|
Jersey City skyline
|Location in New Jersey|
|State :||United States|
|State :||New Jersey|
|County :||Hudson County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||264,152 (as of 2016)|
|Population density :||6,843.3 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||54.7 km 2 (approx. 21 mi 2 ) of
which 38.6 km 2 (approx. 15 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||9 m|
|Postal code :||07300|
|Area code :||+1 201, 501|
|GNIS ID :||0877450|
|Mayor :||Steven Fulop|
Jersey City is a city in the US state of New Jersey in the United States with around 264,000 inhabitants (2016 estimate, US Census Bureau). The place is the administrative seat ( county seat ) of Hudson County .
The city lies on the Hudson River and Upper New York Bay in the immediate vicinity of New York City north of Bayonne and south of Hoboken , about 25 meters above sea level. The geographic coordinates are 40.71 degrees north and 74.06 degrees west.
As of the 2000 census, there are 240,055 people, 88,632 households and 55,660 families in the city. The population density is 6212.2 inhabitants per km². 34.01% of the population are White, 28.32% African American , 0.45% Native American , 16.20% Asian , 0.08% Pacific Islander , 15.11% Other Ethnicity, and 5.84% Mixed Race. 28.31% are Latinos of any race.
Of the 88,632 households, 31.1% have children under the age of 18. 36.4% of them are married couples living together, 20.2% are single mothers, 37.2% are not families, 29.2% are single households and 8.2% are people over 65 years of age. The average household size is 2.67, the average family size 3.37 people.
24.7% of the population are under 18 years old, 10.7% between 18 and 24, 35.1% between 25 and 44, 19.7% between 45 and 64, 9.8% older than 65 years. The average age is 32 years. The ratio of women to men is 100: 95.3, for people older than 18 the ratio is 100: 92.6.
The median income for a household in the city is $ 37,862 and the median income for a family is $ 41,639. Males have a median income of $ 35,119 versus $ 30,494 women. The per capita income is $ 19,410. 18.6% of the population and 16.4% of families live below the poverty line, of which 27.0% are children or adolescents younger than 18 years and 17.5% of the people are older than 65 years.
¹ 1980–2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate
The area of present-day Jersey City was a settlement area of the Lenni Lenape Indians, also known as the Delawaren. The first European settlers reached this area after Captain Henry Hudson explored the area of Sandy Hook upstream of the North River , which was later named Hudson River , with the Halve Maen . As a result, this area came under the administration of the Dutch colony Nieuw Nederland . Some of the city's buildings have survived from this era. These include the Van Vorst House , the Newkirk House and the Van Wagenen House . They are among the oldest buildings in the state of New Jersey. After the colony passed into the possession of the English, the urban area remained in the hands of the British even during the War of Independence , and the surprise capture of the fort at Paulus Hook did not change that. On the night of August 19, 1779, Light Horse Harry Lee was able to capture the fort and take dozens of prisoners before he had to retreat before dawn.
Culture and sights
There is the Afro-American History Society Museum with information about local African American history, the Jersey City Museum with paintings from the 19th and 20th centuries, and the Immigration Museum on Ellis Island near Jersey City. Ellis Island was the gateway to the United States for twelve million immigrants between 1892 and 1954 .
- Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal , an old rail terminus
- Coptic Orthodox Church , which is headquartered in Jersey City.
- The Stanley Theater was the largest theater in the United States when it opened.
- The Colgate clock with a diameter of 15 m stands on the bank of the Hudson River .
- A memorial to the victims of the Katyn massacre (1940) is located in Jersey City.
- 30 Hudson Street , tallest building in New Jersey
Economy and Infrastructure
Since 1908 run subways of the Port Authority Trans-Hudson to New York City. On April 15, 2000, the first section of the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail was opened in Jersey City; this light rail goes to Bayonne and Weehawken Township .
In the natural harbor on the Atlantic Ocean formed by the Hudson , the cities of Jersey and New York began to work together in the 19th century to create the infrastructure for overseas freight and later also for inland traffic with the Great Lakes. As a result, a collection of port and shipyard facilities that are constantly adapting to the requirements and are linked to rail transport to Canada emerged between the two cities. They are and have been a major contributor to the region's economic growth. The most relevant institutions for operation and monitoring are the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the joint Waterfront Commission .
