Jersey City

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Jersey City
Nickname : JC, Chilltown, Wall Street West
Jersey City skyline
Jersey City skyline
Jersey City flag
Location in New Jersey
Jersey City (New Jersey)
Jersey City
Jersey City
Basic data
Foundation : 1609
State : United States
State : New Jersey
County : Hudson County
Coordinates : 40 ° 43 ′  N , 74 ° 4 ′  W Coordinates: 40 ° 43 ′  N , 74 ° 4 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 264,152 (as of 2016)
Population density : 6,843.3 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 54.7 km 2  (approx. 21 mi 2 ) of
which 38.6 km 2  (approx. 15 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 9 m
Postal code : 07300
Area code : +1 201, 501
FIPS : 34-36000
GNIS ID : 0877450
Website :
Mayor : Steven Fulop

Jersey City is a city in the US state of New Jersey in the United States with around 264,000 inhabitants (2016 estimate, US Census Bureau). The place is the administrative seat ( county seat ) of Hudson County .


The city lies on the Hudson River and Upper New York Bay in the immediate vicinity of New York City north of Bayonne and south of Hoboken , about 25 meters above sea level. The geographic coordinates are 40.71 degrees north and 74.06 degrees west.

According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of ​​54.7 km² , of which 38.6 km² are land and 16.1 km² (29.37%) are water.


As of the 2000 census, there are 240,055 people, 88,632 households and 55,660 families in the city. The population density is 6212.2 inhabitants per km². 34.01% of the population are White, 28.32% African American , 0.45% Native American , 16.20% Asian , 0.08% Pacific Islander , 15.11% Other Ethnicity, and 5.84% Mixed Race. 28.31% are Latinos of any race.

Of the 88,632 households, 31.1% have children under the age of 18. 36.4% of them are married couples living together, 20.2% are single mothers, 37.2% are not families, 29.2% are single households and 8.2% are people over 65 years of age. The average household size is 2.67, the average family size 3.37 people.

24.7% of the population are under 18 years old, 10.7% between 18 and 24, 35.1% between 25 and 44, 19.7% between 45 and 64, 9.8% older than 65 years. The average age is 32 years. The ratio of women to men is 100: 95.3, for people older than 18 the ratio is 100: 92.6.

The median income for a household in the city is $ 37,862 and the median income for a family is $ 41,639. Males have a median income of $ 35,119 versus $ 30,494 women. The per capita income is $ 19,410. 18.6% of the population and 16.4% of families live below the poverty line, of which 27.0% are children or adolescents younger than 18 years and 17.5% of the people are older than 65 years.

Population development

year Residents¹
1980 223,532
1990 228,537
2000 240.136
2010 247,643
2016 264.152

¹ 1980–2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate


Colonial times

The area of ​​present-day Jersey City was a settlement area of ​​the Lenni Lenape Indians, also known as the Delawaren. The first European settlers reached this area after Captain Henry Hudson explored the area of Sandy Hook upstream of the North River , which was later named Hudson River , with the Halve Maen . As a result, this area came under the administration of the Dutch colony Nieuw Nederland . Some of the city's buildings have survived from this era. These include the Van Vorst House , the Newkirk House and the Van Wagenen House . They are among the oldest buildings in the state of New Jersey. After the colony passed into the possession of the English, the urban area remained in the hands of the British even during the War of Independence , and the surprise capture of the fort at Paulus Hook did not change that. On the night of August 19, 1779, Light Horse Harry Lee was able to capture the fort and take dozens of prisoners before he had to retreat before dawn.

On December 10, 2019, there was an alleged anti-Semitic attack in Jersey City , in which six people were killed.

Culture and sights


There is the Afro-American History Society Museum with information about local African American history, the Jersey City Museum with paintings from the 19th and 20th centuries, and the Immigration Museum on Ellis Island near Jersey City. Ellis Island was the gateway to the United States for twelve million immigrants between 1892 and 1954 .


  • Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal , an old rail terminus
  • Coptic Orthodox Church , which is headquartered in Jersey City.
  • The Stanley Theater was the largest theater in the United States when it opened.
  • The Colgate clock with a diameter of 15 m stands on the bank of the Hudson River .
  • A memorial to the victims of the Katyn massacre (1940) is located in Jersey City.
  • 30 Hudson Street , tallest building in New Jersey


To the southwest is Liberty State Park , overlooking the Statue of Liberty and the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal. The Statue of Liberty is accessible by ferry from Jersey City.

Economy and Infrastructure


Hudson-Bergen Light Rail

Since 1908 run subways of the Port Authority Trans-Hudson to New York City. On April 15, 2000, the first section of the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail was opened in Jersey City; this light rail goes to Bayonne and Weehawken Township .


In the natural harbor on the Atlantic Ocean formed by the Hudson , the cities of Jersey and New York began to work together in the 19th century to create the infrastructure for overseas freight and later also for inland traffic with the Great Lakes. As a result, a collection of port and shipyard facilities that are constantly adapting to the requirements and are linked to rail transport to Canada emerged between the two cities. They are and have been a major contributor to the region's economic growth. The most relevant institutions for operation and monitoring are the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the joint Waterfront Commission .

Twin cities

Jersey City has partnerships with the following cities:

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Jersey City  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ New Jersey Historic Trust. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
  2. Suspected anti-Semitic act. Spiegel Online , December 12, 2019. Accessed December 12, 2019.
  3. ^ Duane Stoltzfus: Statue Erected as Memorial to Victims of Katyn Massacre . In: The Record , June 6, 1991. 
  4. ^ Liberty State Park - The Historic Trilogy: The Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and the Central Railroad Terminal. In: Retrieved December 10, 2016 .
  5. Asociation de Agencias de Turismo del Cusco: Ciudades hermanas