Jersey City has partnerships with the following cities:
sons and daughters of the town
- William Wallace Gilchrist (1846–1916), composer
- Fanny Angelina Hesse (1850–1934), inventor of agar as a bacterial culture medium
- William Libbey (1855–1927), geographer, university professor and Olympian
- Evangeline Adams (1868–1932), astrologer
- Oscar George Theodore Sonneck (1873–1928), musicologist
- Alphaeus Philemon Cole (1876–1988), artist
- Basil Ruysdael (1878–1960), actor
- John Gerald Milton (1881–1977), politician
- John Aloysius Duffy (1884–1944), Roman Catholic Bishop of Buffalo
- Norma Talmadge (1894–1957), actress
- Martin Walter Stanton (1897–1977), Roman Catholic clergyman and auxiliary bishop in Newark
- Raymond Augustine Kearney (1902–1956), Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop in Brooklyn
- Millen Brand (1906-1980), author
- Richard Conte (1910–1975), actor and director
- Sidney P. Solow (1910–1984), chemist, film technician and managing director
- Walter William Curtis (1913–1997), Roman Catholic Bishop of Bridgeport
- Edward Schreiber (1913–1981), advertising specialist, building contractor, film producer and screenwriter
- Norman Lloyd (* 1914), film director, film producer and actor
- Dickie Thompson (1917-2007), jazz guitarist
- Art Cross (1918–2005), Formula 1 racing driver
- HB Fyfe (1918-1997), science fiction writer
- Robert Francis Garner (1920–2000), Roman Catholic clergyman and auxiliary bishop in Newark
- Lawrence Roman (1921–2008), playwright and screenwriter
- John Rotella (≈1921–2014), musician and songwriter
- John Severin (1921–2012), comic artist and cartoonist
- Sonny Igoe (1923–2012), jazz drummer
- Rudy Van Gelder (1924–2016), jazz sound engineer
- Jane Harvey (1925-2013), jazz singer
- Phil Urso (1925-2008), jazz saxophonist
- Joseph Sargent (1925–2014), film director, film producer and actor
- Jack Betts (born 1929), actor
- William H. Gerdts (1929–2020), art historian and art collector
- Ed Shaughnessy (1929–2013), jazz drummer
- William R. Bennett (1930-2008), physicist
- Philip Bosco (1930-2018), actor
- Jimmy Lyons (1933-1986), jazz saxophonist
- Warren Murphy (1933–2015), reporter, writer and screenwriter
- Norman Edge (1934-2018), jazz musician
- Peter Novick (1934–2012), historian
- Richard Kuklinski (1935–2006), hit man
- Susan Flannery (born 1939), actress
- Gaetano Aldo Donato (1940-2015), Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop of Newark
- Nancy Sinatra (born 1940), singer and actress
- Martha Stewart (* 1941), television personality and entrepreneur
- John Walter Flesey (* 1942), Roman Catholic clergyman, auxiliary bishop emeritus in Newark
- Lawrence Killian (* 1942), jazz musician (percussion)
- Frank Sinatra Jr. (1944–2016), pianist, actor, singer and entertainer
- Maury Yeston (* 1945), musical composer, songwriter and author
- John O'Hara (born 1946), Catholic clergyman, auxiliary bishop in New York
- Kit McClure (* 1951), jazz musician
- Al Di Meola (* 1954) jazz musician
- Nathan Lane (* 1956), musical and film actor
- James Massa (* 1960), Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop in Brooklyn
- Rob Mazurek (* 1965), jazz musician and composer
- Malcolm-Jamal Warner (* 1970), singer, actor, producer
- Shameela Bakhsh (* 1971), film producer and screenwriter
- Christina Milian (* 1981), singer, songwriter and actress
- Taryn Thomas (* 1983), porn actress
- New Jersey Historic Trust. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
- Suspected anti-Semitic act. Spiegel Online , December 12, 2019. Accessed December 12, 2019.
- Duane Stoltzfus: Statue Erected as Memorial to Victims of Katyn Massacre . In: The Record , June 6, 1991.
- Liberty State Park - The Historic Trilogy: The Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and the Central Railroad Terminal. In: libertystatepark.org. Retrieved December 10, 2016 .
- Asociation de Agencias de Turismo del Cusco: Ciudades hermanas